Let’s Make a Battery - Experiment 5

For those of you who missed my first four blog posts, “Taste the Power! - Experiment 1”, “Let’s Abuse a Battery! - Experiment 2”, “Your First Circuit - Experiment 3” and “Variable Resistance - Experiment 4”, I recently got the second edition of “Make: Electronics” by Charles Platt and decided to try all of the experiments presented in the book. This is my documentation of how the fifth experiment turned out.

It’s time for the last experiment of Chapter 1

I found some really cheap L-shaped 1-inch Zinc-plated steel brackets at my local hardware store.

I was unable to light up the LED with the first setup suggested by the book.

Luckily, I found some small plastic containers at a dollar store and was able to imitate Mr. Platt’s second setup. This setup delivers more voltage since we’re connecting more pairs of electrodes (brackets and pennies) in series.

Shine bright like an LED!

The highest voltage reading with this setup was 3.8 V, which is higher than I was expecting.

So be sure to measure the voltage of your circuit before connecting the LED to it. If the voltage measured is higher than the Max Forward voltage of your LED (check its datasheet), you could end up with another burnt LED like in experiment 4, or would you?

Turns out that while it is a bad idea to apply more than the recommended forward voltage to an LED, a lemon battery may be unable to sustain a voltage when it has a load applied to it (such as an LED). It would then be interesting to measure the voltage of the lemon battery with and without the LED attached (the voltage drops significantly when you add the LED).

The current is also important; the internal resistance of a battery limits current, and current is the main factor burning out an LED.

For these reasons, it’s safe to say you won’t end up with a burnt LED when you connect it to our lemon battery!

The voltage eventually settled at 2.1 V

Be sure to carefully read through the theory section of this experiment. A basic understanding of the relationship between voltage, current, and resistance will greatly help your understanding of electricity and how and why circuits are formed.

To keep your test leads in good shape, clean them with soap and water then quickly dry them to avoid rusting.

Time for Chapter 2!

You can get almost everything you need for this experiment from Digi-Key!

Almost everything you need to perform this experiment is available from Digi-Key:

About this author

Savitri Sepulveda, Associate Applications Engineering Technician, started her career at Digi-Key Electronics in 2017. She is responsible for helping European customers resolve their technical questions. Savitri holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Engineering. In her free time, she likes to tinker with electronics, volunteer as an English teacher at the local Senior Center, play video games and take MOOC courses.

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