TSM1011 Datasheet by STMicroelectronics

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April 2016 DocID9310 Rev 2 1/14
TSM1011
Constant voltage and constant current controller for battery
chargers and adapters
Datasheet - production data
Features
Constant voltage and constant current control
Low voltage operation
Low external component count
Current sink output stage
Easy compensation
2 kV ESD protection
Voltage reference:
Fixed output voltage reference 2.545 V
0.5% and 1% voltage precision
Applications
Adapters
Battery chargers
Description
The TSM1011 is a highly integrated solution for
SMPS applications requiring CV (constant
voltage) and CC (constant current) modes.
The TSM1011 device integrates one voltage
reference and two operational amplifiers (with
ORed outputs - common collectors).
The voltage reference combined with one
operational amplifier makes it an ideal voltage
controller. The other operational amplifier,
combined with few external resistors and the
voltage reference, can be used as a current
limiter.
Figure 1. Pin connections (top view)
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Table 1. Order codes
Part number Temperature
range
Package
D(1)
1. D = “Small Outline” package (SO) - also available in
tape and reel (DT).
Marking
TSM1011ID
-0 to 105 °C
M1011
TSM1011AID M1011A
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Contents TSM1011
2/14 DocID9310 Rev 2
Contents
1 Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3 Operating conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
5 Internal schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
6 Voltage and current control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
6.1 Voltage control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
6.2 Current control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7 Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
8 Start-up and short-circuit conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
9 Voltage clamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
10 Package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
10.1 SO-8 package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
11 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
DocID9310 Rev 2 3/14
TSM1011 Pin description
14
1 Pin description
Table 2 gives the pin descriptions for the SO-8 package.
2 Absolute maximum ratings
3 Operating conditions
Table 2. SO-8 pinout
Name Pin no. Type Function
VRef 1 Analog output Voltage reference
CC- 2 Analog input Input pin of the operational amplifier
CC+ 3 Analog input Input pin of the operational amplifier
CV- 4 Analog input Input pin of the operational amplifier
CV+ 5 Analog input Input pin of the operational amplifier
GND 6 Power supply Ground line. 0 V reference for all voltages.
OUT 7 Analog output Output of the two operational amplifiers
VCC 8 Power supply Power supply line
Table 3. Absolute maximum ratings
Symbol DC supply voltage Value Unit
VCC DC supply voltage (50 mA =< ICC) -0.3 V to Vz V
Vi Input voltage -0.3 to VCC V
PT Power dissipation W
Tstg Storage temperature -55 to 150 °C
Tj Junction temperature 150 °C
Iref Voltage reference output current 10 mA
ESD Electrostatic discharge 2 KV
Rthja Thermal resistance junction to ambient SO-8 package 175 °C/W
Table 4. Operating conditions
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
VCC DC supply conditions 4.5 to Vz V
Toper Operational temperature 0 to 105 °C
Electrical characteristics TSM1011
4/14 DocID9310 Rev 2
4 Electrical characteristics
Tamb = 25 °C and VCC = +18 V (unless otherwise specified).
Table 5. Electrical characteristics
Symbol Parameter Test condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit
Total current consumption
ICC
Total supply current, excluding current in
voltage reference
VCC = 18 V, no load
Tmin. < Tamb < Tmax.
1mA
Vz VCC clamp voltage ICC = 50 mA 28 V
Operators
Vio
Input offset voltage
TSM1011
TSM1011A
Tamb = 25 °C
Tmin. Tamb Tmax.
Tamb = 25 °C
Tmin. Tamb Tmax.
1
0.5
4
5
2
3
mV
DVio Input offset voltage drift 7 V/°C
Iio Input offset current Tamb = 25 °C
Tmin. Tamb Tmax.
230
50
nA
Iib Input bias current Tamb = 25 °C
Tmin. Tamb Tmax.
20
50
150
200
nA
SVR Supply voltage rejection ration VCC = 4.5 V to 28 V 65 100 dB
Vicm Input common mode voltage range for CV op-amp 1.5 VCC -1.5 V
Vicm Input common mode voltage range for CC op-amp 0 VCC -1.5 V
CMR Common mode rejection ratio Tamb = 25 °C
Tmin. Tamb Tmax.
70
60
85 dB
Output stage
Gm Transconduction gain. Sink current only(1) Tamb = 25 °C
Tmin. Tamb Tmax.
13.5
2.5
mA/mV
Vol Low output voltage at 10 mA sinking
current
200 600 mV
Ios Output short-circuit current. Output to
VCC . Sink current only.
Tamb = 25 °C
Tmin. Tamb Tmax.
27 50 mA
DocID9310 Rev 2 5/14
TSM1011 Electrical characteristics
14
Voltage reference
VRef Reference input voltage, Iload = 1 mA
TSM1011 1% precision
TSM1011A 0.5% precision
Tamb = 25 °C
2.519
2.532
2.545
2.545
2.57
2.557
V
VRef
Reference input voltage deviation over the
temperature range Tmin. Tamb Tmax. 20 30 mV
RegLine Reference input voltage deviation over the
VCC range Iload = 5 mA 20 mV
RegLoad Reference input voltage deviation over the
output current
VCC = 18 V,
0 < Iload < 10 mA 10 mV
1. The current depends on the voltage difference between the negative and the positive inputs of the amplifier. If the voltage on
the minus input is 1 mV higher than the positive amplifier, the sinking current at the output OUT will be increased by 3.5 mA.
Table 5. Electrical characteristics (continued)
Symbol Parameter Test condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit
22 K9
Internal schematic TSM1011
6/14 DocID9310 Rev 2
5 Internal schematic
Figure 2. Internal schematic
Figure 3. Typical adapter application using TSM1011
In the application schematic shown in Figure 3, the TSM1011 is used on the secondary side
of a flyback adapter (or battery charger) to provide accurate control of the voltage and
current. The above feedback loop is made with an optocoupler.
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DocID9310 Rev 2 7/14
TSM1011 Voltage and current control
14
6 Voltage and current control
6.1 Voltage control
The voltage loop is controlled via a first transconductance operational amplifier, the resistor
bridge R1, R2, and the optocoupler which is directly connected to the output.
The relative values of R1 and R2 should be chosen in accordance with Equation 1:
Equation 1
R1 = R2 x VRef / (Vout - VRef)
where Vout is the desired output voltage.
To avoid the discharge of the load, the resistor bridge R1, R2 should have high impedance.
For this type of application, a total value of 100 K (or more) would be appropriate for the
resistors R1 and R2.
For example, with R2 = 100 K, Vout = 4.10 V, VRef = 2.5 V, then R1 = 41.9 K.
Note: If the low drop diode is to be inserted between the load and the voltage regulation resistor
bridge to avoid current flowing from the load through the resistor bridge, this drop should be
taken into account in Equation 1 by replacing Vout by (Vout + Vdrop).
6.2 Current control
The current loop is controlled via the second transconductance operational amplifier, the
sense resistor Rsense, and the optocoupler.
Vsense threshold is achieved externally by a resistor bridge tied to the VRef voltage
reference. Its midpoint is tied to the positive input of the current control operational amplifier,
and its foot is to be connected to the lower potential point of the sense resistor, as shown in
Figure 4. The resistors of this bridge are matched to provide the best precision possible.
The control equation verifies that:
Equation 2
Equation 3
where Ilim is the desired limited current, and Vsense is the threshold voltage for the current
control loop.
Note that the Rsense resistor should be chosen taking into account the maximum dissipation
(Plim) through it during the full load operation.
Rsense Ilim
Vsense
=
Vsense
R5Vref
R4R5
+
-------------------------=
Ilim
R5Vref
R4R5
+Rsense
------------------------------------------------=
suwply
Voltage and current control TSM1011
8/14 DocID9310 Rev 2
Equation 4
Therefore, for most adapter and battery charger applications, a quarter-watt, or half-watt
resistor to make the current sensing function is sufficient.
The current sinking outputs of the two transconductance operational amplifiers are common
(to the output of the IC). This makes an ORing function which ensures that whenever the
current or the voltage reaches too high values, the optocoupler is activated.
The relation between the controlled current and the controlled output voltage can be
described with a square characteristic as shown in the following V/I output power graph.
Figure 4. Output voltage versus output current
Plim Vsense Ilim
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DocID9310 Rev 2 9/14
TSM1011 Compensation
14
7 Compensation
The voltage control transconductance operational amplifier can be fully compensated. Both
its output and negative input are directly accessible for external compensation components.
An example of a suitable voltage control compensation network is shown in Figure 6. It
consists of a capacitor Cvc1 = 2.2 nF and a resistor Rcv1 = 22 K in series.
The current control transconductance operational amplifier can be fully compensated. Both
of its output and negative input are directly accessible for external compensation
components.
An example of a suitable current control compensation network is also shown in Figure 6.
It consists of a capacitor Cic1 = 2.2 nF and a resistor Ric1 = 22 K in series.
Figure 5. Schematic of compensation network
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Start-up and short-circuit conditions TSM1011
10/14 DocID9310 Rev 2
8 Start-up and short-circuit conditions
Under start-up or short-circuit conditions the TSM1011 is not provided with a high enough
supply voltage. This is due to the fact that the chip has its power supply line in common with
the power supply line of the system.
Therefore, the current limitation can only be ensured by the primary PWM module, which
should be chosen accordingly.
If the primary current limitation is not considered to be precise enough for the application,
then a sufficient supply for the TSM1011 has to be ensured under all conditions. This means
that it is necessary to add some circuitry to supply the chip with a separate power line. This
can be achieved in numerous ways, including an additional winding on the transformer.
9 Voltage clamp
The schematic in Figure 10 shows how to realize a low-cost power supply for the TSM1011
(with no additional windings).
Please pay attention to the fact that in the particular case presented here, this low-cost
power supply can reach voltages as high as twice the voltage of the regulated line.
Since the absolute maximum rating of the TSM1011 supply voltage is 28 V. In the aim to
protect the TSM1011 against such high voltage values an internal Zener clamp is integrated
(see Figure 6).
Equation 5
Figure 6. Clamp voltage
Rlimit Ivz VCC Vz
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DocID9310 Rev 2 11/14
TSM1011 Package information
14
10 Package information
In order to meet environmental requirements, ST offers these devices in different grades of
ECOPACK® packages, depending on their level of environmental compliance. ECOPACK
specifications, grade definitions and product status are available at: www.st.com.
ECOPACK is an ST trademark.
10.1 SO-8 package information
Figure 7. SO-8 package outline
Package information TSM1011
12/14 DocID9310 Rev 2
Table 6. SO-8 package mechanical data
Symbol
Dimensions (mm)
Min. Typ. Max.
A1.75
A1 0.10 0.25
A2 1.25
b0.28 0.48
c0.17 0.23
D(1)
1. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs. Mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs
shall not exceed 0.15 mm in total (both sides).
4.80 4.90 5.00
E 5.80 6.00 6.20
E1(2)
2. Dimension “E1” does not include interlead flash or protrusions. Interlead flash or protrusions shall not
exceed 0.25 mm per side.
3.80 3.90 4.00
e1.27
h0.25 0.50
L0.40 1.27
L1 1.04
k0° 8°
ccc 0.10
DocID9310 Rev 2 13/14
TSM1011 Revision history
14
11 Revision history
Table 7. Document revision history
Date Revision Changes
01 -Nov-2003 1 Initial release.
15-Apr-2016 2
Removed Mini SO-8 package from the whole document.
Updated Section 10: Package information on page 11
(replaced Figure 7 on page 11 by new figure, updated
Table 6 on page 12).
Minor modifications throughout document.
TSM1011
14/14 DocID9310 Rev 2
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