LTC3440 Datasheet by Analog Devices Inc.

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LTLII‘IM TECHNOLOGY L J m 45H: 2: LT? 1 L7 LJUW 1
LTC3440
1
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
Description
Micropower Synchronous
Buck-Boost DC/DC Converter
Features
applications
n Single Inductor
n Fixed Frequency Operation with Battery Voltages
Above, Below or Equal to the Output
n Synchronous Rectification: Up to 96% Efficiency
n 25µA Quiescent Current in Burst Mode
®
Operation
n Up to 600mA Continuous Output Current
n No Schottky Diodes Required (VOUT < 4.3V)
n VOUT Disconnected from VIN During Shutdown
n 2.5V to 5.5V Input and Output Range
n Programmable Oscillator Frequency
from 300kHz to 2MHz
n Synchronizable Oscillator
n Burst Mode Enable Control
n <1µA Shutdown Current
n Small Thermally Enhanced 10-Pin MSOP and
(3mm
×
3mm) DFN Packages
n Palmtop Computers
n Handheld Instruments
n MP3 Players
n Digital Cameras
The LT C
®
3440 is a high efficiency, fixed frequency, Buck-
Boost DC/DC converter that operates from input voltages
above, below or equal to the output voltage. The topology
incorporated in the IC provides a continuous transfer
function through all operating modes, making the prod-
uct ideal for single lithium-ion, multicell alkaline or NiMH
applications where the output voltage is within the battery
voltage range.
The device includes two 0.19Ω N-channel MOSFET
switches and two 0.22Ω P-channel switches. Switch-
ing frequencies up to 2MHz are programmed with an
external resistor and the oscillator can be synchronized
to an external clock. Quiescent current is only 25µA in
Burst Mode operation, maximizing battery life in portable
applications. Burst Mode operation is user controlled and
can be enabled by driving the MODE/SYNC pin high. If the
MODE/SYNC pin has either a clock or is driven low, then
fixed frequency switching is enabled.
Other features include a 1µA shutdown, soft-start con-
trol, thermal shutdown and current limit. The LTC3440
is available in the 10-pin thermally enhanced MSOP and
(3mm × 3mm) DFN packages.
Efficiency vs V
IN
SW1
V
IN
SHDN/SS
MODE/SYNC
R
T
SW2
V
OUT
FB
V
C
GND
3
7
8
2
1
4
6
9
10
5
LTC3440
L1
10µH
R1
340k
R2
200k
R3
15k
3440 TA01
R
T
60.4k
C1: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ106MG
C2: TAIYO YUDEN JMK325BJ226MM
L1: SUMIDA CDRH6D38-100
*1 = Burst Mode OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
C1
10µF
Li-Ion
V
IN
=
2.7V TO 4.2V
*
+
C5 1.5nF C2
22µF
V
OUT
3.3V
600mA
VIN (V)
2.5
EFFICIENCY (%)
3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5
3440 TA02
5.0
100
98
96
94
92
90
88
86
84
82
80
5.5
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT = 100mA
fOSC = 1MHz
typical application
Li-Ion to 3.3V at 600mA Buck-Boost Converter
L, LT, LTC, LTM, Linear Technology, Burst Mode and the Linear logo are registered trademarks
and ThinSOT is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation. All other trademarks are the
property of their respective owners.
LTC3440 333:: CECE: L7LJCUEN2
LTC3440
2
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
absolute MaxiMuM ratings
VIN, VOUT Voltage ....................................... 0.3V to 6V
SW1, SW2 Voltage ...................................... 0.3V to 6V
VC, RT, FB, SHDN/SS,
MODE/SYNC Voltage .................................. 0.3V to 6V
The denotes specifications that apply over the full operating temperature
range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25°C. VIN = VOUT = 3.6V, RT = 60k, unless otherwise noted.
Operating Temperature Range (Note 2)....40°C to 85°C
Storage Temperature Range .................. 65°C to 125°C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec) ................... 300°C
electrical characteristics
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Input Start-Up Voltage l2.4 2.5 V
Input Operating Range l2.5 5.5 V
Output Voltage Adjust Range l2.5 5.5 V
Feedback Voltage l1.196 1.22 1.244 V
Feedback Input Current VFB = 1.22V 1 50 nA
Quiescent Current, Burst Mode Operation VC = 0V, MODE/SYNC = 3V (Note 3) 25 40 µA
Quiescent Current, Shutdown SHDN = 0V, Not Including Switch Leakage 0.1 1 µA
Quiescent Current, Active VC = 0V, MODE/SYNC = 0V (Note 3) 600 1000 µA
NMOS Switch Leakage Switches B and C 0.1 5 µA
pin conFiguration
TOP VIEW
DD PACKAGE
10-LEAD (3mm × 3mm) PLASTIC DFN
EXPOSED PAD (PIN 11) IS GND
MUST BE SOLDERED TO PCB
10
9
6
7
8
4
5
3
2
1VC
FB
SHDN/SS
VIN
VOUT
RT
MODE/SYNC
SW1
SW2
GND
11
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 43°C/ W, θJC = 3°C/W
1
2
3
4
5
R
T
MODE/SYNC
SW1
SW2
GND
10
9
8
7
6
V
C
FB
SHDN/SS
V
IN
V
OUT
TOP VIEW
MS PACKAGE
10-LEAD PLASTIC MSOP
TJMAX = 125°C,
θJA = 130°C/W 1 LAYER BOARD
θJA = 100°C/W 4 LAYER BOARD
θJC = 45°C/W
orDer inForMation
LEAD FREE FINISH TAPE AND REEL PART MARKING PACKAGE DESCRIPTION TEMPERATURE RANGE
LTC3440EDD#PBF LTC3440EDD#TRPBF LBKT 10-Lead (3mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 85°C
LTC3440EMS#PBF LTC3440EMS#TRPBF LTNP 10-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 85°C
Consult LTC Marketing for parts specified with wider operating temperature ranges.
Consult LTC Marketing for information on nonstandard lead based finish parts.
For more information on lead free part marking, go to: http://www.linear.com/leadfree/
For more information on tape and reel specifications, go to: http://www.linear.com/tapeandreel/. Some packages are available in 500 unit reels through
designated sales channels with #TRMPBF suffix.
(Note 1)
http://www.linear.com/product/LTC3440#orderinfo
LTC3440 vW=25v vw=sav L7 LJUW 3
LTC3440
3
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
PMOS Switch Leakage Switches A and D 0.1 10 µA
NMOS Switch On Resistance Switches B and C 0.19 Ω
PMOS Switch On Resistance Switches A and D 0.22 Ω
Input Current Limit l1 A
Maximum Duty Cycle Boost (% Switch C On)
Buck (% Switch A On)
l
l
55
100
75 %
%
Minimum Duty Cycle l0 %
Frequency Accuracy l0.8 1 1.2 MHz
MODE/SYNC Threshold 0.4 2 V
MODE/SYNC Input Current VMODE/SYNC = 5.5V 0.01 1 µA
Error Amp AVOL 90 dB
Error Amp Source Current 15 µA
Error Amp Sink Current 380 µA
SHDN/SS Threshold When IC is Enabled
When EA is at Maximum Boost Duty Cycle
l0.4 1
2.2
1.5 V
V
SHDN/SS Input Current VSHDN = 5.5V 0.01 1 µA
The denotes specifications that apply over the full operating temperature
range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25°C. VIN = VOUT = 3.6V, RT = 60k, unless otherwise noted.
electrical characteristics
Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which the
life of the device may be impaired.
Note 2: The LTC3440E is guaranteed to meet performance specifications
from 0°C to 70°C. Specifications over the – 40°C to 85°C operating
temperature range are assured by design, characterization and
correlation with statistical process controls.
Note 3: Current measurements are performed when the outputs are not
switching.
typical perForMance characteristics
Li-Ion to 3.3V Efficiency
(fOSC = 300kHz)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
30
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
100
20
80
50
70
60
40
0.1 10 100 1000
3440 G02
1
Burst Mode
OPERATION
VIN = 3.3V
VIN = 2.5V
POWER LOSS (mW)
VIN = 4.2V
0.1
1
10
100
1000
fOSC = 1MHz
VIN = 3.3V
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
30
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
100
20
80
50
70
60
40
0.1 10 100 1000
3440 G03
1
Burst Mode
OPERATION
VIN = 2.5V
VIN = 3.3V
fOSC = 2MHz
VIN = 4.2V
Li-Ion to 3.3V Efficiency,
Power Loss (fOSC = 1MHz)
Li-Ion to 3.3V Efficiency
(fOSC = 2MHz)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
30
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
100
20
80
50
70
60
40
0.1 10 100 1000
3440 G01
1
Burst Mode
OPERATION
V
IN
= 2.5V V
IN
= 3.3V
f
OSC
= 300kHz
V
IN
= 4.2V
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LTC3440
4
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
typical perForMance characteristics
Active Quiescent Current Burst Mode Quiescent Current Error Amp Source Current
Switch Pins in Buck Mode
VOUT Ripple During Buck,
Buck/Boost and Boost Modes
Switch Pins in Boost Mode
250ns/DIVVIN = 5V
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT = 250mA
SW2
2V/DIV
SW1
2V/DIV
3440 G07 250ns/DIVVIN = 2.5V
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT = 250mA
SW2
2V/DIV
SW1
2V/DIV
3440 G08 1µs/DIVL = 10µH
COUT = 22µF
IOUT = 250mA
fOSC = 1MHz
Buck
VIN = 5V
Buck/Boost
VIN = 3.78V
Boost
VIN = 2.5V
VOUT
10mV/DIV
AC Coupled
3440 G09
Switch Pins During Buck/Boost
Switch Pins on the Edge of
Buck/Boost and Approaching Boost
Switch Pins on the Edge of
Buck/Boost and Approaching Buck
50ns/DIVVIN = 3.78V
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT = 250mA
SW2
2V/DIV
SW1
2V/DIV
3440 G04 50ns/DIVVIN = 3.42V
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT = 250mA
SW2
2V/DIV
SW1
2V/DIV
3440 G05 50ns/DIVVIN = 4.15V
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT = 250mA
SW2
2V/DIV
SW1
2V/DIV
3440 G06
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
10
VIN + VOUT CURRENT (µA)
20
30
40
–25 5 35 65
3440 G11
95 125
VIN = VOUT = 3.6V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
5
E/A SOURCE CURRENT (µA)
10
15
20
–25 5 35 65
3440 G12
95 125
VIN = VOUT = 3.6V
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LTC3440
5
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
typical perForMance characteristics
Output Frequency NMOS RDS(ON) Feedback Voltage
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
0.90
FREQUENCY (MHz)
0.95
1.00
1.05
1.10
–25 5 35 65
3440 G13
95 125
VIN = VOUT = 3.6V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
0.10
NMOS R
DS(ON)
(Ω)
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
–25 5 35 65
3440 G14
95 125
V
IN
= V
OUT
= 3.6V
SWITCHES B AND C
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
1.196
FEEDBACK VOLTAGE (V)
1.216
1.236
–25 5 35 65
3440 G15
95 125
V
IN
= V
OUT
= 3V
Boost Max Duty Cycle Minimum Start Voltage Current Limit
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
1000
CURRENT LIMIT (A)
1500
2000
2500
3000
–25 5 35 65
3440 G21
95 125
V
IN
= V
OUT
= 3.6V
PEAK SWITCH
AVERAGE INPUT
Feedback Voltage Line Regulation Error Amp Sink Current PMOS RDS(ON)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
350
E/A SINK CURRENT (µA)
370
390
410
430
–25 5 35 65
3440 G17
95 125
V
IN
= V
OUT
= 3.6V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
0.10
PMOS R
DS(ON)
(Ω)
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
–25 5 35 65
3440 G18
95 125
V
IN
= V
OUT
= 3.6V
SWITCHES A AND D
LTC3440 6 L7LJ1‘JW
LTC3440
6
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
pin Functions
RT (Pin 1): Timing Resistor to Program the Oscillator
Frequency. The programming frequency range is 300kHz
to 2MHz.
fOSC =610
10
RT
Hz
MODE/SYNC (Pin 2): MODE/SYNC = External CLK : Syn-
chronization of the internal oscillator. A clock frequency
of twice the desired switching frequency and with a pulse
width between 100ns and 2µs is applied. The oscillator
free running frequency is set slower than the desired
synchronized switching frequency to guarantee sync.
The oscillator RT component value required is given by:
RT=810
10
fSW
where fSW = desired synchronized switching frequency.
SW1 (Pin 3): Switch Pin Where the Internal Switches
A and B are Connected. Connect inductor from SW1 to
SW2. An optional Schottky diode can be connected from
SW1 to ground. Minimize trace length to keep EMI down.
SW2 (Pin 4): Switch Pin Where the Internal Switches C
and D are Connected. For applications with output voltages
over 4.3V, a Schottky diode is required from SW2 to VOUT
to ensure the SW pin does not exhibit excess voltage.
GND (Pin 5): Signal and Power Ground for the IC.
VOUT (Pin 6): Output of the Synchronous Rectifier. A filter
capacitor is placed from VOUT to GND.
VIN (Pin 7): Input Supply Pin. Internal VCC for the IC. A
ceramic bypass capacitor as close to the VIN pin and GND
(Pin 5) is required.
SHDN/SS (Pin 8): Combined Soft-Start and Shutdown.
Grounding this pin shuts down the IC. Tie to >1.5V to
enable the IC and >2.5V to ensure the error amp is not
clamped from soft-start. An RC from the shutdown com-
mand signal to this pin will provide a soft-start function
by limiting the rise time of the VC pin.
FB (Pin 9): Feedback Pin. Connect resistor divider tap
here. The output voltage can be adjusted from 2.5V to
5.5V. The feedback reference voltage is typically 1.22V.
VOUT =1.22V 1+
R1
R2
VC (Pin 10): Error Amp Output. A frequency compensa-
tion network is connected from this pin to the FB pin to
compensate the loop. See the section Compensating the
Feedback Loop” for guidelines.
Exposed Pad (Pin 11, DFN Package Only): Ground. This
pin must be soldered to the PCB and electrically connected
to ground.
LTC3440 L7 LJUW 7
LTC3440
7
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
block DiagraM
+
+
+
+
+
+
7
PWM
LOGIC
AND
OUTPUT
PHASING
GATE
DRIVERS
AND
ANTICROSS
CONDUCTION
Burst Mode
OPERATION
CONTROL
5µs DELAY
GND
UVLO
2.7A
2.4V
RT
SLEEP
MODE/SYNC
1 = Burst Mode
OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
RT
OSC
SYNC
SUPPLY
CURRENT
LIMIT
SW A
SW1 SW2
VIN
2.5V TO 5.5V SW D
ISENSE
AMP
ERROR
AMP 1.22V
CLAMP
REVERSE
CURRENT
LIMIT
SW B SW C
–0.4A
1
2
5
8
+
3 4
VOUT
6
FB
9
VC
10
SHDN/SS
SHUTDOWN
RSS
VIN
R2
CSS
R1
3440 BD
VOUT
2.5V TO 5.5V
PWM
COMPARATORS
LTC3440 he error am mpensati plifierto WI
LTC3440
8
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
operation
The LTC3440 provides high efficiency, low noise power
for applications such as portable instrumentation. The
LTC proprietary topology allows input voltages above,
below or equal to the output voltage by properly phasing
the output switches. The error amp output voltage on the
VC pin determines the output duty cycle of the switches.
Since the VC pin is a filtered signal, it provides rejection
of frequencies from well below the switching frequency.
The low RDS(ON), low gate charge synchronous switches
provide high frequency pulse width modulation control at
high efficiency. Schottky diodes across the synchronous
switch D and synchronous switch B are not required, but
provide a lower drop during the break-before-make time
(typically 15ns). The addition of the Schottky diodes will
improve peak efficiency by typically 1% to 2% at 600kHz.
High efficiency is achieved at light loads when Burst Mode
operation is entered and when the IC’s quiescent current
is a low 25µA.
LOW NOISE FIXED FREQUENCY OPERATION
Oscillator
The frequency of operation is user programmable and is
set through a resistor from the RT pin to ground where:
f=6e10
RT
Hz
An internally trimmed timing capacitor resides inside the
IC. The oscillator can be synchronized with an external
clock applied to the MODE/SYNC pin. A clock frequency
of twice the desired switching frequency and with a pulse
width between 100ns and 2µs is applied. The oscillator
RT component value required is given by:
RT=810
10
fSW
where fSW = desired synchronized switching frequency.
For example to achieve a 1.2MHz synchronized switching
frequency the applied clock frequency to the MODE/SYNC
pin is set to 2.4MHz and the timing resistor, RT, is set to
66.5k (closest 1% value).
Error Amp
The error amplifier is a voltage mode amplifier. The loop
compensation components are configured around the
amplifier to provide loop compensation for the converter.
The SHDN/SS pin will clamp the error amp output, VC, to
provide a soft-start function.
Supply Current Limit
The current limit amplifier will shut PMOS switch A off
once the current exceeds 2.7A typical. The current ampli-
fier delay to output is typically 50ns.
Reverse Current Limit
The reverse current limit amplifier monitors the inductor
current from the output through switch D. Once a nega-
tive inductor current exceeds 400mA typical, the IC will
shut off switch D.
Output Switch Control
Figure 1 shows a simplified diagram of how the four internal
switches are connected to the inductor, VIN, VOUT and GND.
Figure 2 shows the regions of operation for the LTC3440
as a function of the internal control voltage, VCI. The VCI
voltage is a level shifted voltage from the output of the
error amp (VC pin) (see Figure 5). The output switches are
properly phased so the transfer between operation modes
is continuous, filtered and transparent to the user. When
VIN approaches VOUT the Buck/Boost region is reached
where the conduction time of the four switch region is
typically 150ns. Referring to Figures 1 and 2, the various
regions of operation will now be described.
Figure 1. Simplified Diagram of Output Switches
3
SW1
4
SW2
PMOS A
NMOS B
7
V
IN
PMOS D
NMOS C
3440 F01
6
V
OUT
V
OUT
LTC3440 T VOUT $ ¢ T T $ m 0.1-v‘N L7 LJUW 9
LTC3440
9
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
Buck Region (VIN > VOUT)
Switch D is always on and switch C is always off during
this mode. When the internal control voltage, VCI, is above
voltage V1, output A begins to switch. During the off time of
switch A, synchronous switch B turns on for the remainder
of the time. Switches A and B will alternate similar to a
typical synchronous buck regulator. As the control volt-
age increases, the duty cycle of switch A increases until
the maximum duty cycle of the converter in Buck mode
reaches DMAX_BUCK, given by:
DMAX_BUCK = 100 – D4SW %
where D4SW = duty cycle % of the four switch range.
D4SW = (150ns f) 100 %
where f = operating frequency, Hz.
Beyond this point the “four switch,” or Buck/Boost region
is reached.
Buck/Boost or Four Switch (VIN ~ VOUT)
When the internal control voltage, VCI, is above voltage V2,
switch pair AD remain on for duty cycle DMAX_BUCK, and
the switch pair AC begins to phase in. As switch pair AC
phases in, switch pair BD phases out accordingly. When
the VCI voltage reaches the edge of the Buck/Boost range,
at voltage V3, the AC switch pair completely phase out the
BD pair, and the boost phase begins at duty cycle D4SW.
Figure 2. Switch Control vs Internal Control Voltage, VCI
The input voltage, VIN, where the four switch region begins
is given by:
VIN =
V
OUT
1– (150ns f) V
The point at which the four switch region ends is given by:
VIN = VOUT(1 – D) = VOUT(1 – 150ns f) V
Boost Region (VIN < VOUT)
Switch A is always on and switch B is always off during
this mode. When the internal control voltage, VCI, is
above voltage V3, switch pair CD will alternately switch
to provide a boosted output voltage. This operation is
typical to a synchronous boost regulator. The maximum
duty cycle of the converter is limited to 75% typical and
is reached when VCI is above V4.
Burst Mode Operation
Burst Mode operation is when the IC delivers energy to
the output until it is regulated and then goes into a sleep
mode where the outputs are off and the IC is consuming
only 25µA. In this mode the output ripple has a variable
frequency component that depends upon load current.
During the period where the device is delivering energy to
the output, the peak current will be equal to 400mA typical
and the inductor current will terminate at zero current for
each cycle. In this mode the maximum average output
current is given by:
IOUT(MAX)BURST
0.1V
IN
V
OUT
+V
IN
A
Burst Mode operation is user controlled, by driving the
MODE/SYNC pin high to enable and low to disable.
The peak efficiency during Burst Mode operation is less
than the peak efficiency during fixed frequency because
the part enters full-time 4-switch mode (when servicing
the output) with discontinuous inductor current as illus-
trated in Figures 3 and 4. During Burst Mode operation,
the control loop is nonlinear and cannot utilize the control
voltage from the error amp to determine the control mode,
75%
D
MAX
BOOST
D
MIN
BOOST
D
MAX
BUCK
DUTY
CYCLE
0%
V4 (≈2.05V)
V3 (≈1.65V)
BOOST REGION
BUCK REGION
BUCK/BOOST REGION
V2 (≈1.55V)
V1 (≈0.9V)
3440 F02
A ON, B OFF
PWM CD SWITCHES
D ON, C OFF
PWM AB SWITCHES
FOUR SWITCH PWM
INTERNAL
CONTROL
VOLTAGE, V
CI
operation
LTc3440 m
LTC3440
10
3440fd
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therefore full-time 4-switch mode is required to main-
tain the Buck/Boost function. The efficiency below 1mA
becomes dominated primarily by the quiescent current and
not the peak efficiency. The equation is given by:
Efficiency Burst
(
η
bm) I
LOAD
25µA +ILOAD
where (ηbm) is typically 79% during Burst Mode opera-
tion for an ESR of the inductor of 50mΩ. For 200mΩ of
inductor ESR, the peak efficiency (ηbm) drops to 75%.
Burst Mode Operation to Fixed Frequency Transient
Response
When transitioning from Burst Mode operation to fixed
frequency, the system exhibits a transient since the modes
of operation have changed. For most systems this transient
is acceptable, but the application may have stringent input
current and/or output voltage requirements that dictate a
broad-band voltage loop to minimize the transient. Low-
ering the DC gain of the loop will facilitate the task (10M
FB to VC) at the expense of DC load regulation. Type 3
compensation is also recommended to broad band the
loop and roll off past the two pole response of the LC of
the converter (see Closing the Feedback Loop).
7
V
IN
A
3
SW1
5
GND
4
SW2
L
+ –
6
V
OUT
D
C
400mA
I
INDUCTOR
0mA
3440 F03
T1
B
dI
dT
V
IN
L
7
V
IN
A
3
SW1
5
GND
4
SW2
L
– +
6
V
OUT
D
C
400mA
I
INDUCTOR
0mA
3440 F04
T2
B
dI
dT
V
OUT
L
≈ –
Figure 3. Inductor Charge Cycle During Burst Mode Operation
Figure 4. Inductor Discharge Cycle During Burst Mode Operation
operation
LTC3440 L7 LJUW 1 1
LTC3440
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3440fd
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operation
SOFT-START
The soft-start function is combined with shutdown.
When the SHDN/SS pin is brought above typically 1V,
the IC is enabled but the EA duty cycle is clamped from
Figure 5. Soft-Start Circuitry
+
9
10
V
IN
ERROR AMP
1.22V
15µA
FB R1
R2
C
P1
V
C
V
OUT
8
SHDN/SS
C
SS
1V
ENABLE SIGNAL
R
SS
SOFT-START
CLAMP
TO PWM
COMPARATORS
CHIP
ENABLE
3440 F05
+
V
CI
the VC pin. A detailed diagram of this function is shown
in Figure 5. The components RSS and CSS provide a
slow ramping voltage on the SHDN/SS pin to provide a
soft-start function.
LTC3440 uency o urface picall 1. F0 0W ( ( 12 L7LJCUEN2
LTC3440
12
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
COMPONENT SELECTION
Inductor Selection
The high frequency operation of the LTC3440 allows the
use of small surface mount inductors. The inductor cur-
rent ripple is typically set to 20% to 40% of the maximum
inductor current. For a given ripple the inductance terms
are given as follows:
L>V
IN(MIN) VOUT V
IN(MIN)
( )
fIOUT(MAX) Ripple VOUT
µH
L>VOUT V
IN(MAX) VOUT
( )
fIOUT(MAX) Ripple V
IN(MAX)
µH
where f = operating frequency, MHz
Ripple = allowable inductor current ripple
(e.g., 0.2 = 20%)
VIN(MIN) = minimum input voltage, V
VIN(MAX) = maximum input voltage, V
VOUT = output voltage, V
IOUT(MAX) = maximum output load current
3440 F06
GND
C2
D2
LTC3440
MULTIPLE
VIAS
L1
RTVC
FB
SHDN/SS
VIN
VOUT
MODE/SYNC
SW1
GND
SW2
D1
VIN
R1 R2
VOUT
C1
1
2
3
4
5
10
9
8
7
6
applications inForMation
Figure 6. Recommended Component Placement. Traces Carrying
High Current are Direct. Trace Area at FB and VC Pins are Kept
Low. Lead Length to Battery Should be Kept Short
For high efficiency, choose an inductor with a high fre-
quency core material, such as ferrite, to reduce core loses.
The inductor should have low ESR (equivalent series
resistance) to reduce the I2R losses, and must be able to
handle the peak inductor current without saturating. Molded
chokes or chip inductors usually do not have enough core
to support the peak inductor currents in the 1A to 2A
region. To minimize radiated noise, use a toroid, pot core
or shielded bobbin inductor. See Table 1 for suggested
components and Table 2 for a list of component suppliers.
Table 1. Inductor Vendor Information
SUPPLIER PHONE FAX WEB SITE
Coilcraft (847) 639-6400 (847) 639-1469 www.coilcraft.com
Coiltronics (561) 241-7876 (561) 241-9339 www.coiltronics.com
Murata USA:
(814) 237-1431
(800) 831-9172
USA:
(814) 238-0490
www.murata.com
Sumida USA:
(847) 956-0666
Japan:
81(3) 3607-5111
(847) 956-0702
81(3) 3607-5144
www.japanlink.com/
sumida
Output Capacitor Selection
The bulk value of the capacitor is set to reduce the ripple
due to charge into the capacitor each cycle. The steady
state ripple due to charge is given by:
%Ripple_Boost =IOUT(MAX) VOUT – V
IN(MIN)
( )
100
COUT VOUT2f%
%Ripple_Buck =IOUT(MAX) V
IN(MAX) – VOUT
( )
100
COUT V
IN(MAX) VOUT f%
where COUT = output filter capacitor, F
The output capacitance is usually many times larger in
order to handle the transient response of the converter. For
a rule of thumb, the ratio of the operating frequency to the
unity-gain bandwidth of the converter is the amount the
output capacitance will have to increase from the above
calculations in order to maintain the desired transient
response.
LTC3440 L7HEJWEGR 1 3
LTC3440
13
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
applications inForMation
Input Voltage > 4.5V
For applications with input voltages above 4.5V which could
exhibit an overload or short-circuit condition, a 2Ω/1nF
series snubber is required between the SW1 pin and GND.
A Schottky diode such as the Phillips PMEG2010EA or
equivalent from SW1 to VIN should also be added as close
to the pins as possible. For the higher input voltages VIN
bypassing becomes more critical, therefore, a ceramic
bypass capacitor as close to the VIN and GND pins as
possible is also required.
Operating Frequency Selection
There are several considerations in selecting the operat-
ing frequency of the converter. The first is, what are the
sensitive frequency bands that cannot tolerate any spec-
tral noise? For example, in products incorporating RF
communications, the 455kHz IF frequency is sensitive to
any noise, therefore switching above 600kHz is desired.
Some communications have sensitivity to 1.1MHz and in
that case a 2MHz converter frequency may be employed.
Other considerations are the physical size of the converter
and efficiency. As the operating frequency goes up, the
inductor and filter capacitors go down in value and size.
The trade off is in efficiency since the switching losses due
to gate charge are going up proportional with frequency.
Additional quiescent current due to the output switches
GATE charge is given by:
Buck: (0.5 VIN f) mA
Boost: [0.25 (VIN + VOUT) f ] mA
Buck/Boost: f (0.75 VIN + 0.25 VOUT) mA
where f = switching frequency in MHz
The other component of ripple is due to the ESR (equiva-
lent series resistance) of the output capacitor. Low ESR
capacitors should be used to minimize output voltage
ripple. For surface mount applications, Taiyo Yuden ceramic
capacitors, AVX TPS series tantalum capacitors or Sanyo
POSCAP are recommended.
Input Capacitor Selection
Since the VIN pin is the supply voltage for the IC it is
recommended to place at least a 4.7µF, low ESR bypass
capacitor.
Table 2. Capacitor Vendor Information
SUPPLIER PHONE FAX WEB SITE
AVX (803) 448-9411 (803) 448-1943 www.avxcorp.com
Sanyo (619) 661-6322 (619) 661-1055 www.sanyovideo.com
Taiyo Yuden (408) 573-4150 (408) 573-4159 www.t-yuden.com
Optional Schottky Diodes
To achieve a 1%-2% efficiency improvement above
50mW, Schottky diodes can be added across synchronous
switches B (SW1 to GND) and D (SW2 to VOUT). The
Schottky diodes will provide a lower voltage drop during
the break-before-make time (typically 15ns) of the NMOS to
PMOS transition. General purpose diodes such as a 1N914
are not recommended due to the slow recovery times and
will compromise efficiency. If desired a large Schottky
diode, such as an MBRM120T3, can be used from SW2 to
VOUT. A low capacitance Schottky diode is recommended
from GND to SW1 such as a Phillips PMEG2010EA or
equivalent.
Output Voltage > 4.3V
A Schottky diode from SW to VOUT is required for output
voltages over 4.3V. The diode must be located as close to
the pins as possible in order to reduce the peak voltage
on SW2 due to the parasitic lead and trace inductance.
LTC3440 Mostapplications demand to allowa smalleroutputf om ns 1 a 1 e L'COUT Vm 1 2-n0R1°CP1 1 4 L7ELUEN2
LTC3440
14
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
applications inForMation
Closing the Feedback Loop
The LTC3440 incorporates voltage mode PWM control. The
control to output gain varies with operation region (Buck,
Boost, Buck-Boost), but is usually no greater than 15. The
output filter exhibits a double pole response is given by:
fFILTER _ POLE =
1
2πLCOUT
Hz(in Buck mode
)
fFILTER_POLE =
V
IN
2VOUT πLCOUT
Hz (inBoost mode)
where L is in Henries and COUT is the output filter capaci-
tor in Farads.
The output filter zero is given by:
fFILTER_ ZERO =
1
2πRESR COUT
Hz
where RESR is the capacitor equivalent series resistance.
A troublesome feature in Boost mode is the right-half
plane zero (RHP), and is given by:
fRHPZ =V
IN 2
2πI
OUT
LV
OUT
Hz
The loop gain is typically rolled off before the RHP zero
frequency.
A simple Type I compensation network can be incorporated
to stabilize the loop but at a cost of reduced bandwidth
and slower transient response. To ensure proper phase
margin, the loop requires to be crossed over a decade
before the LC double pole.
The unity-gain frequency of the error amplifier with the
Type I compensation is given by:
fUG =
1
2πR1CP1
Hz
Most applications demand an improved transient response
to allow a smaller output filter capacitor. To achieve a higher
bandwidth, Type III compensation is required. Two zeros
are required to compensate for the double-pole response.
fPOLE1
1
2π32e3R1CP1
Hz
Which is extremely close to DC
fZERO1=1
2πRZCP1
Hz
fZERO2 =1
2πR1 CZ 1
Hz
fPOLE2 =1
2πRZCP2
Hz
Figure 8. Error Amplifier with Type III Compensation
1.22V R1
R2
3440 F08
FB
9
V
C
C
P1
C
Z1
R
Z
V
OUT
10
C
P2
+
ERROR
AMP
Figure 7. Error Amplifier with Type I Compensation
1.22V
R1
R2
3440 F07
FB
9
V
C
C
P1
V
OUT
10
+
ERROR
AMP
LTC3440 || 1 II I __ H IN. T L7HEJWEGR 1 5
LTC3440
15
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
Short-Circuit Improvements
The LTC3440 is current limited to 2.7A peak to protect
the IC from damage. At input voltages above 4.5V a cur-
rent limit condition may produce undesirable voltages
to the IC due to the series inductance of the package, as
well as the traces and external components. Following
the recommendations for output voltage >4.3V and input
voltage >4.5V will improve this condition. Additional
short-circuit protection can be accomplished with some
external circuitry.
In an overload or short-circuit condition the LTC3440 volt-
age loop opens and the error amp control voltage on the VC
pin slams to the upper clamp level. This condition forces
boost mode operation in order to attempt to provide more
output voltage and the IC hits a peak switch current limit of
2.7A. When switch current limit is reached switches B and
D turn on for the remainder of the cycle to reverse the volts
seconds on the inductor. Although this prevents current
run away, this condition produces four switch operation
producing a current foldback characteristic and the aver-
age input current drops. The IC is trimmed to guarantee
greater than 1A average input current to meet the maximum
load demand, but in a short-circuit or overload condition
the foldback characteristic will occur producing higher
peak switch currents. To minimize this affect during this
condition the following circuits can be utilized.
Restart Circuit
For a sustained short-circuit the circuit in Figure 9 will force
a soft-start condition. The only design constraint is that
R2/C2 time constant must be longer than the soft-start
components R1/C1 to ensure start-up.
Simple Average Input Current Control
A simple average current limit circuit is shown in
Figure 10. Once the input current of the IC is above ap-
proximately 1A, Q1 will start sourcing current into the FB
pin and lower the output voltage to maintain the average
input current. Since the voltage loop is utilized to perform
average current limit, the voltage control loop is main-
tained and the VC voltage does not slam. The averaging
function of current comes from the fact that voltage loop
compensation is also used with this circuit.
Figure 9. Soft-Start Reset Circuitry for a Sustained Short-Circuit
C2
10nF
C1
4.7nF
R2
1M
R1
1M
V
OUT
V
IN
SOFT-START
SO/SS
M2
NMOS
VN2222 M1
NMOS
VN2222
D1
1N4148
3440 F09
applications inForMation
Figure 10. Simple Input Current Control
Utilizing the Voltage Loop
INPUT_VOLTAGE
FB_PIN
VIN_PIN
Q1
2N3906
R1
0.5Ω
C1
10µF
V1
LTc3440 I»; l_ |_ Lia |_. m1 HI 1 E H—l
LTC3440
16
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
3-Cell to 3.3V at 600mA Converter
3-Cell to 3.3V Efficiency
typical applications
SW1
VIN
SHDN/SS
MODE/SYNC
RT
SW2
VOUT
FB
VC
GND
3
7
8
2
1
4
6
9
10
5
LTC3440
L1
4.7µH
D1
R3 15k
R5
10k
R1
340k
R2
200k
3440 TA03a
RT
45.3k fOSC = 1.5MHz
C1: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ106MG
C2: TAIYO YUDEN JMK325BJ226MM
D1, D2: CENTRAL SEMICONDUCTOR CMDSH2-3
L1: SUMIDA CDR43-4R7M
*1 = Burst Mode OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
C1
10µF
3 CELLS
VIN = 2.7V TO 4.5V
*
C4 150pF
C3
33pF
D2
C5 10pF
C2
22µF
VOUT
3.3V
600mA
+
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
30
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
100
20
10
80
50
70
60
40
0.1 10 100 1000
3440 TA03b
0
1
Burst Mode
OPERATION
VIN = 2.7V
VIN = 3.3V
fOSC = 1.5MHz
VIN = 4.5V
LTC3440 Bum Made OPERAHON |+ Bum Made OPERAHON 25v L7HEJWEGR 1 7
LTC3440
17
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
typical applications
Low Profile (<1.1mm) Li-Ion to 3.3V at 200mA Converter
SW1
VIN
SHDN/SS
MODE/SYNC
RT
SW2
VOUT
FB
VC
GND
3
7
8
2
1
4
6
9
10
5
LTC3440
L1
4.7µH
R1
340k
R2
200k
R3
15k
3440 TA04a
RT
30.1k
C1: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ475MG
C2: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ475MG
L1: COILCRAFT LPO1704-472M
*1 = Burst Mode OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
fOSC = 2MHz
C1
4.7µF
Li-Ion
VIN = 2.5V TO 4.2V
*
+
C4
1.5nF
C2
4.7µF
VOUT
3.3V
200mA
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
30
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
100
20
10
80
50
70
60
40
0.1 10 100 1000
3440 TA04b
0
1
Burst Mode
OPERATION
VIN = 2.5V
VIN = 3.3V
VIN = 4.2V
Efficiency
3-Cell to 5V Boost Converter with Output Disconnect
SW1
VIN
SHDN/SS
MODE/SYNC
RT
SW2
VOUT
FB
VC
GND
3
7
8
2
1
4
6
9
10
5
LTC3440
L1
10µH
R1
619k
R2
200k
3440 TA06a
RT
60.4k
C1: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ106MG
C2: TAIYO YUDEN JMK325BJ226MM
D1: ON SEMICONDUCTOR MBRM120T3
L1: SUMIDA CDRH4D28-100
*1 = Burst Mode OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
** LOCATE COMPONENTS AS
CLOSE TO IC AS POSSIBLE
C1
10µF
C3
0.1µF
3
CELLS
R4 1M
VIN = 2.7V TO 4.5V
*
SD
C4
1.5nF
15k
fOSC = 1MHz
C2**
22µF
VOUT
5V
300mA
+
D1**
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
30
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
100
20
10
80
50
70
60
40
0.1 10 100 1000
3440 TA06b
0
1
Burst Mode
OPERATION
VIN = 2.7V
fOSC = 1MHz
VIN = 3.6V
VIN = 4.5V
3-Cell to 5V Boost Efficiency
LTc3440
LTC3440
18
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
typical applications
SW1
V
IN
SHDN/SS
MODE/SYNC
R
T
SW2
V
OUT
FB
V
C
GND
3
7
8
2
1
4
6
9
10
5
LTC3440
L1
3.3µH
R1
340k
R5
10k
R2
200k
R3 15k
D1**
3440 TA07a
R
T
30.1k
C1, C2: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ106MM
D1: ON SEMICONDUCTOR MBRM120T3
L1: SUMIDA CDRH4D28-3R3
*1 = Burst Mode OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
** LOCATE COMPONENTS AS
CLOSE TO IC AS POSSIBLE
C1
10µF
f
OSC
= 2MHz
Li-Ion
V
IN
=
2.5V TO 4.2V
*
+
C4 150pF
C5 10pF
C2**
10µF
V
OUT
0.4V TO 5V
C3
33pF
V
OUT
= 3.3V – 1.7V • (V
DAC
– 1.22V)
R6
200k
DAC
WCDMA Power Amp Power Supply with Dynamic Voltage Control Efficiency of the WCDMA
Power Amp Power Supply
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
2.5
EFFICIENCY (%)
92
96
100
4.5
3440 TA07b
88
84
90
94
98
86
82
80 33.5 45
V
OUT
= 3.4V
I
OUT
= 100mA
I
OUT
= 250mA
I
OUT
= 600mA
SW1
VIN
SHDN/SS
MODE/SYNC
RT
SW2
VOUT
FB
VC
GND
3
7
8
2
1
4
6
9
10
5
LTC3440
L1
10µH
R5
24k
3440 TA08
RT
60.4k
RS
0.1Ω
R4
1k
C1: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ106MG
C2: TAIYO YUDEN JMK325BJ226MM
L1: SUMIDA CDRH-4D28-100
*1 = Burst Mode OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
C1
10µF
VIN
2.5V TO 5.5V
USB/PCMCIA POWER
500mA MAX
*
VOUT
3.6V
2A
(PULSED)
C5
10nF
R6
130k
R1
392k
R2
200k
+
1/2 LT1490A 2N3906
+
1/2 LT1490A
1N914 C6 TO C9
470µF
×4
1.22 R4
R5 RS
ICURRENTLIMIT =
GSM Modem Powered from USB or PCMCIA with 500mA Input Current Limit
LTC3440 7 i \ + uuwuufi Wig, , Lh, \T + \ E ‘0 \ Wm jib L 4 F 4‘ V 77 L7HEWEAR 1 9
LTC3440
19
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
package Description
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/product/LTC3440#packaging for the most recent package drawings.
DD Package
10-Lead Plastic DFN (3mm × 3mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1699 Rev C)
3.00 ±0.10
(4 SIDES)
NOTE:
1. DRAWING TO BE MADE A JEDEC PACKAGE OUTLINE M0-229 VARIATION OF (WEED-2).
CHECK THE LTC WEBSITE DATA SHEET FOR CURRENT STATUS OF VARIATION ASSIGNMENT
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
4. DIMENSIONS OF EXPOSED PAD ON BOTTOM OF PACKAGE DO NOT INCLUDE
MOLD FLASH. MOLD FLASH, IF PRESENT, SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.15mm ON ANY SIDE
5. EXPOSED PAD SHALL BE SOLDER PLATED
6. SHADED AREA IS ONLY A REFERENCE FOR PIN 1 LOCATION ON THE
TOP AND BOTTOM OF PACKAGE
0.40 ±0.10
BOTTOM VIEW—EXPOSED PAD
1.65 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
0.75 ±0.05
R = 0.125
TYP
2.38 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
15
106
PIN 1
TOP MARK
(SEE NOTE 6)
0.200 REF
0.00 – 0.05
(DD) DFN REV C 0310
0.25 ±0.05
2.38 ±0.05
(2 SIDES)
RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD PITCH AND DIMENSIONS
1.65 ±0.05
(2 SIDES)2.15 ±0.05
0.50
BSC
0.70 ±0.05
3.55 ±0.05
PACKAGE
OUTLINE
0.25 ±0.05
0.50 BSC
DD Package
10-Lead Plastic DFN (3mm × 3mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1699 Rev C)
PIN 1 NOTCH
R = 0.20 OR
0.35 × 45°
CHAMFER
LTC3440 Haas [H27 (:035 005] 41D I] D I] Hi 573:: 2:: [I I] Dflflfli 7323 133274 P 7 7* fififi : i o * (mu) * m 1—K LL ’ 7 £72277 L7LJCUEN2
LTC3440
20
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
package Description
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/product/LTC3440#packaging for the most recent package drawings.
MSOP (MS) 0213 REV F
0.53 ±0.152
(.021 ±.006)
SEATING
PLANE
0.18
(.007)
1.10
(.043)
MAX
0.17 –0.27
(.007 – .011)
TYP
0.86
(.034)
REF
0.50
(.0197)
BSC
1234 5
4.90 ±0.152
(.193 ±.006)
0.497 ±0.076
(.0196 ±.003)
REF
8910 76
3.00 ±0.102
(.118 ±.004)
(NOTE 3)
3.00 ±0.102
(.118 ±.004)
(NOTE 4)
NOTE:
1. DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETER/(INCH)
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS.
MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
4. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS.
INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
5. LEAD COPLANARITY (BOTTOM OF LEADS AFTER FORMING) SHALL BE 0.102mm (.004") MAX
0.254
(.010) 0° – 6° TYP
DETAIL “A”
DETAIL “A”
GAUGE PLANE
5.10
(.201)
MIN
3.20 – 3.45
(.126 – .136)
0.889 ±0.127
(.035 ±.005)
RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD LAYOUT
0.305 ±0.038
(.0120 ±.0015)
TYP
0.50
(.0197)
BSC
0.1016 ±0.0508
(.004 ±.002)
MS Package
10-Lead Plastic MSOP
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1661 Rev F)
MS Package
10-Lead Plastic MSOP
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1661 Rev F)
LTC3440 L7 LJUW 2 1
LTC3440
21
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representa-
tion that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.
revision history
REV DATE DESCRIPTION PAGE NUMBER
C 8/14 Modified filter pole equation in Closing the Feedback Loop section 13
D 10/16 Added equation to calculate VOUT
Modified Operating Frequency Selection section
6
13
(Revision history begins at Rev C)
LTC3440 22 L7ELUEN2
LTC3440
22
3440fd
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3440
Linear Technology Corporation
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2001
LT 1016 REV D • PRINTED IN USA
(408) 432-1900 FAX: (408) 434-0507 www.linear.com/LTC3440
relateD parts
typical application
PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION COMMENTS
LT1613 550mA(ISW), 1.4MHz, High Efficiency Step-Up DC/DC
Converter
90% Efficiency, VIN: 0.9V to 10V, VOUT(MIN) = 34V, IQ = 3mA,
ISD = <1µA, ThinSOT™ Package
LT1618 1.5A(ISW), 1.25MHz, High Efficiency Step-Up DC/DC
Converter
90% Efficiency, VIN: 1.6V to 18V, VOUT(MIN) = 35V, IQ = 1.8mA,
ISD = <1µA, MS10 Package
LTC1877 600mA(IOUT), 550kHz, Synchronous Step-Down DC/DC
Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.7V to 10V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.8V, IQ = 10µA,
ISD = <1µA, MS8 Package
LTC1878 600mA(IOUT), 550kHz, Synchronous Step-Down DC/DC
Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.7V to 6V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.8V, IQ = 10µA,
ISD = <1µA, MS8 Package
LTC1879 1.2A(IOUT), 550kHz, Synchronous Step-Down DC/DC
Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.7V to 10V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.8V, IQ = 15µA,
ISD = <1µA, TSSOP16 Package
LT1961 1.5A(ISW), 1.25MHz, High Efficiency Step-Up DC/DC
Converter
90% Efficiency, VIN: 3V to 25V, VOUT(MIN) = 35V, IQ = 0.9mA,
ISD = 6µA, MS8E Package
LTC3400/LTC3400B 600mA(ISW), 1.2MHz, Synchronous Step-Up DC/DC
Converter
92% Efficiency, VIN: 0.85V to 5V, VOUT(MIN) = 5V, IQ = 19µA/300µA,
ISD = <1µA, ThinSOT Package
LTC3401 1A(ISW), 3MHz, Synchronous Step-Up DC/DC Converter 97% Efficiency, VIN: 0.5V to 5V, VOUT(MIN) = 6V, IQ = 38µA,
ISD = <1µA, MS10 Package
LTC3402 2A(ISW), 3MHz, Synchronous Step-Up DC/DC Converter 97% Efficiency, VIN: 0.5V to 5V, VOUT(MIN) = 6V, IQ = 38µA,
ISD = <1µA, MS10 Package
LTC3405/LTC3405A 300mA(IOUT), 1.5MHz, Synchronous Step-Down DC/DC
Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.7V to 6V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.8V, IQ = 20µA,
ISD = <1µA, ThinSOT Package
LTC3406/LTC3406B 600mA(IOUT), 1.5MHz, Synchronous Step-Down DC/DC
Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.5V to 5.5V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.6V, IQ = 20µA,
ISD = <1µA, ThinSOT Package
LTC3411 1.25A(IOUT), 4MHz, Synchronous Step-Down DC/DC
Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.5V to 5.5V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.8V, IQ = 60µA,
ISD = <1µA, MS10 Package
LTC3412 2.5A(IOUT), 4MHz, Synchronous Step-Down DC/DC
Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.5V to 5.5V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.8V, IQ = 60µA,
ISD = <1µA, TSSOP16E Package
LTC3441/LTC3443 1.2A(IOUT), 1MHz/0.6MHz, Micropower Synchronous
Buck-Boost DC/DC Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 2.4V to 5.5V, VOUT(MIN): 2.4V to 5.25V, IQ = 25µA,
ISD = <1µA, DFN Package
Efficiency
3440 TA05
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
EFFICIENCY (%)
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
00.1 10 100 10001.0
V
IN
= 4.2V
V
IN
= 3.3V
Burst Mode
OPERATION
Li-Ion to 3.3V at 600mA Buck-Boost Converter
SW1
V
IN
SHDN/SS
MODE/SYNC
R
T
SW2
V
OUT
FB
V
C
GND
3
7
8
2
1
4
6
9
10
5
LTC3440
L1
10µH
R1
340k
R2
200k
R3
15k
3440 TA01
R
T
60.4k
C1: TAIYO YUDEN JMK212BJ106MG
C2: TAIYO YUDEN JMK325BJ226MM
L1: SUMIDA CDRH6D38-100
*1 = Burst Mode OPERATION
0 = FIXED FREQUENCY
C1
10µF
Li-Ion
V
IN
=
2.7V TO 4.2V
*
+
C5 1.5nF C2
22µF
V
OUT
3.3V
600mA

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