53,54 Series ll Datasheet by Fluke Electronics

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53 & 54 Series II
Thermometer
Users Manual
September 1999 Rev.1, 6/01
© 1999-2001 Fluke Corporation, All rights reserved. Printed in USA
All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.
www fluke warranly om
Limited Warranty & Limitation Of Liability
This Fluke product will be free from defects in material and workmanship for 3 years from the date of purchase. This war-
ranty does not cover fuses, disposable batteries or damage from accident, neglect, misuse or abnormal conditions of opera-
tion or handling. Resellers are not authorized to extend any other warranty on Fluke’s behalf. To obtain service during the
warranty period, send your defective tester to the nearest Fluke Authorized Service Center with a description of the problem.
THIS WARRANTY IS YOUR ONLY REMEDY. NO OTHER WARRANTIES, SUCH AS FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, ARE EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. FLUKE IS NOT LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES, ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE OR THEORY. Since some states or countries
do not allow the exclusion or limitation of an implied warranty or of incidental or consequential damages, this limitation of
liability may not apply to you.
Fluke Corporation
P.O. Box 9090
Everett WA
98206-9090
Fluke Europe B.V.
P.O. Box 1186
5602 B.D. Eindhoven
The Netherlands
To register your product, visit www.fluke-warranty.com
10/96
i
Table of Contents
Title Page
Safety Information.......................................................................................................... 1
Contacting Fluke....................................................................................................... 1
Getting Started............................................................................................................... 4
Components.............................................................................................................. 5
Display Elements ...................................................................................................... 6
Buttons...................................................................................................................... 7
Using the Thermometer................................................................................................. 9
Changing Setup Options................................................................................................ 9
Entering and Exiting Setup........................................................................................ 9
Changing the Logging Interval .................................................................................. 10
Changing the Thermocouple Type............................................................................ 11
Changing the Offset.................................................................................................. 11
Enabling or Disabling Sleep Mode............................................................................ 12
Setting the Time........................................................................................................ 12
Changing the Line Frequency................................................................................... 13
Measuring Temperatures............................................................................................... 13
Connecting a Thermocouple..................................................................................... 13
14 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
ii
Displaying Temperatures........................................................................................... 14
Holding the Displayed Temperatures ........................................................................ 14
Viewing the MIN, MAX, and AVG Readings.............................................................. 14
Using the Offset to Adjust for Probe Errors ............................................................... 15
Using Memory................................................................................................................ 15
Initial Conditions and Data Entries............................................................................. 16
Starting and Stopping Logging .................................................................................. 16
Clearing Memory ....................................................................................................... 17
Viewing Logged Readings......................................................................................... 17
Communicating with a PC.............................................................................................. 18
Maintenance................................................................................................................... 19
Replacing the Batteries ............................................................................................. 19
Cleaning the Case and Holster.................................................................................. 19
Calibration ................................................................................................................. 19
Specifications ................................................................................................................. 19
Environmental............................................................................................................ 19
General...................................................................................................................... 20
80 PK-1 Thermocouple (supplied with thermometer) ................................................ 20
Electrical.................................................................................................................... 20
Replacement Parts and Accessories.............................................................................. 21
www fluke com www uke warranly om
1
53 & 54 Series II
Safety Information
The Fluke Model 53 and Model 54 Thermometers (“the
thermometer”) are microprocessor-based, digital
thermometers designed to use external J-, K-, T-, E-, R-,
S-, and N-type thermocouples (temperature probes) as
temperature sensors.
Use the thermometer only as specified in this manual.
Otherwise, the protection provided by the meter may be
impaired.
Refer to safety information in Table 1 and the meter
symbols in Table 2.
Contacting Fluke
To order accessories, receive assistance, or locate the
nearest Fluke distributor or Service Center, call:
1-888-99-FLUKE (1-888-993-5853) in USA
1-800-36-FLUKE (1-800-363-5853) in Canada
+31-402-678-200 in Europe
+81-3-3434-0181 in Japan
+65-738-5655 in Singapore
+1-425-446-5500 from other countries
Address correspondence to:
Fluke Corporation Fluke Europe B.V.
P.O. Box 9090 P.O. Box 1186
Everett, WA 98206-9090 5602 BD Eindhoven
USA The Netherlands
Visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.fluke.com
To register your product, visit www.fluke-warranty.com
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
2
Table 1. Safety Information
WWarning
A Warning identifies conditions and actions that pose hazards to the user. To avoid electrical shock or
personal injury, follow these guidelines:
Before using the thermometer inspect the case. Do not use the thermometer if it appears damaged. Look
for cracks or missing plastic. Pay particular attention to the insulation around the connectors.
Disconnect the thermocouple(s) from the thermometer before opening the case.
Replace the batteries as soon as the battery indicator (B) appears. The possibility of false readings can
lead to personal injury.
Do not use the thermometer if it operates abnormally. Protection may be impaired. When in doubt, have the
thermometer serviced.
Do not operate the thermometer around explosive gas, vapor, or dust.
Do not apply more than the rated voltage, as marked on the thermometer, between the thermocouple(s), or
between any thermocouple and earth ground.
53 & 54 Series II
Safety Information
3
Table 1. Safety Information (cont.)
WWarning (cont.)
Model 54: Measurement errors may occur if voltages on the measurement surfaces result in potentials
greater than 1 V between the two thermocouples. When potential differences are anticipated between the
thermocouples, use electrically insulated thermocouples.
When servicing the thermometer, use only specified replacement parts.
Do not use the thermometer with any part of the case or cover removed.
Caution
A Caution identifies conditions and actions that may damage the meter or the equipment under test.
Use the proper thermocouples, function, and range for your thermometer.
Do not attempt to recharge the batteries.
To prevent explosion, do not throw batteries into a fire.
Follow local laws or regulations when disposing of batteries.
Match the + and polarities of the battery with the battery case.
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
4
Table 2. International Symbols
WRefer to the manual for information about this feature. PComplies with European Union directives.
MBattery. Complies with relevant Canadian Standards
Association directives.
Getting Started
Everything in this
Users Manual
applies both to Models
53 and 54 unless otherwise indicated.
To become familiar with the thermometer, study the
following:
Figure 1 and Table 3 describe the components.
Figure 2 and Table 4 describe the display.
Table 5 describes the functions of the buttons.
Then read the following sections.
53 & 54 Series II
Getting Started
5
Components
xx
3
4
512
6
7
aat01f.eps
Figure 1. Components
Table 3. Components
AThermocouple T1 input
B
Model 54:
Thermocouple T2 input
CHolster
DDisplay
EButtons
FBattery door
GBatteries
WEI-1W ”3333]
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
6
Display Elements
xx
1
12
11
2345
7
6
8
9
10
aat02f.eps
Figure 2. Display Elements
Table 4. Display Elements
AThe thermocouple measurement includes an
offset. See "Changing Setup Options."
BThe displayed readings do not change.
CA shift function is in progress.
DReadings are being logged.
ESetup is in progress.
FLogged readings are displayed.
GLow battery. Replace the batteries.
HPrimary Display.
Model 53:
T1 reading.
Model 54:
T1, T2, or T1-T2 reading.
IThe temperature units.
JSecondary Display: MAX, MIN, AVG, MEMORY,
or offset.
Model 54:
T1 or T2 reading.
KThe thermocouple type.
LTime Display: 24-hour clock. Shows the
INTERVAL length in SETUP. Shows elapsed time
when AVG is on or before clock has been set.
53 & 54 Series II
Getting Started
7
Buttons
Table 5. Buttons
APress A to turn the thermometer on or off.
G
(Shift function)
Press G, M (CANCEL) to stop displaying the minimum, maximum, and average readings in the
secondary display.
Press G, J (CLEAR MEMORY) to delete logged readings from memory.
Press G, r (PC/IR SEND) to toggle the IR port on and off.
QPress Q to turn the backlight on and off. The backlight turns off after 2 minutes without any button
presses. If the battery is low, the backlight is disabled.
MPress M to step through the maximum, minimum, and average readings.
When viewing logged readings, shows the maximum, minimum, and average of the logged readings.
Press G, M (CANCEL) to turn off this display.
CPress C to switch between Celsius (oC), Fahrenheit (oF), and Kelvin (K).
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
8
Table 5. Buttons (cont.)
hPress h to freeze or unfreeze the displayed readings.
Press h when turning on the thermometer to test the display. All display elements appear.
T
Model 54:
Press T to toggle showing the T1, T2, and T1-T2 (differential temperature measurement) in
the primary or secondary display.
DPress D to start or exit Setup. (See "Changing Setup Options.")
KPress K to scroll to the Setup option you want to change.
Press K to increase the displayed setting.
NPress N to scroll to the Setup option you want to change.
Press N to decrease the displayed setting.
EPress E to enter a Setup option.
Press E again to store the displayed setting in memory.
JPress J to start or stop logging.
During manual logging, the thermometer stores a single set of logged readings in memory each time you
press J.
rPress r to show logged readings and MIN MAX readings on the display.
Press r again to stop.
53 & 54 Series II
Using the Thermometer
9
Using the Thermometer
1. Plug the thermocouple(s) into the input connector(s).
2. Press
A to turn on the thermometer.
After 1 second the thermometer displays the first reading.
If no thermocouple is plugged into the selected input or the
thermocouple is "open," the display shows
"- - - -."
Changing Setup Options
Use Setup to change the logging interval, thermocouple
type, offset, sleep mode, time, and line frequency settings.
The thermometer stores the settings in its memory. Setup
settings reset only when the batteries are removed for
more than 2 minutes.
Entering and Exiting Setup
When the thermometer is in Setup mode, the display
shows s.
Press
D to start or exit Setup.
Notes
Press
K
or
N
to scroll to the setup option you
want to change.
Setup is disabled in MIN MAX mode.
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
10
Changing the Logging Interval
The logging interval determines how often the
thermometer stores logged readings in memory. You
choose the length of the logging interval. See "Using
Memory."
The thermometer stores logged readings at the end of
each logging interval. You can select a logging interval of
1 second (1), 10 seconds (2), 1 minute (3), 10 minutes (4),
or user-defined (USef).
You can also set the logging interval manually (0). Each
time you press J, the thermometer stores the current
readings in memory.
1. Press K or N until the display shows INTERVAL.
2. Press
E to display the logging interval choices.
3. Press
K or N until the display shows the logging
interval you want, and then press E to select.
4. If you selected a user-defined logging interval:
Press K or N until the display shows
hour:min or min:sec, and then press E to
select.
The left two digits blink.
Press
K or N until the left two digits you want
appear on the display, and then press E to
select them.
The right two digits blink.
Press
K or N until the right two digits you
want appear on the display, and then press E
to select them.
Holding down K or N causes the number to
change more quickly.
53 & 54 Series II
Changing Setup Options
11
Changing the Thermocouple Type
1. Press K or N until the display shows TYPE.
2. Press
E to display the thermocouple type choices.
The currently selected thermocouple blinks.
3. Press
K or N until the thermocouple you want
appears on the display.
4. Press
E to store the thermocouple type in memory.
Changing the Offset
You can adjust the thermometer’s readings to compensate
for the errors of a specific thermocouple. See "Using the
Offset to Adjust for Probe Errors." The allowable
adjustment range is ± 5.0 oC or K, and ± 9.0 oF.
Model 54:
You can store individual offsets for T1 and T2.
1. Press
K or N until the display shows O and
T1 or T2.
2. Press
E to indicate that you want to change the
offset setting.
The temperature measurement plus the offset
appears in the primary display. The offset appears in
the secondary display.
3. Press
K or N until the primary display shows the
correct reading.
4. Press
E to store the offset setting in memory.
Remember to reset the offset to 0.0 when it is no longer
needed. The offset automatically resets to 0.0 when you
change the thermocouple type.
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
12
Enabling or Disabling Sleep Mode
The thermometer enters sleep mode if no button press
occurs for 20 minutes.
Pressing any button wakes the thermometer and returns it
to its previous state.
1. Press
K or N until the display shows SLP.
2. Press
E to indicate that you want to change the
sleep setting.
The display shows on if sleep mode is on and 0FF if
sleep mode is off.
3. Press
K or N as needed until the display shows
on or 0FF.
4. Press
E to store the sleep setting in memory.
Sleep mode is enabled each time you turn on the
thermometer and is automatically disabled in MIN MAX
and logging modes.
Setting the Time
1. Press K or N until the display shows the time if it
is set or shows "- - : - -."
2. Press
E to indicate you want to set the time.
The left two digits blink.
3. Press
K or N until the display shows the correct
hour (24-hour format), and then press E to select.
The right two digits blink.
4. Press
K or N until the display shows the correct
minutes, and then press E to store the time in
memory.
Note
Holding down
K
or
N
causes the number to
change more quickly.
53 & 54 Series II
Measuring Temperatures
13
Changing the Line Frequency
For optimum rejection of line noise, set the thermometer
for the local line frequency as follows:
1. Press
K or N until the display shows Li ne.
2. Press
E to indicate that you want to change the
line setting.
3. Press
K or N as needed until the display shows
50 V or 60 V (50 Hz or 60 Hz).
4. Press
E to store the line setting in memory.
Measuring Temperatures
Connecting a Thermocouple
Thermocouples are color coded by type based on the
North American ANSI Color Code:
Type Color Type Color
J Black R Green
K Yellow S Green
T Blue N Orange
E Purple
1. Plug a thermocouple into the input connector(s).
2. Set the thermometer for the correct thermocouple
type.
To change the thermocouple type, see “Changing
Setup Options.”
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
14
Displaying Temperatures
1. Press C to select the correct temperature scale.
2. Hold or attach the thermocouple(s) to the
measurement location.
The temperature reading appears in the selected
display.
3.
Model 54:
Press T to toggle between showing the
T1, T2, and T1-T2 reading in the primary or
secondary display.
Notes
The display shows "- - - -" when a thermocouple
is not connected.
The display shows
0L
(overload) when the
temperature being measured is outside the
thermocouple’s valid range.
Model 54: If only thermocouple T2 is connected,
the T2 reading appears in the primary display.
Holding the Displayed Temperatures
1. Press h to freeze the readings on the display.
The display shows H.
2.
Model 54:
Press T to toggle showing the T1, T2, or
T1-T2 readings in the primary or secondary display.
3. Press
h again to turn off the HOLD function.
Viewing the MIN, MAX, and AVG Readings
1. Press M to step through the maximum (MAX),
minimum (MIN), or the average (AVG) readings.
The elapsed time since entering MIN MAX mode, or
the time at which the minimum or maximum occurred,
appears on the display.
2. Press
G, M (CANCEL) to exit MIN MAX mode.
53 & 54 Series II
Using Memory
15
Using the Offset to Adjust for Probe Errors
Use the offset option in Setup to adjust the thermometer’s
readings to compensate for the errors of a specific
thermocouple.
1. Plug the thermocouple into the input connector.
2. Place the thermocouple in a known, stable
temperature environment (such as an ice bath or a
dry well calibrator).
3. Allow the readings to stabilize.
4. In Setup change the offset until the primary display
reading matches the calibration temperature. (See
"Changing Setup Options.")
Using Memory
During a logging session the thermometer stores logged
readings in its memory.
At the end of the logging session you can view the logged
readings on the display.
You can also transfer the logged readings to a PC running
FlukeView Forms
software. (See "Communicating with a
PC.")
FlukeView Forms
displays the logged readings on an
online form, which you can print or store for later use.
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
16
Initial Conditions and Data Entries
Logged readings include
initial conditions
and
data entries
.
The initial conditions are the thermocouple type and the
offsets for each thermocouple input. You can only view
initial conditions using
FlukeView Forms
.
The data entries are a time stamp, the T1 reading, and the
T2 and T1-T2 readings
(Model 54)
. You can view these
values by pressing r or using
FlukeView Forms.
Temperature readings display 0.1 degree resolution in
FlukeView Forms.
The thermometer has 500 memory locations. The
thermometer stores 499 sets of temperature readings and
one set of initial conditions when logging continuously. It
stores 250 sets of temperature readings and 250 sets of
initial conditions when logging individual points manually.
Starting and Stopping Logging
Setup, memory clear, and PC communications are
inaccessible during logging.
1. Set the logging interval. (See “Changing Setup
Options.”)
2. Press J to start logging.
The display shows l.
3. Press J again to stop logging.
4. If you selected a manual logging interval, press J
each time you want to store logged readings in
memory.
_ECALL E'LIBc
53 & 54 Series II
Using Memory
17
Clearing Memory
When memory is full, FULL appears on the display and
logging stops. You can clear memory in normal or MIN
MAX mode.
Press
G, J (CLEAR MEMORY) to delete
logged readings from memory.
The display shows the following for 2 seconds.
MEMORY
cW f
Viewing Logged Readings
1. Press r to view logged readings.
The display shows R.
2. Press
K or N to scroll through the logged
readings.
The display shows each logged reading, its time
stamp, and its memory location. For example, Figure
3 shows the logged reading stored at 2:02 PM in
memory location 18.
aat03f.eps
Figure 3. Logged Reading
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
18
3. Press M to step through the minimum, maximum,
average, and current logged reading. For example,
Figure 4 shows the maximum reading in memory. The
maximum reading occurred at 1:49 P.M. and was
stored in memory location 5.
aat04f.eps
Figure 4. Maximum Reading
4. Press r to stop viewing logged readings.
Note
The thermometer calculates the minimum and
maximum of all logging sessions in memory.
The display shows "- - : - -" if the log is empty.
Communicating with a PC
You can transfer the contents of the thermometer’s
memory to a PC using
FlukeView Forms
. The
communication requires an IR (infrared) serial connection.
Refer to the
FlukeView Forms Installation Guide
and
FlukeView
Help.
FlukeView Forms
places the logged readings into
standard (default) or customized forms. The forms also
display user comments. You can use these forms to
satisfy ISO-9000 documentation requirements.
When you send logged readings to a PC, all functions are
disabled except power off, backlight, and turning off
communication.
Press G, r (PC/IR SEND) to toggle the IR port
on and off.
The display shows:
if
Send
When the IR port is enabled you can communicate with
FlukeView Forms
.
53 & 54 Series II
Maintenance
19
Maintenance
Replacing the Batteries
Refer to the safety information in Table 1 before replacing
the batteries.
1. Turn off the thermometer if necessary.
2. Loosen the screw and remove the battery door.
3. Replace the three AA batteries.
4. Replace the battery door and tighten the screw.
Cleaning the Case and Holster
Use soap and water or a mild commercial cleaner.
Wipe with a damp sponge or soft rag.
Calibration
To ensure that the thermometer performs to its accuracy
specifications, Fluke recommends that you calibrate the
thermometer annually, starting one year after purchase.
To calibrate the thermometer, contact Fluke for the
Service Center nearest you or follow the calibration
procedure in the service manual listed in "Replacement
Parts and Accessories."
Specifications
Environmental
Operating
Temperature
10 oC to 50 oC
(14 oF to 122 oF)
Storage
Temperature
40 oC to +60 oC
(40 oF to +140 oF)
Humidity Non condensing <10 oC (<50 oF)
95% RH: 10 oC to 30 oC (50 oF to 86 oF)
75% RH: 30 oC to 40 oC (86 oF to 104 oF)
45% RH: 40 oC to 50 oC (104 oF to 122 oF)
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
20
General
Weight 280 g (10 oz)
Dimensions
(without
holster)
2.8 cm × 7.8 cm × 16.2 cm
(1.1 in × 3 in × 6.4 in)
Battery 3 AA batteries
Certification P, s
Safety CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1 1992
EN 61010 Amendments 1, 2
CAT I OVERVOLTAGE (Installation)
CATEGORY I, Pollution Degree 2 per
IEC1010-1*
* Refers to the level of Impulse Withstand Voltage protection
provided. Equipment of OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY I is
equipment for connection to circuits in which measures are
taken to limit the transient over voltages to an appropriate low
level. Example include protect electronic circuits.
80 PK-1 Thermocouple (supplied with
thermometer)
Type Type K, Chromel Alumel, bead style
Temperature
Range
40 oC to +260 oC
(40 oF to +500 oF)
Accuracy ± 1.1 oC (± 2.0 oF)
Electrical
Measurement
Range J-type: 210 oC to +1200 oC
(346 oF to + 2192 oF)
K-type: 200 oC to +1372 oC
(328 oF to +2501 oF)
T-type: 250 oC to +400 oC
(418 oF to +752 oF)
E-type: 150 oC to +1000 oC
(238 oF to +1832 oF)
N-type: 200 oC to +1300 oC
(328 oF to +2372 oF)
R- and S-type: 0 oC to +1767 oC
(+32 oF to +3212 oF)
Display
Resolution 0.1 oC / oF / K < 1000o
1.0 oC / oF / K 1000o
as H» H»
53 & 54 Series II
Replacement Parts and Accessories
21
Electrical (cont.)
Measurement
Accurac
y
, T1, T2
or T1-T2
(Model
54)
J-, K-, T-, E-, and N-type: ±[0.05 % of
reading + 0.3 oC (0.5 oF)]
[
below 100
o
C
148
o
F
)
: add 0.15 %
of reading for J-, K-, E-, and N-type;
and 0.45 % of reading for T-type]
R- and S-type: ±[0.05 % of reading +
0.4 oC (0.7 oF)]
Temperature
Coefficient 0.01 % of reading + 0.03 oC per oC
(0.05 oF per oF) outside the specified
+18 oC to 28 oC (+64 oF to +82 oF)
range
[below 100 oC (148 oF): add
0.04 % of reading for J-, K-, E-, and
N-type; and 0.08 % of reading for T-
type]
Electroma
g
netic
Compatibility Susceptibility: ±2 oC (±3.6 oF) for 80
MHz to 200 MHz in 1.5 V/m field, for
200 MHz to 1000 MHz in 3 V/m field.
Emmisions: Commercial Limits per
EN50081-1
Maximum
Differential
Common Mode
Voltage
1 V (Maximum voltage difference
between T1 and T2)
Temperature
Scale ITS-90
Applicable
Standards NIST-175
Accuracy is specified for ambient temperatures
between 18 oC (64 oF) and 28 oC (82 oF) for a period of
1 year. The above specifications do not include
thermocouple error.
Replacement Parts and Accessories
Accessory Part Number
Holster and Flex Stand Assembly 1272438
AA NEDA 15A IEC LR6 batteries 376756
80PK-1 K-Type Bead Thermocouple 773135
CD-ROM 1276106
Service Manual 1276123
53 & 54 Series II
Users Manual
22

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