NEONODE® Touch Sensor Specifications Datasheet by Neonode Inc.

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0 neonode®
zForce AIR™ Touch Sensor
Specifications
2017-12-21
Legal Notice
Neonode may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice.Do not finalize
a design with this information.Neonode assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product
design. Customers are responsible for their products and applications using Neonode components. To minimize
the risks associated with customer products and applications, customers should provide adequate design and
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medical equipment. Customers acknowledge and agree that they will not use any Neonode components in FDA
Class III applications, or similar life-critical medical equipment, and that Neonode will not be responsible for any
failure to meet the requirements of such applications or equipment.
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permission from Neonode Inc.
NEONODE,the NEONODE logo and ZFORCEare trademarks of Neonode Inc. registered in the United States and
other countries. ZFORCE AIR is a trademark of Neonode Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
Copyright ©2017 Neonode Inc. All rights reserved.
zForce AIR Touch Sensor Specifications Table of Contents
1 Table of Contents
1 Table of Contents ...............................................................................................................3
2 Introduction ........................................................................................................................5
2.1 Product Overview 5
2.1.1 Main Features 5
2.2 Product Variants 5
2.2.1 Sensor Orientation 6
2.2.2 Sensor Length 6
Touch Active Area 7
2.3 Basic Principles 9
2.4 Product Integration 9
3 Specifications ...................................................................................................................10
3.1 Specifications Overview 10
3.1.1 Touch Performance Specification 10
3.1.2 Technical Specification 10
3.2 Touch Performance 11
3.2.1 Touch Object Requirement 11
3.2.2 Touch Accuracy 11
Specification 11
Definition 11
3.2.3 Response Time 12
Specification 12
Definition 12
3.2.4 Scanning Frequency 13
3.3 Power Consumption 14
3.3.1 Specification 14
3.3.2 Definition 14
3.4 Environmental Requirements 15
3.4.1 Operating and Storage Conditions 15
3.4.2 ESD rating 15
3.4.3 Agency Approvals 15
3.5 Electrical Requirements 15
3.5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings 15
3.5.2 Recommended Operating Conditions 15
3.6 Optical Requirements on External Window 16
3.6.1 Optical Requirements 16
3.6.2 Geometrical Constraints 16
3.7 Mechanical Data 17
zForce AIR Touch Sensor Specifications Table of Contents
3.7.1 Physical Dimensions and Position of Origin 17
Top View 17
Side View 19
zForce AIR Touch Sensor Specifications Introduction
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1 http://www.neonode.com/
2 Introduction
2.1 Product Overview
The zForce AIR Touch Sensor is a laser light based touch sensor that can be integrated and used in various
applications. The sensor characteristics are high scanning frequency, low latency, good touch accuracy and the fact
that it can be used on any surface or even in mid air. zForce AIR Touch Sensor can be connected to the host system
through a standard connector and communicatethrough a standardI2C or USB interface.
2.1.1 Main Features
Enables touch on any surface or in mid air
Dual touch support
High scanning frequency – up to 200Hz or more depending on sensor length
Low touch latency
High touch accuracy
Idle mode for reduced current power consumption
Configurable touch active area
I2Cand USB interface
Standard 5V power supply
2.2 Product Variants
In order to fit in a wide range of applications, the zForce AIR Touch Sensor exists in two types and a number of
different lengths.
If the variant you are interested in is not availablefor purchase from your distributor, please contact the
distributoror a Neonode sales representative (refer to www.neonode.com1)for more information.
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2.2.1 Sensor Orientation
The zForce AIR Touch Sensor is available in two types, one where the active area emerges straight out from the
sensor (0° type) and one where it emerges out from the sensor at a 90° angle (90° type). This enables both vertical
and horizontal integration.
0° Type
90° Type
2.2.2 Sensor Length
The Touch Sensor is available in 43 different lengths. The length affects the Touch Active Area (TAA) in both X and Y
directions.
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Touch Active Area
The table lists all product variants, the product number, and the TAA for each variant. See alsoPhysical Dimensions
and Position of Origin (see page 17).
Product number TAA (mm)
0° Type 90° Type X Y
NNAMC0430PC01 NNAMC0431PC01 43.2 14.9
NNAMC0500PC01 NNAMC0501PC01 50.4 29.8
NNAMC0580PC01 NNAMC0581PC01 57.6 29.8
NNAMC0640PC01 NNAMC0641PC01 64.8 44.7
NNAMC0720PC01 NNAMC0721PC01 72 44.7
NNAMC0790PC01 NNAMC0791PC01 79.2 59.6
NNAMC0860PC01 NNAMC0861PC01 86.4 59.6
NNAMC0940PC01 NNAMC0941PC01 93.6 74.5
NNAMC1010PC01 NNAMC1011PC01 100.8 74.5
NNAMC1080PC01 NNAMC1081PC01 108 89.4
NNAMC1150PC01 NNAMC1151PC01 115.2 89.4
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NNAMC1220PC01 NNAMC1221PC01 122.4 104.3
NNAMC1300PC01 NNAMC1301PC01 129.6 104.3
NNAMC1370PC01 NNAMC1371PC01 136.8 119.2
NNAMC1440PC01 NNAMC1441PC01 144 119.2
NNAMC1510PC01 NNAMC1511PC01 151.2 134.0
NNAMC1580PC01 NNAMC1581PC01 158.4 134.0
NNAMC1660PC01 NNAMC1661PC01 165.6 148.9
NNAMC1730PC01 NNAMC1731PC01 172.8 148.9
NNAMC1800PC01 NNAMC1801PC01 180 163.8
NNAMC1870PC01 NNAMC1871PC01 187.2 163.8
NNAMC1940PC01 NNAMC1941PC01 194.4 178.7
NNAMC2020PC01 NNAMC2021PC01 201.6 178.7
NNAMC2090PC01 NNAMC2091PC01 208.8 193.6
NNAMC2160PC01 NNAMC2161PC01 216 193.6
NNAMC2230PC01 NNAMC2231PC01 223.2 208.5
NNAMC2300PC01 NNAMC2301PC01 230.4 208.5
NNAMC2380PC01 NNAMC2381PC01 237.6 208.5
NNAMC2450PC01 NNAMC2451PC01 244.8 208.5
NNAMC2520PC01 NNAMC2521PC01 252 208.5
NNAMC2590PC01 NNAMC2591PC01 259.2 208.5
NNAMC2660PC01 NNAMC2661PC01 266.4 208.5
NNAMC2740PC01 NNAMC2741PC01 273.6 208.5
NNAMC2810PC01 NNAMC2811PC01 280.8 208.5
NNAMC2880PC01 NNAMC2881PC01 288 208.5
NNAMC2950PC01 NNAMC2951PC01 295.2 208.5
NNAMC3020PC01 NNAMC3021PC01 302.4 208.5
NNAMC3100PC01 NNAMC3101PC01 309.6 208.5
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NNAMC3170PC01 NNAMC3171PC01 316.8 208.5
NNAMC3240PC01 NNAMC3241PC01 324 208.5
NNAMC3310PC01 NNAMC3311PC01 331.2 208.5
NNAMC3380PC01 NNAMC3381PC01 338.4 208.5
NNAMC3460PC01 NNAMC3461PC01 345.6 208.5
2.3 Basic Principles
zForce AIR Touch Sensors detect and trace objects by detecting diffusely reflected infrared light. The sensor
comprises an optical system arranged to combine emitted IR beams and receiver fields of view within the same
apertures. IR light beamsare emitted perpendicular to the output window, while receivers field of view is centered
at a certain angle left and right.
Each emitter-receivercombination covers a narrow region on the active area. An object present in the active area
will affect several emitter-receiver channels, and the reported coordinates is the outcome of a center of gravity
calculation on these signals.
2.4 Product Integration
The zForce AIR Touch Sensor can be integrated to any host system through a physical connector with 8 contact
padswith support for both I2C and USB HID. The host system can communicate with the sensorthrougha
communication protocol and an SDK developed by Neonode.
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3 Specifications
3.1 Specifications Overview
3.1.1 Touch Performance Specification
Item Specification
Input methods Finger, hand or glove.
Minimum object size (diameter) 5 mm
Number of touch objects 1, 2, or more, depending on application
Touch accuracy < 5 mm, for sensors 180 mm
< 7.5 mm, for sensors< 180 mm
Touch resolution 0.1 mm
Touch activation force 0 N (no activation force required)
Touch Active Area Up to 345.6 x 208.5 mm. For details, refer to Product Variants (see page
5).
Response time 16-46 ms (initial touch, at33 Hz in idle mode)
10 ms (continuous tracking, at 100 Hz in active mode)
Scanning frequency Configurable up to900 Hz, depending on product variant. For details,
refer to Scanning Frequency (see page 13).
3.1.2 Technical Specification
Item Sensor Variant Specification
Module size (LxHxW) 0° Type Lx 3.46 x 14.5 mm
L depending on product variant.
90° Type Lx 3.46 x 15.45 mm
L depending on product variant.
Power consumption
I2C interface
Active mode (100 Hz)
72 mm sensor 57 mW
208.8 mm sensor 80 mW
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345.6 mm sensor 104 mW
Power consumption
I2Cinterface
Idlemode (25 Hz)
72 mm sensor 44 mW
208.8 mm sensor 45 mW
345.6 mm sensor 47 mW
3.2 Touch Performance
3.2.1 Touch Object Requirement
zForce AIR Touch Sensors detect and trace objects by detecting diffusely reflected infrared light.
Requirements on the object to detect include:
A minimum reflectance of30%in the near IR-spectrum is needed for proper signal levels, that is, theobject
can not be too dark.
Object surface must be diffuse. A glossy or mirror-like object may not scatter enough light towards correct
receivers in order to generate a reliable detection.
An object must be 5 mmto ensure sufficient signal levels. This is closely related to reflectance. A white,
diffuse object may be smaller than a dark, glossy one.
3.2.2 Touch Accuracy
Specification
Measured touch coordinate error in X and Y axis is less or equal than the specified value for about 95% of the cases.
Touch coordinate error data is calculated bysubtracting the actual position and measured position in X and Y axis.

Definition
Touch accuracy is defined statistically through the “Bell curve” describing thenormal distribution, and a two-sigma
deviation of the data. This means that the touch position reported by the zForce AIR Touch Sensor will deviate less
than the specified value in 95% of the cases.
Used "Bell curve" for zForceAIR Touch Sensor statistical analysis is shown below.
Interpretation of Evaluation Results
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Reference: PAR Psychological Assessment Resources Inc.
3.2.3 Response Time
The specification of response time reflects the reaction speed ofa zForce AIR Touch Sensor.
Specification
Initial touch: 16-46 ms, at33 Hz scanning frequency (default frequency in idle mode).
Continuous tracking:10ms, at 100 Hz scanning frequency (default frequency in active mode).
Increasing the scanning frequency decreases the response time.
Definition
Initial Touch
The specified response time for the initial touch starts from the instant an object is presented in the sensor's active
area and stops when the sensor starts to send the first touch notification for this object. The specified response
time consists of two numbers reflecting the best case and the worst case, with the average response time right in
the middle.
qunncv (NI) =§§§§§§§§§§ Maximum Scanning Frequency summ'flfllnm) 350
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The response time (t) can be calculated for different idle mode frequencies (f) can be calculated by the formulas
below:
Best case:
t = 16 ms
Worst case:
t = 1/f + 16 ms
Average:
t = (1/f + 32 ms) / 2
In touch applications, an object will be detected slightly before it reaches the touch surface, making the perceived
response time shorter.
Continuous Tracking
After the first touch notification, the sensor will continuously track and send touch notifications to update the
object position. The response time is therefore defined as the time between subsequent touch notifications.
The response time (t) can be calculated for different active mode frequencies (f) can be calculated by the formula
below:
t = 1/f
3.2.4 Scanning Frequency
The scanning frequency can be set using the Neonode API. The default value is 100 Hz in active mode, that is, when
an object is detected or tracked. The default value in idle mode, that is, when no object is detected or tracked, is 25
Hz. The maximum scanning frequency depends on the product variant (sensor length). See thechart below.
Pcw-ranlumlbl unw) Power Consumption 120 100 In so ’ / —USIIAnin(lmnz) —’ — 420mm (1mm) 2.5.2.7. — — uswluzsnx) 4D Izcldkusnz) 20 o 0 50 1m 150 100 250 500 350 400 Sensor lacti- (nun)
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3.3 Power Consumption
3.3.1 Specification
The graph below shows the power consumption for various sensor lengths,in active and idle mode. In active mode,
the scanning frequency is set to 100 Hz, and one object is presented in active area. In idlemode the scanning
frequency is set to 25 Hz, with a clean active area. With higher scanning frequency or more detected objects, the
power consumption might slightly higher than the values in the graph. The sensor will only be in active mode when
a touch object is being detected or tracked.
3.3.2 Definition
The power consumption iscalculated from the current consumption when supplyingthe sensor with 5 V.
The current consumption is, in turn, defined as the average current that goes through a sensor. This is measured
from the +5V power pin andreflects how much electric energy that is consumed by the whole sensor. In real time,
the current is not a stable value.Since the Touch Sensor has a low power consumption design, the processor and
someperipheral circuits will switch to sleep mode during the time between two scan periods, to save power.
Therefore, the current is frequently changing during run time.
According to the different working modes of the Touch Sensor, the current consumption value also changes
between Active mode and Idle mode.
JI |
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3.4 Environmental Requirements
3.4.1 Operating and Storage Conditions
Condition Operation Storage
Temperature –20°C to +65°C –40°C to +85°C
Humidity 5% to 95% 0% to 95%
Altitude 5000 m 15 km
3.4.2 ESD rating
EN55024
(61000-4-2)
Direct contact discharge: 4 kV
Indirect contact discharge: 4 kV
Air discharge: 8 kV
3.4.3 Agency Approvals
RoHS, IEC60825-1 Class 1
3.5 Electrical Requirements
3.5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter Max Rating Unit
Supply voltage -0.3 to 6.0 V
Input voltage on I/O pins -0.3 to 4 V
3.5.2 Recommended Operating Conditions
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit
Supply voltage 4.75 5.00 5.25 V
Ex‘emal window Taum surface :‘ omiml axis
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3.6 Optical Requirements on External Window
Most applications will require an outer cover window, for design cosmetics and protection against dust and
humidity.
The optical properties on coverwindows placed in front of the sensor are essential in order to maintain a high
touch performance. If light is lost, scattered or diverted it will lead to shorter detection range and lower touch
accuracy.
3.6.1 Optical Requirements
Window material must be optically clear, without absorption and have optical quality surfaces.
Transmission: > 88 % at 975nm
Haze: < 3%
Surface finish: SP1-A2 (max Ra 0.05µm).
Proven plastic materials include optical grade acrylic (PMMA) and polycarbonate. For glass windows, transmission
at 975 nm must be verified. Many borosilicate glasses (such as Borofloat) work well, but some common window
glasses showsubstantialabsorption due to high iron content.
3.6.2 Geometrical Constraints
The zForce AIR Touch Sensor is an optical system that both emits and receives IR-light at different incident angles.
When the light hits a transparent material, most of the light is transmitted through the material and exit on the
other side. But in reality the amount of light being transmitted is angle dependent, why some shape constraints
exist on windows placed in front of the sensor:
Window surfaces must be parallel.
A wedge, or lensshapedwindow will shift light beams out of the active area.
It is agood practice to installthe window at a slight angle (~2°) toreduce reflected stray light. See the image
below. The angle can be up to approximately 30° without affecting performance.
A slight curvature on the window can be allowed.
In z-direction,a maximum angle of 15° between window normal and sensors optical axis is recommended.
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In x-direction, the angle should be maximum 5°.
Keep window thickness as small as mechanically feasible, to reduce absorption losses.
3.7 Mechanical Data
3.7.1 Physical Dimensions and Position of Origin
Top View
Dimensions C and Dvaries between the Touch Sensor variants and thereforealso theTouch Active Area sizes (A and
B).
Product number Measurements (mm)
90° A B C D
NNAMC0430PC01 NNAMC0431PC01 43.2 14.9 47.2 2
NNAMC0500PC01 NNAMC0501PC01 50.4 29.8 55.9 3.5
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NNAMC0580PC01 NNAMC0581PC01 57.6 29.8 61.6 2
NNAMC0640PC01 NNAMC0641PC01 64.8 44.7 70.3 3.5
NNAMC0720PC01 NNAMC0721PC01 72 44.7 76 2
NNAMC0790PC01 NNAMC0791PC01 79.2 59.6 84.7 3.5
NNAMC0860PC01 NNAMC0861PC01 86.4 59.6 90.4 2
NNAMC0940PC01 NNAMC0941PC01 93.6 74.5 99.1 3.5
NNAMC1010PC01 NNAMC1011PC01 100.8 74.5 104.8 2
NNAMC1080PC01 NNAMC1081PC01 108 89.4 113.5 3.5
NNAMC1150PC01 NNAMC1151PC01 115.2 89.4 119.2 2
NNAMC1220PC01 NNAMC1221PC01 122.4 104.3 127.9 3.5
NNAMC1300PC01 NNAMC1301PC01 129.6 104.3 133.6 2
NNAMC1370PC01 NNAMC1371PC01 136.8 119.2 142.3 3.5
NNAMC1440PC01 NNAMC1441PC01 144 119.2 148 2
NNAMC1510PC01 NNAMC1511PC01 151.2 134.0 156.7 3.5
NNAMC1580PC01 NNAMC1581PC01 158.4 134.0 162.4 2
NNAMC1660PC01 NNAMC1661PC01 165.6 148.9 171.1 3.5
NNAMC1730PC01 NNAMC1731PC01 172.8 148.9 176.8 2
NNAMC1800PC01 NNAMC1801PC01 180 163.8 185.5 3.5
NNAMC1870PC01 NNAMC1871PC01 187.2 163.8 191.2 2
NNAMC1940PC01 NNAMC1941PC01 194.4 178.7 199.9 3.5
NNAMC2020PC01 NNAMC2021PC01 201.6 178.7 205.6 2
NNAMC2090PC01 NNAMC2091PC01 208.8 193.6 214.3 3.5
NNAMC2160PC01 NNAMC2161PC01 216 193.6 220 2
NNAMC2230PC01 NNAMC2231PC01 223.2 208.5 228.7 3.5
NNAMC2300PC01 NNAMC2301PC01 230.4 208.5 234.4 2
NNAMC2380PC01 NNAMC2381PC01 237.6 208.5 243.1 3.5
NNAMC2450PC01 NNAMC2451PC01 244.8 208.5 248.8 2
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NNAMC2520PC01 NNAMC2521PC01 252 208.5 257.5 3.5
NNAMC2590PC01 NNAMC2591PC01 259.2 208.5 263.2 2
NNAMC2660PC01 NNAMC2661PC01 266.4 208.5 271.9 3.5
NNAMC2740PC01 NNAMC2741PC01 273.6 208.5 277.6 2
NNAMC2810PC01 NNAMC2811PC01 280.8 208.5 286.3 3.5
NNAMC2880PC01 NNAMC2881PC01 288 208.5 292 2
NNAMC2950PC01 NNAMC2951PC01 295.2 208.5 300.7 3.5
NNAMC3020PC01 NNAMC3021PC01 302.4 208.5 306.4 2
NNAMC3100PC01 NNAMC3101PC01 309.6 208.5 315.1 3.5
NNAMC3170PC01 NNAMC3171PC01 316.8 208.5 320.8 2
NNAMC3240PC01 NNAMC3241PC01 324 208.5 329.5 3.5
NNAMC3310PC01 NNAMC3311PC01 331.2 208.5 335.2 2
NNAMC3380PC01 NNAMC3381PC01 338.4 208.5 343.9 3.5
NNAMC3460PC01 NNAMC3461PC01 345.6 208.5 349.6 2
Side View
These measurements are identical for all sensor lenghts but varies some between the 0° and 90 ° types. The
position of origin is marked with "zero software".
0° Type
5161105 \j' 0 5w uv‘wgo 9mm ,ng 155 min 019 3451013
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90 ° Type

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