DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz Datasheet by Vicor Corporation

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CUS
®
DCMDC-DC Converter
Isolated, Regulated DC Converter
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
Features & Benefits
Isolated, regulated DC-DC converter
Up to 600 W, 25.00 A continuous
93.6% peak efficiency
1239 W/in3Power density
Wide input range 200 – 420 Vdc
Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) 24.0 V Nominal Output
4242 Vdc isolation
ZVS high frequency switching
n
Enables low-profile, high-density filtering
Optimized for array operation
n
Up to 8 units – 4800 W
n
No power derating needed
n
Sharing strategy permits dissimilar line voltages
across an array
Fully operational current limit
OV, OC, UV, short circuit and thermal protection
4623 through-hole ChiP package
n1.886” x 0.898” x 0.284”
(47.91 mm x 22.8 mm x 7.21 mm)
Typical Applications
Industrial
Process Control
Heavy Equipment
Defense / Aerospace
Product Description
The DCM Isolated, Regulated DC Converter is a DC-DC
converter, operating from an unregulated, wide range input to
generate an isolated 24.0 Vdc output. With its high frequency
zero voltage switching (ZVS) topology, the DCM converter
consistently delivers high efficiency across the input line range.
Modular DCM converters and downstream DC-DC products
support efficient power distribution, providing superior power
system performance and connectivity from a variety of
unregulated power sources to the point-of-load.
Leveraging the thermal and density benefits of Vicor’s ChiP
packaging technology, the DCM module offers flexible thermal
management options with very low top and bottom side
thermal impedances. Thermally-adept ChiP based power
components enable customers to achieve cost effective power
system solutions with previously unattainable system size,
weight and efficiency attributes, quickly and predictably.
Product Ratings
VIN = 200 V to 420 V POUT = 600 W
VOUT = 24.0 V
(21.6 V to 26.4 V Trim) IOUT = 25.00 A
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 1 of 25 07/2017
S
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Part Ordering Information
Product
Function
Package
Size
Package
Type
Max
Input
Voltage
Range
Ratio
Max
Output
Voltage
Max
Output
Power
Temperature
Grade Option
DCM 46 23 x D2 H 26 F0 y zz
DCM =
DC-DC
Converter
Length
in mm
x 10
Width
in mm
x 10
T =
Through hole
ChiPs
Internal Reference T = -40°C – 125°C
M = -55°C – 125°C
00 = Analog Control
Interface Version
% |+ % viii—ll Tm T T ml l T T ml 1 T T T J_. _ VICOR
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 2 of 25 07/2017
Vin
Load 1
Non-isolated
Point-of-Load
Regulator
R1
L1
C1
L2
COUT-EXT
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
DCM
Load 2
F1
Typical Application
Typical Application 2: Single DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz, to a non-isolated regulator, and direct to load
Load
R1_1
L1_1
C1_1
L2_1
COUT-EXT-1
C
LOAD
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R1_2
L1_2
C1_2
L2_2
COUT-EXT-2
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R1_4
L1_4
C1_4
L2_4
COUT-EXT-4
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
DCM1
DCM2
DCM4
≈ ≈
Vin
F1_1
F1_2
F1_4
Typical Application 1: DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz in an array of four units
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
9} % W |% M: Rwanm— l Tm T ’% l TVTW T VICCJR
Typical Application
R1_1
L1_1
C1_1
L2_1
COUT-EXT-1
CLOAD
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R1_2
L1_2
C1_2
L2_2
COUT-EXT-2
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R1_8
L1_8
C1_8
L2_8
COUT-EXT-8
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
DCM1
DCM2
DCM8
≈ ≈
F1_1
F1_2
F1_8
Vin Load
Typical Application 3: Parallel operation of DCMs with common mode chokes installed on the input side to suppress common
mode noise
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 3 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
TOP VIEW VICCJR
Pin Configuration
Pin Descriptions
Pin
Number Signal Name Type Function
A1 +IN INPUT POWER Positive input power terminal
B1 TR INPUT Enables and disables trim functionality. Adjusts output voltage when trim active.
C1 EN INPUT Enables and disables power supply
D1 FT OUTPUT Fault monitoring
E1 -IN INPUT POWER
RETURN Negative input power terminal
A’2, C’2 +OUT OUTPUT POWER Positive output power terminal
B’2, D’2 -OUT OUTPUT POWER
RETURN Negative output power terminal
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 4 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
Maximum Output inov(W) .. S a. 8 §§§§ é a n 15 30 45 60 75 an 105 120 Temperature (-0) Top only at tampamur- Top and bad: at ramp-mum Tau leads and belly at temperature Output Voltage (V) 30 25 26 24 22 20 15 1s 14 12 e 13 1a 23 28 Average Output Current (A) — Low Tnm Nom Trim High Trim VICCJR
Absolute Maximum Ratings
The absolute maximum ratings below are stress ratings only. Operation at or beyond these maximum ratings can cause permanent damage to the device.
Electrical specifications do not apply when operating beyond rated operating conditions.
Parameter Comments Min Max Unit
Input Voltage (+IN to –IN) -0.5 460.0 V
Input Voltage Slew Rate -1 1 V/µs
TR to - IN -0.3 3.5 V
EN to -IN -0.3 3.5 V
FT to -IN -0.3 3.5 V
5 mA
Output Voltage (+Out to –Out) -0.5 32.6 V
Dielectric withstand (input to output) Reinforced insulation 4242 Vdc
Internal Operating Temperature T Grade -40 125 °C
M Grade -55 125 °C
Storage Temperature T Grade -40 125 °C
M Grade -65 125 °C
Average Output Current 33.8 A
Figure 2 Electrical Specified Operating Area
Figure 1 Thermal Specified Operating Area: Max Output Power
vs. Case Temp, Single unit at minimum full load efficiency
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 5 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
mw D D VICOR
Electrical Specifications
Specifications apply over all line, trim and load conditions, internal temperature TINT = 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. Boldface specifications apply over the
temperature range of -40°C < TINT < 125°C for T grade and -55°C < TINT < 125°C for M grade.
Attribute Symbol Conditions / Notes Min Typ Max Unit
Power Input Specification
Input voltage range VIN Continuous operation 200 300 420 V
Inrush current (peak) IINRP With maximum COUT-EXT
, full resistive load 12.0 A
Input capacitance (internal) CIN-INT Effective value at nominal input voltage 0.8 µF
Input capacitance (internal) ESR RCIN-INT At 1 MHz 2.50 mΩ
Input inductance (external) LIN Differential mode, with no further line bypassing 5µH
No Load Specification
Input power – disabled PQ
Nominal line, see Fig. 3 1.1 1.8 W
Worst case line, see Fig. 3 2.0 W
Input power – enabled with no load PNL
Nominal line, see Fig. 4 2.4 3.4 W
Worst case line, see Fig. 4 7.5 W
Power Output Specification
Output voltage set point VOUT-NOM VIN = 300 V, nominal trim, at 100% Load, TINT = 25°C 23.88 24.0 24.12 V
Rated output voltage trim range VOUT-TRIMMING
Trim range over temp, with > 10% rated load.
Specifies the Low, Nominal and High Trim conditions. 21.6 24.0 26.4 V
Output voltage load regulation ΔVOUT-LOAD
Linear load line. Output voltage increase from full rated
load current to no load (Does not include light load
regulation). See Fig. 6 and Sec. Design Guidelines
1.1309 1.2631 1.3968 V
Output voltage light load regulation ΔVOUT-LL
0% to 10% load, additional VOUT relative to calculated
load-line point; see Fig. 6 and Sec. Design Guidelines -0.00 5.05 V
Output voltage temperature
coefficient ΔVOUT-TEMP
Nominal, linear temperature coefficient, relative to
TINT = 25ºC. See Fig. 5 and Design Guidelines Section -3.20 mV/°C
VOUT accuracy %VOUT-ACCURACY
The total output voltage setpoint accuracy from the
calculated ideal VOUT based on load, temp and trim.
Excludes ΔVOUT-LL
-2.0 2.0 %
Rated output power POUT Continuous, VOUT 24.0 V 600 W
Rated output current IOUT Continuous, VOUT 24.0 V 25.00 A
Output current limit IOUT-LM
Of rated IOUT max. Fully operational current limit, for
nominal trim and below 100 120 135 %
Current limit delay tIOUT-LIM The module will power limit in a fast transient event 1 ms
Efficiency η
Full load, nominal line, nominal trim 92.8 93.6 %
Full load, over line and temperature, nominal trim 90.4 %
50% load, over rated line, temperature and trim 90.5 %
Output voltage ripple VOUT-PP
20 MHz bandwidth. At nominal trim, minimum COUT-EXT and
at least 10 % rated load 904 mV
Output capacitance (internal) COUT-INT Effective value at nominal output voltage 42 µF
Output capacitance (internal) ESR RCOUT-INT At 1 MHz 0.069 mΩ
Output capacitance (external) COUT-EXT
Excludes component temperature coefficient For load
transients that remain > 10% rated load 1000 10000 µF
Output capacitance (external) COUT-EXT-TRANS
Excludes component temperature coefficient For load
transients down to 0% rated load, with static trim 1000 10000 µF
Output capacitance (external) COUT-EXT-
TRANS-TRIM
Excludes component temperature coefficient For load
transients down to 0% rated load, with dynamic trimming 1000 10000 µF
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 6 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
VICOR
Electrical Specifications (cont.)
Specifications apply over all line, trim and load conditions, internal temperature TINT = 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. Boldface specifications apply over the
temperature range of -40°C < TINT < 125°C for T grade and -55°C < TINT < 125°C for M grade.
Attribute Symbol Conditions / Notes Min Typ Max Unit
Power Output Specifications (Cont.)
Output capacitance, ESR (ext.) RCOUT-EXT At 10 kHz, excludes component tolerances 10 mΩ
Initialization delay tINIT See state diagram 25 40 ms
Output turn-on delay tON
From rising edge EN, with VIN pre-applied. See timing
diagram 200 µs
Output turn-off delay tOFF From falling edge EN. See timing diagram 600 µs
Soft start ramp time tSS
At full rated resistive load. Typ spec is 1-up with min
COUT-EXT
. Max spec is for arrays with max COUT-EXT
16 300 ms
VOUT threshold for max
rated load current VOUT-FL-THRESH
During startup, VOUT must achieve this threshold before
output can support full rated current 10.5 V
IOUT at startup IOUT-START
Max load current at startup while VOUT
is below VOUT-FL_THRESH
2.50 A
Monotonic soft-start threshold
voltage VOUT-MONOTONIC
Output voltage rise becomes monotonic with 25% of
preload once it crosses VOUT-MONOTONIC
10.5 V
Minimum required disabled duration tOFF-MIN
This refers to the minimum time a module needs to be
in the disabled state before it will attempt to start via EN 2ms
Minimum required disabled duration
for predictable restart tOFF-MONOTONIC
This refers to the minimum time a module needs to be in
the disabled state before it is guaranteed to exhibit
monotonic soft-start and have predictable startup timing
100 ms
Voltage deviation (transient) %VOUT-TRANS Minimum COUT_EXT (10 90% load step), excluding
load line.
<10 %
Settling time tSETTLE 10.0 ms
Powertrain Protections
Input Voltage Initialization threshold VIN-INIT Threshold to start tINIT delay 75 V
Input Voltage Reset threshold VIN-RESET Latching faults will clear once VIN falls below VIN-RESET 50 V
Input undervoltage lockout threshold VIN-UVLO- 130.00 155.00 V
Input undervoltage recovery threshold VIN-UVLO+ See Timing diagram 200.00 V
Input overvoltage lockout threshold VIN-OVLO+ 455 V
Input overvoltage recovery threshold VIN-OVLO- See Timing diagram 422 V
Output overvoltage threshold VOUT-OVP From 25% to 100% load. Latched shutdown 32.10 V
Output overvoltage threshold VOUT-OVP-LL From 0% to 25% load. Latched shutdown 32.60 V
Minimum current limited VOUT VOUT-UVP Over all operating steady-state line and trim conditions 12.00 V
Overtemperature threshold (internal) TINT-OTP 125 °C
Power limit PLIM 950 W
VIN overvoltage to cessation of
powertrain switching tOVLO-SW Independent of fault logic 1.5 µs
VIN overvoltage response time tOVLO For fault logic only 200 µs
VIN undervoltage response time tUVLO 100 ms
Short circuit response time tSC Powertrain on, operational state 200 µs
Short circuit, or temperature fault
recovery time tFAULT See Timing diagram 1 s
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 7 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
Signal Specifications
Specifications apply over all line, trim and load conditions, internal temperature TINT = 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. Boldface specifications apply over the
temperature range of -40°C < TINT < 125°C for T grade and -55°C < TINT < 125°C for M grade.
Enable: EN
The EN pin enables and disables the DCM converter; when held low the unit will be disabled.
• The EN pin has an internal pull-up to VCC and is referenced to the -IN pin of the converter.
SIGNAL TYPE STATE ATTRIBUTE SYMBOL CONDITIONS / NOTES MIN NOM MAX UNIT
DIGITAL
INPUT Any
EN enable threshold VENABLE-EN 2.31 V
EN disable threshold VENABLE-DIS 0.99 V
Internally generated VCC VCC 3.21 3.30 3.39 V
EN internal pull up
resistance to VCC
RENABLE-INT 9.5 10.0 10.5 kΩ
Trim: TR
The TR pin enables and disables trim functionality when VIN is initially applied to the DCM converter.
When Vin first crosses VIN-UVLO+, the voltage on TR determines whether or not trim is active.
If TR is not floating at power up and has a voltage less than TR trim enable threshold, trim is active.
• If trim is active, the TR pin provides dynamic trim control with at least 30Hz of -3dB control bandwidth over the output voltage of the DCM converter.
• The TR pin has an internal pull-up to VCC and is referenced to the -IN pin of the converter.
SIGNAL TYPE STATE ATTRIBUTE SYMBOL CONDITIONS / NOTES MIN NOM MAX UNIT
DIGITAL
INPUT Startup
TR trim disable threshold VTRIM-DIS
Trim disabled when TR above this threshold
at power up 3.20 V
TR trim enable threshold VTRIM-EN
Trim enabled when TR below this threshold
at power up 3.15 V
ANALOG
INPUT
Operational
with Trim
enabled
Internally generated VCC VCC 3.21 3.30 3.39 V
TR pin functional range VTRIM-RANGE 0.00 1.51 3.16 V
VOUT referred TR
pin resolution VOUT-RES With VCC = 3.3 V 50 mV
TR internal pull up
resistance to VCC
RTRIIM-INT 9.5 10.0 10.5 kΩ
Fault: FT
The FT pin is a Fault flag pin.
When the module is enabled and no fault is present, the FT pin does not have current drive capability.
• Whenever the powertrain stops (due to a fault protection or disabling the module by pulling EN low), the FT pin output Vcc and provides current to drive
an external ciruit.
• When module starts up, the FT pin is pulled high to VCC during microcontroller initialization and will remain high until soft start process starts.
SIGNAL TYPE STATE ATTRIBUTE SYMBOL CONDITIONS / NOTES MIN NOM MAX UNIT
DIGITAL
OUTPUT
Any FT internal pull up
resistance to VCC
RFAULT-INT 474 499 524 kΩ
FT Active
FT voltage VFAULT-ACTIVE At rated current drive capability 3.0 V
FT current drive capability IFAULT-ACTIVE
Over-load beyond the ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM
ratings may cause module damage 4mA
FT response time tFT-ACTIVE
Delay from cessation of switching to
FT Pin Active 200 µs
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 8 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
High Level Functional State Diagram
Conditions that cause state transitions are shown along arrows. Sub-sequence activities listed inside the state bubbles.
LATCHED
FAULT
Powertrain: Stopped
FT = True
STANDBY
Powertrain: Stopped
FT = True
Application of
VIN
INITIALIZATION
SEQUENCE
tINIT delay
Powertrain: Stopped
FT = True
VIN >V
IN-INIT
SOFT START
VOUT Ramp Up
tss delay
Powertrain: Active
FT = False
RUNNING
Regulates VOUT
Powertrain: Active
FT = False
NON LATCHED
FAULT
tFAULT
Powertrain: Stopped
FT = True
NON LATCHED
FAULT
tOFF
Powertrain: Stopped
FT = True
EN = True and
No Faults
tON delay
tSS Expiry
EN = False
tOFF delay
REINITIALIZATION
SEQUENCE
tINIT delay
Powertrain: Stopped
FT = True
EN = False
Fault
Removed
Input OVLO or
Input UVLO
Fault Removed
Output OVP
Output OVP
Over-temp or
Output UVP
Over-temp or
Output UVP
Input OVLO or
Input UVLO
EN = False
tOFF-MIN delay
EN = False
tMIN-OFF delay
VIN >V
IN-UVLO+ and
not Over-temp
TR mode latched
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 9 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
:E' ::,,,: VICOR
VOUT-NOM
FULL LOAD
VOUT
VIN-UVLO+/-
IOUT
FULL LOAD
VOUT-UVP
VIN-OVLO+/-
VIN
TR
ILOAD
Input
Output
EN
1
Input Power On
- Trim Inactive
3
TR
Ignored
4
EN
Low
5
EN
High
6
Input
OVLO
7
Input
UVLO
2
Ramp to
Full Load
tINIT tON tSS
tOFF tOFF
tSS tSS
tOFF tOFF
8
Input
returned
to zero
VTR-DIS
FT
tMIN_OFF
tSS
tON
VIN-INIT
Timing Diagrams
Module Inputs are shown in blue; Module Outputs are shown in brown.
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 10 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
VICOR
VOUT-NOM
FULL LOAD
VOUT
VIN-UVLO+/-
IOUT
FULL LOAD
VOUT-UVP
VIN-OVLO+/-
VIN
TR
ILOAD
Input
Output
EN
VTR = nom
VTR-EN
VOUT-OVP
9
Input Power On
- Trim Active
11
Load dump
and reverse
current
12
Vout OVP
(primary
sensed)
14
Current Limit
with Resistive
Load
15
Resistive
Load with
decresing R
10
Vout
based on
VTR
tINIT tON tSS
tOFF
tINIT tON tSS
tINIT tON tSS
13
Latched
fault cleared
tIOUT-LIM
16
Overload induced
Output UVP
tFAULT
RLOAD
FT
VIN-INIT
Timing Diagrams (Cont.)
Module Inputs are shown in blue; Module Outputs are shown in brown.
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 11 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
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Figure 4 No load power dissipation vs. VIN, at nominal trim
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Figure 3 Disabled power dissipation vs. VIN Figure 6 Ideal VOUT vs. load current, at 25°C case
Figure 5 Ideal VOUT vs. case temperature, at full load
Typical Performance Characteristics
The following figures present typical performance at TC= 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. See associated figures for general trend data.
Figure 8 10% to 100% load transient response, VIN = 300 V,
nominal trim, COUT_EXT = 1000 µF
Figure 7 100% to 10% load transient response, VIN = 300 V,
nominal trim, COUT_EXT = 1000 µF
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 12 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
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Figure 14 — Efficiency and power dissipation vs.load at TCASE = 90°C,
nominal trim
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Figure 9 — Full Load Efficiency vs. VIN, at low trim
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Figure 10 — Full Load Efficiency vs. VIN, at nominal trim
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





     

  
Figure 11 — Full Load Efficiency vs. VIN, at high trim


























    

     
Figure 13 — Efficiency and power dissipation vs.load at TCASE = 25°C,
nominal trim


























   

     
Figure 12 — Efficiency and power dissipation vs.load at TCASE = -40°C,
nominal trim
Typical Performance Characteristics (cont.)
The following figures present typical performance at TC= 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. See associated figures for general trend data.
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 13 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
Eflective capacitance (uF) o 100 200 300 400 500 Voltage (V) / CH1 CH2 CH3 .___4 CH1 VW- 10 V/dw CH3 EN' 2 V/div CH2 IW' 2A/div Tlmebase 20 ms/dlv CH1 VDW' 200 mV/div Tlmebase. 1 “5/le VICOR













     

  
Figure 15 Nominal powertrain switching frequency vs. load,
at nominal trim
Figure 16 Effective internal input capacitance vs. applied voltage






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
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



     

  
Figure 18 Nominal powertrain switching frequency vs. load,
at nominal VIN
Typical Performance Characteristics (cont.)
The following figures present typical performance at TC= 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. See associated figures for general trend data.
Figure 19 Output voltage ripple, VIN = 300 V,
VOUT = 24.0 V, COUT_EXT = 1000 µF, RLOAD = 0.960 Ω
Figure 17 —Startup from EN, VIN = 300 V, COUT_EXT = 10000 µF,
RLOAD = 0.960 Ω
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 14 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
VICCJR
General Characteristics
Specifications apply over all line, trim and load conditions, internal temperature TINT = 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. Boldface specifications apply over the
temperature range of -40°C < TINT < 125°C for T grade and -55°C < TINT < 125°C for M grade.
Attribute Symbol Conditions / Notes Min Typ Max Unit
Mechanical
Length L 47.53/[1.871] 47.91/[1.886] 48.29/[1.901] mm/[in]
Width W 22.67/[0.893] 22.8/[0.898] 22.93/[0.903] mm/[in]
Height H 7.11/[0.28] 7.21/[0.284] 7.31/[0.288] mm/[in]
Volume Vol No heat sink 7.93/[0.48] cm3/[in3]
Weight W 29.2/[1.03] g/[oz]
Lead finish
Nickel 0.51 2.03
µmPalladium 0.02 0.15
Gold 0.003 0.051
Thermal
Operating internal temperature TINT
T-Grade -40 125 °C
M-Grade -55 125 °C
Thermal resistance top side θINT-TOP
Estimated thermal resistance to maximum
temperature internal component from
isothermal top
1.75 °C/W
Thermal resistance leads θINT-LEADS
Estimated thermal resistance to
maximum temperature internal
component from isothermal leads
5.11 °C/W
Thermal resistance bottom side θINT-BOTTOM
Estimated thermal resistance to
maximum temperature internal
component from isothermal bottom
1.76 °C/W
Thermal capacity 21.5 Ws/°C
Assembly
Storage temperature TST
T-Grade -40 125 °C
M-Grade -65 125 °C
ESD rating
HBM Method per Human Body Model Test
ESDA/JEDEC JDS-001-2012 CLASS 1C
V
CDM Charged Device Model JESD22-C101E CLASS 2
Soldering [1]
Peak temperature top case For further information, please contact
factory applications 135 °C
[1] Product is not intended for reflow solder attach.
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 15 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
VICCJR
General Characteristics (Cont.)
Specifications apply over all line, trim and load conditions, internal temperature TINT = 25ºC, unless otherwise noted. Boldface specifications apply over the
temperature range of -40°C < TINT < 125°C for T grade and -55°C < TINT < 125°C for M grade.
Attribute Symbol Conditions / Notes Min Typ Max Unit
Safety
Dielectric Withstand Test VHIPOT
IN to OUT 4242 Vdc
IN to CASE 2121 Vdc
OUT to CASE 2121 Vdc
Reliability
MTBF
MIL-HDBK-217 FN2 Parts Count 25°C
Ground Benign, Stationary, Indoors /
Computer
1.85 MHrs
Telcordia Issue 2, Method I Case 3, 25°C,
100% D.C., GB, GC 3.68 MHrs
Agency Approvals
Agency approvals/standards
EN 60950-1
UL 60950-1
CE Marked for Low Voltage Directive and RoHS Recast Directive, as applicable
Previous Part Number
DCM300P240x600A40
cURus,
cTÜVus,
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 16 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
_§ 7 _§_ 81 J7
Pin Functions
+IN, -IN
Input power pins. -IN is the reference for all control pins, and
therefore a Kelvin connection for the control signals is
recommended as close as possible to the pin on the package, to
reduce effects of voltage drop due to -IN currents.
+OUT, -OUT
Output power pins.
EN (Enable)
This pin enables and disables the DCM converter; when held low the
unit will be disabled. It is referenced to the -IN pin of the converter.
The EN pin has an internal pull-up to VCC through a
10 kΩresistor.
nOutput enable: When EN is allowed to pull up above the enable
threshold, the module will be enabled. If leaving EN floating, it is
pulled up to VCC and the module will be enabled.
nOutput disable: EN may be pulled down externally in order
to disable the module.
nEN is an input only, it does not pull low in the event of a fault.
nThe EN pins of multiple units should be driven high concurrently
to permit the array to start in to maximum rated load. However,
the direct interconnection of multiple EN pins requires additional
considerations, as discussed in the section on Array Operation.
TR (Trim)
The TR pin is used to select the trim mode and to trim the output
voltage of the DCM converter. The TR pin has an internal pull-up to
VCC through a 10.0 kΩresistor.
The DCM will latch trim behavior at application of VIN (once VIN
exceeds VIN-UVLO+), and persist in that same behavior until loss of
input voltage.
nAt application of VIN, if TR is sampled at above VTRIM-DIS, the
module will latch in a non-trim mode, and will ignore the TR
input for as long as VIN is present.
nAt application of VIN, if TR is sampled at below VTRIM-EN, the TR
will serve as an input to control the real time output voltage,
relative to full load, 25°C. It will persist in this behavior until VIN is
no longer present.
If trim is active when the DCM is operating, the TR pin provides
dynamic trim control at a typical 30 Hz of -3dB bandwidth over the
output voltage. TR also decreases the current limit threshold when
trimming above VOUT-NOM.
FT (Fault)
The FT pin provides a Fault signal.
Anytime the module is enabled and has not recognized a fault, the
FT pin is inactive. FT has an internal 499 kΩpull-up to Vcc, therefore
a shunt resistor, RSHUNT, of approximately 50 kΩcan be used to
ensure the LED is completly off when there is no fault, per the
diagram below.
Whenever the powertrain stops (due to a fault protection or
disabling the module by pulling EN low), the FT pin becomes active
and provides current to drive an external circuit.
When active, FT pin drives to VCC, with up to 4 mA of external
loading. Module may be damaged from an over-current FT drive,
thus a resistor in series for current limiting is recommended.
The FT pin becomes active momentarily when the module starts up.
Typical External Circuits for Signal Pins (TR, EN, FT)
10k
RTRIM
Vcc
TR
RSERIES
SW
RSHUNT
10k
Vcc
EN
Soft Start and
Fault Monitoring
Vcc
FT
Fault
Monitoring 499k
Kelvin -IN connection
Output Voltage
Reference,
Current Limit
Reference
and Soft Start Control
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 17 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
for nam all mand roamtemgerature VICOR
Design Guidelines
Building Blocks and System Design
The DCM™ converter input accepts the full 200 to 420 V range, and it
generates an isolated trimmable 24.0 Vdc output. Multiple DCMs
may be paralleled for higher power capacity via wireless load
sharing, even when they are operating off of different input voltage
supplies.
The DCM converter provides a regulated output voltage around
defined nominal load line and temperature coefficients. The load line
and temperature coefficients enable configuration of an array of
DCM converters which manage the output load with no share bus
among modules. Downstream regulators may be used to provide
tighter voltage regulation, if required.
The DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz may be used in standalone applications
where the output power requirements are up to 600 W. However, it is
easily deployed as arrays of modules to increase power handling
capacity. Arrays of up to eight units have been qualified for 4800 W
capacity. Application of DCM converters in an array requires no
derating of the maximum available power versus what is specified
for a single module.
Note: For more information on operation of single DCM, refer to
“Single DCM as an Isolated, Regulated DC-DC Converter” application
note AN:029.
Soft Start
When the DCM starts, it will go through a soft start. The soft start
routine ramps the output voltage by modulating the internal error
amplifier reference. This causes the output voltage to approximate a
piecewise linear ramp. The output ramp finishes when the voltage
reaches either the nominal output voltage, or the trimmed output
voltage in cases where trim mode is active.
During soft-start, the maximum load current capability is reduced.
Until Vout achieves at least VOUT-FL-THRESH, the output current must be
less than IOUT-START in order to guarantee startup. Note that this is
current available to the load, above that which is required to charge
the output capacitor.
Nominal Output Voltage Load Line
Throughout this document, the programmed output voltage, (either
the specified nominal output voltage if trim is inactive or the
trimmed output voltage if trim is active), is specified at full load, and
at room temperature. The actual output voltage of the DCM is given
by the programmed trimmed output voltage, with modification
based on load and temperature. The nominal output voltage is 24.0
V, and the actual output voltage will match this at full load and room
temperature with trim inactive.
The largest modification to the actual output voltage compared to
the programmed output is due to the 5.263% VOUT-NOM load line,
which for this model corresponds to ΔVOUT-LOAD of 1.2631V. As the
load is reduced, the internal error amplifier reference, and by
extension the output voltage, rises in response. This load line is the
primary enabler of the wireless current sharing amongst an array of
DCMs.
The load line impact on the output voltage is absolute, and does not
scale with programmed trim voltage.
For a given programmed output voltage, the actual output voltage
versus load current at for nominal trim and room temperature is
given by the following equation:
VOUT @ 25° = 24.0 + 1.2631 • (1 - IOUT / 25.00) (1)
Nominal Output Voltage Temperature Coefficient
A second additive term to the programmed output voltage is based
on the temperature of the module. This term permits improved
thermal balancing among modules in an array, especially when the
factory nominal trim point is utilized (trim mode inactive). This term
is much smaller than the load line described above, representing
only a -3.20 mV/°C change. Regulation coefficient is relative to 25°C.
For nominal trim and full load, the output voltage relates to the
temperature according to the following equation:
VOUT-FL = 24.0 -3.200 • 0.001 • (TINT - 25) (2)
where TINT is in °C.
The impact of temperature coefficient on the output voltage is
absolute, and does not scale with trim or load.
Trim Mode and Output Trim Control
When the input voltage is initially applied to a DCM, and after tINIT
elapses, the trim pin voltage VTR is sampled. The TR pin has an
internal pull up resistor to VCC, so unless external circuitry pulls the
pin voltage lower, it will pull up to VCC. If the initially sampled trim
pin voltage is higher than VTRIM-DIS, then the DCM will disable
trimming as long as the VIN remains applied. In this case, for all
subsequent operation the output voltage will be programmed to the
nominal. This minimizes the support components required for
applications that only require the nominal rated Vout, and also
provides the best output setpoint accuracy, as there are no additional
errors from external trim components
If at initial application of VIN, the TR pin voltage is prevented from
exceeding VTRIM-EN, then the DCM will activate trim mode, and it will
remain active for as long as VIN is applied.
VOUT set point under full load and room temperature can be
calculated using the equation below:
VOUT-FL @ 25°C = 19.44 + (9.963 • VTR/VCC) (3)
Note that the trim mode is not changed when a DCM recovers from
any fault condition or being disabled.
Module performance is guaranteed through output voltage trim
range VOUT-TRIMMING. If VOUT is trimmed above this range, then certain
combinations of line and load transient conditions may trigger the
output OVP.
Overall Output Voltage Transfer Function
Taking load line (equation 1), temperature coefficient (equation 2)
and trim (equation 3) into account, the general equation relating the
DC VOUT to programmed trim (when active), load, and temperature is
given by:
VOUT = 19.44 + (9.963 • VTR/VCC)
+ 1.2631 • (1 - IOUT / 25.00)
-3.200 • 0.001 • (TINT -25) + VOUT-LL (4)
Finally, note that when the load current is below 10% of the rated
capacity, there is an additional ∆V which may add to the output
voltage, depending on the line voltage which is related to light load
boosting. Please see the section on light load boosting below for
details.
Use 0 V for ∆VOUT-LL when load is above 10% of rated load. See section
on light load boosting operation for light load effects on output voltage.
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 18 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
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Output Current Limit
The DCM features a fully operational current limit which effectively
keeps the module operating inside the Safe Operating Area (SOA) for
all valid trim and load profiles. The current limit approximates a
“brick wall” limit, where the output current is prevented from
exceeding the current limit threshold by reducing the output voltage
via the internal error amplifier reference. The current limit threshold
at nominal trim and below is typically 120% of rated output current,
but it can vary between 100% to 135%. In order to preserve the SOA,
when the converter is trimmed above the nominal output voltage,
the current limit threshold is automatically reduced to limit the
available output power.
When the output current exceeds the current limit threshold, current
limit action is held off by 1ms, which permits the DCM to
momentarily deliver higher peak output currents to the load. Peak
output power during this time is still constrained by the internal
Power Limit of the module. The fast Power Limit and relatively slow
Current Limit work together to keep the module inside the SOA.
Delaying entry into current limit also permits the DCM to minimize
droop voltage for load steps.
Sustained operation in current limit is permitted, and no derating of
output power is required, even in an array configuration.
Some applications may benefit from well matched current
distribution, in which case fine tuning sharing via the trim pins
permits control over sharing. The DCM does not require this for
proper operation, due to the power limit and current limit behaviors
described here.
Current limit can reduce the output voltage to as little as the UVP
threshold (VOUT-UVP). Below this minimum output voltage
compliance level, further loading will cause the module to shut
down due to the output undervoltage fault protection.
Line Impedance, Input Slew rate and Input Stability Requirements
Connect a high-quality, low-noise power supply to the +IN and –IN
terminals. Additional capacitance may have to be added between +IN
and –IN to make up for impedances in the interconnect cables as
well as deficiencies in the source.
Excessive source impedance can bring about system stability issues
for a regulated DC-DC converter, and must either be avoided or
compensated by filtering components. A 1 µF input capacitor is the
minimum recommended in case the source impedance is
insufficient to satisfy stability requirements.
Additional information can be found in the filter design application
note:
www.vicorpower.com/documents/application_notes/vichip_appnote23.pdf
Please refer to this input filter design tool to ensure input stability:
http://app2.vicorpower.com/filterDesign/intiFilter.do.
Ensure that the input voltage slew rate is less than 1V/us, otherwise a
pre-charge circuit is required for the DCM input to control the input
voltage slew rate and prevent overstress to input stage components.
Input Fuse Selection
The DCM is not internally fused in order to provide flexibility in
configuring power systems. Input line fusing is recommended at the
system level, in order to provide thermal protection in case of
catastrophic failure. The fuse shall be selected by closely matching
system requirements with the following characteristics:
nCurrent rating (usually greater than the DCM converter’s
maximum current)
nMaximum voltage rating (usually greater than the maximum
possible input voltage)
nAmbient temperature
nBreaking capacity per application requirements
nNominal melting I2t
nRecommended fuse: See Agency Approvals for Recommended Fuse
http://www.vicorpower.com/dc-dc/isolated-
regulated/dcm#Documentation
Fault Handling
Input Undervoltage Fault Protection (UVLO)
The converter’s input voltage is monitored to detect an input under
voltage condition. If the converter is not already running, then it will
ignore enable commands until the input voltage is greater than
VIN-UVLO+. If the converter is running and the input voltage falls
below VIN-UVLO-, the converter recognizes a fault condition, the
powertrain stops switching, and the output voltage of the unit falls.
Input voltage transients which fall below UVLO for less than tUVLO
may not be detected by the fault proection logic, in which case the
converter will continue regular operation. No protection is required
in this case.
Once the UVLO fault is detected by the fault protection logic, the
converter shuts down and waits for the input voltage to rise above
VIN-UVLO+. Provided the converter is still enabled, it will then restart.
Input Overvoltage Fault Protection (OVLO)
The converter’s input voltage is monitored to detect an input over
voltage condition. When the input voltage is more than the
VIN-OVLO+, a fault is detected, the powertrain stops switching, and the
output voltage of the converter falls.
After an OVLO fault occurs, the converter will wait for the input
voltage to fall below VIN-OVLO-. Provided the converter is still enabled,
the powertrain will restart.
The powertrain controller itself also monitors the input voltage.
Transient OVLO events which have not yet been detected by the fault
sequence logic may first be detected by the controller if the input
slew rate is sufficiently large. In this case, powertrain switching will
immediately stop. If the input voltage falls back in range before the
fault sequence logic detects the out of range condition, the
powertrain will resume switching and the fault logic will not
interrupt operation Regardless of whether the powertrain is running
at the time or not, if the input voltage does not recover from OVLO
before tOVLO, the converter fault logic will detect the fault.
Output Undervoltage Fault Protection (UVP)
The converter determines that an output overload or short circuit
condition exists by measuring its primary sensed output voltage and
the output of the internal error amplifier. In general, whenever the
powertrain is switching and the primary-sensed output voltage falls
below VOUT-UVP threshold, a short circuit fault will be registered. Once
an output undervoltage condition is detected, the powertrain
immediately stops switching, and the output voltage of the converter
falls. The converter remains disabled for a time tFAULT. Once recovered
and provided the converter is still enabled, the powertrain will again
enter the soft start sequence after tINIT and tON.
Temperature Fault Protections (OTP)
The fault logic monitors the internal temperature of the converter. If
the measured temperature exceeds TINT-OTP, a temperature fault is
registered. As with the under voltage fault protection, once a
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 19 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
temperature fault is registered, the powertrain immediately stops
switching, the output voltage of the converter falls, and the converter
remains disabled for at least time tFAULT. Then, the converter waits for
the internal temperature to return to below TINT-OTP before
recovering. Provided the converter is still enabled, the DCM will
restart after tINIT and tON.
Output Overvoltage Fault Protection (OVP)
The converter monitors the output voltage during each switching
cycle by a corresponding voltage reflected to the primary side control
circuitry. If the primary sensed output voltage exceeds VOUT-OVP, the
OVP fault protection is triggered. The control logic disables the
powertrain, and the output voltage of the converter falls.
This type of fault is latched, and the converter will not start again
until the latch is cleared. Clearing the fault latch is achieved by either
disabling the converter via the EN pin, or else by removing the input
power such that the input voltage falls below VIN-INIT.
External Output Capacitance
The DCM converter internal compensation requires a minimum
external output capacitor. An external capacitor in the range of 1000
to 10000 µF with ESR of 10 mΩ is required, per DCM for control loop
compensation purposes.
However some DCM models require an increase to the minimum
external output capacitor value in certain loading and trim
condition. In applications where the load can go below 10% of rated
load but the output trim is held constant, the range of output
capacitor required is given by COUT-EXT-TRANS in the Electrical
Specifications table. If the load can go below 10% of rated load and
the DCM output trim is also dynamically varied, the range of output
capacitor required is given by COUT-EXT-TRANS-TRIM in the Electrical
Specifications table.
Light Load Boosting
Under light load conditions, the DCM converter may operate in light
load boosting depending on the line voltage. Light load boosting
occurs whenever the internal power consumption of the converter
combined with the external output load is less than the minimum
power transfer per switching cycle. In order to maintain regulation,
the error amplifier will switch the powertrain off and on repeatedly,
to effectively lower the average switching frequency, and permit
operation with no external load. During the time when the power
train is off, the module internal consumption is significantly
reduced, and so there is a notable reduction in no-load input power
in light load boosting. When the load is less than 10% of rated Iout,
the output voltage may rise by a maximum of 5.05 V, above the
output voltage calculated from trim, temperature, and load line
conditions.
Thermal Design
Based on the safe thermal operating area shown in page 5, the full
rated power of the DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz can be processed
provided that the top, bottom, and leads are all held below 77°C.
These curves highlight the benefits of dual sided thermal
management, but also demonstrate the flexibility of the Vicor ChiP
platform for customers who are limited to cooling only the top or the
bottom surface.
The OTP sensor is located on the top side of the internal PCB
structure. Therefore in order to ensure effective over-temperature
fault protection, the case bottom temperature must be constrained
by the thermal solution such that it does not exceed the temperature
of the case top.
The ChiP package provides a high degree of flexibility in that it
presents three pathways to remove heat from internal power
dissipating components. Heat may be removed from the top surface,
the bottom surface and the leads. The extent to which these three
surfaces are cooled is a key component for determining the
maximum power that is available from a ChiP, as can be seen from
Figure 20.
Since the ChiP has a maximum internal temperature rating, it is
necessary to estimate this internal temperature based on a real
thermal solution. Given that there are three pathways to remove heat
from the ChiP, it is helpful to simplify the thermal solution into a
roughly equivalent circuit where power dissipation is modeled as a
current source, isothermal surface temperatures are represented as
voltage sources and the thermal resistances are represented as
resistors. Figure 20 shows the "thermal circuit" for a 4623 ChiP DCM,
in an application where both case top and case bottom, and leads are
cooled. In this case, the DCM power dissipation is PDTOTAL and the
three surface temperatures are represented as TCASE_TOP, TCASE_BOTTOM,
and TLEADS. This thermal system can now be very easily analyzed
with simple resistors, voltage sources, and a current source.
This analysis provides an estimate of heat flow through the various
pathways as well as internal temperature.
Alternatively, equations can be written around this circuit and
analyzed algebraically:
TINT – PD1
θ
INT-TOP = TCASE_TOP
TINT – PD2
θ
INT-BOTTOM = TCASE_BOTTOM
TINT – PD3
θ
INT-LEADS = TLEADS
PDTOTAL = PD1+ PD2+ PD3
Where TINT represents the internal temperature and PD1, PD2, and
PD3represent the heat flow through the top side, bottom side, and
leads respectively.
+
+
+
MAX INTERNAL TEMP
T
CASE_BOTTOM
(°C) T
LEADS
(°C) T
CASE_TOP
(°C)
Power Dissipation (W)
Thermal Resistance Top
Thermal Resistance Bottom Thermal Resistance Leads
Figure 20 Double side cooling and leads thermal model
+
+
MAX INTERNAL TEMP
T
CASE_BOTTOM
(°C) T
LEADS
(°C) T
CASE_TOP
(°C)
Power Dissipation (W)
Thermal Resistance Top
Thermal Resistance Bottom Thermal Resistance Leads
Figure 21 One side cooling and leads thermal model
θINT-TOP°C / W
θINT-BOTTOM°C / W θ
INT-LEADS°C / W
θINT-TOP°C / W
θINT-BOTTOM°C / W
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 20 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
θINT-LEADS°C / W
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Figure 21 shows a scenario where there is no bottom side cooling.
In this case, the heat flow path to the bottom is left open and the
equations now simplify to:
TINT – PD1
θ
INT-TOP = TCASE_TOP
TINT – PD3
θ
INT-LEADS = TLEADS
PDTOTAL = PD1+ PD3
Figure 22 shows a scenario where there is no bottom side and leads
cooling. In this case, the heat flow path to the bottom is left open and
the equations now simplify to:
TINT – PD1
θ
INT-TOP = TCASE_TOP
PDTOTAL = PD1
Vicor provides a suite of online tools, including a simulator and
thermal estimator which greatly simplify the task of determining
whether or not a DCM thermal configuration is sufficient for a given
condition. These tools can be found at:
www.vicorpower.com/powerbench.
Array Operation
A decoupling network is needed to facilitate paralleling:
nAn output inductor should be added to each DCM, before the
outputs are bussed together to provide decoupling.
nEach DCM needs a separate input filter, even if the multiple DCMs
share the same input voltage source. These filters limit the ripple
current reflected from each DCM, and also help suppress
generation of beat frequency currents that can result when
multiple powertrains input stages are permitted to
direclty interact.
If signal pins (TR, EN, FT) are not used, they can be left floating, and
DCM will work in the nominal output condition.
When common mode noise in the input side is not a concern, TR and
EN can be driven and FT received using a single Kelvin connection to
the shared -IN as a reference.
Note: For more information on parallel operation of DCMs, refer to
“Parallel DCMs” application note AN:030.
An example of DCM paralleling circuit is shown in Figure 23.
Recommended values to start with:
L1_x: 1 µH, minimized DCR;
R1_x: 1.0 Ω;
C1_x: Ceramic capacitors in parallel, C1 = 2 µF;
L2_x: L2 ≥ 0.15 µH;
COUT-EXT-x:electrolytic or tantalum capacitor, 1000 µF C310000 µF;
C4, C5: additional ceramic /electrolytic capacitors, if needed for
output ripple filtering;
In order to help sensitive signal circuits reject potential noise,
additional components are recommended:
R2_x: 301 Ohm, facilitate noise attenuation for TR pin;
FB1_x, C2_x: FB1 is a ferrite bead with an impedance of at least 10 Ω
at 100MHz. C2_x can be a ceramic capacitor of 0.1uF. Facilitate noise
attenuation for EN pin.
Note: Use an RCR filter network as suggested in the application note
AN:030 to reduce the noise on the signal pins.
Note: In case of the excessive line inductance, a properly sized
decoupling capacitor CDECOUPLE is required as shown in Figure 23
and Figure 24.
When common mode noise rejection in the input side is needed,
common mode chokes can be added in the input side of each DCM.
An example of DCM paralleling circuit is shown below:
Notice that each group of control pins need to be individually driven
and isolated from the other groups control pins. This is because -IN
of each DCM can be at a different voltage due to the common mode
chokes. Attempting to share control pin circuitry could lead to
incorrect behavior of the DCMs.
VTR VEN
+IN
-IN
+OUT
-OUT
R1_1
L1_1
C1_1
L2_1
COUT-EXT-1
C4C5
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R2_1
C2_1
FB1_1
R1_2
L1_2
C1_2
L2_2
COUT-EXT-2
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R2_2
C2_2
FB1_2
R1_8
L1_8
C1_8
L2_8
COUT-EXT-8
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R2_8
C2_8
FB1_8
DCM1
DCM2
DCM8
R4
R3
D1
≈ ≈
Shared -IN Kelvin
F1_1
F1_2
F1_8
CDECOUPLE
Figure 23 DCM paralleling configuration circuit 1
+
MAX INTERNAL TEMP
T
CASE_BOTTOM
(°C) T
LEADS
(°C) T
CASE_TOP
(°C)
Power Dissipation (W)
Thermal Resistance Top
Thermal Resistance Bottom Thermal Resistance Leads
Figure 22 One side cooling thermal model
θINT-TOP°C / W
θINT-BOTTOM°C / W θINT-LEADS°C / W
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 21 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
+
VTR8
_VEN8
+IN
-IN
+OUT
-OUT
R1_1
L1_1
C1_1
L2_1
COUT-EXT-1
C4C5
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R2_1
R
SGND1
1_2
L1_2
C1_2
L2_2
COUT-EXT-2
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R2_2
R1_8
L1_8
C1_8
L2_8
COUT-EXT-8
TR
EN
FT
+IN +OUT
-IN -OUT
R2_8
C2_8
FB1_8
DCM1
DCM2
DCM8
R4_8
R3_8
D1_8
C2_2
FB1_2
R4_2
R3_2
D1_2
C2_1
FB1_1
R4_1
R3_1
D1_1
≈ ≈
F1_1
F1_2
F1_8
CDECOUPLE
+
_
SGND2
SGND8
SGND8
+
VTR2
_VEN2
1
+
_
SGND2
+
VTR1
_VEN
+
_
SGND1
Figure 24 DCM paralleling configuration circuit 2
a o 70 so 50 an an 20 1n n 51o1sza25303540455055an557075w T-mpmmn ('C) —Top and leads :1 lempsramru Top, Ieldl and new m oemperame Maximum Power Dissipation (W) VICOR
An array of DCMs used at the full array rated power may generally
have one or more DCMs operating at current limit, due to sharing
errors. Load sharing is functionally managed by the load line.
Thermal balancing is improved by the nominal effective temperature
coefficient of the output voltage setpoint.
DCMs in current limit will operate with higher output current or
power than the rated levels. Therefore the following Thermal Safe
Operating Area plot should be used for array use, or loads that drive
the DCM in to current limit for sustained operation.
Figure 25 Thermal Specified Operating Area: Max Power
Dissipation vs. Case Temp for arrays or current
limited operation
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 22 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
nmza anm] 23%“ _ ‘ 1113‘ “NIH \ m, 152 [m 0 mm \ L . . x + 7 mg x mm ‘ F ' 7H7 777777 7 777777 70 1 2mm [Mamas] ‘ 1 m I w 1 [m i m mm [M] tor VIEW(COMPONENYSIDE7 "’ 9‘ y—y—xg 05mm! m‘m [2mm] mm 5 . J mu; m 4, pm) __ [w] W“ (m 5 3:5 \ x m m [m1 [m5] 275 m [m] n a m [w] 275 [13“] .u ““1 [m] m m [3251 [m5] 50mm wsw mm [mm 33 “25311:?“ 1 E a ANNMARR’ING \ D 2 7 pm ‘ T ‘ “5:03 ‘ .emrearilm] 175:03 \ @fim] a 175:03 ‘ .om @7lmm] “5:03 1 cm 07mm] w ‘ o v7 m: coMPuANrPEchrmov wsmmm [ 1 VICOR
DCM Module Product Outline Drawing Recommended PCB Footprint and Pinout
47.91±.38
1.886±.015
23.96
.943
11.40
.449
22.80±.13
.898±.005
0
0
0
0
TOP VIEW (COMPONENT SIDE)
1.02
.040
(3) PL.
1.52
.060
(2) PL.
1.52
.060
(4) pl.
11.43
.450
0
2.75
.108
8.25
.325
2.75
.108
8.25
.325
8.00
.315
1.38
.054
1.38
.054 4.13
.162
8.00
.315
0
23.19
.913
23.19
.913
0
0
BOTTOM VIEW
2.03
.080
PLATED THRU
.25 [.010]
ANNULAR RING
(2) PL.
1.52
.060
PLATED THRU
.25 [.010]
ANNULAR RING
(3) PL.
2.03
.080
PLATED THRU
.38 [.015]
ANNULAR RING
(4) PL.
0
8.00±.08
.315±.003
1.38±.08
.054±.003
4.13±.08
.162±.003
8.00±.08
.315±.003
8.25±.08
.325±.003
2.75±.08
.108±.003
2.75±.08
.108±.003
8.25±.08
.325±.003
1.38±.08
.054±.003
0
23.19±.08
.913±.003
23.19±.08
.913±.003
0
0
RECOMMENDED HOLE PATTERN
(COMPONENT SIDE)
+IN
TR
EN
FT
-IN
+OUT
+OUT
-OUT
-OUT
.41
.016
(9) PL.
7.21±.10
.284±.004
4.17
.164
(9) PL.
SEATING
PLANE
.05 [.002]
NOTES:
1- RoHS COMPLIANT PER CST-0001 LATEST REVISION.
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 23 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
Revlslon Date Description Page Number(s) H) 09/19/16 Release at current data sheet With new pan nurnper n/a i,i 05/04/17 Updated agency approvzis i &“6 Added 2 decimal points to the UVLO and OVLO powenrain protectiun specifications 7 Updated Figure 15 i4 i2 07/24/17 Updated Typical Appiication auiiets 1 Updated Height Specifications i5 Updated Figure 24 2i Updated Mechanical DraWing 23 VICOR
Revision History
Revision Date Description Page Number(s)
1.0 09/19/16 Release of current data sheet with new part number n/a
1.1 05/04/17 Updated agency approvals 1 & 16
Added 2 decimal points to the UVLO and OVLO powertrain protection specifications 7
Updated Figure 16 14
1.2
07/24/17
Updated Typical Application Bullets 1
Updated Height Specifications 15
Updated Figure 24 21
Updated Mechanical Drawing 23
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 24 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
VICOR
Vicor’s comprehensive line of power solutions includes high density AC-DC and DC-DC modules and
accessory components, fully configurable AC-DC and DC-DC power supplies, and complete custom
power systems.
Information furnished by Vicor is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Vicor for its use. Vicor
makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this publication. Vicor reserves
the right to make changes to any products, specifications, and product descriptions at any time without notice. Information published by
Vicor has been checked and is believed to be accurate at the time it was printed; however, Vicor assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies.
Testing and other quality controls are used to the extent Vicor deems necessary to support Vicor’s product warranty. Except where
mandated by government requirements, testing of all parameters of each product is not necessarily performed.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Visit http://www.vicorpower.com/dc-dc/isolated-regulated/dcm for the latest product information.
Vicor’s Standard Terms and Conditions and Product Warranty
All sales are subject to Vicor’s Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale, and Product Warranty which are available on Vicor’s webpage
(http://www.vicorpower.com/termsconditionswarranty) or upon request.
Life Support Policy
VICOR’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE
EXPRESS PRIOR WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF VICOR CORPORATION. As used
herein, life support devices or systems are devices which (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life and
whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling can be reasonably expected to
result in a significant injury to the user. A critical component is any component in a life support device or system whose failure to perform
can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system or to affect its safety or effectiveness. Per Vicor Terms
and Conditions of Sale, the user of Vicor products and components in life support applications assumes all risks of such use and indemnifies
Vicor against all liability and damages.
Intellectual Property Notice
Vicor and its subsidiaries own Intellectual Property (including issued U.S. and Foreign Patents and pending patent applications) relating to
the products described in this data sheet. No license, whether express, implied, or arising by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual
property rights is granted by this document. Interested parties should contact Vicor’s Intellectual Property Department.
The products described on this data sheet are protected by the following U.S. Patents Numbers:
RE40,072; 7,561,446; 7,920,391; 7,782,639; 8,427,269; 6,421,262 and other patents pending.
Contact Us: http://www.vicorpower.com/contact-us
Vicor Corporation
25 Frontage Road
Andover, MA, USA 01810
Tel: 800-735-6200
Fax: 978-475-6715
www.vicorpower.com
email
Customer Service: custserv@vicorpower.com
Technical Support: apps@vicorpower.com
DCMDC-DC Converter Rev 1.2
Page 25 of 25 07/2017
DCM4623xD2H26F0yzz
©2017 Vicor Corporation. All rights reserved. The Vicor name is a registered trademark of Vicor Corporation.
All other trademarks, product names, logos and brands are property of their respective owners.

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