CC1150,_April,17,2014 Datasheet by Texas Instruments

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CC1150
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CC1150
Low Power Sub-1 GHz RF Transmitter
Applications
Ultra low power UHF wireless transmitters
Operating in the 315/433/868/915 MHz
ISM/SRD bands
AMR – Automatic Meter Reading
Consumer Electronics
RKE – Remote Keyless Entry
Low power telemetry
Home and building automation
Wireless alarm and security systems
Industrial monitoring and control
Wireless sensor networks
Product Description
The
CC1150
is a low cost true single chip UHF
transmitter designed for very low power
wireless applications. The circuit is mainly
intended for the ISM (Industrial, Scientific and
Medical) and SRD (Short Range Device)
frequency bands at 315, 433, 868 and 915
MHz, but can easily be programmed for
operation at other frequencies in the 300-348
MHz, 400-464 MHz and 800-928 MHz bands.
The RF transmitter is integrated with a highly
configurable baseband modulator. The
modulator supports various modulation
formats and has a configurable data rate up to
500 kBaud. The
CC1150
provides extensive
hardware support for packet handling, data
buffering and burst transmissions.
The main operating parameters and the 64-
byte transmit FIFO of
CC1150
can be controlled
via an SPI interface. In a typical system, the
CC1150
will be used together with a micro-
controller and a few additional passive
components.
CC1150
is part of Chipcon’s SmartRF®04
technology platform based on 0.18 µm CMOS
technology.
Key Features
Small size (QLP 4x4 mm package, 16
pins)
True single chip UHF RF transmitter
Frequency bands: 300-348 MHz, 400-464
MHz and 800-928 MHz
Programmable data rate up to 500 kBaud
Low current consumption
Programmable output power up to +10
dBm for all supported frequencies
Programmable baseband modulator
Ideal for multi-channel operation
Very few external components:
Completely on-chip frequency synthesizer,
no external filters needed
Configurable packet handling hardware
Suitable for frequency hopping systems
due to a fast settling frequency synthesizer
Optional Forward Error Correction with
interleaving
64-byte TX data FIFO
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CC1150
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Features (continued from front page)
Suited for systems compliant with EN 300
220 and FCC CFR Part 15
Many powerful digital features allow a
high-performance RF system to be made
using an inexpensive microcontroller
Efficient SPI interface: All registers can be
programmed with one “burst” transfer
Integrated analog temperature sensor
Lead-free “green” package
Flexible support for packet oriented
systems: On chip support for sync word
insertion, flexible packet length and
automatic CRC handling
OOK and flexible ASK shaping supported
2-FSK, GFSK and MSK supported
Optional automatic whitening of data
Support for asynchronous transparent
transmit mode for backwards compatibility
with existing radio communication
protocols
Abbreviations
Abbreviations used in this data sheet are described below.
ADC Analog to Digital Converter NRZ Non Return to Zero (Coding)
AFC Automatic Frequency Compensation OOK On-Off-Keying
AGC Automatic Gain Control PA Power Amplifier
AMR Automatic Meter Reading PCB Printed Circuit Board
ASK Amplitude Shift Keying PD Power Down
BER Bit Error Rate PER Packet Error Rate
CCA Clear Channel Assessment PLL Phase Locked Loop
CFR Code of Federal Regulations POR Power-On Reset
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check QLP Quad Leadless Package
CW Contionus Wave (Unmodulated Carrier) QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
DC Direct Current RC Resistor-Capacitor
EIRP Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power RCOSC RC Oscillator
ESR Equivalent Series Resistance RF Radio Frequency
FCC Federal Communications Commission RSSI Received Signal Strength Indicator
FEC Forward Error Correction RX Receive, Receive Mode
FIFO First-In-First-Out SAW Surface Aqustic Wave
FSK Frequency Shift Keying SMD Surface Mount Device
GFSK Gaussian shaped Frequency Shift Keying SNR Signal to Noise Ratio
ISM Industrial, Scientific, Medical SPI Serial Peripheral Interface
LC Inductor-Capacitor SRD Short Range Devices
LO Local Oscillator TBD To Be Defined
LSB Least Significant Byte TX Transmit, Transmit Mode
LQI Link Quality Indicator UHF Ultra High frequency
MCU Microcontroller Unit VCO Voltage Controlled Oscillator
MSK Minimum Shift Keying XOSC Crystal Oscillator
N/A Not Applicable XTAL Crystal
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CC1150
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Table Of Contents
APPLICATIONS...........................................................................................................................................1
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION.........................................................................................................................1
KEY FEATURES..........................................................................................................................................1
FEATURES (CONTINUED FROM FRONT PAGE)................................................................................2
ABBREVIATIONS...............................................................................................................................................2
TABLE OF CONTENTS..............................................................................................................................3
1 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS...........................................................................................................5
2 OPERATING CONDITIONS......................................................................................................................5
3 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ...............................................................................................................5
4 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS...............................................................................................................6
4.1 CURRENT CONSUMPTION .....................................................................................................................6
4.2 RF TRANSMIT SECTION ........................................................................................................................7
4.3 CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR.........................................................................................................................8
4.4 FREQUENCY SYNTHESIZER CHARACTERISTICS.....................................................................................8
4.5 ANALOG TEMPERATURE SENSOR .........................................................................................................9
4.6 DC CHARACTERISTICS .........................................................................................................................9
4.7 POWER ON RESET .................................................................................................................................9
5 PIN CONFIGURATION ..........................................................................................................................10
6 CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION........................................................................................................................11
7 APPLICATION CIRCUIT........................................................................................................................11
7.1 BIAS RESISTOR ...................................................................................................................................11
7.2 BALUN AND RF MATCHING ................................................................................................................11
7.3 CRYSTAL ............................................................................................................................................12
7.4 REFERENCE SIGNAL............................................................................................................................12
7.5 ADDITIONAL FILTERING......................................................................................................................12
7.6 POWER SUPPLY DECOUPLING..............................................................................................................12
7.7 ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS ..............................................................................................................13
7.8 PCB LAYOUT RECOMMENDATIONS....................................................................................................15
8 CONFIGURATION OVERVIEW ..............................................................................................................16
9 CONFIGURATION SOFTWARE ..............................................................................................................17
10 4-WIRE SERIAL CONFIGURATION AND DATA INTERFACE ...................................................................18
10.1 CHIP STATUS BYTE ............................................................................................................................19
10.2 REGISTER ACCESS ..............................................................................................................................20
10.3 SPI READ ...........................................................................................................................................20
10.4 COMMAND STROBES ..........................................................................................................................20
10.5 FIFO ACCESS .....................................................................................................................................21
10.6 PATABLE ACCESS............................................................................................................................22
11 MICROCONTROLLER INTERFACE AND PIN CONFIGURATION ...............................................................22
11.1 CONFIGURATION INTERFACE..............................................................................................................22
11.2 GENERAL CONTROL AND STATUS PINS ..............................................................................................22
11.3 OPTIONAL RADIO CONTROL FEATURE ...............................................................................................23
12 DATA RATE PROGRAMMING...............................................................................................................23
13 PACKET HANDLING HARDWARE SUPPORT .........................................................................................24
13.1 DATA WHITENING...............................................................................................................................24
13.2 PACKET FORMAT................................................................................................................................25
13.3 PACKET HANDLING IN TRANSMIT MODE............................................................................................26
13.4 PACKET HANDLING IN FIRMWARE......................................................................................................26
14 MODULATION FORMATS.....................................................................................................................27
14.1 FREQUENCY SHIFT KEYING ................................................................................................................27
14.2 MINIMUM SHIFT KEYING....................................................................................................................27
14.3 AMPLITUDE MODULATION .................................................................................................................28
15 FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION WITH INTERLEAVING........................................................................28
15.1 FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION (FEC)...............................................................................................28
15.2 INTERLEAVING ...................................................................................................................................28
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CC1150
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16 RADIO CONTROL ................................................................................................................................30
16.1 POWER ON START-UP SEQUENCE........................................................................................................31
16.2 CRYSTAL CONTROL............................................................................................................................31
16.3 VOLTAGE REGULATOR CONTROL.......................................................................................................32
16.4 ACTIVE MODE ....................................................................................................................................32
16.5 TIMING ...............................................................................................................................................32
17 DATA FIFO ........................................................................................................................................33
18 FREQUENCY PROGRAMMING ..............................................................................................................34
19 VCO...................................................................................................................................................34
19.1 VCO AND PLL SELF-CALIBRATION ...................................................................................................34
20 VOLTAGE REGULATORS .....................................................................................................................35
21 OUTPUT POWER PROGRAMMING ........................................................................................................35
21.1 SHAPING AND PA RAMPING ...............................................................................................................36
22 GENERAL PURPOSE / TEST OUTPUT CONTROL PINS ...........................................................................37
23 ASYNCHRONOUS AND SYNCHRONOUS SERIAL OPERATION ................................................................39
23.1 ASYNCHRONOUS SERIAL OPERATION.................................................................................................39
23.2 SYNCHRONOUS SERIAL OPERATION ...................................................................................................39
24 SYSTEM CONSIDERATIONS AND GUIDELINES......................................................................................39
24.1 SRD REGULATIONS............................................................................................................................39
24.2 FREQUENCY HOPPING AND MULTI-CHANNEL SYSTEMS.....................................................................40
24.3 WIDEBAND MODULATION NOT USING SPREAD SPECTRUM.................................................................40
24.4 DATA BURST TRANSMISSIONS............................................................................................................41
24.5 CONTINUOUS TRANSMISSIONS ...........................................................................................................41
24.6 LOW COST SYSTEMS ..........................................................................................................................41
24.7 BATTERY OPERATED SYSTEMS ..........................................................................................................41
24.8 INCREASING OUTPUT POWER .............................................................................................................41
25 CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ..............................................................................................................42
25.1 CONFIGURATION REGISTER DETAILS .................................................................................................45
25.2 STATUS REGISTER DETAILS.................................................................................................................55
26 PACKAGE DESCRIPTION (QLP 16)......................................................................................................57
26.1 RECOMMENDED PCB LAYOUT FOR PACKAGE (QLP 16).....................................................................57
26.2 SOLDERING INFORMATION..................................................................................................................57
27 REFERENCES.......................................................................................................................................58
28 GENERAL INFORMATION ....................................................................................................................59
28.1 DOCUMENT HISTORY .........................................................................................................................59
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
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1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Under no circumstances must the absolute maximum ratings given in Table 1 be violated. Stress
exceeding one or more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device.
Caution! ESD sensitive device.
Precaution should be used when handling
the device in order to prevent permanent
damage.
Parameter Min Max Units Condition
Supply voltage –0.3 3.6 V All supply pins must have the same voltage
Voltage on any digital pin –0.3 VDD+0.3
max 3.6
V
Voltage on the pins RF_P, RF_N
and DCOUPL
–0.3 2.0 V
Voltage ramp-up 120 kV/µs
Input RF level +10 dBm
Storage temperature range –50 150 °C
Solder reflow temperature 260 °C According to IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020C
ESD <500 V According to JEDEC STD 22, method A114,
Human Body Model
Table 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings
2 Operating Conditions
The operating conditions for
CC1150
are listed Table 2 in below.
Parameter Min Max Unit Condition
Operating temperature -40 85 °C
Operating supply voltage 1.8 3.6 V All supply pins must have the same voltage
Table 2: Operating Conditions
3 General Characteristics
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Condition/Note
300 348 MHz
400 464 MHz
Frequency range
800 928 MHz
Data rate 1.2
1.2
26
500
250
500
kBaud
kBaud
kBaud
2-FSK
GFSK, OOK and ASK
(Shaped) MSK (also known as differential offset
QPSK)
Optional Manchester encoding (the data rate in kbps
will be half the baud rate)
Table 3: General Characteristics
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CC1150
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4 Electrical Specifications
4.1 Current Consumption
Tc = 25°C, VDD = 3.0 V if nothing else stated. All measurement results are obtained using the CC1150EM reference
design ( [1] and [2]).
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Condition
200 nA Voltage regulator to digital part off, register values lost (SLEEP
state)
222 µA Voltage regulator to digital part on, all other modules in power
down (XOFF state)
1.1 mA Only voltage regulator to digital part and crystal oscillator running
(IDLE state)
Current consumption
7.7 mA Only the frequency synthesizer running (FSTXON state). This
current consumptions also representative for the other
intermediate states when going from IDLE until reaching TX, and
frequency calibration states
Current consumption,
315 MHz
25.6
14.1
mA Transmit mode, +10 dBm output power (0xC4)
Transmit mode, 0 dBm output power (0x60)
See more in section 21 and DN012 [3]
Current consumption,
433 MHz
26.1
14.6
mA Transmit mode, +10 dBm output power (0xC2)
Transmit mode, 0 dBm output power (0x60)
See more in section 21 and DN012 [3]
Current consumption,
868 MHz
29.3
15.5
mA Transmit mode, +10 dBm output power (0xC3)
Transmit mode, 0 dBm output power (0x60)
See more in section 21 and DN012 [3]
Current consumption,
915 MHz
29.3
15.2
mA Transmit mode, +10 dBm output power (0xC0)
Transmit mode, 0 dBm output power (0x50)
See more in section 21 and DN012 [3]
Table 4: Electrical Specifications
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CC1150
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4.2 RF Transmit Section
Tc = 25°C, VDD = 3.0 V, if nothing else stated. All measurement results are obtained using the CC1150EM reference
design ( [1] and [2]).
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Condition/Note
Differential load
impedance
315 MHz
433 MHz
868/915 MHz
122 + j31
116 + j41
86.5 + j43
Differential impedance as seen from the RF-port (RF_P and
RF_N) towards the antenna. Follow the CC1150EM reference
design ( [1] and [2]) available from the TI website.
Output power,
highest setting
+10
dBm Output power is programmable, and full range is available across
all frequency bands. Output power may be restricted by regulatory
limits. See also Application Note AN039 [4] and Design Note
DN006 [5].
Delivered to a 50 single-ended load via CC1150 EM reference
design ( [1] and [2]) RF matching network. Maximum output power
can be increased 1-2 dB by using wire-wound inductors instead of
multilayer inductors in the balun and filter circuit for the 868/915
MHz band, see more in DN017 [6].
Output power,
lowest setting
–30
dBm Output power is programmable, and full range is available across
all frequency bands.
Delivered to a 50 single-ended load via CC1150 EM reference
design ( [1] and [2]) RF matching network
Spurious emissions
and harmonics,
433/868 MHz
–36
–54
–30
dBm
dBm
dBm
25 MHz - 1 GHz
47-74, 87.5 - 118, 174 - 230, 470 - 862 MHz
Otherwise above 1 GHz
Note that close-in spurs vary with centre frequency and limits the
frequencies and output power level which the CC1150 can operate
at without violating regulatory restrictions, see more in AN039 [4].
See also section 7.5 for information regarding additional filtering.
Spurious emissions,
315/915 MHz
–49.2
–41.2
dBm
EIRP
dBm
EIRP
<200 µV/m at 3 m below 960 MHz.
<500 µV/m at 3 m above 960 MHz
Harmonics 315 MHz –20
–41.2
dBc
dBm
2nd, 3rd and 4th harmonic when the output power is maximum 6
mV/m at 3 m (-19.6 dBm EIRP)
5th harmonic
Harmonics 915 MHz –20
–41.2
dBc
dBm
2nd harmonic with +10 dBm output power
3rd, 4th and 5th harmonic
TX latency 8 Bits Serial operation. Time from sampling the data on the transmitter
data input pin until it is observed on the RF output ports.
Table 5: RF Transmit Parameters
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CC1150
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4.3 Crystal Oscillator
Tc = 25°C, VDD = 3.0 V if nothing else is stated. All measurement results obtained using the CC1150EM reference
design ( [1] and [2]).
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Condition/Note
Crystal frequency 26 26 27 MHz
Tolerance ±40 ppm This is the total tolerance including a) initial tolerance, b) aging
and c) temperature dependence.
The acceptable crystal tolerance depends on RF frequency and
channel spacing / bandwidth
Load capacitance 10 13 20 pF Simulated over operating conditions
ESR 100
Start-up time 150 µs Measured on the CC1150EM reference design ( [1] and [2]). This
parameter is to a large degree crystal dependent.
Table 6: Crystal Oscillator Parameters
4.4 Frequency Synthesizer Characteristics
Tc = 25°C, VDD = 3.0 V if nothing else is stated. All measurement results obtained using the CC1150EM reference design
( [1] and [2]).
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Condition/Note
Programmed
frequency resolution
397 FXOSC/
216
412 Hz 26 MHz-27 MHz crystals. The resolution (in Hz) is equal
for all frequency bands.
Synthesizer frequency
tolerance
±40 ppm Given by crystal used. Required accuracy (including
temperature and aging) depends on frequency band and
channel bandwidth / spacing.
RF carrier phase noise –82 dBc/Hz @ 50 kHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
RF carrier phase noise –86 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
RF carrier phase noise –90 dBc/Hz @ 200 kHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
RF carrier phase noise –98 dBc/Hz @ 500 kHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
RF carrier phase noise –106 dBc/Hz @ 1 MHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
RF carrier phase noise –113 dBc/Hz @ 2 MHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
RF carrier phase noise –119 dBc/Hz @ 5 MHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
RF carrier phase noise –127 dBc/Hz @ 10 MHz offset from carrier, carrier at 868 MHz
PLL turn-on / hop time 85.1 88.4 88.4 µs Time from leaving the IDLE state until arriving in the
FSTXON or TX state, when not performing calibration.
Crystal oscillator running.
PLL calibration time
694
18739
721
721
XOSC
cycles
µs
Calibration can be initiated manually or automatically
before entering or after leaving TX.
Min/typ/max time is for 27/26/26 MHz crystal frequency.
Table 7: Frequency Synthesizer Parameters
{’9 Tms INSTRUMF TS
CC1150
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4.5 Analog Temperature Sensor
Tc = 25°C, VDD = 3.0 V if nothing else is stated. Note that it is necessary to write 0xBF to the PTEST register to use the
analog temperature sensor in the IDLE state.
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Condition/Note
Output voltage at –40°C 0.651 V
Output voltage at 0°C 0.747 V
Output voltage at +40°C 0.847 V
Output voltage at +80°C 0.945 V
Temperature coefficient 2.45 mV/°C Fitted from –20°C to +80°C
Absolute error in calculated
temperature
–2 * 2
* °C From –20°C to +80°C when using 2.45 mV / °C,
after 1-point calibration at room temperature
* Indicated minimum and maximum error with 1-
point calibration is based on simulated values for
typical process parameters
Current consumption
increase when enabled
0.3 mA
Table 8: Analog Temperature Sensor Parameters
4.6 DC Characteristics
Tc = 25°C if nothing else stated.
Digital Inputs/Outputs Min Max Unit Condition
Logic "0" input voltage 0 0.7 V
Logic "1" input voltage VDD-0.7 VDD V
Logic "0" output voltage 0 0.5 V For up to 4 mA output current
Logic "1" output voltage VDD-0.3 VDD V For up to 4 mA output current
Logic "0" input current N/A –1 µA Input equals 0 V
Logic "1" input current N/A 1 µA Input equals VDD
Table 9: DC Characteristics
4.7 Power on Reset
For proper Power-On-Reset functionality, the power supply must comply with the requirements in
Table 10 below. Otherwise, the chip should be assumed to have unknown state until transmitting
an SRES strobe over the SPI interface. See section 16.1 on page 31 for a description of the
recommended start up sequence after turning power on.
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Condition/Note
Power-up ramp-up time 5 ms From 0 V until reaching 1.8 V
Power off time 1 ms Minimum time between power-on and power-off
Table 10: Power-on Reset Requirements
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CC1150
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5 Pin Configuration
The
CC1150
pin-out is shown in Figure 1 and Table 11.
GND
Exposed die
attach pad
5
XOSC_Q1
6
AVDD
7
XOSC_Q2
8
GDO0 (ATEST)
9CSn
10 RF_P
11 RF_N
12 AVDD
13
AVDD
14
RBIAS
15
DGUARD
16
SI
1SCLK
2SO (GDO1)
3DVDD
4DCOUPL
Figure 1: Pinout Top View
Note: The exposed die attach pad must be connected to a solid ground plane as this is the main
ground connection for the chip.
Pin # Pin name Pin type Description
1 SCLK Digital Input Serial configuration interface, clock input.
2 SO (GDO1) Digital Output Serial configuration interface, data output.
Optional general output pin when CSn is high.
3 DVDD Power (Digital) 1.8 V - 3.6 V digital power supply for digital I/O’s and for the digital core
voltage regulator.
4 DCOUPL Power (Digital) 1.6 V - 2.0 V digital power supply output for decoupling.
NOTE: This pin is intended for use with the
CC1150
only. It can not be used
to provide supply voltage to other devices.
5 XOSC_Q1 Analog I/O Crystal oscillator pin 1, or external clock input.
6 AVDD Power (Analog) 1.8 V - 3.6 V analog power supply connection.
7 XOSC_Q2 Analog I/O Crystal oscillator pin 2.
8 GDO0
(ATEST)
Digital I/O
Digital output pin for general use:
Test signals
FIFO status signals
Clock output, down-divided from XOSC
Serial input TX data
Also used as analog test I/O for prototype/production testing.
9 CSn Digital Input Serial configuration interface, chip select.
10 RF_P RF I/O Positive RF output signal from PA.
11 RF_N RF I/O Negative RF output signal from PA.
12 AVDD Power (Analog) 1.8 V - 3.6 V analog power supply connection.
13 AVDD Power (Analog) 1.8 V - 3.6 V analog power supply connection.
14 RBIAS Analog I/O External bias resistor for reference current .
15 DGUARD Power (Digital) Power supply connection for digital noise isolation.
16 SI Digital Input Serial configuration interface, data input.
Table 11: Pinout Overview
2 ® 7 i i ‘- Rams xoscfil xoscpz SWRSua7A Page 11 after) {9 TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
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6 Circuit Description
BIAS
XOSC_Q1 XOSC_Q2
XOSC
FREQ
SYNTH
RADIO CONTROL
RF_P
RF_N
CSn
SI
SO (GDO1)
SCLK
GDO0 (ATEST)
RBIAS
PA
FEC /
INTERLEAVER
PACKET
HANDLER
MODULATOR
TX FIFO
DIGITAL
INTERFACE
TO MCU
Figure 2:
CC1150
Simplified Block Diagram
A simplified block diagram of
CC1150
is shown
in Figure 2.
The
CC1150
transmitter is based on direct
synthesis of the RF frequency. The frequency
synthesizer includes a completely on-chip LC
VCO.
A crystal is to be connected to XOSC_Q1 and
XOSC_Q2. The crystal oscillator generates the
reference frequency for the synthesizer, as
well as clocks for the digital part.
A 4-wire SPI serial interface is used for
configuration and data buffer access.
The digital baseband includes support for
channel configuration, packet handling and
data buffering.
7 Application Circuit
Only a few external components are required
for using the
CC1150
. The recommended
application circuits are shown in Figure 4 and
Figure 5. The external components are
described in Table 13, and typical values are
given in Table 14.
7.1 Bias resistor
The bias resistor R141 is used to set an accurate bias current.
7.2 Balun and RF matching
The components between the RF_N/RF_P
pins and the point where the two signals are
joined together (C111, C101, L101 and L111
for the 315/433 MHz design. L101, L111,
C101, L102, C111, C102 and L112 for the
868/915 MHz reference design) form a balun
that converts the differential RF signal on
CC1150
to a single-ended RF signal. C104 is
needed for DC blocking. Together with an
appropriate LC filter network, the balun
components also transform the impedance to
match a 50 antenna (or cable). C105
provides DC blocking and is only needed if
there is a DC path in the antenna. For the
868/915 MHz reference design, this
component may also be used for additional
filtering, see section 7.5 below.
Suggested values for 315 MHz, 433 MHz and
868/915 MHz are listed in Table 14.
The balun and LC filter component values and
their placement are important to achieve
optimal performance. It is highly
recommended to follow the CC1150EM
reference design ( [1] and [2]). Gerber files and
schematics for the reference designs are
available for download from the TI website.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
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7.3 Crystal
A crystal in the frequency range 26-27 MHz
must be connected between the XOSC_Q1
and XOSC_Q2 pins. The oscillator is designed
for parallel mode operation of the crystal. In
addition, loading capacitors (C51 and C71) for
the crystal are required. The loading capacitor
values depend on the total load capacitance,
CL, specified for the crystal. The total load
capacitance seen between the crystal
terminals should equal CL for the crystal to
oscillate at the specified frequency.
parasiticL C
CC
C+
+
=
7151
11
1
The parasitic capacitance is constituted by pin
input capacitance and PCB stray capacitance.
Total parasitic capacitance is typically 2.5 pF.
The crystal oscillator circuit is shown in Figure
3. Typical component values for different
values of CL are given in Table 12.
XOSC_Q1 XOSC_Q2
XTAL
C51 C71
Figure 3: Crystal Oscillator Circuit
The crystal oscillator is amplitude regulated.
This means that a high current is used to start
up the oscillations. When the amplitude builds
up, the current is reduced to what is necessary
to maintain approximately 0.4 Vpp signal
swing. This ensures a fast start-up, and keeps
the drive level to a minimum. The ESR of the
crystal should be within the specification in
order to ensure a reliable start-up (see section
4.3 on page 8).
The initial tolerance, temperature drift, aging
and load pulling should be carefully specified
in order to meet the required frequency
accuracy in a certain application.
Component CL= 10 pF CL=13 pF CL=16 pF
C51 15 pF 22 pF 27 pF
C71 15 pF 22 pF 27 pF
Table 12: Crystal Oscillator Component Values
7.4 Reference signal
The chip can alternatively be operated with a
reference signal from 26 to 27 MHz instead of
a crystal. This input clock can either be a full-
swing digital signal (0 V to VDD) or a sine
wave of maximum 1 V peak-peak amplitude.
The reference signal must be connected to the
XOSC_Q1 input. The sine wave must be
connected to XOSC_Q1 using a serial
capacitor. The XOSC_Q2 line must be left un-
connected. C51 and C71 can be omitted when
using a reference signal.
7.5 Additional filtering
In the 868/915 MHz reference design, C106
and L105 together with C105 build an optional
filter to reduce emission at 699 MHz. This filter
may be necessary for applications seeking
compliance with ETSI EN 300-220, for more
information, see DN017 [6]. If this filtering is
not necessary, C105 will work as a DC block
(only necessary if there is a DC path in the
antenna). C106 and L105 should in that case
be left unmounted.
Additional external components (e.g. an RF
SAW filter) may be used in order to improve
the performance in specific applications. The
use of wire-wound inductors in the application
circuit will also improve the RF performance
and give higher output power. For more
information, see DN017 [6].
7.6 Power supply decoupling
The power supply must be properly decoupled
close to the supply pins. Note that decoupling
capacitors are not shown in the application
circuit. The placement and the size of the
decoupling capacitors are very important to
achieve the optimum performance. The
CC1150EM reference design should be
followed closely ( [1] and [2]).
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 13 of 60
7.7 Antenna Considerations
The reference designs ( [1] and [2]) contains a
SMA connector and is match for a 50 load.
The SMA connector makes it easy to connect
evaluation modules and prototypes to different
test equipment for example a spectrum
analyzer. The SMA connector can also be
replaced by an antenna suitable for the
desired application. Please refer to the
antenna selection guide AN058 [7] for further
details regarding antenna solutions provided
by TI.
Component Description
C41 Decoupling capacitor for on-chip voltage regulator to digital part
C51/C71 Crystal loading capacitors
C101/C111 RF balun/matching capacitors
C102 RF LC filter/matching filter capacitor (315 and 433 MHz). RF balun/matching
capacitor (868/915 MHz).
C103 RF LC filter/matching capacitors
C104 RF balun DC blocking capacitor
C105 RF LC filter DC blocking capacitor and part of optional RF LC filter (868/915 MHz)
C106 Part of optional RF LC filter and DC Block (868/915 MHz)
L101/L111 RF balun/matching inductors (inexpensive multi-layer type)
L102 RF LC filter/matching filter inductor (315 and 433 MHz). RF balun/matching inductor
(868/915 MHz) (inexpensive multi-layer type)
L103 RF LC filter/matching inductor (inexpensive multi-layer type)
L104 RF LC filter/matching inductor (inexpensive multi-layer type)
L105 Part of optional RF LC filter (868/915 MHz)(inexpensive multi-layer type)
R141 Resistor for internal bias current reference
XTAL 26-27 MHz crystal
Table 13: Overview of External Components (excluding supply decoupling capacitors)
a i TWQ _ || £ II I i I I I 4 HF II % ifi L . I : A|—|\:'U\1:_ L104i E % L‘W 1 I E I : I I ~|D|~ II {F Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 14 of 60
Digital Inteface
1.8V-3.6V power supply
8 GDO0
5 XOSC_Q1
6 AVDD
7 XOSC_Q2
SI 16
DGUARD 15
RBIAS 14
AVDD 13
1 SCLK
2 SO
(GDO1)
3 DVDD
4 DCOUPL
AVDD 12
RF_N 11
RF_P 10
CSn 9
XTAL
R141
C51 C71
C41
CSn
GDO0
(optional)
SO
(GDO1)
SCLK
SI
CC1150
DIE ATTACH PAD:
Antenna
(50 Ohm)
L102 L103
C102 C103
C105
C111
C101
L101
L111
C104
Figure 4: Typical Application and Evaluation Circuit 315/433 MHz (excluding supply decoupling
capacitors)
Digital Inteface
1.8V-3.6V power supply
8 GDO0
5 XOSC_Q1
6 AVDD
7 XOSC_Q2
SI 16
DGUARD 15
RBIAS 14
AVDD 13
1 SCLK
2 SO
(GDO1)
3 DVDD
4 DCOUPL
AVDD 12
RF_N 11
RF_P 10
CSn 9
XTAL
R141
C51 C71
C41
CSn
GDO0
(optional)
SO
(GDO1)
SCLK
SI
CC1150
DIE ATTACH PAD:
Antenna
(50 Ohm)
L101
C105
L111
L104
C101
C102
L102
L112
C104
C111
L103
C103
C106L105
C106 and L105 may
be added to build an
optional filter to reduce
emission at 699 MHz
Figure 5: Typical Application and Evaluation Circuit 868/915 MHz (excluding supply decoupling
capacitors)
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 15 of 60
Component Value at 31 5MHz Value at 433 MHz Value at 868/915 MHz
C41 100 nF ± 10%, 0402 X5R
C51 27 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0
C71 27 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0
C101 6.8 pF ± 0.5 pF, 0402 NP0 3.9 pF ± 0.25 pF, 0402 NP0 1.0 pF ± 0.25 pF, 0402 NP0
C102 12 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0 8.2 pF ± 0.5 pF, 0402 NP0 1.5 pF ± 0.25 pF, 0402 NP0
C103 6.8 pF ± 0.5 pF, 0402 NP0 5.6pF±0.5pF, 0402 NP0 3.3 pF ± 0.25 pF, 0402 NP0
C104 220 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0 220 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0 100 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0
C105 220 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0 220 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0 100 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0
(12 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0 if optionally
699 MHz filter is desired)
C106 (47 pF ± 5%, 0402 NP0 if optionally
699 MHz filter is desired)
C111 6.8 pF ± 0.5 pF, 0402 NP0 3.9 pF ± 0.25 pF, 0402 NP0 1.5 pF ± 0.25pF, 0402 NP0
L101 33nH±5%, 0402 monolithic 27 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic 12 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic
L102 18nH±5%, 0402 monolithic 22 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic 18 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic
L103 33 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic 27 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic 12 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic
L104 (12 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic if
optionally 699 MHz filter is desired)
L105 3.3 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic
L111 33 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic 27 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic 12 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic
L112 18 nH ± 5%, 0402 monolithic
R141 56 k±1%, 0402
XTAL 26.0 MHz surface mount crystal
Table 14: Bill of Materials for the Application Circuit (Murata LQG15HS and GRM1555C series
inductors and capacitors, resistor from the Koa RK73 series, and AT-41CD2 crystal from NDK)
7.8 PCB Layout Recommendations
The top layer should be used for signal
routing, and the open areas should be filled
with metallization connected to ground using
several vias.
The area under the chip is used for grounding
and shall be connected to the bottom ground
plane with several vias for good thermal
performance and sufficiently low inductance to
ground.
In the CC1150EM reference designs ( [1] and
[2]), 5 vias are placed inside the exposed die
attached pad. These vias should be “tented”
(covered with solder mask) on the component
side of the PCB to avoid migration of solder
through the vias during the solder reflow
process.
The solder paste coverage should not be
100%. If it is, out gassing may occur during the
reflow process, which may cause defects
(splattering, solder balling). Using “tented” vias
reduces the solder paste coverage below
100%. See Figure 6 for top solder resist and
top paste masks.
All the decoupling capacitors should be placed
as close as possible to the supply pin it is
supposed to decouple. Each decoupling
capacitor should be connected to the power
line (or power plane) by separate vias. The
best routing is from the power line (or power
plane) to the decoupling capacitor and then to
the
CC1150
supply pin. Supply power filtering is
very important.
Each decoupling capacitor ground pad should
be connected to the ground plane by separate
vias. Direct connections between neighboring
power pins will increase noise coupling and
should be avoided unless absolutely
necessary. Routing in the ground plane
underneath and between the chip, the
balun/RF matching circuit and the decoupling
capacitor’s ground vias should also be
INSTRUMENTS {’9 Tms
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 16 of 60
avoided. This improves the grounding and
ensures the shortest possible return path for
stray currents.
The external components should ideally be as
small as possible (0402 is recommended) and
surface mount devices are highly
recommended. Please note that components
smaller than those specified may have
differing characteristics.
Precaution should be used when placing the
microcontroller in order to avoid noise
interfering with the RF circuitry.
It is strongly advised that the CC1150EM
reference design ( [1] and [2]) layout is followed
very closely in order to get the best
performance. Gerber files and schematics for
the reference designs are available for
download from the TI website.
Figure 6: Left: Top Solder Resist Mask (Negative). Right: Top Paste Mask. Circles are Vias
8 Configuration Overview
CC1150
can be configured to achieve optimum
performance for many different applications.
Configuration is done using the SPI interface.
The following key parameters can be
programmed:
Power-down / power-up mode
Crystal oscillator power-up / power – down
Transmit mode
RF channel selection
Data rate
Modulation format
RF output power
Data buffering with 64-byte transmit FIFO
Packet radio hardware support
Forward Error Correction with interleaving
Data Whitening
Details of each configuration register can be
found in section 25, starting on page 42.
Figure 7 shows a simplified state diagram that
explains the main
CC1150
states, together with
typical usage and current consumption. For
detailed information on controlling the
CC1150
state machine, and a complete state diagram,
see section 16, starting on page 30.
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 17 of 60
Transmit mode
IDLE
Manual freq.
synth. calibration
TX FIFO
underflow
Frequency
synthesizer on
SFSTXON
STX
STX
SFTX
SIDLE
SCAL
IDLE
TXOFF_MODE=00
SRX or STX or SFSTXON
Sleep
SPWD
Crystal
oscillator off
SXOFF
CSn=0
CSn=0
TXOFF_MODE=01
Frequency
synthesizer startup,
optional calibration,
settling
Optional freq.
synth. calibration
Default state when the radio is not
receiving or transmitting. Typ.
current consumption: 1.1 mA.
Lowest power mode.
Register values are lost.
Current consumption typ
200nA.
All register values are
retained. Typ. current
consumption; 0.22 mA.
Used for calibrating frequency
synthesizer upfront (entering
transmit mode can then be
done quicker). Transitional
state. Typ. current
consumption: 7.7 mA.
Frequency synthesizer is turned on, can optionally be
calibrated, and then settles to the correct frequency.
Transitional state. Typ. current consumption: 7.7 mA.
Frequency synthesizer is on,
ready to start transmitting.
Transmission starts very
quickly after receiving the STX
command strobe.Typ. current
consumption: 7.7 mA.
Typ. current consumption 868 MHz:
14 mA at -10 dBm output,
15 mA at 0 dBm output,
24 mA at +7 dBm output,
29 mA at +10 dBm output.
Optional transitional state. Typ.
current consumption: 7.7 mA.
In FIFO-based modes,
transmission is turned off and
this state entered if the TX
FIFO becomes empty in the
middle of a packet. Typ.
current consumption: 1.1 mA.
Figure 7: Simplified State Diagram with Typical Usage and Current Consumption
9 Configuration Software
CC1150
can be configured using the SmartRF®
Studio [11] software, available for download
from www.ti.com/smartrfstudio. The SmartRF
Studio software is highly recommended for
obtaining optimum register settings, and for
evaluating performance and functionality. A
screenshot of the SmartRF Studio user
interface for
CC1150
is shown in Figure 8.
After chip reset, all the registers have default
values as shown in the tables in section 25.
The optimum register setting might differ from
the default value. After a reset all registers that
shall be different from the default value
therefore needs to be programmed through
the SPI interface.
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CC1150
SWRS037A Page 18 of 60
Figure 8: SmartRF Studio User Interface
10 4-wire Serial Configuration and Data Interface
CC1150
is configured via a simple 4-wire SPI-
compatible interface (SI, SO, SCLK and CSn)
where
CC1150
is the slave. This interface is
also used to read and write buffered data. All
address and data transfer on the SPI interface
is done most significant bit first.
All transactions on the SPI interface start with
a header byte containing a read/write bit, a
burst access bit and a 6-bit address.
During address and data transfer, the CSn pin
(Chip Select, active low) must be kept low. If
CSn goes high during the access, the transfer
will be cancelled. The timing for the address
and data transfer on the SPI interface is shown
in Figure 9 with reference to Table 15.
When CSn is pulled low, the MCU must wait
until the
CC1150
SO pin goes low before starting
to transfer the header byte. This indicates that
the voltage regulator has stabilized and the
crystal is running. Unless the chip is in the
SLEEP or XOFF states, the SO pin will always
go low immediately after taking CSn low.
z ‘ {P Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 19 of 60
0 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A0A1 DW7 DW6 DW5 DW4 D W
3 DW2 DW1 D W0
1 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A0A1
DR
7 DR
6 DR5 DR
4 DR
3 D R
2 DR1 D
R
0
Read from register:
Write to register:
Hi-Z
X
SCLK:
CSn:
SI
SO
SI
SO Hi-Z
t
sp t
ch t
cl tsd thd t
ns
X X
Hi-Z
X
S7 S
6 S
5 S4 S
3 S
2 S
1 S0
Hi-Z
S7 S
6 S
5 S4 S
3 S
2 S
1 S0 S7 S6 S5 S4 S3 S2 S1 S0 S7
X
Figure 9: Configuration Registers Write and Read Operations
Parameter Description Min Max Units
SCLK frequency
100 ns delay inserted between address byte and data byte (single access), or between
address and data, and between each data byte (burst access).
- 10 MHz
SCLK frequency, single access
No delay between address and data byte 9
fSCLK
SCLK frequency, burst access
No delay between address and data byte, or between data bytes 6.5
tsp,pd CSn low to positive edge on SCLK, in power-down mode 150 - µs
tsp CSn low to positive edge on SCLK, in active mode 20 - ns
tch Clock high 50 - ns
tcl Clock low 50 - ns
trise Clock rise time - 5 ns
tfall Clock fall time - 5 ns
Single access 55 - ns tsd Setup data (negative SCLK edge) to
positive edge on SCLK
(tsd applies between address and data bytes, and
between data bytes)
Burst access 76 - ns
thd Hold data after positive edge on SCLK 20 - ns
tns Negative edge on SCLK to CSn high 20 - ns
Table 15: SPI Interface Timing Requirements
Note that the minimum tsp,pd figure in Table 15 can be used in cases where the user does not read the
CHIP_RDYn signal. CSn low to positive edge on SCLK when the chip is woken from power-down
depends on the start-up time of the crystal being used. The 150 µs in Table 15 is the crystal oscillator
start-up time measured using crystal AT-41CD2 from NDK.
10.1 Chip Status Byte
When the header byte, data byte or command
strobe is sent on the SPI interface, the chip
status byte is sent by the
CC1150
on the SO pin.
The status byte contains key status signals,
useful for the MCU. The first bit, s7, is the
CHIP_RDYn signal; this signal must go low
before the first positive edge of SCLK. The
CHIP_RDYn signal indicates that the crystal is
running and the regulated digital supply
voltage is stable.
Bit 6, 5 and 4 comprises the STATE value. This
value reflects the state of the chip. The XOSC
and power to the digital core is on in the IDLE
state, but all other modules are in power down.
The frequency and channel configuration
should only be updated when the chip is in this
state. The TX state will be active when the
chip is transmitting.
The last four bits (3:0) in the status byte con-
tains FIFO_BYTES_AVAILABLE. This field
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 20 of 60
contains the number of bytes free for writing
into the TX FIFO. When
FIFO_BYTES_AVAILABLE=15, 15 or more
bytes are free. Table 16 gives a status byte
summary.
Bits Name Description
7 CHIP_RDYn Stays high until power and crystal have stabilized. Should always be low when using
the SPI interface.
6:4 STATE[2:0] Indicates the current main state machine mode
Value State Description
000 Idle IDLE state
(Also reported for some transitional states instead
of SETTLING or CALIBRATE, due to a small error)
001 Not used Not used
010 TX Transmit mode
011 FSTXON Fast TX ready
100 CALIBRATE Frequency synthesizer calibration is running
101 SETTLING PLL is settling
110 Not used Not used
111 TXFIFO_UNDERFLOW TX FIFO has underflowed. Acknowledge with
SFTX
3:0 FIFO_BYTES_AVAILABLE[3:0] The number of free bytes in the TX FIFO.
Table 16: Status Byte Summary
10.2 Register Access
The configuration registers on the
CC1150
are
located on SPI addresses from 0x00 to 0x2E.
Table 26 on page 43 lists all configuration
registers. The detailed description of each
register is found in Section 25.1, starting on
page 45.
All configuration registers can be both written
and read. The read/write bit controls if the
register should be written or read. When
writing to registers, the status byte is sent on
the SO pin each time a header byte or data
byte is transmitted on the SI pin. When
reading from registers, the status byte is sent
on the SO pin each time a header byte is
transmitted on the SI pin.
Registers with consecutive addresses can be
accessed in an efficient way by setting the
burst bit in the address header. The address
sets the start address in an internal address
counter. This counter is incremented by one
each new byte (every 8 clock pulses). The
burst access is either a read or a write access
and must be terminated by setting CSn high.
For register addresses in the range 0x30-
0x3D, the burst bit is used to select between
status registers (burst bit is 1) and command
strobes (burst bit is 0). See more in section
10.3 below. Because of this, burst access is
not available for status registers, so they must
be read one at a time. The status registers can
only be read.
10.3 SPI Read
When reading register fields over the SPI
interface while the register fields are updated
by the radio hardware (e.g. MARCSTATE or
TXBYTES), there is a small, but finite,
probability that a single read from the register
is being corrupt. As an example, the probability
of any single read from TXBYTES being
corrupt, assuming the maximum data rate is
used, is approximately 80 ppm. Refer to the
CC1150
Errata Notes [8] for more details.
10.4 Command Strobes
Command Strobes may be viewed as single
byte instructions to
CC1150
. By addressing a
Command Strobe register, internal sequences
will be started. These commands are used to
disable the crystal oscillator, enable transmit
mode, flush the TX FIFO etc. The nine
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CC1150
SWRS037A Page 21 of 60
command strobes are listed in Table 25 on
page 42.
Note that an SIDLE strobe will clear all
pending command strobes until IDLE state is
reached. This means that if for example an
SIDLE strobe is issued while the radio is in TX
state, any other command strobes issued
before the radio reaches IDLE state will be
ignored.
The command strobe registers are accessed
in the same way as for a register write
operation, but no data is transferred. That is,
only the R/W bit (set to 0), burst access (set to
0) and the six address bits (in the range 0x30
through 0x3D) are written.
When writing command strobes, the status
byte is sent on the SO pin.
A command strobe may be followed by any
other SPI access without pulling CSn high.
However, if an SRES command strobe is being
issued, on will have to wait for the SO pin to go
low before the next command strobe can be
issued as shown in Figure 10.The command
strobes are executed immediately, with the
exception of the SPWD and the SXOFF strobes
that are executed when CSn goes high.
Figure 10: SRES Command Strobe
10.5 FIFO Access
The 64-byte TX FIFO is accessed through the
0x3F addresses. When the read/write bit is
zero, the TX FIFO is accessed. The TX FIFO
is write-only.
The burst bit is used to determine if FIFO
access is single byte or a burst access. The
single byte access method expects address
with burst bit set to zero and one data byte.
After the data byte a new address is expected;
hence, CSn can remain low. The burst access
method expects one address byte and then
consecutive data bytes until terminating the
access by setting CSn high.
The following header bytes access the FIFO:
0x3F: Single byte access to TX FIFO
0x7F: Burst access to TX FIFO
When writing to the TX FIFO, the status byte
(see Section 10.1) is output for each new data
byte on SO, as shown in Figure 10. This status
byte can be used to detect TX FIFO underflow
while writing data to the TX FIFO. Note that
the status byte contains the number of bytes
free before writing the byte in progress to the
TX FIFO. When the last byte that fits in the TX
FIFO is transmitted to the SI pin, the status
byte received concurrently on the SO pin will
indicate that one byte is free in the TX FIFO.
The TX FIFO may be flushed by issuing a
SFTX command strobe. The SFTX command
strobe can only be issues in the IDLE or
TX_UNDERFLOW states. The FIFO is cleared
when going to the SLEEP state.
Figure 11 gives a brief overview of different
register access types possible.
DATA
byte 0
A
DDR
FIFO DATA
byte 1 DATA
byte 2 DATA
byte n-1 DATA
byte n
...
A
DDR
strobe
DATA
A
DDR
strobe
A
DDR
reg
A
DDR
reg n DATA
nDATA
n+1 DATA
n+2 ...
A
DDR
strobe ...
CSn:
Command strobe(s):
Read or write register(s):
R
ead or write consecutive registers (burst):
DATA
A
DDR
reg DATA
A
DDR
reg ...
DATA
byte 0
A
DDR
FIFO DATA
byte 1
Combinations: DATA
A
DDR
reg DATA
A
DDR
reg
A
DDR
strobe
A
DDR
strobe ...
Read or write n+1 bytes from/to RF FIFO:
Figure 11: Register Access Types
{59 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 22 of 60
10.6 PATABLE Access
The 0x3E address is used to access the
PATABLE, which is used for selecting PA
power control settings. The SPI expects up to
eight data bytes after receiving the address.
By programming the PATABLE, controlled PA
power ramp-up and ramp-down can be
achieved, as well as ASK modulation shaping
for reduced bandwidth. Note that the ASK
modulation shaping is limited to output powers
below -1 dBm. See SmartRF Studio [11] for
recommended shaping sequence. See also
section 21 on page 35 for details on output
power programming.
The PATABLE is an 8-byte table that defines
the PA control settings to use for each of the
eight PA power values (selected by the 3-bit
value FREND0.PA_POWER). The table is
written and read from the lowest setting (0) to
the highest (7), one byte at a time. An index
counter is used to control the access to the
table. This counter is incremented each time a
byte is read or written to the table, and set to
the lowest index when CSn is high. When the
highest value is reached the counter restarts at
zero.
The access to the PATABLE is either single
byte or burst access depending on the burst
bit. When using burst access the index counter
will count up; when reaching 7 the counter will
restart at 0. The read/write bit controls whether
the access is a write access (R/W=0) or a read
access (R/W=1).
If one byte is written to the PATABLE and this
value is to be read out then CSn must be set
high before the read access in order to set the
index counter back to zero.
Note that the content of the PATABLE is lost
when entering the SLEEP state. For more
information, see DN501 [8].
11 Microcontroller Interface and Pin Configuration
In a typical system,
CC1150
will interface to a
microcontroller. This microcontroller must be
able to:
Program
CC1150
into different modes,
Write buffered data
Read back status information via the 4-wire
SPI-bus configuration interface (SI, SO,
SCLK and CSn).
11.1 Configuration Interface
The microcontroller uses four I/O pins for the
SPI configuration interface (SI, SO, SCLK and CSn). The SPI is described in Section 10 on
page 18.
11.2 General Control and Status Pins
The
CC1150
has one dedicated configurable pin
(GDO0) and one shared pin (GDO1/SO) that
can output internal status information useful for
control software. These pins can be used to
generate interrupts on the MCU. See section
22 page 37 for more details of the signals that
can be programmed. The shared pin is the SO
pin in the SPI interface. The default setting for
GDO1/SO is 3-state output. By selecting any
other of the programming options the
GDO1/SO pin will become a generic pin. When
CSn is low, the pin will always function as a
normal SO pin.
In the synchronous and asynchronous serial
modes, the GDO0 pin is used as a serial TX
data input pin while in transmit mode.
The GDO0 pin can also be used for an on-chip
analog temperature sensor. By measuring the
voltage on the GDO0 pin with an external ADC,
the temperature can be calculated.
Specifications for the temperature sensor are
found in section 4.5 on page 9. With default
PTEST register setting (0x7F), the temperature
sensor output is only available when the
frequency synthesizer is enabled (e.g. the
MANCAL, FSTXON and TX states). It is
necessary to write 0xBF to the PTEST register
to use the analog temperature sensor in the
IDLE state. Before leaving the IDLE state, the
PTEST register should be restored to its
default value (0x7F).
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 23 of 60
11.3 Optional Radio Control Feature
The
CC1150
has an optional way of controlling
the radio by reusing SI, SCLK, and CSn from
the SPI interface. This feature allows for a
simple three-pin control of the major states of
the radio: SLEEP, IDLE, and TX.
This optional functionality is enabled with the
MCSM0.PIN_CTRL_EN configuration bit.
State changes are commanded as follows:
If CSn is high, the SI and SCLK are set to
the desired state according to Table 17.
If CSn goes low, the state of SI and SCLK
is latched and a command strobe is
generated internally according to the pin
configuration.
It is only possible to change state with the
latter functionality. That means that for
instance TX will not be restarted if SI and
SCLK are set to TX and CSn toggles. When
CSn is low the SI and SCLK has normal SPI
functionality.
All pin control command strobes are executed
immediately except the SPWD strobe. The
SPWD strobe is delayed until CSn goes high.
CSn SCLK SI Function
1 X X Chip unaffected by SCLK/SI
0 0 Generates SPWD strobe
0 1 Generates STX strobe
1 0 Generates SIDLE strobe
1 1
Defined on the transceiver
version (
CC1101
)
0 SPI
mode
SPI
mode
SPI mode (wakes up into
IDLE if in SLEEP/XOFF)
Table 17: Optional Pin Control Coding
12 Data Rate Programming
The data rate used when transmitting is
programmed by the MDMCFG3.DRATE_M and
the MDMCFG4.DRATE_E configuration
registers. The data rate is given by the formula
below. As the formula shows, the programmed
data rate depends on the crystal frequency.
()
XOSC
EDRATE
DATA f
MDRATE
R
+
=28
_
2
2_256
The following approach can be used to find
suitable values for a given data rate:
256
2
2
_
2
log_
_
28
20
2
=
=
EDRATE
XOSC
DATA
XOSC
DATA
f
R
MDRATE
f
R
EDRATE
If DRATE_M is rounded to the nearest integer
and becomes 256, increment DRATE_E and
use DRATE_M=0.
The data rate can be set from 0.8 kBaud to
500 kBaud with the minimum data rate step
size changes according to Table 18 below.
Min Data
rate
[kBaud]
Typical data
rate
[kBaud]
Max Data
rate
[kBaud]
Data rate
step size
[kBaud]
0.8 1.2 / 2.4 3.17 0.0062
3.17 4.8 6.35 0.0124
6.35 9.6 12.7 0.0248
12.7 19.6 25.4 0.0496
25.4 38.4 50.8 0.0992
50.8 76.8 101.6 0.1984
101.6 153.6 203.1 0.3967
203.1 250 406.3 0.7935
406.3 500 500 1.5869
Table 18: Data Rate Step Size
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CC1150
SWRS037A Page 24 of 60
13 Packet Handling Hardware Support
The
CC1150
has built-in hardware support for
packet oriented radio protocols.
In transmit mode, the packet handler can be
configured to add the following elements to the
packet stored in the TX FIFO:
A programmable number of preamble
bytes.
A two byte Synchronization Word. Can be
duplicated to give a 4-byte sync word
(recommended). It is not possible to only
insert preamble or only insert a sync word.
Optionally whitening the data with a PN9
sequence.
Optionally Interleave and Forward Error
Code the data.
Optionally compute and add a 2 byte CRC
checksum over the data field.
In a system where
CC1150
is used as the
transmitter and
CC1101
as the receiver the
recommended setting is 4-byte preamble and
4-byte sync word except for 500 kBaud data
rate where the recommended preamble length
is 8 bytes.
Note that register fields that control the packet
handling features should only be altered when
CC1150
is in the IDLE state.
13.1 Data whitening
From a radio perspective, the ideal over the air
data are random and DC free. This results in
the smoothest power distribution over the
occupied bandwidth. This also gives the
regulation loops in the receiver uniform
operation conditions (no data dependencies).
Real world data often contain long sequences
of zeros and ones. Performance can then be
improved by whitening the data before
transmitting, and de-whitening in the receiver.
With
CC1150
, in combination with a
CC1101
at
the receiver end, this can be done
automatically by setting PKTCTRL0
.WHITE_DATA=1. All data, except the
preamble and the sync word, are then XOR-ed
with a 9-bit pseudo-random (PN9) sequence
before being transmitted as shown in Figure
12. The PN9 sequence is initialized to all 1’s.
At the receiver end, the data are XOR-ed with
the same pseudo-random sequence. This way,
the whitening is reversed, and the original data
appear in the receiver.
Setting PKTCTRL0 .WHITE_DATA=1 is
recommended for all uses, except when over-
the-air compatibility with other systems is
needed.
Figure 12: Data Whitening in TX Mode
% 4) % a % fl) D (1mm 1mm 2 i E ”3'3"“ E D m» g g u D (—a x n bus—X1682 bnséébiséébLX—S x n nus—x—ws nus—) SWRsua7A Page 25 of so *PTEms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 25 of 60
13.2 Packet Format
The format of the data packet can be
configured and consists of the following items:
Preamble
Synchronization word
Optional length byte
Optional Address byte
Payload
Optional 2 byte CRC
Preamble bits
(1010...1010)
Sync word
Length field
Address field
Data field
CRC-16
Optional CRC-16 calculation
Optionally FEC encoded/decoded
8 x n bits 16/32 bits 8
bits
8
bits 8 x n bits 16 bits
Optional data whitening
Legend:
Inserted automatically in TX,
processed and removed in RX.
Optional user-provided fields processed in TX,
processed but not removed in RX.
Unprocessed user data (apart from FEC
and/or whitening)
Figure 13: Packet Format
The preamble pattern is an alternating
sequence of ones and zeros (01010101…).
The number of preamble bytes is programmed
with the MDMCFG1.NUM_PREAMBLE value.
When enabling TX, the modulator will start
transmitting the preamble. When the
programmed number of preamble bytes has
been transmitted, the modulator will send the
sync word and then data from the TX FIFO if
data is available. If the TX FIFO is empty, the
modulator will continue to send preamble
bytes until the first byte is written to the TX
FIFO. The modulator will then send the sync
word and then the data bytes.
The synchronization word is a two-byte value
set in the SYNC1 and SYNC0 registers. The
sync word provides byte synchronization of the
incoming packet. A one-byte synch word can
be emulated by setting the SYNC1 value to the
preamble pattern. It is also possible to emulate
a 32 bit sync word by using
MDMCFG2.SYNC_MODE set to 3 or 7. The sync
word will then be repeated twice.
CC1150
supports both fixed packet length
protocols and variable packet length protocols.
Variable or fixed packet length mode can be
used for packets up to 255 bytes. For longer
packets, infinite packet length mode must be
used.
Fixed packet length mode is selected by
setting PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=0. The
desired packet length is set by the PKTLEN
register. In variable packet length mode
PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=1, the packet
length is configured by the first byte after the
sync word. The packet length is defined as the
payload data, excluding the length byte and
the optional automatic CRC.
With PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=2, the
packet length is set to infinite and transmission
will continue until turned off manually. The
infinite mode can be turned off while a packet
is being transmitted. As described in the next
section, this can be used to support packet
formats with different length configuration than
natively supported by
CC1150
. One should
make sure that TX mode is not turned off
during the transmission of the first half of any
byte. Refer to the
CC1150
Errata Notes [8] for
more details.
Note that the minimum packet length
supported (excluding the optional length byte
and CRC) is one byte of payload data.
13.2.1 Arbitrary Length Field Configuration
The packet automation control register,
PKTCTRL0, can be reprogrammed during TX.
This opens the possibility to transmit packets
that are longer than 256 bytes and still be able
to use the packet handling hardware support.
At the start of the packet, the infinite mode
(PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=2) must be
active. The PKTLEN register is set to
mod(length, 256). When less than 256
bytes remains of the packet, the MCU disables
infinite packet length and activates fixed length
packets. When the internal byte counter
reaches the PKTLEN value, the transmission
ends (the radio enters the state determined by
TXOFF_MODE). Automatic CRC appending
can be used (by setting
PKTCTRL0.CRC_EN=1).
Internal byte counker in packet handler counts from 010 255 and then slams a‘ 0 agaln 0,1 .V.,255,0,.V. tInfinite packet length enabled Fixed packet lengm \ 600 b [es transmmed enabled when less than y 256 bytes remains of packet Length field transmitted. TX PKTLEN value se‘ m mod(600,256) = 88 *FTEXAS lerRuMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 26 of 60
When for example a 600-byte packet is to be
transmitted, the MCU should do the following
(see also Figure 14):
Set PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=2.
Pre-program the PKTLEN register to
mod(600,256)=88.
Transmit at least 345 bytes, for example
by filling the 64-byte TX FIFO six times
(384 bytes transmitted).
Set PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=0.
The transmission ends when the packet
counter reaches 88. A total of 600 bytes
are transmitted.
Figure 14: Arbitrary Length Field Configuration
13.3 Packet Handling in Transmit Mode
The payload that is to be transmitted must be
written into the TX FIFO. The first byte written
must be the length byte when variable packet
length is enabled. The length byte has a value
equal to the payload of the packet (including
the optional address byte). If fixed packet
length is enabled, then the first byte written to
the TX FIFO is interpreted as the destination
address, if this feature is enabled in the device
that receives the packet.
The modulator will first send the programmed
number of preamble bytes. If data is available
in the TX FIFO, the modulator will send the
two-byte (optionally 4-byte) sync word and
then the payload in the TX FIFO. If CRC is
enabled, the checksum is calculated over all
the data pulled from the TX FIFO and the
result is sent as two extra bytes at the end of
the payload data. If the TX FIFO runs empty
before the complete packet has been
transmitted, the radio will enter
TXFIFO_UNDERFLOW state. The only way to
exit this state is by issuing an SFTX strobe.
Writing to the TX FIFO after it has underflowed
will not restart TX mode.
If whitening is enabled, the length byte,
payload data and the two CRC bytes will be
whitened. This is done before the optional
FEC/Interleaver stage. Whitening is enabled
by setting PKTCTRL0.WHITE_DATA=1.
If FEC/Interleaving is enabled, the length byte,
payload data and the two CRC bytes will be
scrambled by the interleaver, and FEC
encoded before being modulated. FEC is
enabled by setting MDMCFG1.FEC_EN=1.
13.4 Packet Handling in Firmware
When implementing a packet oriented radio
protocol in firmware, the MCU needs to know
when a packet has been transmitted.
Additionally, for packets longer than 64 bytes,
the TX FIFO needs to be refilled while in TX.
This means that the MCU needs to know the
number of bytes that can be written to the TX
FIFO. There are two possible solutions to get
the necessary status information:
a) Interrupt Driven Solution
The GDO pins can be used in TX to give an
interrupt when a sync word has been
transmitted or when a complete packet has
been transmitted by setting
IOCFGx.GDOx_CFG=0x06. In addition, there
are two configurations for the
IOCFGx.GDOx_CFG register that can be used
as an interrupt source to provide information
on how many bytes that is in the TX FIFO. The
IOCFGx.GDOx_CFG=0x02 and the
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 27 of 60
IOCFGx.GDOx_CFG=0x03 configurations are
associated with the TX FIFO. See Table 24 for
more information.
b) SPI Polling
The PKTSTATUS register can be polled at a
given rate to get information about the current
GDO2 and GDO0 values respectively. The
TXBYTES register can be polled at a given rate
to get information about the number of bytes in
the TX FIFO. Alternatively, the number of
bytes in the TX FIFO can be read from the
chip status byte returned on the MISO line
each time a header byte, data byte, or
command strobe is sent on the SPI bus.
It is recommended to employ an interrupt
driven solution due to that when using SPI
polling, there is a small, but finite, probability
that a single read from registers PKTSTATUS
and TXBYTES is being corrupt. The same is
the case when reading the chip status byte.
This is explained in the
CC1150
Errata Notes [8]
Refer to the TI website for SW examples [12]
14 Modulation Formats
CC1150
supports amplitude, frequency and
phase shift modulation formats. The desired
modulation format is set in the
MDMCFG2.MOD_FORMAT register.
Optionally, the data stream can be Manchester
coded by the modulator. This option is enabled
by setting MDMCFG2.MANCHESTER_EN=1.
Manchester encoding cuts the effective data
rate in half, and thus Manchester is not
supported for 500 kBaud. Further note that
Manchester encoding is not supported at the
same time as using the FEC/Interleaver option
or when using MSK modulation.
14.1 Frequency Shift Keying
CC1150
has the possibility to use Gaussian
shaped 2_FSK (GFSK). The 2-FSK signal is
then shaped by a Gaussian filter with BT=1,
producing a GFSK modulated signal. This
spectrum-shaping feature improves adjacent
channel power (ACP) and occupied
bandwidth.
In “true” 2-FSK systems with abrupt frequency
shifting, the spectrum is inherently broad. By
making the frequency shift “softer”, the
spectrum can be made significantly narrower.
Thus, higher data rates can be transmitted in
the same bandwidth using GFSK.
The frequency deviation is programmed with
the DEVIATION_M and DEVIATION_E values
in the DEVIATN register. The value has an
exponent/mantissa form, and the resultant
deviation is given by:
EDEVIATION
xosc
dev MDEVIATION
f
f_
17 2)_8(
2+=
The symbol encoding is shown in Table 19.
Format Symbol Coding
2-FSK/GFSK ‘0’ Deviation
‘1’ + Deviation
Table 19: Symbol Encoding for 2-FSK/GFSK
Modulation
14.2 Minimum Shift Keying
When using MSK1, the complete transmission
(preamble, sync word and payload) will be
MSK modulated.
Phase shifts are performed with a constant
transition time. The fraction of a symbol period
1 Identical to offset QPSK with half-sine
shaping (data coding may differ)
used to change the phase can be modified
with the DEVIATN.DEVIATION_M setting.
This is equivalent to changing the shaping of
the symbol.
Note that when using MSK, Manchester
encoding must be disabled by setting
MDMCFG2.MANCHESTER_EN=0. Further note
that the MSK modulation format implemented
in
CC1150
inverts the data compared to e.g.
signal generators.
{P Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 28 of 60
14.3 Amplitude Modulation
CC1150
supports two different forms of
amplitude modulation: On-Off Keying (OOK)
and Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK).
OOK modulation simply turns on or off the PA
to modulate 1 and 0 respectively.
The ASK variant supported by the
CC1150
allows programming of the modulation depth
(the difference between 1 and 0), and shaping
of the pulse amplitude. Pulse shaping will
produce a more bandwidth constrained output
spectrum.
Note that the OOK/ASK pulse shaping feature
on the
CC1150
does only support output power
up to about -1 dBm.
The DEVIATN register has no effect when
using ASK/OOK.
15 Forward Error Correction with Interleaving
15.1 Forward Error Correction (FEC)
CC1150
has built in support for Forward Error
Correction (FEC) that can be used with
CC1101
at the receiver end. To enable this option, set
MDMCFG1.FEC_EN to 1. FEC is only supported
in fixed packet length mode, i.e. when
PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=0. FEC is
employed on the data field and CRC word in
order to reduce the gross bit error rate when
operating near the sensitivity limit.
Redundancy is added to the transmitted data
in such a way that the receiver can restore the
original data in the presence of some bit
errors.
The use of FEC allows correct reception at a
lower Signal-to-Noise RATIO (SNR), thus
extending communication range. Alternatively,
for a given SNR, using FEC decreases the bit
error rate (BER). As the packet error rate
(PER) is related to BER by
lengthpacket
BERPER _
)1(1 =
A lower BER can be used to allow longer
packets, or a higher percentage of packets of
a given length, to be transmitted successfully.
Finally, in realistic ISM radio environments,
transient and time-varying phenomena will
produce occasional errors even in otherwise
good reception conditions. FEC will mask such
errors and, combined with interleaving of the
coded data, even correct relatively long
periods of faulty reception (burst errors).
The FEC scheme adopted for
CC1150
is
convolutional coding, in which n bits are
generated based on k input bits and the m
most recent input bits, forming a code stream
able to withstand a certain number of bit errors
between each coding state (the m-bit window).
The convolutional coder is a rate 1/2 code with
a constraint length of m=4. The coder codes
one input bit and produces two output bits;
hence, the effective data rate is halved. This
means that in order to transmit at the same
effective data rate when using FEC, it is
necessary to use twice as high over-the-air
data rate.
15.2 Interleaving
Data received through real radio channels will
often experience burst errors due to
interference and time-varying signal strengths.
In order to increase the robustness to errors
spanning multiple bits, interleaving is used
when FEC is enabled. After de-interleaving, a
continuous span of errors in the received
stream will become single errors spread apart.
CC1150
employs matrix interleaving, which is
illustrated in Figure 15. The on-chip
interleaving buffer is a 4 x 4 matrix. In the
transmitter, the data bits are written into the
rows of the matrix, whereas the bit sequence
to be transmitted is read from the columns of
the matrix and fed to the rate ½ convolutional
coder. Conversely, in a
CC1101
receiver, the
received symbols are written into the rows of
the matrix, whereas the data passed onto the
convolutional decoder is read from the
columns of the matrix.
When FEC and interleaving is used, at least
one extra byte is required for trellis
termination. In addition, the amount of data
transmitted over the air must be a multiple of
the size of the interteaver buffer (two bytes). before th The packet control hardware therefore in a CCZI automatically inserts one or two extra bytes at the end of the packet, so that the total length When F of the data to be interleaved is an even m‘W'mum number. Note that these extra bytes are variable invisible to the user, as they are removed lnterleaver Interleav Write bufler Read out Packet FEC Englne _) Encoder —) Demodulator SWRSUa7A w TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 29 of 60
the size of the interleaver buffer (two bytes).
The packet control hardware therefore
automatically inserts one or two extra bytes at
the end of the packet, so that the total length
of the data to be interleaved is an even
number. Note that these extra bytes are
invisible to the user, as they are removed
before the received packet enters the RX FIFO
in a
CC1101
.
When FEC and interleaving is used, the
minimum data payload is 2 bytes in fixed and
variable packet length mode.
Packet
Engine
FEC
Encoder Modulator
Interleaver
Write buffer
Interleaver
Read buffer
Demodulator FEC
Decoder
Packet
Engine
Interleaver
Write buffer
Interleaver
Read buffer
Figure 15: General Principle of Matrix Interleaving
lerRUMEN'I'S ¢TEXAS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 30 of 60
16 Radio Control
TX
19,20
IDLE
1
CALIBRATE
8
MANCAL
3,4,5
SETTLING
9,10
TX_UNDERFLOW
22
FSTXON
18
SFSTXON
FS_AUTOCAL = 00 | 10 | 11
&
STX | SFSTXON
STX
STX
TXFIFO_UNDERFLOW
SFTX
SIDLE
SCAL
CAL_COMPLETE
FS_AUTOCAL = 01
&
STX | SFSTXON
CAL_COMPLETE
CALIBRATE
12
IDLE
1
TXOFF_MODE = 00
&
FS_AUTOCAL = 10 | 11
TXOFF_MODE = 00
&
FS_AUTOCAL = 00 | 01
TXOFF_MODE = 10
FS_WAKEUP
6,7
STX | SFSTXON
SLEEP
0
SPWD
XOFF
2
SXOFF
CSn = 0
CSn = 0
TXOFF_MODE = 01
Figure 16: Radio Control State Diagram
CC1150
has a built-in state machine that is
used to switch between different operations
states (modes). The change of state is done
either by using command strobes or by
internal events such as TX FIFO underflow.
CSn {£9 Tm: INSTRUMENTS T_ xosc Stable xosc and voltage regu‘zwr swimhw an 40 us _I_l—|_l— I—|_[— L XOSC Slab‘e SO --
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 31 of 60
A simplified state diagram, together with
typical usage and current consumption, is
shown in Figure 7 on page 17. The complete
radio control state diagram is shown in Figure
16. The numbers refer to the state number
readable in the MARCSTATE status register.
This functionality is primarily for test purposes.
16.1 Power on Start-up Sequence
When the power supply is turned on, the
system must be reset. This is achieved by one
of the two sequences described below, i.e.
Automatic power-on reset or manual reset.
After the automatic power-on reset or manual
reset it is also recommended to change the
signal that is output on the GDO0 pin. The
default setting is to output a clock signal with a
frequency of CLK_XOSC/192, but to optimize
performance in TX, an alternative GDO setting
should be selected from the settings found in
Table 24 on page 38.
16.1.1 Automatic POR
A power-on reset circuit is included in the
CC1150
. The minimum requirements stated in
Section 4.7 must be followed for the power-on
reset to function properly. The internal power-
up sequence is completed when CHIP_RDYn
goes low. CHIP_RDYn is observed on the SO
pin after CSn is pulled low. See Section 10.1
for more details on CHIP_RDYn.
When the
CC1150
reset is completed the chip
will be in the IDLE state and the crystal
oscillator running. If the chip has had sufficient
time for the crystal oscillator and voltage
regulator to stabilize after the power-on-reset,
the SO pin will go low immediately after taking
CSn low. If CSn is taken low before reset is
completed the SO pin will first go high,
indicating that the crystal oscillator and voltage
regulator is not stabilized, before going low as
shown in Figure 17.
Figure 17: Power-on Reset
16.1.2 Manual Reset
The other global reset possibility on
CC1150
is
the SRES command strobe. By issuing this
strobe, all internal registers and states are set
to the default, IDLE state. The power-up
sequence is as follows (see Figure 18):
Set SCLK = 1 and SI = 0.
Strobe CSn low / high. Make sure to hold
CSn high for at least 40 µs relative to
pulling CSn low.
Pull CSn low and wait for SO to go low
(CHIP_RDYn).
Issue the SRES strobe on the SI line.
When SO goes low again, reset is
complete and the chip is in the IDLE state.
Figure 18: Power-up with SRES
Note that the above reset procedure is only
required just after the power supply is first
turned on. If the user wants to reset the
CC1150
after this, it is only necessary to issue an SRES
command strobe.
It is recommended to always send a SRES
command strobe on the SPI interface after
power-on even though power-on reset is used.
16.2 Crystal Control
The crystal oscillator is automatically turned on
when CSn goes low. It will be turned off if the
SXOFF or SPWD command strobes are issued;
the state machine then goes to XOFF or
SLEEP respectively. This can only be done
from IDLE state. The XOSC will be turned off
when CSn is released (goes high). The XOSC
will be automatically turned on again when
*5, Tsms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 32 of 60
CSn goes low. The state machine will then go
to the IDLE state. The SO pin on the SPI
interface must be pulled low before the SPI
interface is ready to be used; as described in
Section 10.1 on page 19.
Crystal oscillator start-up time depends on
crystal ESR and load capacitances. The
electrical specification for the crystal oscillator
can be found in section 4.3 on page 8.
16.3 Voltage Regulator Control
The voltage regulator to the digital core is
controlled by the radio controller. When the
chip enters the SLEEP state, which is the state
with the lowest current consumption, the
voltage regulator is disabled. This occurs after
CSn is released when a SPWD command
strobe has been sent on the SPI interface. The
chip is then in the SLEEP state. Setting CSn
low again will turn on the regulator and crystal
oscillator and make the chip enter the IDLE
state.
On the
CC1150
, all register values (with the
exception of the MCSM0.PO_TIMEOUT field)
are lost in the SLEEP state. After the chip gets
back to the IDLE state, the registers will have
default (reset) contents and must be
reprogrammed over the SPI interface.
16.4 Active Mode
The active transmit mode is activated by the
MCU by using the STX command strobe.
The frequency synthesizer must be calibrated
regularly.
CC1150
has one manual calibration
option (using the SCAL strobe), and three
automatic calibration options, controlled by the
MCSM0.FS_AUTOCAL setting:
Calibrate when going from IDLE to TX
(or FSTXON)
Calibrate when going from TX to IDLE
Calibrate every fourth time when going
from TX to IDLE
The calibration takes a constant number of
XOSC cycles; see Table 20 for timing details.
When TX is active, the chip will remain in the
TX state until the current packet has been
successfully transmitted. Then the state will
change as indicated by the
MCSM1.TXOFF_MODE setting. The possible
destinations are:
IDLE
FSTXON: Frequency synthesizer on
and ready at the TX frequency.
Activate TX with STX.
TX: Start sending preambles
The SIDLE command strobe can always be
used to force the radio controller to go to the
IDLE state. Note that if the radio goes from TX
to IDLE by issuing an SIDLE strobe, the
automatic calibration-when-going-from-TX-to-
IDLE will not be performed.
16.5 Timing
The radio controller controls most timing in
CC1150
, such as synthesizer calibration and
PLL lock. Table 20 shows timing in crystal
clock cycles for key state transitions. Timing
from IDLE to TX is constant, dependent on the
auto calibration setting. The calibration time is
constant 18739 clock periods. Power on time
and XOSC start-up times are variable, but
within the limits stated in Table 6. Note that in
a frequency hopping spread spectrum or a
multi-channel protocol the calibration time can
be reduced from 721 µs to approximately 150
µs. This is explained in section 24.2.
/\ {’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 33 of 60
Description XOSC
periods 26 MHz
crystal
Idle to TX/FSTXON, no calibration 2298 88.4 µs
Idle to TX/FSTXON, with calibration ~21037 809 µs
TX to IDLE, no calibration 2 0.1 µs
TX to IDLE, including calibration ~18739 721 µs
Manual calibration ~18739 721 µs
Table 20: State Transition Timing
17 Data FIFO
The
CC1150
contains a 64 byte FIFO for data to
be transmitted. The SPI interface is used for
writing to the TX FIFO. Section 10.5 contains
details on the SPI FIFO access. The FIFO
controller will detect underflow in the TX FIFO.
When writing to the TX FIFO, it is the
responsibility of the MCU to avoid TX FIFO
overflow. This will not be detected by the
CC1150
. A TX FIFO overflow will result in an
error in the TX FIFO content.
FIFO_THR Bytes in TX FIFO
0 (0000) 61
1 (0001) 57
2 (0010) 53
3 (0011) 49
4 (0100) 45
5 (0101) 41
6 (0110) 37
7 (0111) 33
8 (1000) 29
9 (1001) 25
10 (1010) 21
11 (1011) 17
12 (1100) 13
13 (1101) 9
14 (1110) 5
15 (1111) 1
Table 21: FIFO_THR Settings and the
corresponding FIFO Thresholds
The chip status byte that is available on the SO
pin while transferring the SPI address contains
the fill grade of the TX FIFO. Section 10.1 on
page 19 contains more details on this.
The number of bytes in the TX FIFO can also
be read from the TXBYTES.NUM_TXBYTES
status register.
The 4-bit FIFOTHR.FIFO_THR setting is used
to program the FIFO threshold point. Table 21
lists the 16 FIFO_THR settings and the
corresponding thresholds for the TX FIFO.
8 bytes
Underflow
margin
FIFO_THR=13
TXFIFO
Figure 19: Example of FIFO at Threshold
A flag will assert when the number of bytes in
the FIFO is equal to or higher than the
programmed threshold. The flag is used to
generate the FIFO status signals that can be
viewed on the GDO pins (see section 22 on
page 37).
Figure 19 shows the number of bytes in the TX
FIFO when the threshold flag toggles, in the
case of FIFO_THR=13. Figure 20 shows the
flag as the FIFO is filled above the threshold,
and then drained below.
6 7 8 9 678910
NUM_TXBYTES
GDO
Figure 20: FIFO_THR=13 vs. Number of
Bytes in FIFO
{59 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 34 of 60
18 Frequency Programming
The frequency programming in
CC1150
is
designed to minimize the programming
needed in a channel-oriented system.
To set up a system with channel numbers, the
desired channel spacing is programmed with
the MDMCFG0.CHANSPC_M and
MDMCFG1.CHANSPC_E registers. The channel
spacing registers are mantissa and exponent
respectively.
The base or start frequency is set by the 24 bit
frequency word located in the FREQ2, FREQ1
and FREQ0 registers. This word will typically
be set to the centre of the lowest channel
frequency that is to be used.
The desired channel number is programmed
with the 8-bit channel number register,
CHANNR.CHAN, which is multiplied by the
channel offset. The resultant carrier frequency
is given by:
()
(
)()
2_
16 2_256
2
++= ECHANSPC
XOSC
carrier MCHANSPCCHANFREQ
f
f
With a 26 MHz crystal the maximum channel
spacing is 405 kHz. To get e.g. 1 MHz channel
spacing on solution is to use 333 kHz channel
spacing and select each third channel in
CHANNR.CHAN.
If any frequency programming register is
altered when the frequency synthesizer is
running, the synthesizer may give an
undesired response. Hence, the frequency
programming should only be updated when
the radio is in the IDLE state.
19 VCO
The VCO is completely integrated on-chip.
19.1 VCO and PLL Self-Calibration
The VCO characteristics will vary with
temperature and supply voltage changes, as
well as the desired operating frequency. In
order to ensure reliable operation,
CC1150
includes frequency synthesizer self-calibration
circuitry. This calibration should be done
regularly, and must be performed after turning
on power and before using a new frequency
(or channel). The number of XOSC cycles for
completing the PLL calibration is given in
Table 20 on page 33.
The calibration can be initiated automatically
or manually. The synthesizer can be
automatically calibrated each time the
synthesizer is turned on, or each time the
synthesizer is turned off. This is configured
with the MCSM0.FS_AUTOCAL register setting.
In manual mode, the calibration is initiated
when the SCAL command strobe is activated
in the IDLE mode.
The calibration values are not maintained in
sleep mode. Therefore, the
CC1150
must be
recalibrated after reprogramming the
configuration registers when the chip has been
in the SLEEP state.
To check that the PLL is in lock the user can
program register IOCFGx.GDOx_CFG to 0x0A
and use the lock detector output available on
the GDOx pin as an interrupt for the MCU (x =
0,1 or 2). A positive transition on the GDOx pin
means that the PLL is in lock. As an
alternative the user can read register FSCAL1.
The PLL is in lock if the register content is
different from 0x3F. See more information in
the
CC1150
Errata Notes [8].
For more robust operation the source code
could include a check so that the PLL is re-
calibrated until PLL lock is achieved if the PLL
does not lock the first time.
INSTRUMENTS V VVVVVV
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 35 of 60
20 Voltage Regulators
CC1150
contains several on-chip linear voltage
regulators, which generate the supply voltage
needed by low-voltage modules. These
voltage regulators are invisible to the user, and
can be viewed as integral parts of the various
modules. The user must however make sure
that the absolute maximum ratings and
required pin voltages in Table 1 and Table 11
are not exceeded.
Setting the CSn pin low turns on the voltage
regulator to the digital core and start the
crystal oscillator. The SO pin on the SPI
interface must go low before the first positive
edge on the SCLK (setup time is s given in
Table 15).
If the chip is programmed to enter power-down
mode (SPWD strobe issued), the power will be
turned off after CSn goes high. The power and
crystal oscillator will be turned on again when
CSn goes low.
The voltage regulator for the digital core
requires one external decoupling capacitor.
The voltage regulator output should only be
used for driving the
CC1150
.
21 Output Power Programming
The RF output power level from the device has
two levels of programmability, as illustrated in
Figure 21. Firstly, the special PATABLE
register can hold up to eight user selected
output power settings. Secondly, the 3-bit
FREND0.PA_POWER value selects the
PATABLE entry to use. This two-level
functionality provides flexible PA power ramp
up and ramp down at the start and end of
transmission, as well as ASK modulation
shaping. In each case, all the PA power
settings in the PATABLE from index 0 up to the
FREND0.PA_POWER value are used.
The power ramping at the start and at the end
of a packet can be turned off by setting
FREND0.PA_POWER to zero and then
programming the desired output power to
index 0 in the PATABLE.
If OOK modulation is used, the logic 0 and
logic 1 power levels shall be programmed to
index 0 and 1 respectively.
Table 22 contains recommended PATABLE
settings for various output levels and
frequency bands. DN012 [3] gives complete
tables for the different frequency bands. Using
PA settings from 0x61 to 0x6F is not
recommended. Table 23 contains output
power and current consumption for default
PATABLE setting (0xC6).
PATABLE must be programmed in burst mode
if you want to write to other entries than
PATABLE[0]. See section 10.6 on page 22
for PATABLE programming details.
e.g 6
PA_POWER[2:0]
in FREND0 register
PATABLE(0)[7:0]
PATABLE(1)[7:0]
PATABLE(2)[7:0]
PATABLE(3)[7:0]
PATABLE(4)[7:0]
PATABLE(5)[7:0]
PATABLE(6)[7:0]
PATABLE(7)[7:0]
Index into PATABLE(7:0)
The PA uses this
setting.
Settings 0 to PA_POWER are
used during ramp-up at start of
transmission and ramp-down at
end of transmission, and for
ASK/OOK modulation.
The SmartRF® Studio software
should be used to obtain optimum
PATABLE settings for various
output powers.
Figure 21: PA_POWER and PATABLE
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 36 of 60
315 MHz 433 MHz 868 MHz 915 MHz
Output
power
[dBm] Setting Current
consumption,
typ. [mA] Setting Current
consumption,
typ. [mA] Setting Current
consumption,
typ. [mA] Setting Current
consumption,
typ. [mA]
-30 0x12 9.9 0x03 10.8 0x03 11.2 0x03 11.1
-20 0x0E 10.4 0x0E 11.4 0x0C 11.7 0x0F 11.7
-10 0x26 12.5 0x26 13.3 0x26 13.7 0x34 13.6
-5 0x57 12.2 0x57 12.9 0x57 13.3 0x56 13.3
0 0x60 14.1 0x60 14.6 0x60 15.5 0x50 15.2
3 0x8B 15.8 0x8A 16.5 0x8A 17.4 0x89 17.4
7 0xCC 21.4 0xC8 23.0 0xCC 24.4 0xC8 24.6
10 0xC4 25.6 0xC2 26.1 0xC3 29.3 0xC0 29.3
Table 22: Optimum PATABLE Settings for Various Output Power Levels and Frequency Bands
315 MHz 433 MHz 868 MHz 915 MHz
Default
power
setting
Output
power
[dBm]
Current
consumption,
typ. [mA]
Output
power
[dBm]
Current
consumption,
typ. [mA]
Output
power
[dBm]
Current
consumption,
typ. [mA]
Output
power
[dBm]
Current
consumption,
typ. [mA]
0xC6 9.3 24.4 8.1 23.9 8.9 27.3 7.7 25.5
Table 23: Output Power and Current Consumption for Default PATABLE Setting
21.1 Shaping and PA Ramping
With ASK modulation, up to eight power
settings are used for shaping. The modulator
contains a counter that counts up when
transmitting a one and down when transmitting
a zero. The counter counts at a rate equal to 8
times the symbol rate. The counter saturates
at FREND0.PA_POWER and 0 respectively.
This counter value is used as an index for a
lookup in the power table. Thus, in order to
utilize the whole table, FREND0.PA_POWER
should be 7 when ASK is active. The shaping
of the ASK signal is dependent on the
configuration of the PATABLE. Figure 22
shows some examples of ASK shaping. Note
that the OOK/ASK pulse shaping feature on
the
CC1150
is only supported for output power
levels below -1 dBm.
1100010Bit Sequence1
FREND0.PA_POWER = 3
FREND0.PA_POWER = 7
Time
PATABLE[0]
PATABLE[1]
PATABLE[2]
PATABLE[3]
PATABLE[4]
PATABLE[5]
PATABLE[6]
PATABLE[7]
Output Power
Figure 22: Shaping of ASK Signal
#9 TEXAS lNSrRuMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 37 of 60
22 General Purpose / Test Output Control Pins
The two digital output pins GDO0 and GDO1 are
general control pins. Their functions are
programmed by IOCFG0.GDO0_CFG and
IOCFG1.GDO1_CFG respectively. Table 24
shows the different signals that can be
monitored on the GDO pins. These signals
can be used as an interrupt to the MCU.
GDO1 is the same pin as the SO pin on the SPI
interface, thus the output programmed on this
pin will only be valid when CSn is high. The
default value for GDO1 is 3-stated, which is
useful when the SPI interface is shared with
other devices.
The default value for GDO0 is a 125 - 146 kHz
clock output (XOSC frequency divided by
192). Since the XOSC is turned on at power-
on-reset, this can be used to clock the MCU in
systems with only one crystal. When the MCU
is up and running it can change the clock
frequency by writing to IOCFG0.GDO0_CFG.
An on-chip analog temperature sensor is
enabled by writing the value 128 (0x80h) to
the IOCFG0.GDO0_CFG register. The voltage
on the GDO0 pin is then proportional to
temperature. See section 4.5 on page 9 for
temperature sensor specifications.
apexicrc 5:0] Deserlptlon a (0x00) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. I (0x01) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. AssderaIed to the TX FIFO. AsserIs when the 7x FIFO rs nIIed at or above the TX FIFO thresthd De-assens when the TX FIFO IS beIow the same threshoId. AssderaIed to the TX FIFO Asserts when TX FIFO IS fuIl. De-asserIs when the TX FIFO IS draIned beIow the TX FIFO Ihresthd, 4 (0x04) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. 5 (0x05) Asserts when the TX FIFO has underIIowed. De-assens when the FIFO rs flushed. Asserts when syhe word has been serIL and de-asserts atthe end at Ihe basket, In TX the pm erI aIso de-assert II the TX FIFO underflows. 7 (0x07) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. a (0x06) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. 9 (0x09) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. Lock deleclor buIbut, The FLL rs rn Idek Iflhe Idek detecIdr output has a bosrtrve trarrsmoh or rs edhstahtIy Idgrc hlgh To check Idr FLL Ioek Ihe luck detector output shbuId be used as an Iht erIaI Cluck. yhehrondus to the data In synchronous senaI mode. In TX mode data rs sampIed by cambn the nsIrIg edg 12 (exact Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. 13 (exam Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. t4 (aqu) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VersIDn (cam. I5 (OxOF) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VersIDn (cam. t6 (0x10) Reserved , used tor test. t7 (0x1 t) Reserved , used tor test. 18(Ux12) Reserved , used tor test. t9 (0x13) Reserved , used tor test. 20 (0x14) Reserved , used tor test. 2t (0x15) Reserved , used tor test. 22 (0x16) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VersIDn (cam. 23 (0x17) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VersIDn (cam. 24 (0x18) Reserved , used tor test. 25 (0x19) Reserved , used tor test. 26 (MA) Reserved , used tor test. 27 (0x15) FAjn PA rs enabIed when 1‘ m powerdown when 0 29 (oxtct Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. 29 (must Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VerSIDn (cam. 30 (ME) Reserved , used tor test. 31 (OxlF) Reserved , used tor test. 32 (0x20) Reserved , used tor test. 33 (0x21) Reserved , used tor test. 34 (0x22) Reserved , used tor test. 35 (0x23) Reserved , used tor test. 36 (0x24) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VersIDn (cam. 37 (0x25) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VersIDn (cam. 35 (0x26) Reserved , used tor test. 39 (0x27) Reserved , deIrned on the Iranscerver VersIDn (cam. 40 (0x28) Reserved , used tor test. 41 (0x29) CHIPiRDYrI 42 (9x214) Reserved , used tor test. 43 (0x25) XOSC§TABLE 44 (oxzct Reserved , used tor test. 45 (ox2IJt (JDOCiziENiN. When thrs output rs at GDOD IS conhgured as rnbut (Idr senaI TX data). 46 (9x23 I-Irgh Impedance (CI-state). 47 (0x2F) HW Id 0(HW1 aehreved by seItIhg GD x_1,\1 1). 46 (0x30) CLK7XOSC/1 49 (0x31) CLK7XO CI 5 50 (0x32) CLK7XO c 2 51 (0x33) CLK7XOSC/3 52 (0x34) CLK7XO c4 53 (0x35) CLK7XOSC/E 54 (0x36) CLK7XO c a 55 (0x37) CLK7XO c I2 56 (0x38) CLK7XOSC/1E 57 (0x39) CLK7XO c 24 5s (UXSA) CLK7XOSC/32 59 (0x35) CLK7XO C48 69 (ox3ct CLK7XO c 64 61 (ox3Dt CLKixosc/BE 62 (UXSE) CLK7XO c 128 63 (0x3Ft CLK7XOSC/192 {59 TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 38 of 60
GDOx_CFG[5:0] Description
0 (0x00) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
1 (0x01) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
2 (0x02) Associated to the TX FIFO: Asserts when the TX FIFO is filled at or above the TX FIFO threshold. De-asserts when the TX
FIFO is below the same threshold.
3 (0x03) Associated to the TX FIFO: Asserts when TX FIFO is full. De-asserts when the TX FIFO is drained below the TX FIFO
threshold.
4 (0x04) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
5 (0x05) Asserts when the TX FIFO has underflowed. De-asserts when the FIFO is flushed.
6 (0x06) Asserts when sync word has been sent, and de-asserts at the end of the packet. In TX the pin will also de-assert if the TX
FIFO underflows.
7 (0x07) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
8 (0x08) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
9 (0x09) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
10 (0x0A) Lock detector output. The PLL is in lock if the lock detector output has a positive transition or is constantly logic high. To
check for PLL lock the lock detector output should be used as an interrupt for the MCU.
11 (0x0B) Serial Clock. Synchronous to the data in synchronous serial mode.
In TX mode, data is sampled by
CC1150
on the rising edge of the serial clock when GDOx_INV=0.
12 (0x0C) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
13 (0x0D) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
14 (0x0E) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
15 (0x0F) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
16 (0x10) Reserved – used for test.
17 (0x11) Reserved – used for test.
18 (0x12) Reserved – used for test.
19 (0x13) Reserved – used for test.
20 (0x14) Reserved – used for test.
21 (0x15) Reserved – used for test.
22 (0x16) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
23 (0x17) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
24 (0x18) Reserved – used for test.
25 (0x19) Reserved – used for test.
26 (0x1A) Reserved – used for test.
27 (0x1B) PA_PD. PA is enabled when 1, in power-down when 0.
28 (0x1C) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
29 (0x1D) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
30 (0x1E) Reserved – used for test.
31 (0x1F) Reserved – used for test.
32 (0x20) Reserved – used for test.
33 (0x21) Reserved – used for test.
34 (0x22) Reserved – used for test.
35 (0x23) Reserved – used for test.
36 (0x24) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
37 (0x25) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
38 (0x26) Reserved – used for test.
39 (0x27) Reserved – defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
40 (0x28) Reserved – used for test.
41 (0x29) CHIP_RDYn.
42 (0x2A) Reserved – used for test.
43 (0x2B) XOSC_STABLE.
44 (0x2C) Reserved – used for test.
45 (0x2D) GDO0_Z_EN_N. When this output is 0, GDO0 is configured as input (for serial TX data).
46 (0x2E) High impedance (3-state).
47 (0x2F) HW to 0 (HW1 achieved by setting GDOx_INV=1).
48 (0x30) CLK_XOSC/1
49 (0x31) CLK_XOSC/1.5
50 (0x32) CLK_XOSC/2
51 (0x33) CLK_XOSC/3
52 (0x34) CLK_XOSC/4
53 (0x35) CLK_XOSC/6
54 (0x36) CLK_XOSC/8
55 (0x37) CLK_XOSC/12
56 (0x38) CLK_XOSC/16
57 (0x39) CLK_XOSC/24
58 (0x3A) CLK_XOSC/32
59 (0x3B) CLK_XOSC/48
60 (0x3C) CLK_XOSC/64
61 (0x3D) CLK_XOSC/96
62 (0x3E) CLK_XOSC/128
63 (0x3F) CLK_XOSC/192
Note: There are 2 GDO pins, but only one CLK_XOSC/n can be selected as an output at any
time. If CLK_XOSC/n is to be monitored on one of the GDO pins, the other GDO pin must be
configured to values less than 0x30. The GDO0 default value is CLK_XOSC/192.
To optimize RF performance, these signals should not be used while the radio is in TX mode.
Table 24: GDO signal selection(x = 0 or 1)
{F Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 39 of 60
23 Asynchronous and Synchronous Serial Operation
Several features and modes of operation have
been included in the
CC1150
to provide
backward compatibility with previous Chipcon
products and other existing RF communication
systems. For new systems, it is recommended
to use the built-in packet handling features, as
they can give more robust communication,
significantly offload the microcontroller and
simplify software development.
23.1 Asynchronous Serial Operation
For backward compatibility with systems
already using the asynchronous data transfer
from other Chipcon products, asynchronous
transfer is also included in
CC1150
.
When asynchronous transfer is enabled,
several of the support mechanisms for the
MCU that are included in
CC1150
will be
disabled, such as packet handling hardware,
buffering in the FIFO and so on. The
asynchronous transfer mode does not allow
the use of the data whitener, interleaver and
FEC, and it is not possible to use Manchester
encoding. MSK is not supported for
asynchronous transfer.
Setting PKTCTRL0.PKT_FORMAT to 3
enables asynchronous transparent (serial)
mode. In TX, the GDO0 pin is used for data
input (TX data).
The MCU must control start and stop of
transmit with the STX and SIDLE strobes.
The
CC1150
modulator samples the level of the
asynchronous input 8 times faster than the
programmed data rate. The timing requirement
for the asynchronous stream is that the error in
the bit period must be less than one eighth of
the programmed data rate.
23.2 Synchronous Serial Operation
Setting PKTCTRL0.PKT_FORMAT to 1
enables synchronous serial operation mode. In
this operational mode the data must be NRZ
encoded (MDMCFG2.MANCHESTER_EN=0). In
synchronous serial operation mode, data is
transferred on a two wire serial interface. The
CC1150
provides a clock that is used to set up
new data on the data input line. Data input (TX
data) is the GDO0 pin. This pin will
automatically be configured as an input when
TX is active. The TX latency is 8 bits.
Preamble and sync word insertion may or may
not be active, dependent on the sync mode set
by the MDMCFG3.SYNC_MODE.
If preamble and sync word is disabled, all
other packet handler features and FEC should
also be disabled. The MCU must then handle
preamble and sync word insertion in software.
If preamble and sync word insertion is left on,
all packet handling features and FEC can be
used. When using the packet handling
features synchronous serial mode, the
CC1150
will insert the preamble and sync word and the
MCU will only provide the data payload. This is
equivalent to the recommended FIFO
operation mode.
24 System considerations and Guidelines
24.1 SRD Regulations
International regulations and national laws
regulate the use of radio receivers and
transmitters. Short Range Devices (SRDs) for
license free operation below 1 GHz are usually
operated in the 315 MHz, 433 MHz, 868 MHz
or 915 MHz frequency bands. The
CC1150
is
specifically designed for such use with its 300-
348 MHz, 400-464 MHz and 800-928 MHz
operating ranges. The most important
regulations when using the
CC1150
in the 315
MHz, 433 MHz, 868 MHz or 915 MHz
frequency bands are EN 300 220 (Europe)
and FCC CFR47 part 15 (USA). A summary of
the most important aspects of these
regulations can be found in AN001 [10].
Please note that compliance with regulations is
dependent on complete system performance.
It is the end product manufactor’s
{59 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 40 of 60
responsibility to ensure that the system complies with regulations.
24.2 Frequency Hopping and Multi-Channel Systems
The 315 MHz, 433 MHz, 868 MHz or 915 MHz
bands are shared by many systems both in
industrial, office and home environments. It is
therefore recommended to use frequency
hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) or a multi-
channel protocol because the frequency
diversity makes the system more robust with
respect to interference from other systems
operating in the same frequency band. FHSS
also combats multipath fading.
CC1150
is highly suited for FHSS or multi-
channel systems due to its agile frequency
synthesizer and effective communication
interface. Using the packet handling support
and data buffering is also beneficial in such
systems as these features will significantly
offload the host controller.
Charge pump current, VCO current and VCO
capacitance array calibration data is required
for each frequency when implementing
frequency hopping for
CC1150
. There are 3
ways of obtaining the calibration data from the
chip:
1) Frequency hopping with calibration for each
hop. The PLL calibration time is approximately
720 µs. The blanking interval between each
frequency hop is then approximately 810 µs.
2) Fast frequency hopping without calibration
for each hop can be done by calibrating each
frequency at startup and saving the resulting
FSCAL3, FSCAL2 and FSCAL1 register values
in MCU memory. The VCO capacitance
calibration FSCAL1 register value must be
found for each RF frequency to be used. The
VCO current calibration value and the charge
pump current calibration value available in
FSCAL2 and FSCAL3 respectively are not
dependent on the RF frequency, so the same
value can therefore be used for all RF
frequencies for these two registers. Between
each frequency hop, the calibration process
can then be replaced by writing the FSCAL3,
FSCAL2 and FSCAL1 register values that
corresponds to the next RF frequency. The
PLL turn on time is approximately 90 µs. The
blanking interval between each frequency hop
is then approximately 90 µs.
3) Run calibration on a single frequency at
startup. Next write 0 to FSCAL3[5:4] to
disable the charge pump calibration. After
writing to FSCAL3[5:4], strobe STX with
MCSM0.FS_AUTOCAL=1 for each new
frequency hop. That is, VCO current and VCO
capacitance calibration is done, but not charge
pump current calibration. When charge pump
current calibration is disabled the calibration
time is reduced from approximately 720 µs to
approximately 150 µs. The blanking interval
between each frequency hop is then
approximately 240 µs.
There is a trade off between blanking time and
memory space needed for storing calibration
data in non-volatile memory. Solution 2) above
gives the shortest blanking interval, but
requires more memory space to store
calibration values. This solution also requires
that the supply voltage and temperature do not
vary much in order to have a robust solution.
Solution 3) gives approximately 570 µs smaller
blanking interval than solution 1).
The recommended settings for
TEST0.VCO_SEL_CAL_EN change with
frequency. This means that one should always
use SmartRF Studio [11] to get the correct
settings for a specific frequency before doing a
calibration, regardless of which calibration
method is being used. It must be noted that
the content of the
CC1150
is not retained in
SLEEP state, and thus it is necessary to write
to the TEST0 register, along with other
registers, when returning from the SLEEP
state and initiating calibrations.
24.3 Wideband Modulation not using Spread Spectrum
Digital modulation systems under FFC part
15.247 include FSK and GFSK modulation. A
maximum peak output power of 1W (+30 dBm)
is allowed if the 6 dB bandwidth of the
modulated signal exceeds 500 kHz. In
addition, the peak power spectral density
conducted to the antenna shall not be greater
than +8 dBm in any 3 kHz band.
Operating at high data rates and frequency
deviation the
CC1150
is suited for systems
targeting compliance with digital modulation
system as defined by FFC part 15.247. An
external power amplifier is needed to increase
the output above +10 dBm. Please refer to
DN006 [5] for further details concerning
wideband modulation and
CC1150
.
Antenna CC‘] 1 50 BALUN. Matching and PA Fllter Fmemg {£9 Tm: INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 41 of 60
24.4 Data Burst Transmissions
The high maximum data rate of
CC1150
opens
up for burst transmissions. A low average data
rate link (e.g. 10 kBaud), can be realized using
a higher over-the-air data rate. Buffering the
data and transmitting in bursts at high data
rate (e.g. 500 kBaud) will reduce the time in
active mode, and hence also reduce the
average current consumption significantly.
Reducing the time in active mode will reduce
the likelihood of collisions with other systems
in the same frequency range.
24.5 Continuous Transmissions
In data streaming applications the
CC1150
opens up for continuous transmissions at 500
kBaud effective data rate. As the modulation is
done with a closed loop PLL, there is no
limitation in the length of a transmission (open
loop modulation used in some transceivers
often prevents this kind of continuous data
streaming and reduces the effective data rate).
24.6 Low Cost Systems
As the
CC1150
provides 500 kBaud multi-
channel performance without any external
filters, a very low cost system can be made. A
HC-49 type SMD crystal is used in the
CC1150EM reference design ( [1] and [1]).
Note that the crystal package strongly
influences the price. In a size constrained PCB
design a smaller, but more expensive, crystal
may be used.
24.7 Battery Operated Systems
In low power applications, the SLEEP state should be used when the
CC1150
is not active.
24.8 Increasing Output Power
In some applications it may be necessary to
extend the link range. Adding an external
power amplifier is the most effective way of
doing this.
The power amplifier should be inserted
between the antenna and the balun as shown
in Figure 23.
Figure 23 Block Diagram of
CC1150
Usage with External Power Amplifier
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 42 of 60
25 Configuration Registers
The configuration of
CC1150
is done by
programming 8-bit registers. The configuration
data based on selected system parameters
are most easily found by using the SmartRF
Studio [11] software. Complete descriptions of
the registers are given in the following tables.
After chip reset, all the registers have default
values as shown in the tables. The optimum
register setting might differ from the default
value. After a reset, all registers that shall be
different from the default value therefore needs
to be programmed through the SPI interface.
There are 9 Command Strobe Registers, listed
in Table 25 Accessing these registers will
initiate the change of an internal state or
mode. There are 29 normal 8-bit Configuration
Registers, listed in Table 26. Many of these
registers are for test purposes only, and need
not be written for normal operation of
CC1150
.
There are also 6 Status registers, which are
listed in Table 27. These registers, which are
read-only, contain information about the status
of
CC1150
.
The TX FIFO is accessed through one 8-bit
register. Only write operations are allowed to
the TX FIFO.
During the address transfer and while writing
to a register or the TX FIFO, a status byte is
returned. This status byte is described in Table
16 on page.20.
Table 28 summarizes the SPI address space.
Registers that are only defined on the
CC1101
transceiver are also listed.
CC1101
and
CC1150
are register compatible, but registers and fields
only implemented in the transceiver always
contain 0 in
CC1150
.
The address to use is given by adding the
base address to the left and the burst and
read/write bits on the top. Note that the burst
bit has different meaning for base addresses
above and below 0x2F.
Address Strobe Name Description
0x30 SRES Reset chip.
0x31 SFSTXON
Enable and calibrate frequency synthesizer (if MCSM0.FS_AUTOCAL=1).
0x32 SXOFF Turn off crystal oscillator.
0x33 SCAL Calibrate frequency synthesizer and turn it off (enables quick start). SCAL can be strobed in
IDLE state without setting manual calibration mode (MCSM0.FS_AUTOCAL=0)
0x35 STX
Enable TX. Perform calibration first if MCSM0.FS_AUTOCAL=1.
0x36 SIDLE Exit TX and turn off frequency synthesizer.
0x39 SPWD
Enter power down mode when CSn goes high.
0x3B SFTX Flush the TX FIFO buffer.
0x3D SNOP No operation. May be used to pad strobe commands to two bytes for simpler software.
Table 25: Command Strobes
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 43 of 60
Address Register Description Details on page number
0x01 IOCFG1
GDO1 output pin configuration 45
0x02 IOCFG0
GDO0 output pin configuration 45
0x03 FIFOTHR FIFO threshold 45
0x04 SYNC1 Sync word, high byte 46
0x05 SYNC0 Sync word, low byte 46
0x06 PKTLEN Packet length 46
0x08 PKTCTRL0 Packet automation control 46
0x09 ADDR Device address 47
0x0A CHANNR Channel number 47
0x0D FREQ2 Frequency control word, high byte 47
0x0E FREQ1 Frequency control word, middle byte 47
0x0F FREQ0 Frequency control word, low byte 47
0x10 MDMCFG4 Modulator configuration 47
0x11 MDMCFG3 Modulator configuration 48
0x12 MDMCFG2 Modulator configuration 49
0x13 MDMCFG1 Modulator configuration 50
0x14 MDMCFG0 Modulator configuration 50
0x15 DEVIATN Modulator deviation setting 51
0x17 MCSM1 Main Radio Control State Machine configuration 51
0x18 MCSM0 Main Radio Control State Machine configuration 52
0x22 FREND0 Front end TX configuration 52
0x23 FSCAL3 Frequency synthesizer calibration 53
0x24 FSCAL2 Frequency synthesizer calibration 53
0x25 FSCAL1 Frequency synthesizer calibration 53
0x26 FSCAL0 Frequency synthesizer calibration 53
0x29 FSTEST Frequency synthesizer calibration control 54
0x2A PTEST Production test 54
0x2C TEST2 Various test settings 54
0x2D TEST1 Various test settings 54
0x2E TEST0 Various test settings 54
Table 26: Configuration Registers Overview
Address Register Description Details on page number
0x30 (0xF0) PARTNUM Part number for
CC1150
55
0x31 (0xF1) VERSION Current version number 55
0x35 (0xF5) MARCSTATE Control state machine state 55
0x38 (0xF8) PKTSTATUS Current GDOx status and packet status 56
0x39 (0xF9) VCO_VC_DAC Current setting from PLL calibration module 56
0x3A (0xFA) TXBYTES Underflow and number of bytes in the TX FIFO 56
Table 27: Status Registers Overview
{F Tms INSTRUMENTS IOCFG1 IOCFGD FIFOTHR SYNC1 SYNCD PKTLEN PKTC‘RU PKTCTRLO CHANNR ’ ‘TRU ‘TRLU FREQZ FREQ1 FREQD MDMCFG4 MDMCFGS MDMCFGZ MDMCFG1 MDMCFGO DEVIATN W 2 [row FRENDO FSCALS FSCALZ FSCAL1 FSCALO ‘ “RU ‘RLB FSTEST PTEST ACCT : ST TEST2 TEST1 TESTO SRES SRES PARTNUM SFSTXON SFSTXON VERSION SXOFF SXOFF FR. :ST SCAL SCAL LO‘ :RX am RSS STX STX MARCSTATE W0 TN 1» WORTW . PKTSTATUS coivcinAc TXBYTES RXBYTES . L‘ R {ST SNOP SNOP PATAELE PATAELE PATABLE PATAELE TX F‘FO TX FIFO RX FH'J {X UFO
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 44 of 60
Write Read
Single byte Burst Single byte Burst
+0x00 +0x40 +0x80 +0xC0
0x00 IOCFG2
0x01 IOCFG1
0x02 IOCFG0
0x03 FIFOTHR
0x04 SYNC1
0x05 SYNC0
0x06 PKTLEN
0x07 PKTCTRL1
0x08 PKTCTRL0
0x09 ADDR
0x0A CHANNR
0x0B FSCTRL1
0x0C FSCTRL0
0x0D FREQ2
0x0E FREQ1
0x0F FREQ0
0x10 MDMCFG4
0x11 MDMCFG3
0x12 MDMCFG2
0x13 MDMCFG1
0x14 MDMCFG0
0x15 DEVIATN
0x16 MCSM2
0x17 MCSM1
0x18 MCSM0
0x19 FOCCFG
0x1A BSCFG
0x1B AGCCTRL2
0x1C AGCCTRL1
0x1D AGCCTRL0
0x1E WOREVT1
0x1F WOREVT0
0x20 WORCTRL
0x21 FREND1
0x22 FREND0
0x23 FSCAL3
0x24 FSCAL2
0x25 FSCAL1
0x26 FSCAL0
0x27 RCCTRL1
0x28 RCCTRL0
0x29 FSTEST
0x2A PTEST
0x2B AGCTEST
0x2C TEST2
0x2D TEST1
0x2E TEST0
0x2F
R/W configuration registers, burst access possible
0x30 SRES SRES PARTNUM
0x31 SFSTXON SFSTXON VERSION
0x32 SXOFF SXOFF FREQEST
0x33 SCAL SCAL LQI
0x34 SRX SRX RSSI
0x35 STX STX MARCSTATE
0x36 SIDLE SIDLE WORTIME1
0x37 SAFC SAFC WORTIME0
0x38 SWOR SWOR PKTSTATUS
0x39 SPWD SPWD VCO_VC_DAC
0x3A SFRX SFRX TXBYTES
0x3B SFTX SFTX RXBYTES
0x3C SWORRST SWORRST
0x3D SNOP SNOP
0x3E PATABLE PATABLE PATABLE PATABLE
0x3F TX FIFO TX FIFO RX FIFO RX FIFO
Command Strobes, Status registers
(read only) and multi byte registers
Table 28: SPI Address Space (greyed text: not implemented on
CC1150
thus only valid for the
transceiver version (
CC1101
))
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 45 of 60
25.1 Configuration Register Details
0x01: IOCFG1 – GDO1 output pin configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 GDO_DS 0 R/W Set high (1) or low (0) output drive strength on the
GDO pins.
6 GDO1_INV 0 R/W Invert output, i.e. select active low (1) / high (0).
5:0 GDO1_CFG[5:0] 46 (0x2E) R/W Default is tri-state (See Table 24 on page 38).
0x02: IOCFG0 – GDO0 output pin configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 TEMP_SENSOR_ENABLE 0 R/W Enable analog temperature sensor. Write 0 in all other
register bits when using temperature sensor.
6 GDO0_INV 0 R/W Invert output, i.e. select active low (1) / high (0).
5:0 GDO0_CFG[5:0] 63 (0x3F) R/W Default is CLK_XOSC/192 (See Table 24 on page 38).
It is recommended to disable the clock output during
initialization in order to optimize RF performance.
0x03: FIFOTHR – FIFO threshold
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:4 Reserved 0 R/W Write 0 for compatibility with possible future
extensions.
3:0 FIFO_THR[3:0] 7 (0x07) R/W Set the threshold for the TX FIFO. The threshold is
exceeded when the number of bytes in the FIFO is
equal to or higher than the threshold value.
Setting Bytes in TX FIFO
0 (0000) 61
1 (0001) 57
2 (0010) 53
3 (0011) 49
4 (0100) 45
5 (0101) 41
6 (0110) 37
7 (0111) 33
8 (1000) 29
9 (1001) 25
10 (1010) 21
11 (1011) 17
12 (1100) 13
13 (1101) 9
14 (1110) 5
15 (1111) 1
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 46 of 60
0x04: SYNC1 – Sync word, high byte
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 SYNC[15:8] 211 (0xD3) R/W 8 MSB of 16-bit sync word.
0x05: SYNC0 – Sync word, low byte
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 SYNC[7:0] 145 (0x91) R/W 8 LSB of 16-bit sync word.
0x06: PKTLEN – Packet length
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 PACKET_LENGTH 255 (0xFF) R/W Indicates the packet length when fixed length packets are
enabled. If variable packet length mode is used, this value
indicates the maximum packet length allowed.
0x08: PKTCTRL0 – Packet automation control
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 R0 Not Used.
6 WHITE_DATA 1 R/W Turn data whitening on / off
0: Whitening off
1: Whitening on
5:4 PKT_FORMAT[1:0] 0 R/W Format of TX data
Setting Packet format
0 (00) Normal mode, use TX FIFO
1 (01) Serial Synchronous mode, data in on GDO0
2 (10) Random TX mode; sends random data using PN9
generator. Used for test/debug.
3 (11) Asynchronous transparent mode. Data in on GDO0
3 0 R/W Not used.
2 CRC_EN 1 R/W 1: CRC calculation enabled
0: CRC disabled
1:0 LENGTH_
CONFIG[1:0]
1 R/W Configure the packet length
Setting Packet length configuration
0 (00) Fixed length packets, length configured in
PKTLEN register
1 (01) Variable length packets, packet length configured
by the first byte after sync word
2 (10) Infinite packet length packets
3 (11) Reserved
{’9 Tm; INSTRUM ENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 47 of 60
0x09: ADDR – Device address
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 DEVICE_ADDRESS
[7:0]
0 R/W Address used for packet filtration. Optional broadcast addresses are
0 (0x00) and 255 (0xFF).
0x0A: CHANNR – Channel number
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 CHAN[7:0] 0 R/W The 8-bit unsigned channel number, which is multiplied by the
channel spacing setting and added to the base frequency.
0x0D: FREQ2 – Frequency control word, high byte
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:6 FREQ[23:22] 0 R FREQ[23:22] is always 0 (the FREQ2 register is less than 36 with 26
MHz or higher crystal frequency).
5:0 FREQ[21:16] 30 (0x1E) R/W FREQ[23:0] is the base frequency for the frequency synthesiser in
increments of FXOSC/216.
[]
0:23
216 FREQ
f
fXOSC
carrier =
0x0E: FREQ1 – Frequency control word, middle byte
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 FREQ[15:8] 196
(0xC4)
R/W Ref. FREQ2 register.
0x0F: FREQ0 – Frequency control word, low byte
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 FREQ[7:0] 236
(0xEC)
R/W Ref. FREQ2 register.
0x10: MDMCFG4 – Modulator configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:4 Reserved 8 (0x08) R0 Defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
3:0 DRATE_E[3:0] 12 (0x0C) R/W The exponent of the user specified symbol rate.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 48 of 60
0x11: MDMCFG3 – Modulator configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 DRATE_M[7:0] 34 (0x22) R/W The mantissa of the user specified symbol rate. The symbol
rate is configured using an unsigned, floating-point number
with 9-bit mantissa and 4-bit exponent. The 9th bit is a hidden
‘1’. The resulting data rate is:
(
)
XOSC
EDRATE
DATA f
MDRATE
R
+
=28
_
2
2_256
The default values give a data rate of 115.051 kBaud (closest
setting to 115.2 kBaud), assuming a 26.0 MHz crystal.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 49 of 60
0x12: MDMCFG2 – Modulator configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 Reserved 0 R0
Defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
6:4 MOD_FORMAT[2:0] 0 R/W The modulation format of the radio signal
Setting Modulation format
0 (000) 2-FSK
1 (001) GFSK
2 (010) -
3 (011) ASK/OOK
4 (100) -
5 (101) -
6 (110) -
7 (111) MSK
The OOK/ASK pulse shaping feature is only supported for
output powers up to -1 dBm.
MSK is only supported for data rates above 26 kBaud.
3 MANCHESTER_EN 0 R/W Enables Manchester encoding/decoding.
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
2:0 SYNC_MODE[2:0] 2 R/W Combined sync-word qualifier mode.
The values 0 (000) and 4 (100) disables preamble and sync
word transmission. The values 1 (001), 2 (001), 5 (101) and 6
(110) enables 16-bit sync word transmission. The values 3
(011) and 7 (111) enables repeated sync word transmission.
The table below lists the meaning of each mode (for
compatibility with the
CC1101
transceiver):
Setting Sync-word qualifier mode
0 (000) No preamble/sync word
1 (001) 15/16 sync word bits detected
2 (010) 16/16 sync word bits detected
3 (011) 30/32 sync word bits detected
4 (100) No preamble/sync, carrier-sense
above threshold
5 (101) 15/16 + carrier-sense above threshold
6 (110) 16/16 + carrier-sense above threshold
7 (111) 30/32 + carrier-sense above threshold
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 50 of 60
0x13: MDMCFG1 – Modulator configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 FEC_EN 0 R/W Enable Forward Error Correction (FEC) with interleaving for
packet payload
0 = Disable
1 = Enable (Only supported for fixed packet length mode, i.e.
PKTCTRL0.LENGTH_CONFIG=0)
6:4 NUM_PREAMBLE[2:0] 2 R/W Sets the minimum number of preamble bytes to be transmitted
Setting Number of preamble bytes
0 (000) 2
1 (001) 3
2 (010) 4
3 (011) 6
4 (100) 8
5 (101) 12
6 (110) 16
7 (111) 24
3:2 R0 Not Used.
1:0 CHANSPC_E[1:0] 2 R/W 2 bit exponent of channel spacing.
0x14: MDMCFG0 – Modulator configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 CHANSPC_M[7:0] 248 (0xF8) R/W 8-bit mantissa of channel spacing (initial 1 assumed). The
channel spacing is multiplied by the channel number CHAN and
added to the base frequency. It is unsigned and has the format:
()
CHANMCHANSPC
f
fECHANSPC
XOSC
CHANNEL +=_
18 2_256
2
The default values give 199.951 kHz channel spacing (the
closest setting to 200 kHz), assuming 26.0 MHz crystal
frequency.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 51 of 60
0x15: DEVIATN – Modulator deviation setting
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 R0 Not Used.
6:4 DEVIATION_E[2:0] 4 R/W Deviation exponent.
3 R0 Not Used.
2:0 DEVIATION_M[2:0] 7 R/W When MSK modulation is enabled:
Specifies the fraction of symbol period (1/8-8/8) during which a
phase change occurs (‘0’: +90deg, ‘1’:-90deg). Refer to the
SmartRF Studio [11] software for correct DEVIATN setting when
using MSK.
When 2-FSK/GFSK modulation is enabled:
Deviation mantissa, interpreted as a 4-bit value with MSB implicit
1. The resulting frequency deviation is given by:
EDEVIATION
xosc
dev MDEVIATION
f
f_
17 2)_8(
2+=
The default values give ±47.607 kHz deviation, assuming 26.0
MHz crystal frequency.
When ASK/OOK modulation is enabled:
This setting has no effect.
0x17: MCSM1 – Main Radio Control State Machine configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:6 R0 Not Used.
5:2 Reserved 12 (0x0C) R0 Defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
1:0 TXOFF_MODE[1:0] 0 R/W Select what should happen when a packet has been sent (TX)
Setting Next state after finishing packet transmission
0 (00) IDLE
1 (01) FSTXON
2 (10) Stay in TX (start sending preamble)
3 (11) Do not use, not implemented on
CC1150
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 52 of 60
0x18: MCSM0 – Main Radio Control State Machine configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:6 R0 Not Used.
5:4 FS_AUTOCAL[1:0] 0) R/W Automatically calibrate when going to TX, or back to IDLE
Setting When to perform automatic calibration
0 (00) Never (manually calibrate using SCAL strobe)
1 (01) When going from IDLE to TX (or FSTXON)
2 (10) When going from TX back to IDLE
3 (11) Every 4th time when going from TX to IDLE
3:2 PO_TIMEOUT 1 R/W Programs the number of times the six-bit ripple counter must expire
after XOSC has stabilized before CHP_RDY_N goes low.
The XOSC is off during power-down and if the regulated digital
supply voltage has sufficient time to stabilize while waiting for the
crystal to be stable, PO_TIMEOUT can be set to 0. For robust
operation it is recommended to use PO_TIMEOUT=2.
Setting Expire count Timeout after XOSC start
0 (00) 1 Approx. 2.3 µs – 2.7 µs
1 (01) 16 Approx. 37 µs – 43 µs
2 (10) 64 Approx. 146 µs – 171 µs
3 (11) 256 Approx. 585 µs – 683 µs
Exact timeout depends on crystal frequency.
In order to reduce start up time from the SLEEP state, this field is
preserved in powerdown (SLEEP state).
1:0 Reserved R0 Defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
)
0x22: FREND0 – Front end TX configuration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:6 R0 Not Used.
5:4 LODIV_BUF_
CURRENT_TX[1:0]
1 R/W Adjusts current TX LO buffer (input to PA). The value to use in
register field is given by the SmartRF Studio [11] software.
3 R0 Not Used.
2:0 PA_POWER[2:0] 0 R/W Selects PA power setting. This value is an index to the PATABLE,
which can be programmed with up to 8 different PA settings. In
ASK mode, this selects the PATABLE index to use when
transmitting a ‘1’. PATABLE index zero is used in ASK when
transmitting a ‘0’. The PATABLE settings from index ‘0’ to the
PA_POWER value are used for ASK TX shaping, and for power
ramp-up/ramp-down at the start/end of transmission in all TX
modulation formats.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 53 of 60
0x23: FSCAL3 – Frequency synthesizer calibration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:6 FSCAL3[7:6] 2 (0x02) R/W Frequency synthesizer calibration configuration. The value
to write in this field before calibration is given by the
SmartRF® Studio software.
5:4 CHP_CURR_CAL_EN[1:0] 2 (0x02) R/W Disable charge pump calibration stage when 0.
3:0 FSCAL3[3:0] 9 (0x09) R/W Frequency synthesizer calibration result register. Digital bit
vector defining the charge pump output current, on an
exponential scale: I_OUT = I0·2FSCAL3[3:0]/4
Fast frequency hopping without calibration for each hop can
be done by calibrating upfront for each frequency and
saving the resulting FSCAL3, FSCAL2 and FSCAL1 register
values. Between each frequency hop, calibration can be
replaced by writing the FSCAL3, FSCAL2 and FSCAL1
register values corresponding to the next RF frequency.
0x24: FSCAL2 – Frequency synthesizer calibration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:6 R0 Not Used.
5 VCO_CORE_H_EN 0 R/W Choose high (1)/ low (0) VCO.
5:0 FSCAL2[5:0] 10 (0x0A) R/W Frequency synthesizer calibration result register. VCO
current calibration result and override value.
Fast frequency hopping without calibration for each hop can
be done by calibrating upfront for each frequency and saving
the resulting FSCAL3, FSCAL2 and FSCAL1 register values.
Between each frequency hop, calibration can be replaced by
writing the FSCAL3, FSCAL2 and FSCAL1 register values
corresponding to the next RF frequency.
0x25: FSCAL1 – Frequency synthesizer calibration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:6 R0 Not Used.
5:0 FSCAL1[5:0] 32 (0x20) R/W Frequency synthesizer calibration result register. Capacitor
array setting for VCO coarse tuning.
Fast frequency hopping without calibration for each hop can
be done by calibrating upfront for each frequency and saving
the resulting FSCAL3, FSCAL2 and FSCAL1 register values.
Between each frequency hop, calibration can be replaced by
writing the FSCAL3, FSCAL2 and FSCAL1 register values
corresponding to the next RF frequency.
0x26: FSCAL0 – Frequency synthesizer calibration
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 Reserved R0 Not Used.
6:0 FSCAL0[6:0] 13 (0x0D) R/W Frequency synthesizer calibration control. The value to use in
register field is given by the SmartRF Studio [11] software.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 54 of 60
0x29: FSTEST – Frequency synthesizer calibration control
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 FSTEST[7:0] 87 (0x57) R/W For test only. Do not write to this register.
0x2A: PTEST – Production test
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 PTEST[7:0] 127
(0x7F)
R/W Writing 0xBF to this register makes the on-chip temperature sensor
available in the IDLE state. The default 0x7F value should then be
written back before leaving the IDLE state. Other use of this register is
for test only.
0x2C: TEST2 – Various test settings
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 TEST2[7:0] R/W The value to use in this register is given by the SmartRF Studio [11]
software.
0x2D: TEST1 – Various test settings
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 TEST1[7:0] 49
(0x21)
R/W The value to use in this register is given by the SmartRF Studio [11]
software.
0x2E: TEST0 – Various test settings
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:2 TEST0[7:2] 2(0x02) R/W The value to use in this register is given by the SmartRF Studio [11]
software.
1 VCO_SEL_CAL_EN 1 R/W Enable VCO selection calibration stage when 1. The value to use in
this register is given by the SmartRF Studio [11] software.
0 TEST0[0] 1 R/W The value to use in this register is given by the SmartRF Studio [11]
software.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 55 of 60
25.2 Status register details
0x30 (0xF0): PARTNUM – Chip ID
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 PARTNUM[7:0] 2 (0x02) R Chip part number.
0x31 (0xF1): VERSION – Chip ID
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 VERSION[7:0] 4 (0x04) R Chip version number.
0x35 (0xF5): MARCSTATE – Main Radio Control State Machine state
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:5 Reserved R0
4:0 MARC_STATE[4:0] R Main Radio Control FSM State
Value State name State (Figure 16, page 30)
0 (0x00) SLEEP SLEEP
1 (0x01) IDLE IDLE
2 (0x02) XOFF XOFF
3 (0x03) VCOON_MC MANCAL
4 (0x04) REGON_MC MANCAL
5 (0x05) MANCAL MANCAL
6 (0x06) VCOON FS_WAKEUP
7 (0x07) REGON FS_WAKEUP
8 (0x08) STARTCAL CALIBRATE
9 (0x09) BWBOOST SETTLING
10 (0x0A) FS_LOCK SETTLING
11 (0x0B) N/A N/A
12 (0x0C) ENDCAL CALIBRATE
13 (0x0D) N/A N/A
14 (0x0E) N/A N/A
15 (0x0F) N/A N/A
16 (0x10) N/A N/A
17 (0x11) N/A N/A
18 (0x12) FSTXON FSTXON
19 (0x13) TX TX
20 (0x14) TX_END TX
21 (0x15) N/A N/A
22 (0x16) TX_UNDERFLOW TX_UNDERFLOW
Note: it is not possible to read back the SLEEP or XOFF state
numbers because setting CSn low will make the chip enter the
IDLE mode from the SLEEP or XOFF states.
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 56 of 60
0x38 (0xF8): PKTSTATUS – Current GDOx status
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:2 Reserved R0 Defined on the transceiver version (
CC1101
).
1 R0 Not Used.
0 GDO0 R
Current GDO0 value. Note: the reading gives the non-inverted
value irrespective what IOCFG0.GDO0_INV is programmed to.
It is not recommended to check for PLL lock by reading
PKTSTATUS[0] with GDO0_CFG = 0x0A.
0x39 (0xF9): VCO_VC_DAC – Current setting from PLL calibration module
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7:0 VCO_VC_DAC[7:0] R Status registers for test only.
0x3A (0xFA): TXBYTES – Underflow and number of bytes
Bit Field Name Reset R/W Description
7 TXFIFO_UNDERFLOW R
6:0 NUM_TXBYTES R Number of bytes in TX FIFO.
8.28mm lZ.28mm E E IS] ‘7 N \ B.7Bmm IBSmm 0.37mm 2.88mm
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 57 of 60
26 Package Description (QLP 16)
26.1 Recommended PCB layout for package (QLP 16)
Figure 24: Recommended PCB layout for QLP 16 package
Note: The figure is an illustration only and not to scale. There are five 10 mil diameter via holes
distributed symmetrically in the ground pad under the package. See also the CC1150EM
reference design ( [1] and [2]).
26.2 Soldering information
The recommendations for lead-free reflow in IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020 should be followed.
#9 TEXAS lNSrRuMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 58 of 60
27 References
[1] CC1150EM 315 - 433 MHz Reference Design www.ti.com/lit/zip/swrr041
[2] CC1150EM 868 - 915 MHz Reference Design www.ti.com/lit/zip/swrr042
[3] DN012 Programming Output Power on CC1100 and CC1150
www.ti.com/lit/swra150
[4] AN039 Using the CC1100/CC1150 in the European 433 and 868 MHz ISM Bands
www.ti.com/lit/swra054
[5] DN006 CC11xx Settings for FCC 15.247 Solutions www.ti.com/lit/swra123
[6] DN017 CC11xx 868/915 MHz Matching www.ti.com/lit/swra168
[7] AN058 Antenna Selection Guide www.ti.com/lit/swra161
[8] CC1150 Errata Notes www.ti.com/lit/swrz018
[9] DN501 PATABLE Access www.ti.com/lit/swra110
[10] AN001 SRD Regulations for Licence Free Transceiver Operation
www.ti.com/lit/swra090
[11] SmartRF Studio http://www.ti.com/smartrfstudio
[12] CC1100/CC1150DK& CC2500/CC2550DK Development Kit Examples and Libraries User
Manual www.ti.com/lit/swru109
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 59 of 60
28 General Information
28.1 Document History
Revision Date Description/Changes
SWRS037A 2009-07-20 Changed title of the datasheet
Updated from preliminary datasheet to active
Removed “Chipcon Products from Texas Instruments” Logo
Generally updated text, edited and formatted text
Added Voltage ramp-up and ESD info in Table 1
Moved the General Characteristics before the Electrical Specifications
Updated data rate and modulation info in Table 3
Added links to reference designs
Updated numbers in Table 4 and added link to DN012
Added links to AN039 and DN006
Added information regarding load impedance, TX harmonics and spurious
emission information and TX latency in Table 5
Added information regarding crystal load capacitance and changed start-up
time in Table 6
Added phase noise information in Table 7
Updated information regarding the analog temperature sensor in Table 8
Updated the application circuit figures and corresponding information and
tables in section 7
Moved and added figures and information regarding the crystal to section
7.3 and regarding using an external reference signal instead of a crystal in
section 7.4, removed information regarding SmartRF Studio and crystal
choice
Added information regarding the 699 MHz filter and wire wound inductors in
section 7.5 and added link to DN017
Added information regarding the 699 MHz filter and wire wound inductors in
section 7.5 and added link to DN017
Added section 7.7 and link to AN058
Added section regarding PCB layout recommendations (section 7.8) and
Figure 6
Updated Figure 7
Updated SmartRF Studio appearance figure and added information on
where to find default configuration register values
Added more information in section 10
Moved Figure 9 and added Figure 11 and Table 15 and Table 16.
Added section 10.3 SPI Read and link to the CC1150 Errata Notes
Added information in section 10.4 and Figure 10
Added link to DN501 and output power limit when using ASK
Added section 11.3 and Table 17
Added Table 18
Added more information in section 13 (recommended number of preamble
and sync word bytes, not turn of TX during first part of a byte, how to leave
TXFIFO UNDERFLOW etc)
Added section 13.4
{’9 Tms INSTRUMENTS
CC1150
SWRS037A Page 60 of 60
Revision Date Description/Changes
Added more information in section 14
Added Figure 12
Added Table 19
Added more information in section 15 and updated Figure 15
Updated section 16.1 and added Figure 17
Added information regarding the PLL lock signal in section 19
Updated section 21, Table 22 and Table 23 and added Figure 22
Updated Table 24
Added more information in section 23
Added section 24 and link to AN001
Updated section 25 and register descriptions
Changed IOCFG0 – GDO0 output pin configuration description
Changed MDMCFG2 – Modulator configuration description
Updated the FSCAL registers and TEST registers
Replaced old Chipcon packet information with the TI packet information and
updated this to fit TI formatting.
Added reference to SmartRF Studio website
Link to swru109
Added the Reference Chapter
1.1 2005-06-27 Added matching information. Added information about using a reference signal instead
of a crystal.
1.0 2005-04-20 First preliminary data sheet release
Table 29: Document History
I TEXAS INSTRUMENTS Samples Samples Samples Sample: Sample: Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com 17-Apr-2014
Addendum-Page 1
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device Status
(1)
Package Type Package
Drawing Pins Package
Qty Eco Plan
(2)
Lead/Ball Finish
(6)
MSL Peak Temp
(3)
Op Temp (°C) Device Marking
(4/5)
Samples
CC1150-RTR1 ACTIVE VQFN RST 16 2500 Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR -40 to 85 CC1150
CC1150-RTY1 ACTIVE VQFN RST 16 490 Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR -40 to 85 CC1150
CC1150RST ACTIVE VQFN RST 16 490 Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR -40 to 85 CC1150
CC1150RSTG3 ACTIVE VQFN RST 16 TBD Call TI Call TI -40 to 85 CC1150
CC1150RSTR ACTIVE VQFN RST 16 2500 Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU Level-3-260C-168 HR -40 to 85 CC1150
CC1150RSTRG3 ACTIVE VQFN RST 16 TBD Call TI Call TI -40 to 85 CC1150
(1) The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2) Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3) MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4) There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5) Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
I TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com 17-Apr-2014
Addendum-Page 2
(6) Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
I TEXAS INSTRUMENTS REEL DIMENSIONS TAPE DIMENSIONS 7 “KO '«PT» Reel Diame|er AD Dimension des‘gned to accommodate the componem wwdlh E0 Dimension damned to eccemmodam the component \ength KO Dimenslun desgned to accommodate the componem thickness 7 w Overen with loe earner cape i p1 Pitch between successwe cavuy eemers f T Reel Width (W1) QUADRANT ASSIGNMENTS FOR PIN 1 ORIENTATION IN TAPE O O O D O O D O Sprockemoles ,,,,,,,,,,, ‘ User Direcllon 0' Feed Pocket Quadrams
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device Package
Type Package
Drawing Pins SPQ Reel
Diameter
(mm)
Reel
Width
W1 (mm)
A0
(mm) B0
(mm) K0
(mm) P1
(mm) W
(mm) Pin1
Quadrant
CC1150RSTR VQFN RST 16 2500 330.0 12.4 4.3 4.3 1.5 8.0 12.0 Q2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com 14-Mar-2013
Pack Materials-Page 1
I TEXAS INSTRUMENTS TAPE AND REEL BOX DIMENSIONS
*All dimensions are nominal
Device Package Type Package Drawing Pins SPQ Length (mm) Width (mm) Height (mm)
CC1150RSTR VQFN RST 16 2500 338.1 338.1 20.6
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com 14-Mar-2013
Pack Materials-Page 2
MECHANICAL DATA RST (S—PQFP—N16) PLASTIC QUAD FLATF’ACK Exposed Tre'mm Ewe Fad A 16 ‘5 «16x7 0,35 0,73 I3 m YLBE 390 3,65 W I-I-l-I_*T_L Seemg Pmne (M90 0‘65 045 4ZC7SOS/A 04/06 NO’ES' A. AH Hnec' dimensmrs c'e m m'Hmekers I3 Th5 drawer ‘3 sums , 0 change thruut nohce C o’N (mud Hctnunk Na Lead) Package cunfgumfiur A3 The package hema‘ pad 'vms‘ he smderec m We board for trevmew and memnem pe'formmce See the 310(1ch 3m Sheet w d eafls reqcvdwg he exposed (henna pm: dvhe'vswns ‘4‘ TEXAS INSTRUMENTS www.li.com
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