GSK-1004 Data Sheet Datasheet by Global Specialties

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Solar Guide Light
Model GSK-1004
This circuit illuminates 5 LED’s when there is not sufficient
sunlight for the solar panel to charge batteries. The LED’s
will automatically turn on and draw voltage from the batteries
when the solar panel can no longer convert sunlight to DC
voltage.
Technical Specifications
nPower Source: 3 rechargeable double AA batteries
(not included)
nPower consumption: 2.5 mA (standby), 80 mA (working)
nRecharging circuit: Built in solar panel
nSolar panel: 4 VDC, 60 mA
nIntensity adjust: potentiometer
nPCB dimensions: 2.39 x 1.70 inches
Operating Principles
This circuit consists of two parts, the charger and sensor.
When the solar panel is facing sunlight it will convert the suns
energy to DC voltage and run through transistors 1 and 3
charging the rechargeable batteries. The sensors are activated
when the photo-transistor (solar panel) does not receive
sufficient sunlight the internal resistance becomes greater
triggering transistor 5 to light all LED’s. Illumination intensity
is controlled through transistor 2 and variable resistor 1.
Circuit Assembly
Please refer to Figures 1, 2, and 3 for aid in component
placement. It is recommended to start with lower components
i.e. diodes, resisters, electrolyte capacitors, and transistors.
Be careful to check polarity before soldering. If a problem is
detected it is best too use a desoldering pump or desoldering
braids to remove component. This will minimize potential
damage to the printed circuit board.
Testing
Turn the solar panel to receive the maximum sunlight. The
LEDs should be off as the circuit is in the recharging cycle.
Cover or remove the solar panel from the sunlight and all 5
LEDs should light. Set intensity by adjusting variable resistor 1.
Note
This solar panel will not convert fluorescent light to DC voltage.
Special handling instruction
Extra care must be taken to ensure proper installation of
solar panel to PCB. Server damage may occur to the solar
panel if the positive and negative poles are short circuited
when soldering.
Troubleshooting
This circuit has only a few components, the main cause of
problems will come from misplaced components or faulty
soldering. Utilize figures 2 and 3 to ensure proper placement/
polarity and then check solder points for connectivity.
Accessories
Use GSB-03 (sold separately) to house the PCB and batteries.
Electronic Kit Set for Hobby & Education
Figure 1 Installing components
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GSK-1004
Resistors
R1, R2 10 kΩ brown – black – orange - gold
R3 5 kΩ green – black – red - gold
R4, R5 2 kΩ red – black – red - gold
R6 1 kΩ brown – black – red - gold
R7, R8, R10 100 kΩ brown – black – yellow - gold
R9 500 Ω green – black – brown – gold
Potentiometer
VR1 100 kΩ or 104
Electrolytic Capacitor
C1 10 µF
Transistors
TR1, TR2, TR4 C9012
TR3, TR5 C458, C828, C945, C1815
Diodes
D1-D6 1N4148
Figure 2 SOLAR NIGHT 5 LED Circuit
Figure 3 Connecting circuits

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