983 Series Product Bulletin Datasheet by 3M

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Science. Applied to Life.”
1 Description
3M Diamond Grade Conspicuity Markings Series 983 are highly retroreflective microprismatic markings designed
to enhance the visibilities of the sides and rears of vehicles. These reflective markings consist of prismatic lenses
that are formed in a transparent, synthetic resin, and sealed and backed with a pressure sensitive adhesive and
clear polymeric liner. Diamond Grade Conspicuity Markings are highly durable, providing up to ten years of field
performance. 3M's Series 983 markings have excellent angularity which provides enhanced visibility for drivers.
For warranty and product information on specific applications, such as trucks and trailers, rail cars, school buses, or
emergency vehicles, please see the specific product bulletins. This product bulletin applies to applications other
than trucks and trailers, rail cars, school buses, or emergency vehicles.
Combined fluorescence and retroreflection provides 24-hour visibility and detection.
Fluorescence enhances visibility.
For details of the features and benefits of Series 983 sheeting, please refer to the 3M Transportation Safety
Division website (http://www.3M.com/roadsafety/).
Conspicuity Markings Series 983 is available in the following colors.
Table 1. Product Codes by Color
Color Product Code
White 983-10
Yellow 983-71
Red 983-72
Fluorescent Yellow 983-21
Fluorescent Yellow-Green 983-23
Transportation Safety Division
3M™ Diamond Grade™
Conspicuity Markings Series 983
Product Bulletin Series 983
April 2018
Replaces Product Bulletin 983 Dated April 2017
2 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 April 2018
1.1 Easy to Apply
Aggressive pressure sensitive adhesive
Easy to remove liner
Available in rolls, packaged pieces, or kiss-cut pieces on a roll. Please refer to the 3M Transportation Safety
Division Pricing Catalog for the standard product offering.
1.2 Durable
Pre-sealed edges
Non-metallic construction
2 Typical Physical Properties
Table 2 presents typical physical property data for Series 983 Conspicuity Markings. The information presented in
Table 2 should be considered typical only, and not be used for specification purposes.
Table 2. Typical Physical Properties
Property Series 983 Typical Values
Thickness (Caliper) 0.014 inch - 0.018 inch
Whiteness Daytime Luminance Limit
YT ASTM E1164
45 White
5 Red
27 Yellow
75 Fluorescent Yellow
90 Fluorescent Yellow-Green
Gloss ASTM D523 at 85º 100
Shrinkage ASTM D4956 No substantial change
Flexibility - wrap around 0.125 inch
mandrel at 32º F (0º C) No cracking
High pressure wash test - 45º angle,
1200 psi, 8 inch away Passes
Adhesion - 90º Hanging Weight ASTM
D4956 0.2 inch (4 mm)
Minimum Application Temp. 50º F (10º C)
Instron Peel Adhesion 12 inch/minute,
90º pullback
Degreased aluminum 5.3 lb/in (.95 kg/cm)
Prepainted panel 3.0 lb/in (0.55 kg/cm)
Stainless steel 6.0 lb/in (1.1 kg/cm)
FRP 2.5 lb/in (0.52 kg/cm)
Tedlar® 3.0 lb/in (0.54 kg/cm)
Aluminum Rail 3.5 lb/in (0.56 kg/cm)
Chemical Resistance SAE J1967 Not affected by toluene, #2 diesel fuel, gasoline (leaded)
kerosene, TSP detergent, xylene, dilute metal brighteners
Corrosion Resistance ASTM B117 Salt
Spray No effect - 1000 Hours
Room Temperature Impact Resistance
100 in-lb, 5/8 inch tip No damage outside impact
Cold Temperature Impact Resistance
60 in-lb at -20º F No damage outside impact
3 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 April 2018
3 Coefficient of Retroreflection, RA
The values in Table 3 are typical coefficients of retroreflection, expressed in candelas per lux per square meter
(cd/lux/m2). Conformance to coefficient of retroreflection requirements shall be determined instrumentally, in
accordance with ASTM E810 “Test Method of Coefficient of Retroreflection of Retroreflective Sheeting.” Per
ASTM E810, RA values obtained at 0° and 90° rotations were averaged to determine the RA values presented in
Table 3.
4 Typical Physical Characteristics
Table 4 describes the typical physical characteristics of Series 983. The information in Table 4 should be
considered typical only, and not be used for specification purposes.
5 Photometrics
5.1 Fluorescence
Fluorescent materials absorb short wavelength, invisible, incident radiation (solar energy) and re-emit it as longer
wavelength, visible light. This re-emission of visible light continues as long as exciting incident radiation is present.
This means fluorescent materials are especially effective during dawn, dusk, and overcast days. Fluorescence adds
to the daytime luminances (apparent brightnesses) of markings and enhances the visibilities of emergency vehicles
and other vehicles.
5.2 Color Test for Fluorescent Sheetings
Conformance to standard chromaticity (x, y) and luminance factor (Y) requirements shall be determined
instrumentally, in accordance with ASTM E991, on sheeting applied to smooth aluminum test panels cut from alloy
6061-T6 or 5052-H38. Chromaticity values shall be determined on a HunterLab ColorFlex 45/0
spectrophotometer. Calculations shall be performed using CIE Illuminant D65 and the 2º standard observer.
Table 3. Typical Coefficient of Retroreflection (RA) Values for New Sheeting (cd/lux/m2)
Observation
Anglea
a. Observation Angle - the angle between the illumination axis and the observation axis.
Entrance
Angleb
b. Entrance Angle - the angle between the illumination axis and the retroreflector axis. The retroreflector axis is an axis
perpendicular to the retroreflective surface.
Typical RA for
White 983
Typical RA for
Red 983
Typical RA for
Yellow 983
Typical RA for
FL. Yellow 983
Typical RA for
FL. Yellow-Green 983
0.2º
-4º 800 160 645 400 700
30º 430 110 420 220 430
45º 175) 45 235 120 160
0.5º
-4º 460 95 360 150 385
30º 215 40 180 75 180
45º 55 15 65 40 30
Table 4. Typical Physical Characteristics
Property Description
Adhesive color and type Clear, pressure sensitive
Liner Translucent polymeric
Application surfaces Painted or unpainted flat metal without rivets
Heat resistance Maintains 70% of original coefficient of retroreflection at
(α=0.2, β=-4) after 24 hr. exposure to 170º F (77º C) in air
Recommended minimum application
temperature (ambient and substrate) 50º F (10º C)
Performance range -30º F to 200º F (-34º C to +94º C)
4 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 April 2018
Fluorescence luminance factors (YF) differentiate fluorescent markings from ordinary (nonfluorescent) markings.
The additional daytime luminance provided by fluorescence is directly related to the increased conspicuity of
fluorescent vehicle markings under the varying daylight illumination conditions encountered in outdoor safety
marking applications. A marking’s fluorescence luminance factor, YF, provides a standardized measure of the
marking’s fluorescence.
A marking’s numerical YF value serves, under specified illumination and viewing conditions, to: 1) verify the
fluorescence of the marking (for nonfluorescent markings YF=0) and 2) quantify the fluorescent efficiency of the
marking. The magnitude of a marking’s YF can be used to assess whether the fluorescence of the marking is
sufficient for it to provide high daytime visibility performance under less than ideal conditions. Typical YF values for
983-21, fluorescent yellow, and 983-23, fluorescent yellow-green, are provided in Table 5.
6 Maintenance
6.1 Cleaning
Routine cleaning is recommended for maximum performance. The following cleaning methods are recommended:
Clean with sponge, cloth, or soft brush using water and detergent
Automatic truck/car wash or standard high-pressure hand spray under following conditions:
- Maximum pressure: 1200 PSI/80 bar
- Maximum water/wash solution temperature: 140° F (60° C)
- Minimum of 12 inches (30 cm) between cleaning jet(s) and marking
- Cleaning wand or jets at angle of no more than 45 degrees from perpendicular to the marking surface
- Use spray tip #1505 (15 degree spray angle, 05 capacity size)
When using metal brighteners, follow manufacturer's recommendations for dilution. Thoroughly rinse brightener
from markings after soaking vehicle
6.2 Storage
Series 983 markings should be stored in a cool, dry area, out of direct sunlight, at a temperature of 65-75º F (18-
24º C) and a relative humidity of 30-50%. Rolls should be stored horizontally in their shipping cartons or original
packaging.
6.3 Shelf Life
Apply Series 983 markings within two years of date of manufacture.
7 Durability
Series 983 markings will provide maximum durability when:
All 3M recommended procedures are followed and
Markings are applied to vertical surfaces (within ± 20º of vertical orientation).
Series 983 marking durability depends on use. Failure to follow 3M-required techniques may reduce durability.
Table 5. Typical Luminance Factor Values for 3M Diamond Grade 983-21 Fluorescent Yellow and 983-23
Fluorescent Yellow-Green Conspicuity Markingsa
a. Total luminance is defined as the sum of fluorescent and reflected luminance
(YT=YF+YR) and is determined in accordance with ASTM E2152 and ASTM E2153.
Color Total Luminance
Factor (YT)
Luminance
Factor (YF)
Luminance
Factor (YR)
Fluorescent Yellow 75 55 20
Fluorescent Yellow-Green 90 55 35
rst aid statements fo chemicals prior to h t www‘GM.com/us M recommended substrate 3 tion, and cleaning procedur 3M Information Folder 4.9
5 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 April 2018
Below are some conditions and processing examples that may lead to reduced durability:
Failure to cut markings around rivets, seams, and body panels
Improper use of high pressure cleaning
Contact with non-recommended chemicals or solvents
Improper application or surface preparation
Horizontal exposure
Open cells along the edges of a marking may collect dirt, which will not reduce marking performance
Damage due to external conditions may reduce adhesion and reflectivity near the damaged area
8 Health and Safety Information
Read all health hazard, precautionary, and first aid statements found in the Safety Data Sheet (SDS), Article
Information Sheet, and/or product labels of chemicals prior to handling or use. Consult local regulations and
authorities for possible restrictions. Visit us at www.3M.com/us and select SDS search to obtain current Safety
Data Sheets.
9 Warranty Information
9.1 3M Basic Product Warranty
3M Diamond Grade Conspicuity Marking Series 983 (“Product”) is warranted (“Basic Warranty”) to be free of
defects in materials and manufacture at the time of shipment and to meet the specifications stated in this product
bulletin. If the Product is proven not to have met the Basic Warranty on its shipment date, then a buyer’s exclusive
remedy, and 3M’s sole obligation, at 3M’s option, will be a refund or replacement of the Product.
9.2 Additional Warranty
For additional warranty information on specific applications such as trucks and trailers, rail cars, school buses or
emergency vehicles, please see the specific product bulletins for those applications.
9.3 Terms and Conditions
Product must be processed and applied to a vertically-mounted (±20º) 3M recommended substrate as described
in this product bulletin and in accordance with all 3M application, fabrication, and cleaning procedures provided
in 3M's product bulletins, information folders (including but not limited to 3M Information Folder 4.9), and
applicable technical memos (which will be furnished to the manufacturer upon request).
Any third-party imaging or altering of the Product not endorsed by 3M will void the 3M Warranty.
A Product's failure to meet the 3M Warranty must be solely the result of design or manufacturing defects in the
Product and not of (a) outside causes including improper storage, fabrication, handling, maintenance, or
installation; (b) use of process colors, thinners, coatings, or other chemicals not recommended by 3M; (c) use of
application procedures not recommended by 3M; (d) exposure to chemicals or solvents not recommended by
3M; (e) abrasion and other physical damage; (f) snow or any other burial of the marking; (g) collisions, vandalism,
or malicious mischief; or (h) an act of God.
3M reserves the right to determine the method of replacement. Replacement product will carry the unexpired
warranty of the Product it replaces.
Claims made under this warranty will be honored only if 3M is presented with a traceable record of the Product's
Installation Date, 3M is notified of a potential failure within thirty days of discovery, reasonable information
requested by 3M is provided, and 3M is permitted to verify the cause of the failure.
9.4 Exclusive Limited Remedy and Disclaimer
If the Product is proven not to have met the 3M Warranty during the Warranty Period, then the purchaser's and
user's exclusive remedy, and 3M's sole obligation, at 3M's option, shall be that 3M will provide replacement of the
Product.
THE 3M WARRANTY IS MADE IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT
NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY ARISING OUT OF A COURSE OF DEALING OR OF
PERFORMANCE, CUSTOM, OR USAGE OF TRADE.
han/www‘3M.com/roadsafe‘y PB 983 PB 983 PB 983 RR PB 98 3M IF4‘9
6 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 April 2018
9.5 Limitation of Liability
Except for the limited remedy stated above, and except where prohibited by law, 3M will not be liable for any loss
or damage arising from any 3M product, whether direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages
(including but not limited to lost profits, business, or revenue in any way), regardless of the legal theory asserted
including warranty, contract, negligence, or strict liability.
10 Other Product Information
Always confirm that you have the most current version of the applicable product bulletin, information folder, or
other product information from 3M’s Website at http://www.3M.com/roadsafety.
11 Literature References
PB 983 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 for Emergency Vehicles
PB 983 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 for Trucks and Trailers
PB 983 RR 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 for Rail Cars
PB 983-71 3M™ Diamond Grade™ Conspicuity Markings Series 983 for School Buses
3M IF 4.9 Application Instructions for Diamond Grade Conspicuity Markings Series 983
ASTM Test Methods are available from ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
http://www.3M.com/roadsafety 3M.com/roadsalelx
For Information or
A
ssistance
Call:
1-800-553
-
1380
In Canada
Call:
1
-800-3M HELPS (1-800-364-3577)
Interne
t:
http://www.3M.com/roadsafety
3M, 3M Science. Applied to Life., and Diamond Grade are trademarks of 3M. Used under license in Canada.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
3M assumes no responsibility for any injury, loss, or damage arising out of the use of a product that is not of our
manufacture. Where reference is made in literature to a commercially available product, made by another
manufacturer, it shall be the user’s responsibility to ascertain the precautionary measures for its use outlined by
the manufacturer.
Transportation Safety Division
3M Center, Building 0225-04-N-14
St. Paul, MN 55144-1000 USA
Phone 1-800-553-1380
Web 3M.com/roadsafety Please recycle. Printed in USA © 3M 2018.
All rights reserved. Electronic Only

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