DS1306 Datasheet by Maxim Integrated

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BENEFITS AND FEATURES
Completely Manages All Timekeeping
Functions
o Real-Time Clock (RTC) Counts Seconds,
Minutes, Hours, Date of the Month,
Month, Day of the Week, and Year with
Leap-Year Compensation Valid Up to
2100
o 96-Byte, Battery-Backed NV RAM for
Data Storage
o Two Time-Of-Day Alarms,
Programmable on Combination of
Seconds, Minutes, Hours, and Day of the
Week
o 1Hz and 32.768kHz Clock Outputs
Standard Serial Port Interfaces with Most
Microcontrollers
o Supports Motorola SPI (Serial Peripheral
Interface) Modes 1 and 3 or Standard
3-Wire Interface
o Burst Mode for Reading/Writing
Successive Addresses in Clock/RAM
Multiple Power Supply Pins Ease Adding
Battery for Backup
o Dual-Power Supply Pins for Primary and
Backup Power Supplies
o Optional Trickle Charge Output to
Backup Supply
o 2.0V to 5.5V Operation
Optional Industrial Temperature Range:
-40°C to +85°C Supports Operation in a
Wide Range of Applications
20-Pin TSSOP Minimizes Required Space
Underwriters Laboratory (UL®) Recognized
PIN CONFIGURATIONS
UL is a registered trademark of Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
TSSOP (4.4mm)
VCC2
VBAT
X1
N.C.
X2
N.C.
INT0
INT1
1Hz
GND
VCC1
N.C.
32kHz
VCCIF
SDO
SDI
SCLK
CE
SERMODE
N.C.
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
V
CC2
DIP (300 mils)
X1
INT0
1Hz
GND
V
CC1
SDO
SDI
SCLK
CE
SERMODE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
V
BAT
X2
INT1
32kHz
V
CCIF
19-5056; Rev 4/15
DS1306
Serial Alarm Real-Time Clock
1 of 22
D51306E+T&R 0“C K0 +70°C 20 T550? 173 mils D51306 + www.maxim-ic.com/I‘echSuppon/QA/nlrl.hlm. (1'2 5-“
DS1306
ORDERING INFORMATION
PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE TOP MARK*
DS1306
0°C to +70°C
16 DIP (300 mils)
DS1306
DS1306+
0°C to +70°C
16 DIP (300 mils)
DS1306 +
DS1306N
-40°C to +85°C
16 DIP (300 mils)
DS1306N
DS1306N+
0°C to +70°C
16 DIP (300 mils)
DS1306N +
DS1306E
0°C to +70°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306
DS1306E+
0°C to +70°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306 +
DS1306EN
-40°C to +85°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306N
DS1306EN+
-40°C to +85°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306N +
DS1306EN/T&R
-40°C to +85°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306N
DS1306EN+T&R
-40°C to +85°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306N +
DS1306E/T&R
0°C to +70°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306
DS1306E+T&R
C to +70°C
20 TSSOP (173 mils)
DS1306 +
+Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package
T&R = Tape and reel.
*An “N” on the top mark indicates an industrial device.
PIN DESCRIPTION
PIN
NAME FUNCTION
TSSOP
DIP
1 1 VCC2
Backup Power Supply. This is the secondary power supply pin. In systems
using the trickle charger, the rechargeable energy source is connected to this
pin.
2 2 VBAT
Battery Input for Any Standard +3V Lithium Cell or Other Energy
Source. If not used, VBAT must be connected to ground. Diodes must not be
placed in series between VBAT and the battery, or improper operation will
result. UL recognized to ensure against reverse charging current when used
in conjunction with a lithium battery. See “Conditions of Acceptability” at
www.maxim-ic.com/TechSupport/QA/ntrl.htm.
3 3 X1
Connections for Standard 32.768kHz Quartz Crystal. The internal
oscillator is designed for operation with a crystal having a specified load
capacitance of 6pF. For more information on crystal selection and crystal
layout considerations, refer to Application Note 58, “Crystal Considerations
with Dallas Real-Time Clocks.” The DS1306 can also be driven by an
external 32.768kHz oscillator. In this configuration, the X1 pin is connected
to the external oscillator signal and the X2 pin is floated.
5 4 X2
7 5 INT0
Active-Low Interrupt 0 Output.
The INT0 pin is an active-low output of
the DS1306 that can be used as an interrupt input to a processor. The INT0
pin can be programmed to be asserted by Alarm 0. The INT0 pin remains
low as long as the status bit causing the interrupt is present and the
corresponding interrupt enable bit is set. The INT0 pin operates when the
DS1306 is powered by VCC1, VCC2, or VBAT. The INT0 pin is an open-drain
output and requires an external pullup resistor.
8 6 INT1
Interrupt 1 Output. The INT1 pin is an active-high output of the DS1306
that can be used as an interrupt input to a processor. The INT1 pin can be
programmed to be asserted by Alarm 1. When an alarm condition is present,
the INT1 pin generates a 62.5ms active-high pulse. The INT1 pin operates
only when the DS1306 is powered by VCC2 or VBAT. When active, the INT1
pin is internally pulled up to VCC2 or VBAT. When inactive, the INT1 pin is
2 of 22
(cu u'u
DS1306
internally pulled low.
PIN DESCRIPTION (continued)
PIN
NAME FUNCTION
TSSOP
DIP
9 7 1Hz
1Hz Output. The 1Hz pin provides a 1Hz square wave output. This output
is active when the 1 Hz bit in the control register is a logic 1. Both INT0
and 1Hz pins are open-drain outputs. The interrupt, 1Hz signal, and the
internal clock continue to run regardless of the level of VCC (as long as a
power source is present).
10
8
GND
Ground
11 9 SERMODE
Serial Interface Mode. The SERMODE pin offers the flexibility to choose
between two serial interface modes. When connected to GND, standard
3-wire communication is selected. When connected to VCC, SPI
communication is selected.
12 10 CE
Chip Enable. The chip enable signal must be asserted high during a read or
a write for both 3-wire and SPI communication. This pin has an internal
55k pulldown resistor (typical).
14 11 SCLK
Serial Clock. SCLK is used to synchronize data movement on the serial
interface for either the SPI or 3-wire interface.
15 12 SDI
Serial Data In. When SPI communication is selected, the SDI pin is the
serial data input for the SPI bus. When 3-wire communication is selected,
this pin must be tied to the SDO pin (the SDI and SDO pins function as a
single I/O pin when tied together).
16 13 SDO
Serial Data Out. When SPI communication is selected, the SDO pin is the
serial data output for the SPI bus. When 3-wire communication is selected,
this pin must be tied to the SDI pin (the SDI and SDO pins function as a
single I/O pin when tied together). VCCIF provides the logic-high level.
17 14 VCCIF
Interface Logic Power-Supply Input. The V
CCIF
pin allows the DS1306 to
drive SDO and 32kHz output pins to a level that is compatible with the
interface logic, thus allowing an easy interface to 3V logic in mixed supply
systems. This pin is physically connected to the source connection of the
p-channel transistors in the output buffers of the SDO and 32kHz pins.
18 15 32kHz
32.768kHz Output. The 32kHz pin provides a 32.768kHz output. This
signal is always present. VCCIF provides the logic-high level.
20 16 VCC1
Primary Power Supply. DC power is provided to the device on this pin.
VCC1 is the primary power supply.
4, 6, 13,
19
N.C. No Connection
3 of 22
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DS1306
DESCRIPTION
The DS1306 serial alarm real-time clock (RTC) provides a full binary coded decimal (BCD) clock
calendar that is accessed by a simple serial interface. The clock/calendar provides seconds, minutes,
hours, day, date, month, and year information. The end of the month date is automatically adjusted for
months with fewer than 31 days, including corrections for leap year. The clock operates in either the 24-
hour or 12-hour format with AM/PM indicator. In addition, 96 bytes of NV RAM are provided for data
storage.
An interface logic power-supply input pin (VCCIF) allows the DS1306 to drive SDO and 32kHz pins to a
level that is compatible with the interface logic. This allows an easy interface to 3V logic in mixed supply
systems. The DS1306 offers dual-power supplies as well as a battery-input pin. The dual-power supplies
support a programmable trickle charge circuit that allows a rechargeable energy source (such as a super
cap or rechargeable battery) to be used for a backup supply. The VBAT pin allows the device to be backed
up by a non-rechargeable battery. The DS1306 is fully operational from 2.0V to 5.5V.
Two programmable time-of-day alarms are provided by the DS1306. Each alarm can generate an
interrupt on a programmable combination of seconds, minutes, hours, and day. “Don’t care” states can be
inserted into one or more fields if it is desired for them to be ignored for the alarm condition. A 1Hz and a
32kHz clock output are also available.
The DS1306 supports a direct interface to SPI serial data ports or standard 3-wire interface. An easy-to-
use address and data format is implemented in which data transfers can occur 1 byte at a time or in
multiple-byte burst mode.
OPERATION
The block diagram in Figure 1 shows the main elements of the serial alarm RTC. The following
paragraphs describe the function of each pin.
Figure 1. BLOCK DIAGRAM
1Hz
4 of 22
DS1306
RECOMMENDED LAYOUT FOR CRYSTAL
CLOCK ACCURACY
The accuracy of the clock is dependent upon the accuracy of the crystal and the accuracy of the match
between the capacitive load of the oscillator circuit and the capacitive load for which the crystal was
trimmed. Additional error is added by crystal frequency drift caused by temperature shifts. External
circuit noise coupled into the oscillator circuit can result in the clock running fast. Refer to Application
Note 58: Crystal Considerations with Dallas Real-Time Clocks for detailed information.
Table 1. Crystal Specifications
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
Nominal Frequency
fO
32.768
kHz
Series Resistance
ESR
45
kΩ
Load Capacitance
CL
6
pF
*The crystal, traces, and crystal input pins should be isolated from RF generating signals. Refer to
Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations for Dallas Real-Time Clocks for additional specifications.
CLOCK, CALENDAR, AND ALARM
The time and calendar information is obtained by reading the appropriate register bytes. The RTC
registers are illustrated in Figure 2. The time, calendar, and alarm are set or initialized by writing the
appropriate register bytes. Note that some bits are set to 0. These bits always read 0 regardless of how
they are written. Also note that registers 12h to 1Fh (read) and registers 92h to 9Fh are reserved. These
registers always read 0 regardless of how they are written. The contents of the time, calendar, and alarm
registers are in the BCD format.. Values in the day register that correspond to the day of the week are
user-defined, but must be sequential (e.g. if 1 equals Sunday, 2 equals Monday and so on). The day
register increments at midnight. Illogical time and date entries result in undefined operation.
WRITING TO THE CLOCK REGISTERS
The internal time and date registers continue to increment during write operations. However, the
countdown chain is reset when the seconds register is written. Writing the time and date registers within
one second after writing the seconds register ensures consistent data.
Terminating a write before the last bit is sent aborts the write for that byte.
READING FROM THE CLOCK REGISTERS
Buffers are used to copy the time and date register at the beginning of a read. When reading in burst
mode, the user copy is static while the internal registers continue to increment.
Local ground plane (Layer 2)
crystal
X1
X2
GND
5 of 22
DS1306
Figure 2. RTC REGISTERS AND ADDRESS MAP
HEX ADDRESS Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit0 RANGE
READ
WRITE
00h
80h
0
10 SEC
SEC
00–59
01h
81h
0
10 MIN
MIN
00–59
02h 82h 0 12
P
10-HR HOURS 01–12 + P/A
A
24
10
00–23
03h
83h
0
0
0
0
0
DAY
01–07
04h
84h
0
0
10-DATE
DATE
1–31
05h
85h
0
0
10-MONTH
MONTH
01–12
06h
86h
10-YEAR
YEAR
00–99
07h
87h
M
10-SEC ALARM 0
SEC ALARM 0
00–59
08h
88h
M
10-MIN ALARM 0
MIN ALARM 0
00–59
09h 89h M 12
P
10-HR HOUR ALARM 0 01–12 + P/A
A
24
10
00–23
0Ah 8Ah M 0 0 0 0 DAY ALARM 0 01–07
0Bh
8Bh
M
10 SEC ALARM 1
SEC ALARM 1
00–59
0Ch
8Ch
M
10 MIN ALARM 1
MIN ALARM 1
00–59
0Dh 8Dh M 12
P
10-HR HOUR ALARM 1 01–12 + P/A
A
24
10
00–23
0Eh
8Eh
M
0
0
0
0
DAY ALARM 1
01–07
0Fh
8Fh
CONTROL REGISTER
10h
90h
STATUS REGISTER
11h
91h
TRICKLE CHARGER REGISTER
12h–1Fh
92h–
9Fh
RESERVED
20h–7Fh
A0h–
FFh
96-BYTES USER RAM
Note: Range for alarm registers does not include mask’m’ bits.
The DS1306 can be run in either 12-hour or 24-hour mode. Bit 6 of the hours register is defined as the
12- or 24-hour mode select bit. When high, the 12-hour mode is selected. In the 12-hour mode, bit 5 is the
AM/PM bit with logic-high being PM. In the 24-hour mode, bit 5 is the second 10-hour bit (20 to 23
hours).
The DS1306 contains two time-of-day alarms. Time-of-day alarm 0 can be set by writing to registers 87h
to 8Ah. Time-of-day Alarm 1 can be set by writing to registers 8Bh to 8Eh. Bit 7 of each of the time-of-
day alarm registers are mask bits (Table 2). When all of the mask bits are logic 0, a time-of-day alarm
only occurs once per week when the values stored in timekeeping registers 00h to 03h match the values
stored in the time-of-day alarm registers. An alarm is generated every day when bit 7 of the day alarm
register is set to a logic 1. An alarm is generated every hour when bit 7 of the day and hour alarm
6 of 22
DS1306
registers is set to a logic 1. Similarly, an alarm is generated every minute when bit 7 of the day, hour, and
minute alarm registers is set to a logic 1. When bit 7 of the day, hour, minute, and seconds alarm registers
is set to a logic 1, an alarm occurs every second.
During each clock update, the RTC compares the Alarm 0 and Alarm 1 registers with the corresponding
clock registers. When a match occurs, the corresponding alarm flag bit in the status register is set to a 1. If
the corresponding alarm interrupt enable bit is enabled, an interrupt output is activated.
Table 2. TIME-OF-DAY ALARM MASK BITS
ALARM REGISTER MASK BITS (BIT 7)
FUNCTION
SECONDS
MINUTES
HOURS
DAYS
1
1
1
1
Alarm once per second
0
1
1
1
Alarm when seconds match
0
0
1
1
Alarm when minutes and seconds match
0
0
0
1
Alarm hours, minutes, and seconds match
0
0
0
0
Alarm day, hours, minutes and seconds match
SPECIAL PURPOSE REGISTERS
The DS1306 has three additional registers (control register, status register, and trickle charger register)
that control the real-time clock, interrupts, and trickle charger.
CONTROL REGISTER (READ 0Fh, WRITE 8Fh)
BIT7
BIT6
BIT5
BIT4
BIT3
BIT2
BIT1
BIT0
0
WP
0
0
0
1Hz
AIE1
AIE0
WP (Write Protect) Before any write operation to the clock or RAM, this bit must be logic 0. When
high, the write protect bit prevents a write operation to any register, including bits 0, 1, and 2 of the
control register. Upon initial power-up, the state of the WP bit is undefined. Therefore, the WP bit should
be cleared before attempting to write to the device. When WP is set, it must be cleared before any other
control register bit can be written.
1Hz (1Hz Output Enable) This bit controls the 1Hz output. When this bit is a logic 1, the 1Hz output
is enabled. When this bit is a logic 0, the 1Hz output is high-Z.
AIE0 (Alarm Interrupt Enable 0) When set to a logic 1, this bit permits the interrupt 0 request flag
(IRQF0) bit in the status register to assert
INT0
. When the AIE0 bit is set to logic 0, the IRQF0 bit does
not initiate the
INT0
signal.
AIE1 (Alarm Interrupt Enable 1) When set to a logic 1, this bit permits the interrupt 1 request flag
(IRQF1) bit in the status register to assert INT1. When the AIE1 bit is set to logic 0, the IRQF1 bit does
not initiate an interrupt signal, and the INT1 pin is set to a logic 0 state.
7 of 22
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DS1306
STATUS REGISTER (READ 10H)
BIT7
BIT6
BIT5
BIT4
BIT3
BIT2
BIT1
BIT0
0
0
0
0
0
0
IRQF1
IRQF0
IRQF0 (Interrupt 0 Request Flag) A logic 1 in the interrupt request flag bit indicates that the current
time has matched the Alarm 0 registers. If the AIE0 bit is also a logic 1, the
INT0
pin goes low. IRQF0 is
cleared when the address pointer goes to any of the Alarm 0 registers during a read or write. IRQF0 is
activated when the device is powered by VCC1, VCC2, or VBAT.
IRQF1 (Interrupt 1 Request Flag) A logic 1 in the interrupt request flag bit indicates that the current
time has matched the Alarm 1 registers. If the AIE1 bit is also a logic 1, the INT1 pin generates a 62.5ms
active-high pulse. IRQF1 is cleared when the address pointer goes to any of the alarm 1 registers during a
read or write. IRQF1 is activated only when the device is powered by VCC2 or VBAT.
TRICKLE CHARGE REGISTER (READ 11H, WRITE 91H)
This register controls the trickle charge characteristics of the DS1306. The simplified schematic of Figure
3 shows the basic components of the trickle charger. The trickle charge select (TCS) bits (bits 47)
control the selection of the trickle charger. In order to prevent accidental enabling, only a pattern of 1010
enables the trickle charger. All other patterns disable the trickle charger. The DS1306 powers up with the
trickle charger disabled. The diode select (DS) bits (bits 2–3) select whether one diode or two diodes are
connected between VCC1 and VCC2. The diode select (DS) bits (bits 2–3) select whether one diode or two
diodes are connected between VCC1 and VCC2. The resistor select (RS) bits select the resistor that is
connected between VCC1 and VCC2. The resistor and diodes are selected by the RS and DS bits as shown
in Table 3.
Figure 3. PROGRAMMABLE TRICKLE CHARGER
8 of 22
DS1306
Table 3. TRICKLE CHARGER RESISTOR AND DIODE SELECT
TCS
Bit 7 TCS
Bit 6 TCS
Bit 5 TCS
Bit 4 DS
Bit 3 DS
Bit 2 RS
Bit 1 RS
Bit 0 FUNCTION
X X X X X X 0 0 Disabled
X X X X 0 0 X X Disabled
X X X X 1 1 X X Disabled
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 Diode, 2kΩ
1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 Diode, 4kΩ
1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 Diode, 8kΩ
1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 2 Diodes, 2kΩ
1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 2 Diodes, 4kΩ
1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 2 Diodes, 8kΩ
0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 Initial power-on state
If RS is 00, the trickle charger is disabled independently of TCS.
Diode and resistor selection is determined by the user according to the maximum current desired for
battery or super cap charging. The maximum charging current can be calculated as illustrated in the
following example. Assume that a system power supply of 5V is applied to VCC1 and a super cap is
connected to VCC2. Also assume that the trickle charger has been enabled with one diode and resister R1
between VCC1 and VCC2. The maximum current IMAX would, therefore, be calculated as follows:
IMAX = (5.0V - diode drop) / R1 (5.0V - 0.7V) / 2kΩ 2.2mA
As the super cap charges, the voltage drop between VCC1 and VCC2 decreases and, therefore, the charge
current decreases.
POWER CONTROL
Power is provided through the VCC1, VCC2, and VBAT pins. Three different power supply configurations
are illustrated in Figure 4. Configuration 1 shows the DS1306 being backed up by a non-rechargeable
energy source such as a lithium battery. In this configuration, the system power supply is connected to
VCC1 and VCC2 is grounded. When VCC falls below VBAT the device switches into a low-current battery
backup mode. Upon power-up, the device switches from VBAT to VCC when VCC is greater than
VBAT + 0.2V. The device is write-protected whenever it is switched to VBAT.
Configuration 2 illustrates the DS1306 being backed up by a rechargeable energy source. In this case, the
VBAT pin is grounded, VCC1 is connected to the primary power supply, and VCC2 is connected to the
secondary supply (the rechargeable energy source). The DS1306 operates from the larger of VCC1 or
VCC2. When VCC1 is greater than VCC2 + 0.2V (typical), VCC1 powers the DS1306. When VCC1 is less than
VCC2, VCC2 powers the DS1306. The DS1306 does not write-protect itself in this configuration.
Configuration 3 shows the DS1306 in battery-operate mode, where the device is powered only by a single
battery. In this case, the VCC1 and VBAT pins are grounded and the battery is connected to the VCC2 pin.
Only these three configurations are allowed. Unused supply pins must be grounded.
9 of 22
svswm osme CONFIGURATION 1: BACKUP SUPPLY IS _J_— V“ NOTE: DEVICE IS WRITE-PROTECTED IF V
DS1306
Figure 4. POWER-SUPPLY CONFIGURATIONS
NOTE: DEVICE DOES NOT PROVIDE AUTOMATIC WRITE PROTECTION.
NOTE: DEVICE IS WRITE-PROTECTED IF V
CC
< V
CCTP
.
CONFIGURATION 1: BACKUP SUPPLY IS
NONRECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY
CONFIGURATION 2: BACKUP SUPPLY IS A
RECHARGEABLE BATTERY OR SUPER
CAPACITOR
CONFIGURATION 3: BATTERY OPERATE
MODE
10 of 22
CE SCLK SCLK NOTE 1: CPHA BTT POLARITY HF APPLTCABLE) MAY NEED TO BE SET ACCORDTNGLY‘ NOTE 2: CPOL TS A BIT THAT ‘5 SET TN THE MICROCONTROLLER’S CONTROL REGTSTER. NOTE 3: SDO REMATNS AT HIGHVZ UNTIL 8 BITS OF DATA ARE READV TO BE SHTFTED OUT DURING A READ.
DS1306
SERIAL INTERFACE
The DS1306 offers the flexibility to choose between two serial interface modes. The DS1306 can
communicate with the SPI interface or with a standard 3-wire interface. The interface method used is
determined by the SERMODE pin. When this pin is connected to VCC, SPI communication is selected.
When this pin is connected to ground, standard 3-wire communication is selected.
SERIAL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE (SPI)
The serial peripheral interface (SPI) is a synchronous bus for address and data transfer and is used when
interfacing with the SPI bus on specific Motorola microcontrollers such as the 68HC05C4 and the
68HC11A8. The SPI mode of serial communication is selected by tying the SERMODE pin to VCC.
Four pins are used for the SPI. The four pins are the SDO (serial data out), SDI (serial data in), CE (chip
enable), and SCLK (serial clock). The DS1306 is the slave device in an SPI application, with the
microcontroller being the master.
The SDI and SDO pins are the serial data input and output pins for the DS1306, respectively. The CE
input is used to initiate and terminate a data transfer. The SCLK pin is used to synchronize data
movement between the master (microcontroller) and the slave (DS1306) devices.
The shift clock (SCLK), which is generated by the microcontroller, is active only during address and data
transfer to any device on the SPI bus. The inactive clock polarity is programmable in some
microcontrollers. The DS1306 determines on the clock polarity by sampling SCLK when CE becomes
active. Therefore either SCLK polarity can be accommodated. Input data (SDI) is latched on the internal
strobe edge and output data (SDO) is shifted out on the shift edge (Figure 5). There is one clock for each
bit transferred. Address and data bits are transferred in groups of eight, MSB first.
Figure 5. SERIAL CLOCK AS A FUNCTION OF MICROCONTROLLER
CLOCK POLARITY (CPOL)
CE
CPOL = 1
SCLK
DATA LATCH (WRITE)
SHIFT DATA OUT (READ)
CPOL = 0
SCLK
DATA LATCH (WRITE)
SHIFT DATA OUT (READ)
NOTE 1: CPHA BIT POLARITY (IF APPLICABLE) MAY NEED TO BE SET ACCORDINGLY.
NOTE 2: CPOL IS A BIT THAT IS SET IN THE MICROCONTROLLERS CONTROL REGISTER.
NOTE 3: SDO REMAINS AT HIGH-Z UNTIL 8 BITS OF DATA ARE READY TO BE SHIFTED OUT DURING A READ.
11 of 22
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DS1306
ADDRESS AND DATA BYTES
Address and data bytes are shifted MSB first into the serial data input (SDI) and out of the serial data
output (SDO). Any transfer requires the address of the byte to specify a write or read to either a RTC or
RAM location, followed by one or more bytes of data. Data is transferred out of the SDO for a read
operation and into the SDI for a write operation (Figures 6 and 7).
Figure 6. SPI SINGLE-BYTE WRITE
Figure 7. SPI SINGLE-BYTE READ
The address byte is always the first byte entered after CE is driven high. The most significant bit (A7) of
this byte determines if a read or write takes place. If A7 is 0, one or more read cycles occur. If A7 is 1,
one or more write cycles occur.
Data transfers can occur one byte at a time or in multiple-byte burst mode. After CE is driven high an
address is written to the DS1306. After the address, 1 or more data bytes can be written or read. For a
single-byte transfer, one byte is read or written and then CE is driven low. For a multiple-byte transfer,
however, multiple bytes can be read or written to the DS1306 after the address has been written. Each
read or write cycle causes the RTC register or RAM address to automatically increment. Incrementing
continues until the device is disabled. When the RTC is selected, the address wraps to 00h after
incrementing to 1Fh (during a read) and wraps to 80h after incrementing to 9Fh (during a write). When
the RAM is selected, the address wraps to 20h after incrementing to 7Fh (during a read) and wraps to
A0h after incrementing to FFh (during a write).
* SCLK CAN BE EITHER POLARITY.
* SCLK CAN BE EITHER POLARITY.
SERMODE = V
CC
SERMODE = V
CC
12 of 22
CE_/ 1 HHIEH n HIIHH 7/ 5ch HHHH “HUN (1 W{ W Sm new 500 ADDRESS um am am awE ma am: 1/ BWEN H Anufizss W an: I um am a um um u W
DS1306
Figure 8. SPI MULTIPLE-BYTE BURST TRANSFER
READING AND WRITING IN BURST MODE
Burst mode is similar to a single-byte read or write, except that CE is kept high and additional SCLK
cycles are sent until the end of the burst. The clock registers and the user RAM may be read or written in
burst mode. When accessing the clock registers in burst mode, the address pointer will wrap around after
reaching 1Fh (9Fh for writes). When accessing the user RAM in burst mode, the address pointer wraps
around after reaching 7Fh (FFh for writes).
3-WIRE INTERFACE
The 3-wire interface mode operates similar to the SPI mode. However, in 3-wire mode there is one I/O
instead of separate data in and data out signals. The 3-wire interface consists of the I/O (SDI and SDO
pins tied together), CE, and SCLK pins. In 3-wire mode, each byte is shifted in LSB first, unlike SPI
mode, where each byte is shifted in MSB first.
As is the case with the SPI mode, an address byte is written to the device followed by a single data byte
or multiple data bytes. Figure 9 illustrates a read and write cycle. In 3-wire mode, data is input on the
rising edge of SCLK and output on the falling edge of SCLK.
13 of 22
SINGLE-BYTE READ J L W -------o wawawwaa SINGLE-BYTE WRITE c5 J \_ w W —( AO‘AIIAZIAB ‘AA‘AS |A5|1 )—< d0="" ldlldz‘d3‘d4‘d5id6id7="" note:="" tn="" burst="" mode,="" ce="" ts="" kept="" high="" and="" addttional="" sclk="" cycles="" are="" sent="" unttlthe="" end="" of="" the="" burst="">
DS1306
Figure 9. 3-WIRE SINGLE BYTE TRANSFER
NOTE: IN BURST MODE, CE IS KEPT HIGH AND ADDITIONAL SCLK CYCLES ARE SENT UNTIL THE END OF THE BURST.
*I/O IS SDI AND SDO TIED TOGETHER.
A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 1
CE
SCLK
I/O*
D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7
SINGLE-BYTE WRITE
D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7
A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 0
I/O*
CE
SCLK
SINGLE-BYTE READ
SERMODE = GND
14 of 22
(TA (u EAI‘ (1':
DS1306
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Voltage Range on Any Pin Relative to Ground……………………………………………..-0.5V to +7.0V
Storage Temperature Range……………………………………………………………….-55°C to +125°C
Soldering Temperature.……………………………….Refer to the IPC/JEDEC Standard J-STD-020
Specification
This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operation
sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time can affect
reliability.
OPERATING RANGE
RANGE
TEMP RANGE
VCC (V)
Commercial 0°C to +70°C 2.0 to 5.5 VCC1 or VCC2
Industrial -40°C to +85°C 2.0 to 5.5 VCC1 or VCC2
RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS
(TA = Over the operating range, unless otherwise specified.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
Supply Voltage
VCC1, VCC2
VCC1, VCC2 2.0 5.5 V 1, 8
Logic 1 Input VIH 2.0 VCC + 0.3 V
Logic 0 Input VIL
VCC = 2.0V
-0.3
+0.3
V
VCC = 5V
+0.8
VBAT Battery Voltage
VBAT
2.0
5.5
V
VCCIF Supply Voltage VCCIF 2.0 5.5 V 10
15 of 22
(TA °C) Oulpm Capacitance 15
DS1306
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(TA = Over the operating range, unless otherwise specified.)
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES
Input Leakage
ILI
-100
+500
µA
Output Leakage
ILO
-1
+1
µA
Logic 0 Output
IOL = 1.5mA
VOL
VCC = 2.0
0.4
V
IOL = 4.0mA
VCC = 5V
0.4
Logic 1 Output
IOH = -0.4mA
VOH
VCCIF = 2.0V
1.6
V
IOH = -1.0mA
VCCIF = 5V
2.4
Logic 1 Output Current
(INT1 pin)
I
OH
,
INT1
(V
CC2
, V
BAT
)
-0.3V
-100 µA
VCC1 Active Supply Current ICC1A
VCC1 = 2.0V
0.425
mA 2, 7
VCC1 = 5V
1.28
VCC1 Timekeeping Current ICC1T
VCC1 = 2.0V
25.3
µA 1, 7
VCC1 = 5V
81
VCC2 Active Supply Current ICC2A
VCC2 = 2.0V
0.4
mA 2, 8
VCC2 = 5V
1.2
VCC2 Timekeeping Current ICC2T
VCC2 = 2.0V
0.4
µA 1, 8
VCC2 = 5V
1
Battery Timekeeping Current IBAT VBAT = 3V 550 nA 9
Battery Timekeeping Current
(IND)
IBAT VBAT = 3V 800 nA 9
VCC Trip Point VCCTP
V
BAT
-
50
V
BAT
+
200
mV
Trickle Charge Resistors
R1
2
k
R2
4
R3
8
Trickle Charger Diode Voltage
Drop
VTD 0.7 V
CAPACITANCE
(TA = +25°C)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
Input Capacitance
CI
10
pF
Output Capacitance
CO
15
pF
16 of 22
DS1306
3-WIRE AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(TA = Over the operating range, unless otherwise specified.) (Figure 10 and Figure 11)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
Data to CLK Setup tDC
VCC = 2.0V
200
ns 3, 4
VCC = 5V
50
CLK to Data Hold tCDH
VCC = 2.0V
280
ns 3, 4
VCC = 5V
70
CLK to Data Delay tCDD
VCC = 2.0V
800
ns 3, 4, 5
VCC = 5V
200
CLK Low Time tCL
VCC = 2.0V
1000
ns 4
VCC = 5V
250
CLK High Time tCH
VCC = 2.0V
1000
ns 4
VCC = 5V
250
CLK Frequency tCLK
VCC = 2.0V
0.6
MHz 4
VCC = 5V
DC
2.0
CLK Rise and Fall tR, tF
VCC = 2.0V
2000
ns
VCC = 5V
500
CE to CLK Setup tCC
VCC = 2.0V
4
µs 4
VCC = 5V
1
CLK to CE Hold tCCH
VCC = 2.0V
240
ns 4
VCC = 5V
60
CE Inactive Time tCWH
VCC = 2.0V
4
µs 4
VCC = 5V
1
CE to Output High-Z tCDZ
VCC = 2.0V
280
ns 3, 4
VCC = 5V
70
SCLK to Output High-Z tCCZ
VCC = 2.0V
280
ns 3, 4
VCC = 5V
70
17 of 22
CE _ '00 9°“ \‘L 'ccz bow m buz ‘7 '0: men wth ADDRESS awe nan mu an "/0 \S SD‘AND SDO TIEDTOGETHER ‘ ‘ccn a 'ct H ‘, SCLK u ' » um um H—‘JLVJ ‘VO \5 SDIANDSDO T‘EDTOGETHER WW‘EWF‘ESH”! W“ “m
DS1306
Figure 10. TIMING DIAGRAM: 3-WIRE READ DATA TRANSFER
Figure 11. TIMING DIAGRAM: 3-WIRE WRITE DATA TRANSFER
* I/O IS SDI AND SDO TIED TOGETHER.
* I/O IS SDI AND SDO TIED TOGETHER.
SERMODE = GND
SERMODE = GND
18 of 22
DS1306
SPI AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(TA = Over the operating range, unless otherwise specified.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
Data to CLK Setup tDC
VCC = 2.0V
200
ns 3, 4
VCC = 5V
50
CLK to Data Hold tCDH
VCC = 2.0V
280
ns 3, 4
VCC = 5V
70
CLK to Data Delay tCDD
VCC = 2.0V
800
ns 3, 4, 5
VCC = 5V
200
CLK Low Time tCL
VCC = 2.0V
1000
ns 4
VCC = 5V
250
CLK High Time tCH
VCC = 2.0V
1000
ns 4
VCC = 5V
250
CLK Frequency tCLK
VCC = 2.0V
0.6
MHz 4
VCC = 5V
DC
2.0
CLK Rise and Fall tR, tF
VCC = 2.0V
2000
ns
VCC = 5V
500
CE to CLK Setup tCC
VCC = 2.0V
4
µs 4
VCC = 5V
1
CLK to CE Hold tCCH
VCC = 2.0V
240
ns 4
VCC = 5V
60
CE Inactive Time tCWH
VCC = 2.0V
4
µs 4
VCC = 5V
1
CE to Output High-Z tCDZ
VCC = 2.0V
280
ns 3, 4
VCC = 5V
70
19 of 22
2: :a C 4 'CC I’ 7 sm- W L; J) '0 EM Emu vac “ / sol .7 As H .n y / War sw_——fl_— m as D. on wnwuwnzss aws new DATA arrs ‘SCLK CAN BE E‘THER POLARITY‘UM‘NG SHOWN FOR CPOL :1 air ‘5 Wm 1?le WW; ADDRESS ems wane um arr; ’SCLK CAN BE E‘THER POLARWVJ‘M‘NG SHOWN FOR CPOL :1.
DS1306
Figure 12. TIMING DIAGRAM: SPI READ DATA TRANSFER
Figure 13. TIMING DIAGRAM: SPI WRITE DATA TRANSFER
* SCLK CAN BE EITHER POLARITY, TIMING SHOWN FOR CPOL = 1.
* SCLK CAN BE EITHER POLARITY, TIMING SHOWN FOR CPOL = 1.
SERMODE = V
CC
SERMODE = V
CC
20 of 22
www.maximiicfiom/Qackagcs. 2 1 41043 2 1 41066
DS1306
NOTES:
1) ICC1T and ICC2T are specified with CE set to a logic 0.
2) ICC1A and ICC2A are specified with CE = VCC, SCLK = 2MHz at VCC = 5V; SCLK = 500kHz at VCC =
2.0V, VIL = 0V, VIH = VCC.
3) Measured at VIH = 2.0V or VIL = 0.8V and 10ms maximum rise and fall time.
4) Measured with 50pF load.
5) Measured at VOH = 2.4V or VOL = 0.4V.
6) VCC = VCC1, when VCC1 > VCC2 + 0.2V (typical); VCC = VCC2, when VCC2 > VCC1.
7) VCC2 = 0V.
8) VCC1 = 0V.
9) VCC1 < VBAT.
10) VCCIF must be less than or equal to the largest of VCC1, VCC2, and VBAT.
PACKAGE INFORMATION
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages.
PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE DOCUMENT NO.
16 PDIP P16+1 21-0043
20 TSSOP U20+1 21-0066
21 of 22
DS1306
REVISION HISTORY
REVISION
DATE
DESCRIPTION
PAGES
CHANGED
12/09
Added Table 1. Crystal Specifications to the Clock Accuracy section. 5
Added “SERMODE = VCC” to Figures 6, 7, 12, and 13. 12, 20
Added “SERMODE = GND” to Figures 9, 10, and 11. 14, 18
Removed the “Crystal Capacitance” parameter from the Capacitance
table.
16
4/15 Revised Benefits and Features section 1
22 of 22
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim
reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
Maxim Integrated Products, 160 Rio Robles, San Jose, CA 95134 408-601-1000
© 2015 Maxim Integrated Products Maxim Is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.

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