DESCO WEST - 3651 Walnut Avenue, Chino, CA 91710 • (909) 627-8178
DESCO EAST - One Colgate Way, Canton, MA 02021-1407 • (781) 821-8370 • Website:
TB-3058 Page 1 of 5 © 2019 DESCO INDUSTRIES INC
Employee Owned
Dual Operator Continuous Monitor
Installation, Operation and Maintenance
Leading companies use continuous monitors as a cost
effective component in satisfying the section 6.1.3
Compliance Verification Plan requirements of ANSI/ESD
S20.20. The Desco Dual Operator Continuous Monitor with
Satellites continuously monitors the grounding integrity of two
operators, and two ESD worksurfaces’ path to ground. The
monitor will provide instantaneous notification of static control
equipment failures, and eliminates the need of costly and
difficult to supervise wrist strap logging record keeping. This
unit is highly cost effective as it is designed to monitor any
conventional single-wire wrist strap and ground cord system.
Per ESD Handbook ESD TR20.20 section Test
Frequency, “Because wrist straps have a finite life, it is
important to develop a test frequency that will guarantee
integrity of the system. Typical test programs recommend
that wrist straps that are used daily should be tested daily.
However, if the products that are being produced are of such
value that knowledge of a continuous, reliable ground is
needed, then continuous monitoring should be considered or
even required.”
The Desco Dual Operator Continuous Monitor is available in
the following models:
May 2019
Figure 1. Desco Dual Operator Continuous Monitor with
The Dual Operator Workstation Continuous Monitor is a
real time instrument that ensures that critical ESD control
components in a sensitive area are effectively grounded. It
independently monitors the operator and the worksurface.
The instant an operators wrist strap or cord fails, the monitor
will issue audible and visual alarms alerting the user of the
problem. In the same manner, the unit also confirms that
a path to ground of less than 10 megohms (1 x 107 ohms)
exists from the ESD protective worksurface(s).
Many customers are eliminating periodic touch testing of
wrist straps and are utilizing continuous monitoring to better
ensure that their products were manufactured in an ESD
protected environment. Full time continuous monitoring
is superior to periodic or pulsed testing, and can save a
significant amount of money in testing costs and rejected
product. Periodic testing detects wrist strap failures after ESD
susceptible products have been manufactured. The costs
of dealing with the resulting catastrophic failures or latent
defects can be considerable. Dual Operator Workstation
Continuous Monitors eliminate the need for users to test
wrist straps and log the results; by their function, these
monitors satisfy the ISO and ANSI/ESD S20.20 test logging.
ANSI/ESD S20.20 Paragraph Personnel Grounding
Guidance states “A log should be maintained which verifies
that personnel have tested their personal grounding devices.”
Per ESD-S1.1 Paragraph 6.1.3 “Daily (wrist strap system)
testing may be omitted if constant monitoring is used.”
From the technical alternatives available, Desco designs
and manufactures many of its Continuous Monitor product
offerings using wave distortion technology . Wave distortion
circuitry monitors current/voltage phase shifts and provides
true 100% continuous monitoring. Electrical current will
lead voltage at various points due to the combinations of
resistance and capacitive reactance. By monitoring these
“distortions” or phase shifts, the wave distortion Workstation
Continuous Monitor will reliably determine if the circuit is
Made in the
United States of America
*NASA Publication 1024-Anthropomorphic Source Book Volume 1:
“Anthropometry for Designers”
** Per ANSI/ESD S20.20 paragraph 6.0.3. Tailoring “This document,
or portions thereof, may not apply to all applica tions. Tailoring is
accomplished by evaluating the applicability of each requirement
for the specific application. Upon completion of the evaluation,
requirements may be added, modified or deleted. Tailoring
decisions, including rationale, shall be documented in the ESD
Control Program Plan.”
Item Power Adapter Input
19246 120VAC
19247 220VAC
The Dual Operator Continuous Monitor with Satellites is an
impedance sensing device designed to monitor body types
from a 5th percentile female to a 95th percentile male. This
range covers a 5 foot tall 90 pound person to a 6 foot 5
inch 250 pound person in any production environment.*
The 19246 is powered by a 120 VAC, 60/50 Hz, plug-in
transformer which also provides connection to ground.
No user adjustment required: The Continuous Monitor
is drift-free and designed to be insensitive to the effects of
squeezing or stretching the coil cord. It requires no user
DESCO WEST - 3651 Walnut Avenue, Chino, CA 91710 • (909) 627-8178
DESCO EAST - One Colgate Way, Canton, MA 02021-1407 • (781) 821-8370 • Website:
TB-3058 Page 2 of 5 © 2019 DESCO INDUSTRIES INC
Employee Owned
Wave distortion technology can be referred to as “vector
impedance monitoring”. This description is valid as the
wave distortion technology measures the impedance at the
monitored banana jack and looks for changes in either the
capacitance or resistance of the circuit which includes the
wrist strap and its wearer. It uses filtering and time domain
sampling to filter out false signals caused by voltage offsets,
60 Hz fields and other electro-magnetic and electrostatic
In normal factory environments, and with persons whose
capacitance with respect to ground is within design limits (5
feet tall 90 pound person to 6 foot 5 inch 250 pound person),
the Dual Operator Workstation Continuous Monitor cannot
be “fooled”. It will provide a reliable alarm only when the
wrist strap or work surface becomes dysfunctional or unsafe
according to accepted industry standards. The Dual Operator
Workstation Continuous Monitor is drift-free and designed to
be insensitive to the effects of squeezing or stretching the
coil cord.
The Desco Dual Operator Workstation Continuous Monitor
allows the use of any standard, single-wire wrist strap and
coil cord. The monitor/wrist strap/cord system life-cycle costs
are by far lower than alternative systems which require more
expensive & less durable dual-wire cords and special wrist
straps. Dual-wire cords are expensive and are the weak
link of the system. They are the most likely component to
need replacement. Over a five year period this can make
a dual-wire system three times as expensive as a system
utilizing single-wire wrist straps and cords.
The dictionary defines constant as uniform and unchanging,
and continuous as uninterrupted. Nonetheless, some
dual-wire resistance monitors utilize a pulsed test current and
do not really provide continuous monitoring. For example,
during each 2.2 second pulse cycle of a leading “constant”
resistive monitor, electrical current is pulsed for only 0.2
seconds followed by an unmonitored interval of 2 seconds.
This leaves the user/wrist strap unmonitored for over 90%
of each cycle. Damaging ESD events can easily occur in
the portion of the time in between the pulses. The off period
of 2 seconds equals 2 billion nanoseconds, and “it takes
only about 25 volts applied for 100 nanoseconds to blow
most memories or microprocessor.”* The dual-wire system
does not meet all industry ESD S6.1 specifications, as the
cords do not meet the EOS/ESD Association guidelines
for the 1 to 5 pound “breakaway force” requirement for
ensuring a reliable path-to-ground and preventing accidental
By using the reliable wave distortion technology to determine
if the circuit is complete, there are no false alarms. There
is no need to adjust or tune the monitor to a specific user
or installation. The miniscule amount of electrical current
(less than 1 volt coil cord signal) required to generate the
waveform has never caused reported skin irritation and is
extremely safe for use in voltage sensitive applications such
as disk drive manufacturing.
1 Dual Operator Continuous Monitor (Control Unit)
2 Satellite Remotes
1 Power Adapter, 24VAC
2 Mat Monitor Cords (Black), 6'
2 Mat Ground Cords (Green and Yellow), 6'
2 Satellite Remote Cables, 7'
4 Countersink Washers and Screws (#4 x 1/4")
6 Mounting Screws (#8 x 3/4")
1 Certificate of Calibration
Remove the monitor and satellites from its packaging.
Inspect for any shipping damage. Confirm that the
worksurface is 1 x 107 ohms or less and has a conductive
layer such as Dual Layer Rubber, Dissipative 3-Layer Vinyl,
or Micastat® Dissipative Laminate with conductive buried
The Control Unit for the Dual Operator Continuous Monitor is
normally installed under the bench top toward the front edge
of a workstation where the LEDs are easily visible. Use the
enclosure’s flanges to mount the monitor.
*1981 article by Donald E. Frank - Electrical Overstress Electronic
Discharge Symposium Proceedings
Figure 2. Mounting the Control Unit
Figure 3. Typical setup of the Dual Operator Continuous
Monitor and Satellites
O O O O 0 o o C) j TIE-3055
DESCO WEST - 3651 Walnut Avenue, Chino, CA 91710 • (909) 627-8178
DESCO EAST - One Colgate Way, Canton, MA 02021-1407 • (781) 821-8370 • Website:
TB-3058 Page 3 of 5 © 2019 DESCO INDUSTRIES INC
Employee Owned
The Satellite Remotes can
be installed up to 7 feet
away from the monitor
control unit. Two operators
plus two worksurfaces
can be monitored at separate adjacent workstations. The
worksurface mat circuit may be bypassed by a switch located
at the rear of the satellite. Also shown on each satellite
remote is an unmonitored ground connection jack where a
supervisor, guest, or equipment can be grounded.
NOTE: Replacement satellites are not available. Satellites
cannot be switched between control units. If satellites
are damaged or not performing correctly, contact Desco
Customer Service for an RMA.
The following procedure will outline how to correctly install
the Dual Operator Continuous Monitor and its satellites to
properly monitor an ESD protected workstation.
1. Follow the dimensions listed in figures 4 and 5 to properly
mount the Dual Operator Monitor’s Control Unit and
Satellite Remotes.
2. Connect the Satellite Remotes to the Control Unit using
the included cables.
Power Adapter
Workstation #2 Workstation #1
Figure 6. Typical setup of the Dual Operator Continuous
Monitor and Satellites
2X .21"
Figure 4. Mounting hole locations of the Control Unit
2X .19"
Figure 5. Mounting hole locations of the Satellite
3. Mat monitoring may be bypassed by using the switch
located inside the hole located at the rear of the satellite
4. Install Screws and Washers 12 to 72 inches apart from
each other on the worksurface mat. Make sure that they
pierce and clinch the bottom side of the mat.
5. Ground the worksurfaces by using the included mat
ground cords. Snap one end to the worksurface mat and
connect the other end to common point ground.
6. Connect the mat ground cord to the remaining worksurface
snap. Connect the other end of the cord to the back of the
satellite remote.
7. A convenient 3-wire 120 VAC outlet should be located and
tested for proper wiring and grounding. We recommend
using the Desco 98132 AC Outlet Analyzer to perform
these tests.
To Satellite Remote
Mat Monitor CordMat Ground Cord
Worksurface Mat
Figure 7. Installing the Mat Ground and Mat Monitor
Use the flat head screw
and countersunk washer
to keep the cord from
disconnecting from the
worksurface mat
DESCO WEST - 3651 Walnut Avenue, Chino, CA 91710 • (909) 627-8178
DESCO EAST - One Colgate Way, Canton, MA 02021-1407 • (781) 821-8370 • Website:
TB-3058 Page 4 of 5 © 2019 DESCO INDUSTRIES INC
Employee Owned
8. Plug the power adapter into the outlet and connect its
plug into the power jack located at the back of the Control
Unit. The green worksurface LEDs should illuminate. If
the red worksurface LED(s) illuminate and alarm, inspect
the snap fastener and ground cords for proper connection.
The operator LEDs will illuminate red when an operator is
not connected. The Dual Operator Continuous Monitor is
now ready for use.
Installation on Micastat
Materials Needed:
2 Flush Mount Ground Laminate Inserts
1 Installation Tool for Flush Mount Insert
1. Install the Flush Mount Inserts first. It is recommended to
install one in the right back corner and the other in the left
back corner of the Micastat® laminated bench top.
2. Once both inserts are installed, cut the ground cord
supplied with the monitor into two pieces; make sure that
the tinned end is long enough to connect from the
worksurface terminal on the Satellite Remote to one of the
flush mount terminals located under the bench.
3. The remaining wire can then be used to connect the other
flush mount terminal to ground using the supplied ring
terminal. The shrouded molded end can then be cut off.
When complete, one flush mount terminal will connect the
Micastat® laminate to ground while the other will connect
it to a satellite remote. The satellite remote then monitors
the ground connection between the two inserts, and since
Micastat® is the only ESD laminate made with a physical
uniform ground layer, it will monitor the entire Micastat®
surface ground. The wires will stay under the bench,
maximizing the usable space on the bench top.
When the satellite remote unit is installed and connected
to a grounded ESD protective worksurface, the monitor’s
green worksurfaces LED’s and red operator LED’s should
be illuminated. The monitor takes 6 seconds to activate its
audible alarm circuitry when first powered.
To use the monitor:
1. Plug a wrist strap cord, into the jack labeled OPERATOR
on the satellite remotes. This automatically activates the
selected operator channel. The red operator LED should
illuminate, and the buzzer should sound.
2. Remove the charges from your body by making contact
with a properly grounded ESD worksurface. Snap the
cord to the wristband, which should fit snugly on your
wrist. This should silence the alarm and cause the LEDs
to switch from red to green. If this does not happen,
check the wrist cord for continuity or damage. Examine
your wristband and ensure that it has a secure fit. If you
have dry skin, use ESD hand lotion such as Menda
Reztore® ESD Hand Lotion.
All Desco single-wire monitors with wave distortion
technology include the Park Snap feature. Use the Park
Snap to store the operator’s wrist cord and enable standby
mode while the operator is away from the workstation.
Before disconnecting the coil cord from the wristband, the
operator touches the Park Snap to disable the audio alarm
for 6 seconds. Within the 6 second period, the operator can
disconnect their wrist cord from their wristband and attach it
to the Park Snap before the audible alarm sounds. If the cord
is plugged into the OPERATOR jack, the monitor will alarm
continuously until the cord is either parked or unplugged.
The Dual Operator Continuous Monitor’s worksurface
monitoring circuitry is sufficiently sensitive to detect
extremely low current, allowing it to be used with mats having
a resistance of up to 1 x 107 ohms (10 megohms). If the user
desires not to monitor the worksurface, the circuit can be
bypassed with the switch located at the rear of the satellite.
When the monitor is connected to a static dissipative
worksurface, the amount of current that flows is a function of
the total resistance between the monitor and the worksurface
to ground. When the resistance of the worksurface is below a
present threshold, the monitor will indicate good. Conversely,
if the resistance level is high when compared to the monitor’s
reference, the unit will alarm. This is an integrating resistance
measuring circuit. Therefore, it is relatively insensitive to
externally induced electromagnetic fields. The resistance
threshold is factory set to 10 megohms (1 x 107 ohms).
Custom worksurface range is available upon request.
Contact customer service for more details.
Note: Per ESD S6.1, Grounding paragraph 4.1.1 “Every
element to be grounded at an ESD protected station shall
be connected to the same common point ground.” The
ESD control plan should include a tailoring** statement
that continuous monitors are used and that consistent with
manufacturer’s design grounding is via AC adapter cord to
equipment ground.
DESCO WEST - 3651 Walnut Avenue, Chino, CA 91710 • (909) 627-8178
DESCO EAST - One Colgate Way, Canton, MA 02021-1407 • (781) 821-8370 • Website:
TB-3058 Page 5 of 5 © 2019 DESCO INDUSTRIES INC
Employee Owned
Frequency of recalibration should be based on the critical
nature of those ESD sensitive items handled and the risk of
failure for the ESD protective equipment and materials. In
general, Desco recommends that calibration be performed
Use the Desco 98221 Wave Distortion Monitor Verification
Tester to perform periodic verification (once every 6-12
months) of the Dual Operator Continuous Monitor. The
verification tester can be used to check the test limits of the
Dual Operator Continuous Monitor without removing it from
the workstation.
See TB-3074 for more information.
Figure 8. Desco 98221 Wave Distortion Monitor
Verification Tester
Input Voltage and
(External Adapter)
AC/DC Power Adapter
Power Input:
100-240VAC, 50/60 Hz
Power Output:
24VDC @ 150mA
Cable Length:
5 ft. (1.5 m)
Operating Temperature 50 to 95°F (10 to 35°C)
Indoor use only at altitudes less
than 6500 ft. (2 km)
Maximum relative humidity
of 80% up to 85°F (30°C)
decreasing linearly to 50% @
85°F (30°C)
5.13" L x 2.85" W x 1.11" H
(130 mm x 72 mm x 28 mm)
(Satellite Remote)
3.87" L x 2.09" W x .90" H
(98 mm x 53 mm x 23 mm)
0.25 lbs. (0.11 kg)
(Satellite Remote)
0.14 lbs. (0.06 kg)
Operator Test Range*500 kilohms to 10 megohms
Worksurface Test Limit** 10 megohms (±20%)
Operator Test Voltage 1.2V peak-to-peak @ 1.2µA,
open circuit
Worksurface Test
5 to 7.5V, open circuit
Alarm Response Time <50 ms
Country of Origin United States of America
*This cannot be verified with standard DC test equipment.
The continuous monitor is an impedance sensing device, and
the limits are determined by the magnitude and angle of the
**The worksurface mat must have a conductive layer such
as Dual Layer Rubber or Dissipative 3-Layer Vinyl with
conductive buried layers. Desco workstation monitors are not
recommended for use with homogeneous matting.
Limited Warranty, Warranty Exclusions, Limit
of Liability and RMA Request Instructions
See the Desco Warranty -