3.3V-Powered, ±15kV ESD-Protected, 12Mbps and
Slew-Rate-Limited True RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
Excessive output current and power dissipation caused
by faults or by bus contention are prevented by two
mechanisms. A foldback current limit on the output stage
provides immediate protection against short circuits over
the whole common-mode voltage range (see
). In addition, a thermal shut-
down circuit forces the driver outputs into a high-imped-
ance state if the die temperature rises excessively.
Figures 15–18 show the typical propagation delays. Skew
time is simply the difference between the low-to-high and
high-to-low propagation delay. Small driver/receiver
skew times help maintain a symmetrical mark-space
ratio (50% duty cycle).
The receiver skew time, |tPRLH - tPRHL|, is under 10ns
(20ns for the MAX3483E/MAX3488E). The driver skew
times are 8ns for the MAX3485E/MAX3490E/MAX3491E,
12ns for the MAX3486E, and typically under 50ns for the
Line Length vs. Data Rate
The RS-485/RS-422 standard covers line lengths up to
4000 feet. For line lengths greater than 4000 feet, see
Figure 21 for an example of a line repeater.
Figures 19 and 20 show the system differential voltage
for parts driving 4000 feet of 26AWG twisted-pair wire
at 125kHz into 120Ωloads.
For faster data rate transmission, please consult the fac-
±15kV ESD Protection
As with all Maxim devices, ESD-protection structures are
incorporated on all pins to protect against electrostatic
discharges encountered during handling and assembly.
The driver outputs and receiver inputs of the MAX3483E
family of devices have extra protection against static
electricity. Maxim’s engineers have developed state-of-
the-art structures to protect these pins against ESD of
±15kV without damage. The ESD structures withstand
high ESD in all states: normal operation, shutdown, and
powered down. After an ESD event, Maxim’s E versions
keep working without latchup or damage.
ESD protection can be tested in various ways; the
transmitter outputs and receiver inputs of this product
family are characterized for protection to the following
1) ±15kV using the Human Body Model
2) ±8kV using the Contact-Discharge method specified
in IEC 1000-4-2
3) ±15kV using IEC 1000-4-2’s Air-Gap method.
ESD Test Conditions
ESD performance depends on a variety of conditions.
Contact Maxim for a reliability report that documents
test setup, test methodology, and test results.
Human Body Model
Figure 22a shows the Human Body Model and Figure
22b shows the current waveform it generates when dis-
charged into a low impedance. This model consists of
a 100pF capacitor charged to the ESD voltage of inter-
est, which is then discharged into the test device
through a 1.5kΩresistor.
The IEC 1000-4-2 standard covers ESD testing and
performance of finished equipment; it does not specifi-
cally refer to integrated circuits. The MAX3483E family
of devices helps you design equipment that meets
Level 4 (the highest level) of IEC 1000-4-2, without the
need for additional ESD-protection components.
The major difference between tests done using the
Human Body Model and IEC 1000-4-2 is higher peak
current in IEC 1000-4-2, because series resistance is
lower in the IEC 1000-4-2 model. Hence, the ESD with-
stand voltage measured to IEC 1000-4-2 is generally
lower than that measured using the Human Body
Model. Figure 23a shows the IEC 1000-4-2 model, and
Figure 23b shows the current waveform for the ±8kV
IEC 1000-4-2, Level 4 ESD contact-discharge test.