AD620 Series

Analog Devices Inc.

Download PDF Datasheet

Datasheet

Low Cost Low Power
Instrumentation Amplifier
AD620
Rev. H
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use.
Specifications subject to change without notice. No license is granted by implication
or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700 www.analog.com
Fax: 781.326.8703© 2003–2011 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
FEATURES
Easy to use
Gain set with one external resistor
(Gain range 1 to 10,000)
Wide power supply range (±2.3 V to ±18 V)
Higher performance than 3 op amp IA designs
Available in 8-lead DIP and SOIC packaging
Low power, 1.3 mA max supply current
Excellent dc performance (B grade)
50 μV max, input offset voltage
0.6 μV/°C max, input offset drift
1.0 nA max, input bias current
100 dB min common-mode rejection ratio (G = 10)
Low noise
9 nV/√Hz @ 1 kHz, input voltage noise
0.28 μV p-p noise (0.1 Hz to 10 Hz)
Excellent ac specifications
120 kHz bandwidth (G = 100)
15 μs settling time to 0.01%
APPLICATIONS
Weigh scales
ECG and medical instrumentation
Transducer interface
Data acquisition systems
Industrial process controls
Battery-powered and portable equipment
CONNECTION DIAGRAM
–IN
R
G
–V
S
+IN
R
G
+V
S
OUTPUT
REF
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
AD620
TOP VIEW
00775-0-001
Figure 1. 8-Lead PDIP (N), CERDIP (Q), and SOIC (R) Packages
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The AD620 is a low cost, high accuracy instrumentation
amplifier that requires only one external resistor to set gains of
1 to 10,000. Furthermore, the AD620 features 8-lead SOIC and
DIP packaging that is smaller than discrete designs and offers
lower power (only 1.3 mA max supply current), making it a
good fit for battery-powered, portable (or remote) applications.
The AD620, with its high accuracy of 40 ppm maximum
nonlinearity, low offset voltage of 50 μV max, and offset drift of
0.6 μV/°C max, is ideal for use in precision data acquisition
systems, such as weigh scales and transducer interfaces.
Furthermore, the low noise, low input bias current, and low power
of the AD620 make it well suited for medical applications, such
as ECG and noninvasive blood pressure monitors.
The low input bias current of 1.0 nA max is made possible with
the use of Superϐeta processing in the input stage. The AD620
works well as a preamplifier due to its low input voltage noise of
9 nV/√Hz at 1 kHz, 0.28 μV p-p in the 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz band,
and 0.1 pA/√Hz input current noise. Also, the AD620 is well
suited for multiplexed applications with its settling time of 15 μs
to 0.01%, and its cost is low enough to enable designs with one
in-amp per channel.
Table 1. Next Generation Upgrades for AD620
Part Comment
AD8221 Better specs at lower price
AD8222 Dual channel or differential out
AD8226 Low power, wide input range
AD8220 JFET input
AD8228 Best gain accuracy
AD8295 +2 precision op amps or differential out
AD8429 Ultra low noise
0 5 10 15 20
30,000
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
0
TOTAL ERROR, PPM OF FULL SCALE
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
AD620A
R
G
3 OP AMP
IN-AMP
(3 OP-07s)
00775-0-002
Figure 2. Three Op Amp IA Designs vs. AD620
AD620
Rev. H | Page 2 of 20
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Specifications .....................................................................................3
Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................5
ESD Caution ..................................................................................5
Typical Performance Characteristics..............................................6
Theory of Operation.......................................................................12
Gain Selection..............................................................................15
Input and Output Offset Voltage ..............................................15
Reference Terminal.....................................................................15
Input Protection ..........................................................................15
RF Interference............................................................................15
Common-Mode Rejection.........................................................16
Grounding....................................................................................16
Ground Returns for Input Bias Currents.................................17
AD620ACHIPS Information.........................................................18
Outline Dimensions........................................................................19
Ordering Guide...........................................................................20
REVISION HISTORY
7/11—Rev. G to Rev. H
Deleted Figure 3.................................................................................1
Added Table 1 ....................................................................................1
Moved Figure 2..................................................................................1
Added ESD Input Diodes to Simplified Schematic ....................12
Changes to Input Protection Section............................................15
Added Figure 41; Renumbered Sequentially...............................15
Changes to AD620ACHIPS Information Section ......................18
Updated Ordering Guide ...............................................................20
12/04—Rev. F to Rev. G
Updated Format..................................................................Universal
Change to Features............................................................................1
Change to Product Description.......................................................1
Changes to Specifications.................................................................3
Added Metallization Photograph....................................................4
Replaced Figure 4-Figure 6 ..............................................................6
Replaced Figure 15............................................................................7
Replaced Figure 33..........................................................................10
Replaced Figure 34 and Figure 35.................................................10
Replaced Figure 37..........................................................................10
Changes to Table 3 ..........................................................................13
Changes to Figure 41 and Figure 42 .............................................14
Changes to Figure 43 ......................................................................15
Change to Figure 44........................................................................17
Changes to Input Protection section ............................................15
Deleted Figure 9 ..............................................................................15
Changes to RF Interference section..............................................15
Edit to Ground Returns for Input Bias Currents section...........17
Added AD620CHIPS to Ordering Guide....................................19
7/03—Data Sheet Changed from Rev. E to Rev. F
Edit to FEATURES............................................................................1
Changes to SPECIFICATIONS.......................................................2
Removed AD620CHIPS from ORDERING GUIDE ...................4
Removed METALLIZATION PHOTOGRAPH...........................4
Replaced TPCs 1–3 ...........................................................................5
Replaced TPC 12...............................................................................6
Replaced TPC 30...............................................................................9
Replaced TPCs 31 and 32...............................................................10
Replaced Figure 4............................................................................10
Changes to Table I...........................................................................11
Changes to Figures 6 and 7............................................................12
Changes to Figure 8 ........................................................................13
Edited INPUT PROTECTION section........................................13
Added new Figure 9........................................................................13
Changes to RF INTERFACE section ............................................14
Edit to GROUND RETURNS FOR INPUT BIAS CURRENTS
section...............................................................................................15
Updated OUTLINE DIMENSIONS.............................................16
AD620
Rev. H | Page 3 of 20
SPECIFICATIONS
Typical @ 25°C, VS = ±15 V, and RL = 2 kΩ, unless otherwise noted.
Table 2.
Parameter Conditions
AD620A AD620B AD620S1
Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Unit
GAIN G = 1 + (49.4 kΩ/RG)
Gain Range 1 10,000 1 10,000 1 10,000
Gain Error2 VOUT = ±10 V
G = 1 0.03 0.10 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.10 %
G = 10 0.15 0.30 0.10 0.15 0.15 0.30 %
G = 100 0.15 0.30 0.10 0.15 0.15 0.30 %
G = 1000 0.40 0.70 0.35 0.50 0.40 0.70 %
Nonlinearity VOUT = −10 V to +10 V
G = 1–1000 RL = 10 kΩ 10 40 10 40 10 40 ppm
G = 1–100 RL = 2 kΩ 10 95 10 95 10 95 ppm
Gain vs. Temperature
G = 1 10 10 10 ppm/°C
Gain >12 −50 −50 −50 ppm/°C
VOLTAGE OFFSET (Total RTI Error = VOSI + VOSO/G)
Input Offset, VOSI VS = ±5 V
to ± 15 V
30 125 15 50 30 125 μV
Overtemperature VS = ±5 V
to ± 15 V
185 85 225 μV
Average TC VS = ±5 V
to ± 15 V
0.3 1.0 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.0 μV/°C
Output Offset, VOSO VS = ±15 V 400 1000 200 500 400 1000 μV
V
S = ± 5 V 1500 750 1500 μV
Overtemperature VS = ±5 V
to ± 15 V
2000 1000 2000 μV
Average TC VS = ±5 V
to ± 15 V
5.0 15 2.5 7.0 5.0 15 μV/°C
Offset Referred to the
Input vs. Supply (PSR) VS = ±2.3 V
to ±18 V
G = 1 80 100 80 100 80 100 dB
G = 10 95 120 100 120 95 120 dB
G = 100 110 140 120 140 110 140 dB
G = 1000 110 140 120 140 110 140 dB
INPUT CURRENT
Input Bias Current 0.5 2.0 0.5 1.0 0.5 2 nA
Overtemperature 2.5 1.5 4 nA
Average TC 3.0 3.0 8.0 pA/°C
Input Offset Current 0.3 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.3 1.0 nA
Overtemperature 1.5 0.75 2.0 nA
Average TC 1.5 1.5 8.0 pA/°C
INPUT
Input Impedance
Differential 10||2 10||2 10||2 GΩ_pF
Common-Mode 10||2 10||2 10||2 GΩ_pF
Input Voltage Range3 VS = ±2.3 V
to ±5 V
−VS + 1.9 +VS − 1.2 −VS + 1.9 +VS − 1.2 −VS + 1.9 +VS − 1.2 V
Overtemperature −VS + 2.1 +VS − 1.3 −VS + 2.1 +VS − 1.3 −VS + 2.1 +VS − 1.3 V
V
S = ± 5 V
to ±18 V
−VS + 1.9 +VS − 1.4 −VS + 1.9 +VS − 1.4 −VS + 1.9 +VS − 1.4 V
Overtemperature −VS + 2.1 +VS − 1.4 −VS + 2.1 +VS + 2.1 −VS + 2.3 +VS − 1.4 V
AD620
Rev. H | Page 4 of 20
AD620A AD620B AD620S1
Parameter Conditions
Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Unit
Common-Mode Rejection
Ratio DC to 60 Hz with
1 kΩ Source Imbalance VCM = 0 V to ± 10 V
G = 1 73 90 80 90 73 90 dB
G = 10 93 110 100 110 93 110 dB
G = 100 110 130 120 130 110 130 dB
G = 1000 110 130 120 130 110 130 dB
OUTPUT
Output Swing RL = 10 kΩ
V
S = ±2.3 V
to ± 5 V
−VS +
1.1
+VS − 1.2
−V
S
+ 1.1
+VS − 1.2 −VS + 1.1 +VS − 1.2 V
Overtemperature −VS + 1.4 +VS − 1.3
−V
S
+ 1.4
+VS − 1.3 −VS + 1.6 +VS − 1.3 V
VS = ±5 V
to ± 18 V
−VS + 1.2 +VS − 1.4
−V
S
+ 1.2
+VS − 1.4 −VS + 1.2 +VS − 1.4 V
Overtemperature −VS + 1.6 +VS – 1.5
−V
S
+ 1.6
+VS – 1.5 –VS + 2.3 +VS – 1.5 V
Short Circuit Current ±18 ±18 ±18 mA
DYNAMIC RESPONSE
Small Signal –3 dB Bandwidth
G = 1 1000 1000 1000 kHz
G = 10 800 800 800 kHz
G = 100 120 120 120 kHz
G = 1000 12 12 12 kHz
Slew Rate 0.75 1.2 0.75 1.2 0.75 1.2 V/μs
Settling Time to 0.01% 10 V Step
G = 1–100 15 15 15 μs
G = 1000 150 150 150 μs
NOISE
Voltage Noise, 1 kHz 22 )/()( GeeNoiseRTITotal no
ni +=
Input, Voltage Noise, eni 9 13 9 13 9 13 nV/√Hz
Output, Voltage Noise, e
no 72 100 72 100 72 100 nV/√Hz
RTI, 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz
G = 1 3.0 3.0 6.0 3.0 6.0 μV p-p
G = 10 0.55 0.55 0.8 0.55 0.8 μV p-p
G = 100–1000 0.28 0.28 0.4 0.28 0.4 μV p-p
Current Noise f = 1 kHz 100 100 100 fA/√Hz
0.1 Hz to 10 Hz 10 10 10 pA p-p
REFERENCE INPUT
RIN 20 20 20
IIN VIN+, VREF = 0 50 60 50 60 50 60 μA
Voltage Range −VS + 1.6 +VS − 1.6 −VS + 1.6 +VS − 1.6 −VS + 1.6 +VS − 1.6 V
Gain to Output 1 ± 0.0001 1 ± 0.0001 1 ± 0.0001
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Range4 ±2.3 ±18 ±2.3 ±18 ±2.3 ±18 V
Quiescent Current VS = ±2.3 V
to ±18 V
0.9 1.3 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.3 mA
Overtemperature 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.6 mA
TEMPERATURE RANGE
For Specified Performance −40 to +85 −40 to +85 −55 to +125 °C
1 See Analog Devices military data sheet for 883B tested specifications.
2 Does not include effects of external resistor RG.
3 One input grounded. G = 1.
4 This is defined as the same supply range that is used to specify PSR.
AD620
Rev. H | Page 5 of 20
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 3.
Parameter Rating
Supply Voltage ±18 V
Internal Power Dissipation1 650 mW
Input Voltage (Common-Mode) ±VS
Differential Input Voltage 25 V
Output Short-Circuit Duration Indefinite
Storage Temperature Range (Q) −65°C to +150°C
Storage Temperature Range (N, R) −65°C to +125°C
Operating Temperature Range
AD620 (A, B) −40°C to +85°C
AD620 (S) −55°C to +125°C
Lead Temperature Range
(Soldering 10 seconds) 300°C
1 Specification is for device in free air:
8-Lead Plastic Package: θJA = 95°C
8-Lead CERDIP Package: θJA = 110°C
8-Lead SOIC Package: θJA = 155°C
Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress
rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any
other condition s above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
ESD CAUTION
AD620
Rev. H | Page 6 of 20
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
(@ 25°C, VS = ±15 V, RL = 2 kΩ, unless otherwise noted.)
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (
μ
V)
20
30
40
50
–40 0 40 80
PERCENTAGE OF UNITS
–80
SAMPLE SIZE = 360
10
0
00775-0-005
Figure 3. Typical Distribution of Input Offset Voltage
INPUT BIAS CURRENT (pA)
0
10
20
30
40
50
–600 0 600
PERCENTAGE OF UNITS
–1200 1200
SAMPLE SIZE = 850
00775-0-006
Figure 4. Typical Distribution of Input Bias Current
10
20
30
40
50
–200 0 200 400
INPUT OFFSET CURRENT (pA)
PERCENTAGE OF UNITS
–400
0
SAMPLE SIZE = 850
00775-0-007
Figure 5. Typical Distribution of Input Offset Current
TEMPERATURE (°C)
INPUT BIAS CURRENT (nA)
+I
B
–I
B
2.0
–2.0
175
–1.0
–1.5
–75
–0.5
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
1257525–25
00775-0-008
Figure 6. Input Bias Current vs. Temperature
CHANGE IN OFFSET VOLTAGE (μV)
1.5
0.5
WARM-UP TIME (Minutes)
2.0
0
01
1.0
432
5
00775-0-009
Figure 7. Change in Input Offset Voltage vs. Warm-Up Time
FREQUENCY (Hz)
1000
1
1 100k
100
10
10k1k100
VOLTAGE NOISE (nV/ Hz)
GAIN = 1
GAIN = 10
10
GAIN = 100, 1,000
GAIN = 1000
BW LIMIT
00775-0-010
Figure 8. Voltage Noise Spectral Density vs. Frequency (G = 1−1000)
AD620
Rev. H | Page 7 of 20
FREQUENCY (Hz)
1000
100
10 110 1000
100
CURRENT NOISE (fA/ Hz)
00775-0-011
Figure 9. Current Noise Spectral Density vs. Frequency
RTI NOISE (2.0
μ
V/DIV)
TIME (1 SEC/DIV)
00775-0-012
Figure 10. 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz RTI Voltage Noise (G = 1)
RTI NOISE (0.1
μ
V/DIV)
TIME (1 SEC/DIV)
00775-0-013
Figure 11. 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz RTI Voltage Noise (G = 1000)
00775-0-014
Figure 12. 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz Current Noise, 5 pA/Div
100
1000
AD620A
FET INPUT
IN-AMP
SOURCE RESISTANCE (
Ω
)
TOTAL DRIFT FROM 25
°
C TO 85
°
C, RTI (
μ
V)
100,000
101k 10M
10,000
10k 1M100k
00775-0-015
Figure 13. Total Drift vs. Source Resistance
FREQUENCY (Hz)
CMR (dB)
160
0
1M
80
40
1
60
0.1
140
100
120
100k10k1k10010
G = 1000
G = 100
G = 10
G = 1
20
00775-0-016
Figure 14. Typical CMR vs. Frequency, RTI, Zero to 1 kΩ Source Imbalance
AD620
Rev. H | Page 8 of 20
FREQUENCY (Hz)
PSR (dB)
160
1M
80
40
1
60
0.1
140
100
120
100k10k1k10010
20
G = 1000
G = 100
G = 10
G = 1
180
00775-0-017
Figure 15. Positive PSR vs. Frequency, RTI (G = 1−1000)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
PSR (dB)
160
1M
80
40
1
60
0.1
140
100
120
100k10k1k10010
20
180
G = 10
G = 100
G = 1
G = 1000
00775-0-018
Figure 16. Negative PSR vs. Frequency, RTI (G = 1−1000)
1000
100 10M
100
1
1k
10
100k 1M10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
GAIN (V/V)
0.1
00775-0-019
Figure 17. Gain vs. Frequency
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V p-p)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
35
0
1M
15
5
10k
10
1k
30
20
25
100k
G = 10, 100, 1000
G = 1
G = 1000 G = 100
BW LIMIT
00775-0-020
Figure 18. Large Signal Frequency Response
INPUT VOLTAGE LIMIT (V)
(REFERRED TO SUPPLY VOLTAGES)
20
+1.0
+0.5
50
+1.5
–1.5
–1.0
–0.5
15
10
SUPPLY VOLTAGE
±
Volts
+V
S
–0.0
–V
S
+0.0
00775-0-021
Figure 19. Input Voltage Range vs. Supply Voltage, G = 1
20
+1.0
+0.5
5
0
+1.5
–1.5
–1.0
–0.5
1510
SUPPLY VOLTAGE ± Volts
R
L
= 10k
Ω
R
L
= 2k
Ω
R
L
= 10k
Ω
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (V)
(REFERRED TO SUPPLY VOLTAGES)
R
L
= 2k
Ω
+V
S
–V
S
00775-0-022
–0.0
+0.0
Figure 20. Output Voltage Swing vs. Supply Voltage, G = 10
AD620
Rev. H | Page 9 of 20
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (V p-p)
LOAD RESISTANCE (
Ω)
30
0
010k
20
10
100 1k
V
S
= ±15V
G = 10
00775-0-023
Figure 21. Output Voltage Swing vs. Load Resistance
........ .................... ............
........ .................... ............
00775-0-024
Figure 22. Large Signal Pulse Response and Settling Time
G = 1 (0.5 mV = 0.01%)
.... ........ ................ .... ........
.... ........ ................ .... ........
00775-0-025
Figure 23. Small Signal Response, G = 1, RL = 2 kΩ, CL = 100 pF
.... ........................ ............
.... ........................ ............
00775-0-026
Figure 24. Large Signal Response and Settling Time, G = 10 (0.5 mV = 0.01%)
.... .... ........ ............ .... ........
.... .... ........ ............ .... ........
00775-0-027
Figure 25. Small Signal Response, G = 10, RL = 2 kΩ, CL = 100 pF
........ ........ ........ .... ............
........ ........ ........ .... ............
00775-0-030
Figure 26. Large Signal Response and Settling Time, G = 100 (0.5 mV = 0.01%)
AD620
Rev. H | Page 10 of 20
.... ........ ................ .... ........
.... ........ ................ .... ........
00775-0-029
Figure 27. Small Signal Pulse Response, G = 100, RL = 2 kΩ, CL = 100 pF
........ ........ ........ .... ............
........ ........ ........ .... ............
00775-0-030
Figure 28. Large Signal Response and Settling Time,
G = 1000 (0.5 mV = 0.01% )
.... ........ ................ .... ........
.... ........ ................ .... ........
00775-0-031
Figure 29. Small Signal Pulse Response, G = 1000, RL = 2 kΩ, CL = 100 pF
OUTPUT STEP SIZE (V)
SETTLING TIME (μs)
TO 0.01%
TO 0.1%
20
002
15
5
5
10
10 0
15
00775-0-032
Figure 30. Settling Time vs. Step Size (G = 1)
GAIN
SETTLING TIME
(μs)
1000
1
1 1000
100
10
10 100
00775-0-033
Figure 31. Settling Time to 0.01% vs. Gain, for a 10 V Step
........ ........ ........ .... .... .... ....
........ ........ ........ .... .... .... ....
00775-0-034
Figure 32. Gain Nonlinearity, G = 1, RL = 10 kΩ (10 μV = 1 ppm)
AD620
Rev. H | Page 11 of 20
.... ........ ............ ........ ........
.... ........ ............ ........ ........
00775-0-035
Figure 33. Gain Nonlinearity, G = 100, RL = 10 kΩ
(100 μV = 10 ppm)
.... .... .................... .... ........
.... .... .................... .... ........
00775-0-036
Figure 34. Gain Nonlinearity, G = 1000, RL = 10 kΩ
(1 mV = 100 ppm)
AD620
V
OUT
G=1
G = 1000
49.9
Ω
10k
Ω
*
1k
Ω
10T 10k
Ω
499
Ω
G=10
G=100
5.49k
Ω
+V
S
11k
Ω
1k
Ω
100
Ω
100k
Ω
INPUT
10V p-p
–V
S
*ALL RESISTORS 1% TOLERANCE
7
1
2
3
8
6
4
5
00775-0-037
Figure 35. Settling Time Test Circuit
AD620
Rev. H | Page 12 of 20
THEORY OF OPERATION
V
B
–V
S
A1 A2
A3
C2
R
G
R1 R2
GAIN
SENSE
GAIN
SENSE
10k
10k
I2
I1
10k
REF
10k
+IN
– IN R4
400
OUTPUT
C1
Q2
Q1
00775-0-038
R3
400
+V
S
+V
S
+
V
S
20µA20µA
Figure 36. Simplified Schematic of AD620
The AD620 is a monolithic instrumentation amplifier based on
a modification of the classic three op amp approach. Absolute
value trimming allows the user to program gain accurately
(to 0.15% at G = 100) with only one resistor. Monolithic
construction and laser wafer trimming allow the tight matching
and tracking of circuit components, thus ensuring the high level
of performance inherent in this circuit.
The input transistors Q1 and Q2 provide a single differential-
pair bipolar input for high precision (Figure 36), yet offer 10×
lower input bias current thanks to Superϐeta processing.
Feedback through the Q1-A1-R1 loop and the Q2-A2-R2 loop
maintains constant collector current of the input devices Q1
and Q2, thereby impressing the input voltage across the external
gain setting resistor RG. This creates a differential gain from the
inputs to the A1/A2 outputs given by G = (R1 + R2)/RG + 1. The
unity-gain subtractor, A3, removes any common-mode signal,
yielding a single-ended output referred to the REF pin potential.
The value of RG also determines the transconductance of the
preamp stage. As RG is reduced for larger gains, the
transconductance increases asymptotically to that of the input
transistors. This has three important advantages: (a) Open-loop
gain is boosted for increasing programmed gain, thus reducing
gain related errors. (b) The gain-bandwidth product
(determined by C1 and C2 and the preamp transconductance)
increases with programmed gain, thus optimizing frequency
response. (c) The input voltage noise is reduced to a value of
9 nV/√Hz, determined mainly by the collector current and base
resistance of the input devices.
The internal gain resistors, R1 and R2, are trimmed to an
absolute value of 24.7 kΩ, allowing the gain to be programmed
accurately with a single external resistor.
The gain equation is then
1
4.49 +
Ω
=
G
R
k
G
1
4.49
Ω
=G
k
RG
Make vs. Buy: a Typical Bridge Application Error Budget
The AD620 offers improved performance over “homebrew”
three op amp IA designs, along with smaller size, fewer
components, and 10× lower supply current. In the typical
application, shown in Figure 37, a gain of 100 is required to
amplify a bridge output of 20 mV full-scale over the industrial
temperature range of −40°C to +85°C. Table 4 shows how to
calculate the effect various error sources have on circuit
accuracy.
AD620
Rev. H | Page 13 of 20
Regardless of the system in which it is being used, the AD620
provides greater accuracy at low power and price. In simple
systems, absolute accuracy and drift errors are by far the most
significant contributors to error. In more complex systems
with an intelligent processor, an autogain/autozero cycle
removes all absolute accuracy and drift errors, leaving only the
resolution errors of gain, nonlinearity, and noise, thus allowing
full 14-bit accuracy.
Note that for the homebrew circuit, the OP07 specifications for
input voltage offset and noise have been multiplied by √2. This
is because a three op amp type in-amp has two op amps at its
inputs, both contributing to the overall input error.
R = 350
Ω
10V
PRECISION BRIDGE TRANSDUCE
R
R = 350
Ω
R = 350
Ω
R = 350
Ω
00775-0-039
AD620A MONOLITHIC
INSTRUMENTATION
AMPLIFIER, G = 100
SUPPLY CURRENT = 1.3mA MAX
AD620A
R
G
499
Ω
REFERENCE
00775-0-040
Figure 37. Make vs. Buy
"HOMEBREW" IN-AMP, G = 100
*0.02% RESISTOR MATCH, 3ppm/
°
C TRACKING
**DISCRETE 1% RESISTOR, 100ppm/
°
C TRACKING
SUPPLY CURRENT = 15mA MAX
100
Ω
**
10k
Ω
*
10k
Ω
**
10k
Ω
*
10k
Ω
*
10k
Ω
**
10k
Ω
*
OP07D
OP07D
OP07D
00775-0-041
Table 4. Make vs. Buy Error Budget
Error, ppm of Full Scale
Error Source AD620 Circuit Calculation “Homebrew” Circuit Calculation AD620 Homebrew
ABSOLUTE ACCURACY at TA = 25°C
Input Offset Voltage, μV 125 μV/20 mV (150 μV × √2)/20 mV 6,250 10,607
Output Offset Voltage, μV 1000 μV/100 mV/20 mV ((150 μV × 2)/100)/20 mV 500 150
Input Offset Current, nA 2 nA ×350 Ω/20 mV (6 nA ×350 Ω)/20 mV 18 53
CMR, dB 110 dB(3.16 ppm) ×5 V/20 mV (0.02% Match × 5 V)/20 mV/100 791 500
Total Absolute Error 7,559 11,310
DRIFT TO 85°C
Gain Drift, ppm/°C (50 ppm + 10 ppm) ×60°C 100 ppm/°C Track × 60°C 3,600 6,000
Input Offset Voltage Drift, μV/°C 1 μV/°C × 60°C/20 mV (2.5 μV/°C × √2 × 60°C)/20 mV 3,000 10,607
Output Offset Voltage Drift, μV/°C 15 μV/°C × 60°C/100 mV/20 mV (2.5 μV/°C × 2 × 60°C)/100 mV/20 mV 450 150
Total Drift Error 7,050 16,757
RESOLUTION
Gain Nonlinearity, ppm of Full Scale 40 ppm 40 ppm 40 40
Typ 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz Voltage Noise, μV p-p 0.28 μV p-p/20 mV (0.38 μV p-p × √2)/20 mV 14 27
Total Resolution Error 54 67
Grand Total Error 14,663 28,134
G = 100, VS = ±15 V.
(All errors are min/max and referred to input.)
AD620
Rev. H | Page 14 of 20
3k
Ω
5V
DIGITAL
DATA
OUTPUT
ADC
REF
IN
AGND
20k
Ω
10k
Ω
20k
Ω
AD620B
G = 100
1.7mA 0.10mA 0.6mA
MAX
499
Ω
3k
Ω
3k
Ω
3k
Ω
2
1
8
37
6
5
4
1.3mA
MAX
AD705
00775-0-042
Figure 38. A Pressure Monitor Circuit that Operates on a 5 V Single Supply
Pressure Measurement
Although useful in many bridge applications, such as weigh
scales, the AD620 is especially suitable for higher resistance
pressure sensors powered at lower voltages where small size and
low power become more significant.
Figure 38 shows a 3 kΩ pressure transducer bridge powered
from 5 V. In such a circuit, the bridge consumes only 1.7 mA.
Adding the AD620 and a buffered voltage divider allows the
signal to be conditioned for only 3.8 mA of total supply current.
Small size and low cost make the AD620 especially attractive for
voltage output pressure transducers. Since it delivers low noise
and drift, it also serves applications such as diagnostic
noninvasive blood pressure measurement.
Medical ECG
The low current noise of the AD620 allows its use in ECG
monitors (Figure 39) where high source resistances of 1 MΩ or
higher are not uncommon. The AD620’s low power, low supply
voltage requirements, and space-saving 8-lead mini-DIP and
SOIC package offerings make it an excellent choice for battery-
powered data recorders.
Furthermore, the low bias currents and low current noise,
coupled with the low voltage noise of the AD620, improve the
dynamic range for better performance.
The value of capacitor C1 is chosen to maintain stability of
the right leg drive loop. Proper safeguards, such as isolation,
must be added to this circuit to protect the patient from
possible harm.
G = 7
AD620A
0.03Hz
HIGH-
PASS
FILTER
OUTPUT
1V/mV
+3V
–3V
R
G
8.25k
Ω
24.9k
Ω
24.9k
Ω
AD705J
G = 143
C1
1M
Ω
R4
10k
Ω
R1 R3
R2
OUTPUT
AMPLIFIER
PATIENT/CIRCUIT
PROTECTION/ISOLATION
00775-0-043
Figure 39. A Medical ECG Monitor Circuit
AD620
Rev. H | Page 15 of 20
Precision V-I Converter
The AD620, along with another op amp and two resistors,
makes a precision current source (Figure 40). The op amp
buffers the reference terminal to maintain good CMR. The
output voltage, VX, of the AD620 appears across R1, which
converts it to a current. This current, less only the input bias
current of the op amp, then flows out to the load.
AD620
R
G
–V
S
V
IN+
V
IN–
LOAD
R1
I
L
V
x
I =
L
R1 =
IN+
[(V ) – (V )] G
IN–
R1
6
5
+ V
X
4
2
1
8
37
+V
S
AD705
00775-0-044
Figure 40. Precision Voltage-to-Current Converter (Operates on 1.8 mA, ±3 V)
GAIN SELECTION
The AD620 gain is resistor-programmed by RG, or more
precisely, by whatever impedance appears between Pins 1 and 8.
The AD620 is designed to offer accurate gains using 0.1% to 1%
resistors. Table 5 shows required values of RG for various gains.
Note that for G = 1, the RG pins are unconnected (RG = ∞). For
any arbitrary gain, RG can be calculated by using the formula:
1
4.49
Ω
=G
k
RG
To minimize gain error, avoid high parasitic resistance in series
with RG; to minimize gain drift, RG should have a low TC—less
than 10 ppm/°C—for the best performance.
Table 5. Required Values of Gain Resistors
1% Std Table
Value of RG(Ω)
Calculated
Gain
0.1% Std Table
Value of RG(Ω )
Calculated
Gain
49.9 k 1.990 49.3 k 2.002
12.4 k 4.984 12.4 k 4.984
5.49 k 9.998 5.49 k 9.998
2.61 k 19.93 2.61 k 19.93
1.00 k 50.40 1.01 k 49.91
499 100.0 499 100.0
249 199.4 249 199.4
100 495.0 98.8 501.0
49.9 991.0 49.3 1,003.0
INPUT AND OUTPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE
The low errors of the AD620 are attributed to two sources,
input and output errors. The output error is divided by G when
referred to the input. In practice, the input errors dominate at
high gains, and the output errors dominate at low gains. The
total VOS for a given gain is calculated as
Total Error RTI = input error + (output error/G)
Total Error RTO = (input error × G) + output error
REFERENCE TERMINAL
The reference terminal potential defines the zero output voltage
and is especially useful when the load does not share a precise
ground with the rest of the system. It provides a direct means of
injecting a precise offset to the output, with an allowable range
of 2 V within the supply voltages. Parasitic resistance should be
kept to a minimum for optimum CMR.
INPUT PROTECTION
The AD620 safely withstands an input current of ±60 mA for
several hours at room temperature. This is true for all gains and
power on and off, which is useful if the signal source and
amplifier are powered separately. For longer time periods, the
input current should not exceed 6 mA.
For input voltages beyond the supplies, a protection resistor
should be placed in series with each input to limit the current to
6 mA. These can be the same resistors as those used in the RFI
filter. High values of resistance can impact the noise and AC
CMRR performance of the system. Low leakage diodes (such as
the BAV199) can be placed at the inputs to reduce the required
protection resistance.
AD620
R
REF
R
+SUPPL
Y
–SUPPLY
V
OUT
+IN
–IN
00775-0-052
Figure 41. Diode Protection for Voltages Beyond Supply
RF INTERFERENCE
All instrumentation amplifiers rectify small out of band signals.
The disturbance may appear as a small dc voltage offset. High
frequency signals can be filtered with a low pass R-C network
placed at the input of the instrumentation amplifier. Figure 42
demonstrates such a configuration. The filter limits the input
AD620
Rev. H | Page 16 of 20
signal according to the following relationship:
)2(2
1
C
D
DIFF CCR
FilterFreq +π
=
C
CM RC
FilterFreq π
=2
1
where CD ≥10CC.
CD affects the difference signal. CC affects the common-mode
signal. Any mismatch in R × CC degrades the AD620 CMRR. To
avoid inadvertently reducing CMRR-bandwidth performance,
make sure that CC is at least one magnitude smaller than CD.
The effect of mismatched CCs is reduced with a larger CD:CC
ratio.
499Ω
AD620
+
V
OUT
R
R
C
C
C
D
C
C
+IN
–IN REF
–15V
0.1μF1μF0
+15V
0.1μF1μF0
00775-0-045
Figure 42. Circuit to Attenuate RF Interference
COMMON-MODE REJECTION
Instrumentation amplifiers, such as the AD620, offer high
CMR, which is a measure of the change in output voltage when
both inputs are changed by equal amounts. These specifications
are usually given for a full-range input voltage change and a
specified source imbalance.
For optimal CMR, the reference terminal should be tied to a
low impedance point, and differences in capacitance and
resistance should be kept to a minimum between the two
inputs. In many applications, shielded cables are used to
minimize noise; for best CMR over frequency, the shield
should be properly driven. Figure 43 and Figure 44 show active
data guards that are configured to improve ac common-mode
rejections by “bootstrapping” the capacitances of input cable
shields, thus minimizing the capacitance mismatch between the
inputs.
REFERENCE
V
OUT
AD620
100
Ω
100
Ω
– INPUT
+ INPUT
AD648
R
G
–V
S
+V
S
–V
S
00775-0-046
Figure 43. Differential Shield Driver
100Ω
– INPUT
+ INPUT
REFERENCE
V
OUT
AD620
–V
S
+V
S
2
R
G
2
R
G
AD548
00775-0-047
Figure 44. Common-Mode Shield Driver
GROUNDING
Since the AD620 output voltage is developed with respect to the
potential on the reference terminal, it can solve many
grounding problems by simply tying the REF pin to the
appropriate “local ground.
To isolate low level analog signals from a noisy digital
environment, many data-acquisition components have separate
analog and digital ground pins (Figure 45). It would be
convenient to use a single ground line; however, current
through ground wires and PC runs of the circuit card can cause
hundreds of millivolts of error. Therefore, separate ground
returns should be provided to minimize the current flow from
the sensitive points to the system ground. These ground returns
must be tied together at some point, usually best at the ADC
package shown in Figure 45.
DIGITAL P.S.
+5VC
ANALOG P.S.
+15V C –15V
AD574A DIGITAL
DATA
OUTPUT
+
1
μ
F
AD620
0.1
μ
F
AD585
S/H ADC
0.1
μ
F
1
μ
F1
μ
F
00775-0-048
Figure 45. Basic Grounding Practice
AD620
Rev. H | Page 17 of 20
GROUND RETURNS FOR INPUT BIAS CURRENTS
V
OUT
– INPUT
+ INPUT
R
G
LOAD
TO POWER
SUPPLY
GROUND
REFERENCE
+V
S
–V
S
AD620
00775-0-050
Input bias currents are those currents necessary to bias the
input transistors of an amplifier. There must be a direct return
path for these currents. Therefore, when amplifying “floating”
input sources, such as transformers or ac-coupled sources, there
must be a dc path from each input to ground, as shown in
Figure 46, Figure 47, and Figure 48. Refer to A Designers Guide
to Instrumentation Amplifiers (free from Analog Devices) for
more information regarding in-amp applications.
V
OUT
AD620
– INPUT
R
G
TO POWER
SUPPLY
GROUND
REFERENCE
+ INPUT
+V
S
–V
S
LOAD
00775-0-049
Figure 47. Ground Returns for Bias Currents with Thermocouple Inputs
100k
Ω
V
OUT
AD620
– INPUT
+ INPUT
R
G
LOAD
TO POWER
SUPPLY
GROUND
REFERENCE
100k
Ω
–V
S
+V
S
00775-0-051
Figure 46. Ground Returns for Bias Currents with Transformer-Coupled Inputs
Figure 48. Ground Returns for Bias Currents with AC-Coupled Inputs
AD620
Rev. H | Page 18 of 20
AD620ACHIPS INFORMATION
Die size: 1803 μm × 3175 μm
Die thickness: 483 μm
Bond Pad Metal: 1% Copper Doped Aluminum
To minimize gain errors introduced by the bond wires, use Kelvin connections between the chip and the gain resistor, RG, by connecting
Pad 1A and Pad 1B in parallel to one end of RG and Pad 8A and Pad 8B in parallel to the other end of RG. For unity gain applications
where RG is not required, Pad 1A and Pad 1B must be bonded together as well as the Pad 8A and Pad 8B.
1A
1B
2
3
45
6
7
8A
8B
LOGO
00775-0-053
Figure 49. Bond Pad Diagram
Table 6. Bond Pad Information
Pad Coordinates1
Pad No. Mnemonic X (μm) Y (μm)
1A RG −623 +1424
1B RG −789 +628
2 −IN −790 +453
3 +IN −790 −294
4 −VS −788 −1419
5 REF +570 −1429
6 OUTPUT +693 −1254
7 +VS +693 +139
8A RG +505 +1423
8B RG +693 +372
1 The pad coordinates indicate the center of each pad, referenced to the center of the die. The die orientation is indicated by the logo, as shown in Figure 49.
AD620
Rev. H | Page 19 of 20
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-001
CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETER DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.
CORNER LEADS MAY BE CONFIGURED AS WHOLE OR HALF LEADS.
070606-A
0.022 (0.56)
0.018 (0.46)
0.014 (0.36)
SEATING
PLANE
0.015
(0.38)
MIN
0.210 (5.33)
MAX
0.150 (3.81)
0.130 (3.30)
0.115 (2.92)
0.070 (1.78)
0.060 (1.52)
0.045 (1.14)
8
14
50.280 (7.11)
0.250 (6.35)
0.240 (6.10)
0.100 (2.54)
BSC
0.400 (10.16)
0.365 (9.27)
0.355 (9.02)
0.060 (1.52)
MAX
0.430 (10.92)
MAX
0.014 (0.36)
0.010 (0.25)
0.008 (0.20)
0.325 (8.26)
0.310 (7.87)
0.300 (7.62)
0.195 (4.95)
0.130 (3.30)
0.115 (2.92)
0.015 (0.38)
GAUGE
PLANE
0.005 (0.13)
MIN
Figure 50. 8-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line Package [PDIP]
Narrow Body (N-8).
Dimensions shown in inches and (millimeters)
CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETER DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.
0.310 (7.87)
0.220 (5.59)
0.005 (0.13)
MIN 0.055 (1.40)
MAX
0.100 (2.54) BSC
15°
0.320 (8.13)
0.290 (7.37)
0.015 (0.38)
0.008 (0.20)
SEATING
PLANE
0.200 (5.08)
MAX
0.405 (10.29) MAX
0.150 (3.81)
MIN
0.200 (5.08)
0.125 (3.18)
0.023 (0.58)
0.014 (0.36) 0.070 (1.78)
0.030 (0.76)
0.060 (1.52)
0.015 (0.38)
14
58
Figure 51. 8-Lead Ceramic Dual In-Line Package [CERDIP]
(Q-8)
Dimensions shown in inches and (millimeters)
CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS; INCH DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF MILLIMETER EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-012-AA
012407-A
0.25 (0.0098)
0.17 (0.0067)
1.27 (0.0500)
0.40 (0.0157)
0.50 (0.0196)
0.25 (0.0099) 45°
1.75 (0.0688)
1.35 (0.0532)
SEATING
PLANE
0.25 (0.0098)
0.10 (0.0040)
4
1
85
5.00 (0.1968)
4.80 (0.1890)
4.00 (0.1574)
3.80 (0.1497)
1.27 (0.0500)
BSC
6.20 (0.2441)
5.80 (0.2284)
0.51 (0.0201)
0.31 (0.0122)
COPLANARITY
0.10
Figure 52. 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N]
Narrow Body (R-8)
Dimensions shown in millimeters and (inches)
AD620
Rev. H | Page 20 of 20
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1 Temperature Range Package Description Package Option
AD620AN −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead PDIP N-8
AD620ANZ −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead PDIP N-8
AD620BN −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead PDIP N-8
AD620BNZ −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead PDIP N-8
AD620AR −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N R-8
AD620ARZ −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N R-8
AD620AR-REEL −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 13" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620ARZ-REEL −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 13" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620AR-REEL7 −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 7" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620ARZ-REEL7 −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 7" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620BR −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N R-8
AD620BRZ −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N R-8
AD620BR-REEL −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 13" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620BRZ-RL −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 13" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620BR-REEL7 −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 7" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620BRZ-R7 −40°C to +85°C 8-Lead SOIC_N, 7" Tape and Reel R-8
AD620ACHIPS −40°C to +85°C Die Form
AD620SQ/883B −55°C to +125°C 8-Lead CERDIP Q-8
1 Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
© 2003–2011 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks
and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
C00775–0–7/11(H)

Products

IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible9737
Precio por unidad9.63
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible3663
Precio por unidad13.37
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8DIP
Cantidad disponible2549
Precio por unidad10.74
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8CERDIP
Cantidad disponible301
Precio por unidad40.48
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8DIP
Cantidad disponible863
Precio por unidad14.23
EVAL BOARD FOR SOIC/DIP IN-AMP
Cantidad disponible5
Precio por unidad44.19
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8DIP
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8DIP
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0
IC INST AMP 1 CIRCUIT 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad0