AD590 Datasheet

Analog Devices Inc.

View All Related Products | Download PDF Datasheet

Datasheet

2-Terminal IC
Temperature Transducer
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G Document Feedback
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other
rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700 ©2013 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
Technical Support www.analog.com
FEATURES
Linear current output: 1 μA/K
Wide temperature range: −55°C to +150°C
Probe-compatible ceramic sensor package
2-terminal device: voltage in/current out
Laser trimmed to ±0.5°C calibration accuracy (AD590M)
Excellent linearity: ±0.3°C over full range (AD590M)
Wide power supply range: 4 V to 30 V
Sensor isolation from case
Available in 2-lead FLATPACK, 4-lead LFCSP, 3-pin TO-52,
8-lead SOIC, and die form
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AD590 is a 2-terminal integrated circuit temperature trans-
ducer that produces an output current proportional to absolute
temperature. For supply voltages between 4 V and 30 V, the device
acts as a high impedance, constant current regulator passing
1 μA/K. Laser trimming of the chips thin-film resistors is used
to calibrate the device to 298.2 μA output at 298.2 K (25°C).
The AD590 should be used in any temperature-sensing
application below 150°C in which conventional electrical
temperature sensors are currently employed. The inherent
low cost of a monolithic integrated circuit combined with the
elimination of support circuitry makes the AD590 an attractive
alternative for many temperature measurement situations.
Linearization circuitry, precision voltage amplifiers, resistance
measuring circuitry, and cold junction compensation are not
needed in applying the AD590.
In addition to temperature measurement, applications include
temperature compensation or correction of discrete components,
biasing proportional to absolute temperature, flow rate measure-
ment, level detection of fluids and anemometry. The AD590 is
available in die form, making it suitable for hybrid circuits and
fast temperature measurements in protected environments.
The AD590 is particularly useful in remote sensing applications.
The device is insensitive to voltage drops over long lines due to
its high impedance current output. Any well-insulated twisted
pair is sufficient for operation at hundreds of feet from the
receiving circuitry. The output characteristics also make the
AD590 easy to multiplex: the current can be switched by a
CMOS multiplexer, or the supply voltage can be switched by a
logic gate output.
PIN CONFIGURATIONS
Figure 1. 2-Lead
FLATPACK
Figure 2. 4-Lead LFCSP
Figure 3. 3-Pin TO-52
Figure 4. 8-Lead SOIC
PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS
1. The AD590 is a calibrated, 2-terminal temperature sensor
requiring only a dc voltage supply (4 V to 30 V). Costly
transmitters, filters, lead wire compensation, and lineari-
zation circuits are all unnecessary in applying the device.
2. State-of-the-art laser trimming at the wafer level in
conjunction with extensive final testing ensures that
AD590 units are easily interchangeable.
3. Superior interface rejection occurs because the output is a
current rather than a voltage. In addition, power
requirements are low (1.5 mW @ 5 V @ 25°C). These
features make the AD590 easy to apply as a remote sensor.
4. The high output impedance (>10 MΩ) provides excellent
rejection of supply voltage drift. For instance, changing the
power supply from 5 V to 10 V results in only a 1 μA
maximum current change, or 1°C equivalent error.
5. The AD590 is electrically durable: it withstands a forward
voltage of up to 44 V and a reverse voltage of 20 V.
Therefore, supply irregularities or pin reversal does not
damage the device.
00533-024
+–
1
V
+
2V–
4NC
3NC
00533-104
AD590
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
PIN 5 (EXPOSED PAD)
NOTES
1. NC = NO CONNECT. THE NC PIN IS NOT
BONDED TO THE DIE INTERNALLY.
2
. TO ENSURE CORRECT OPERATION, THE
EXPOSED PAD (EP) SHOULD BE LEFT FLOATING.
0
0533-025
+
00533-001
NC = NO CONNECT
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
NC
1
V+
2
V–
3
NC
4
NC
NC
NC
NC
8
7
6
5
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 2 of 16
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .....................................................................................1
General Description ..................................................................1
Pin Configurations ....................................................................1
Product Highlights ....................................................................1
Revision History ........................................................................2
Specifications .............................................................................3
AD590J and AD590K Specifications ......................................3
AD590L and AD590M Specifications ....................................4
Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................................5
ESD Caution ..........................................................................5
Product Description ..................................................................6
Explanation of Temperature Sensor Specifications ................ 7
Calibration Error ................................................................... 7
Error vs. Temperature: Calibration Error Trimmed Out........ 7
Error vs. Temperature: No User Trims ................................... 7
Nonlinearity .......................................................................... 8
Voltage and Thermal Environment Effects ............................ 8
General Applications ............................................................... 10
Outline Dimensions ................................................................ 13
Ordering Guide ................................................................... 15
REVISION HISTORY
1/13—R ev. F to Rev. G
Changes to Endnote 2, Table 1 ...................................................3
Changes to Ordering Guide .....................................................15
11/12Rev. E to Rev. F
Added 4-Lead LFCSP_WD ......................................... Universal
Changes to Features Section, General Description Section, and
Product Highlights Section........................................................1
Added Figure 2; Renumbered Sequentially................................1
Added Note 2, Table 1; Renumbered Sequentially .....................3
Changes to (Unbolded) For 8-Lead SOIC Package, AD590J and
AD590K Parameter, Table 1.......................................................3
Changes to Note 1, Ta bl e 3.........................................................5
Changes to Product Description Section ...................................6
Change to Figure 6.....................................................................6
Changes to Explanation of Temperature Sensor Specifications
Section .......................................................................................7
Moved Nonlinearity Section ......................................................8
Change to Figure 13...................................................................8
Changes to General Applications Section ................................10
Changes to Figure 17 and Figure 19.........................................10
Deleted Figure 22; Renumbered Sequentially .......................... 11
Changes to Figure 21 and Figure 22 ........................................ 11
Deleted Figure 24 .................................................................... 12
Changes to Figure 24 ............................................................... 12
Updated Outline Dimensions Section ..................................... 14
Changes to Ordering Guide..................................................... 14
9/09—R ev. D to R e v. E
Changes to Product Description Section ................................... 6
Updated Outline Dimensions .................................................. 13
Changes to Ordering Guide..................................................... 14
1/06—R e v. C to R e v. D
Updated Format ...........................................................Universal
Changes to Figure 4 Equation.................................................... 4
9/03—R ev. B to R e v. C
Added SOIC-8 Package ................................................Universal
Change to Figure 1 .................................................................... 1
Updated Outline Dimensions .................................................. 13
Added Ordering Guide............................................................ 14
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G | Page 3 of 16
SPECIFICATIONS
AD590J AND AD590K SPECIFICATIONS
25°C and VS = 5 V, unless otherwise noted.1
Table 1.
AD590J
2
AD590K
Parameter
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Voltage Range 4 30 4 30 V
OUTPUT
Nominal Current Output @ 25°C (298.2 K) 298.2 298.2 µA
Nominal Temperature Coefficient
1
1
µA/K
Calibration Error @ 25°C
±5.0
±2.5
°C
Absolute Error (Over Rated Performance Temperature Range)
Without External Calibration Adjustment
±10
±5.5
°C
With 25°C Calibration Error Set to Zero
±3.0
±2.0
°C
Nonlinearity
For TO-52 and FLATPACK Packages ±1.5 ±0.8 °C
For 8-Lead SOIC Package
±1.5
±1.0
°C
For 4-Lead LFCSP Package
±1.5
°C
Repeatability3
±0.1
±0.1
°C
Long-Term Drift4 ±0.1 ±0.1 °C
Current Noise
40
40
pA/Hz
Power Supply Rejection
4 V ≤ VS 5 V 0.5 0.5 µA/V
5 V ≤ VS 15 V 0.2 0.2 µV/V
15 V ≤ V
S
30 V
0.1
0.1
µA/V
Case Isolation to Either Lead
1010
1010
Ω
Effective Shunt Capacitance
100
100
pF
Electrical Turn-On Time
20
20
µs
Reverse Bias Leakage Current (Reverse Voltage = 10 V)5 10 10 pA
1 Specifications shown in boldface are tested on all production units at final electrical test. Results from those tests are used to calculate outgoing quality levels. All
minimum and maximum specifications are guaranteed, although only those shown in boldface are tested on all production units.
2 The LFCSP package has a reduced operating temperature range of −4C to +12C.
3 Maximum deviation between +25°C readings after temperature cycling between 55°C and +150°C; guaranteed, not tested.
4 Conditions: constant 5 V, constant 12C; guaranteed, not tested.
5 Leakage current doubles every 10°C.
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 4 of 16
AD590L AND AD590M SPECIFICATIONS
25°C and VS = 5 V, unless otherwise noted.1
Table 2.
AD590L AD590M
Parameter Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Unit
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Voltage Range 4 30
4 30 V
OUTPUT
Nominal Current Output @ 25°C (298.2 K) 298.2 298.2 μA
Nominal Temperature Coefficient 1 1 μA/K
Calibration Error @ 25°C ±1.0 ±0.5 °C
Absolute Error (Over Rated Performance Temperature Range) °C
Without External Calibration Adjustment ±3.0 ±1.7 °C
With ± 25°C Calibration Error Set to Zero ±1.6 ±1.0 °C
Nonlinearity
±0.4 ±0.3 °C
Repeatability2 ±0.1 ±0.1 °C
Long-Term Drift3 ±0.1 ±0.1 °C
Current Noise 40 40 pA/√Hz
Power Supply Rejection
4 V ≤ VS ≤ 5 V 0.5 0.5 μA/V
5 V ≤ VS ≤ 15 V 0.2 0.2 μA/V
15 V ≤ VS ≤ 30 V 0.1 0.1 μA/V
Case Isolation to Either Lead 1010 1010 Ω
Effective Shunt Capacitance 100 100 pF
Electrical Turn-On Time 20 20 μs
Reverse Bias Leakage Current (Reverse Voltage = 10 V)4 10 10 pA
1 Specifications shown in boldface are tested on all production units at final electrical test. Results from those tests are used to calculate outgoing quality levels. All
minimum and maximum specifications are guaranteed, although only those shown in boldface are tested on all production units.
2 Maximum deviation between +25°C readings after temperature cycling between −55°C and +150°C; guaranteed, not tested.
3 Conditions: constant 5 V, constant 125°C; guaranteed, not tested.
4 Leakage current doubles every 10°C.
15.27332
9
5CKFC
7.45932
5
9
FRCF
Figure 5. Temperature Scale Conversion Equations
00533-002
+223°
–50°
+273°
+298°
+25°
+323°
+50°
+373°
+100°
+423°
+150°
–100° +100° +200° +300°
+32° +70° +212°
°K
°C
°F
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G | Page 5 of 16
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 3.
Parameter Rating
Forward Voltage ( E+ or E−) 44 V
Reverse Voltage (E+ to E−) −20 V
Breakdown Voltage (Case E+ or E−) ±200 V
Rated Performance Temperature Range1 −55°C to +150°C
Storage Temperature Range1 −65°C to +155°C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec) 300°C
1 The AD590 was used at −100°C and +200°C for short periods of
measurement with no physical damage to the device. However, the absolute
errors specified apply to only the rated performance temperature range.
Applicable to 2-lead FLATPACK and 3-pin TO-52 packages only.
Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress
rating only and functional operation of the device at these or
any other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
ESD CAUTION
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 6 of 16
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The AD590 is a 2-terminal temperature-to-voltage transducer. It
is available in a variety of accuracy grades and packages. When
using the AD590 in die form, the chip substrate must be kept
electrically isolated (floating) for correct circuit operation.
Figure 6. Metallization Diagram
The AD590 uses a fundamental property of the silicon
transistors from which it is made to realize its temperature
proportional characteristic: if two identical transistors are
operated at a constant ratio of collector current densities, r,
then the difference in their base-emitter voltage is (kT/q)(In r).
Because both k (Boltzmans constant) and q (the charge of an
electron) are constant, the resulting voltage is directly pro-
portional to absolute temperature (PTAT). (For a more detailed
description, see M.P. Timko, “A Two-Terminal IC Temperature
Transducer,” IEEE J. Solid State Circuits, Vol. SC-11, p. 784-788,
Dec. 1976. Understanding the Specifications–AD590.)
In the AD590, this PTAT voltage is converted to a PTAT current
by low temperature coefficient thin-film resistors. The total
current of the device is then forced to be a multiple of this
PTAT current. Figure 7 is the schematic diagram of the AD590.
In this figure, Q8 and Q11 are the transistors that produce the
PTAT voltage. R5 and R6 convert the voltage to current. Q10,
whose collector current tracks the collector currents in Q9 and
Q11, supplies all the bias and substrate leakage current for the
rest of the circuit, forcing the total current to be PTAT. R5 and
R6 are laser-trimmed on the wafer to calibrate the device at 25°C.
Figure 8 shows the typical V–I characteristic of the circuit at
25°C and the temperature extremes.
Figure 7. Schematic Diagram
Figure 8. V–I Plot
1725µM
1090µM
V–
V+
00533-003
00533-004
Q1 Q2
R2
1040
Q5 Q3
Q4
C1
26pF
Q6
Q7 Q12
R4
11k
Q8
Q10Q9
CHIP
SUBSTRATE
Q11
118 R5
146
R6
820
R1
260
+
R3
5k
00533-005
012
+150°C
423
298
218
+25°C
I
OUT
(
µA)
–55°C
34
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
56 30
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G | Page 7 of 16
EXPLANATION OF TEMPERATURE SENSOR
SPECIFICATIONS
The way in which the AD590 is specified makes it easy to apply
it in a wide variety of applications. It is important to understand
the meaning of the various specifications and the effects of the
supply voltage and thermal environment on accuracy.
The AD590 is a PTAT current regulator. (Note that T (°C) =
T (K) − 273.2. Zero on the Kelvin scale is absolute zero; there is
no lower temperature.) That is, the output current is equal to a
scale factor times the temperature of the sensor in degrees
Kelvin. This scale factor is trimmed to 1 μA/K at the factory, by
adjusting the indicated temperature (that is, the output current)
to agree with the actual temperature. This is done with 5 V
across the device at a temperature within a few degrees of 25°C
(298.2 K). The device is then packaged and tested for accuracy
over temperature.
CALIBRATION ERROR
At final factory test, the difference between the indicated
temperature and the actual temperature is called the calibration
error. Since this is a scale factory error, its contribution to the
total error of the device is PTAT. For example, the effect of the
1°C specified maximum error of the AD590L varies from 0.73°C
at −55°C to 1.42°C at 150°C. Figure 9 shows how an exaggerated
calibration error would vary from the ideal over temperature.
Figure 9. Calibration Error vs. Temperature
The calibration error is a primary contributor to the maximum
total error in all AD590 grades. However, because it is a scale
factor error, it is particularly easy to trim. Figure 10 shows the
most elementary way of accomplishing this.
To trim this circuit, the temperature of the AD590 is measured
by a reference temperature sensor and R is trimmed so that VT
= 1 mV/K at that temperature. Note that when this error is
trimmed out at one temperature, its effect is zero over the entire
temperature range. In most applications, there is a current-to-
voltage conversion resistor (or, as with a current input ADC, a
reference) that can be trimmed for scale factor adjustment.
Figure 10. One Temperature Trim
ERROR VS. TEMPERATURE: CALIBRATION ERROR
TRIMMED OUT
Each AD590 is tested for error over the temperature range with
the calibration error trimmed out. This specification could also
be called the variance from PTAT, because it is the maximum
difference between the actual current over temperature and a
PTAT multiplication of the actual current at 25°C. This error
consists of a slope error and some curvature, mostly at the
temperature extremes. Figure 11 shows a typical AD590K
temperature curve before and after calibration error trimming.
Figure 11. Effect to Scale Factor Trim on Accuracy
ERROR VS. TEMPERATURE: NO USER TRIMS
Using the AD590 by simply measuring the current, the total
error is the variance from PTAT, described above, plus the effect
of the calibration error over temperature. For example, the
AD590L maximum total error varies from 2.33°C at −55°C to
3.02°C at 150°C. For simplicity, only the large figure is shown
on the specification page.
00533-006
I
ACTUAL
298.2
I
OUT
(
µA)
298.2
TEMPERATURE (°K)
ACTUAL
TRANSFER
FUNCTION
IDEAL
TRANSFER
FUNCTION
CALIBRATION
ERROR
00533-007
5
V
R
100
V
T
= 1mV/K
AD590
950
+
+
+
AFTER
CALIBRATION
TRIM
00533-008
ABSOLUTE ERROR (°C)
2
0
–2
–55 150
TEMPERATURE (°C)
CALIBRATION
ERROR
BEFORE
CALIBRATION
TRIM
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 8 of 16
NONLINEARITY
Nonlinearity as it applies to the AD590 is the maximum
deviation of current over temperature from a best-fit straight
line. The nonlinearity of the AD590 over the −55°C to +150°C
range is superior to all conventional electrical temperature
sensors such as thermocouples, RTDs, and thermistors. Figure 12
shows the nonlinearity of the typical AD590K from Figure 11.
Figure 12. Nonlinearity
Figure 13 shows a circuit in which the nonlinearity is the major
contributor to error over temperature. The circuit is trimmed
by adjusting R1 for a 0 V output with the AD590 at 0°C. R2 is
then adjusted for 10 V output with the sensor at 100°C. Other
pairs of temperatures can be used with this procedure as long as
they are measured accurately by a reference sensor. Note that
for 15 V output (150°C), the V+ of the op amp must be greater
than 17 V. Also, note that V− should be at least −4 V; if V− is
ground, there is no voltage applied across the device.
Figure 13. 2-Temperature Trim
Figure 14. Typical 2-Trim Accuracy
VOLTAGE AND THERMAL ENVIRONMENT EFFECTS
The power supply rejection specifications show the maximum
expected change in output current vs. input voltage changes.
The insensitivity of the output to input voltage allows the use of
unregulated supplies. It also means that hundreds of ohms of
resistance (such as a CMOS multiplexer) can be tolerated in
series with the device.
It is important to note that using a supply voltage other than 5 V
does not change the PTAT nature of the AD590. In other words,
this change is equivalent to a calibration error and can be
removed by the scale factor trim (see Figure 11).
The AD590 specifications are guaranteed for use in a low
thermal resistance environment with 5 V across the sensor.
Large changes in the thermal resistance of the sensor’s environment
change the amount of self-heating and result in changes in the
output, which are predictable but not necessarily desirable.
The thermal environment in which the AD590 is used
determines two important characteristics: the effect of self-
heating and the response of the sensor with time. Figure 15 is a
model of the AD590 that demonstrates these characteristics.
Figure 15. Thermal Circuit Model
0.8°C
MAX
0.8°C MAX
00533-009
ABSOLUTE ERROR (°C)
1.6
–1.6
–0.8
0
0.8
–55 150
TEMPERATURE (°C)
0.8°C
MAX
00533-010
30pF
OP177
100mV/°C
V
T
= 100mV/°C
AD590
AD581
V–
35.7k
R1
2k97.6k
R2
5k
27k
15
V
00533-011
TEMPE
R
A
TURE (°C)
2
–2
0
–55 0 150100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
00533-012
θ
JC
θ
CA
T
J
PC
CH
C
C
T
A
+
T
C
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G | Page 9 of 16
As an example, for the TO-52 package, θJC is the thermal
resistance between the chip and the case, about 26°C/W. θCA is
the thermal resistance between the case and the surroundings
and is determined by the characteristics of the thermal
connection. Power source P represents the power dissipated
on the chip. The rise of the junction temperature, TJ, above the
ambient temperature, TA, is
TJTA = PJC + θCA) (1)
Table 4 g ives t he sum of θJC and θCA for several common
thermal media for both the H and F packages. The heat sink
used was a common clip-on. Using Equation 1, the temperature
rise of an AD590 H package in a stirred bath at 25°C, when
driven with a 5 V supply, is 0.06°C. However, for the same
conditions in still air, the temperature rise is 0.72°C. For a given
supply voltage, the temperature rise varies with the current and
is PTAT. Therefore, if an application circuit is trimmed with the
sensor in the same thermal environment in which it is used, the
scale factor trim compensates for this effect over the entire
temperature range.
Table 4. Thermal Resistance
θJC + θCA
(°C/Watt) τ (sec)1
Medium H F H F
Aluminum Block 30 10 0.6 0.1
Stirred Oil2 42 60 1.4 0.6
Moving Air3
With Heat Sink 45 5.0
Without Heat Sink 115 190 13.5 10.0
Still Air
With Heat Sink 191 108
Without Heat Sink 480 650 60 30
1 τ is dependent upon velocity of oil; average of several velocities listed above.
2 Air velocity @ 9 ft/sec.
3 The time constant is defined as the time required to reach 63.2% of an
instantaneous temperature change.
The time response of the AD590 to a step change in
temperature is determined by the thermal resistances and the
thermal capacities of the chip, CCH, and the case, CC. CCH is
about 0.04 Ws/°C for the AD590. CC varies with the measured
medium, because it includes anything that is in direct thermal
contact with the case. The single time constant exponential
curve of Figure 16 is usually sufficient to describe the time
response, T (t). Table 4 shows the effective time constant, τ, for
several media.
Figure 16. Time Response Curve
00533-013
SENSED TEMPERATURE
T
FINAL
T
INITIAL
4
TIME
T(t) = T
INITIAL
+ (T
FINAL
T
INITIAL
)× (1 – e
–t/
)
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 10 of 16
GENERAL APPLICATIONS
Figure 17 shows a typical use of the AD590 in a remote
temperature sensing application. The AD590 is used as a
thermometer circuit that measures temperature from 55°C to
+150°C, with an output voltage of 1 mV/°K. Because the
AD590 measures absolute temperature (its nominal output is
1 mA/K), the output must be offset by 273.2 mA to read out in
degrees Celsius.
Figure 17. Variable Scale Display
Connecting several AD590 units in series, as shown in Figure 18,
allows the minimum of all the sensed temperatures to be
indicated. In contrast, using the sensors in parallel yields the
average of the sensed temperatures.
Figure 18. Series and Parallel Connection
The circuit in Figure 19 demonstrates one method by which
differential temperature measurements can be made. R1 and R2
can be used to trim the output of the op amp to indicate a
desired temperature difference. For example, the inherent offset
between the two devices can be trimmed in. If V+ and V− are
radically different, then the difference in internal dissipation
causes a differential internal temperature rise. This effect can be
used to measure the ambient thermal resistance seen by the
sensors in applications such as fluid-level detectors or anemometry.
Figure 19. Differential Measurements
Figure 20 is an example of a cold junction compensation circuit
for a Type J thermocouple using the AD590 to monitor the
reference junction temperature. This circuit replaces an ice-bath
as the thermocouple reference for ambient temperatures
between 15°C and 35°C. The circuit is calibrated by adjusting RT
for a proper meter reading with the measuring junction at a
known reference temperature and the circuit near 25°C. Using
components with the TCs as specified in Figure 20, compensation
accuracy is within ±0.5°C for circuit temperatures between 15°C
and 35°C. Other thermocouple types can be accommodated with
different resistor values. Note that the TCs of the voltage
reference and the resistors are the primary contributors to error.
Figure 20. Cold Junction Compensation Circuit for Type J Thermocouple
AD590
I
T
I
T
I
T
+
00533-014
7V
1k
0.1% LOW
TCR RESISTOR
1mV/k
00533-015
AD590
+
AD590
+
AD590
+
+
V
T
MIN
10k
(0.1%)
+
AD590
+
+
+
V
T
AVG
333.3
(0.1%)
5V
15V
00533-016
AD590L
#2
+
AD590L
#1
+
R4
10k
R3
10k
R1
5M
R2
50k
V+
(T1 – T2) ×(10mV/°C)
V–
OP177
+
00533-017
+
REFERENCE
JUNCTION
IRON
+
7.5V
AD590
AD580
CONSTANTAN
MEASURING
JUNCTION
RESISTORS ARE 1%, 50ppm/°C
METER
+
+C
U
52.3
8.66k
V
OUT
R
T
1k
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G | Page 11 of 16
Figure 21 is an example of a current transmitter designed to be
used with 40 V, 1 kΩ systems; it uses its full current range of 4
to 20 mA for a narrow span of measured temperatures. In this
example, the 1 µA/K output of the AD590 is amplified to
1 mA/°C and offset so that 4 mA is equivalent to 17°C and
20 mA is equivalent to 33°C. RT is trimmed for proper reading
at an intermediate reference temperature. With a suitable choice
of resistors, any temperature range within the operating limits
of the AD590 can be chosen.
Figure 21. 4 to 20 mA Current Transmitter
Figure 22 is an example of a variable temperature control circuit
(thermostat) using the AD590. RH and RL are selected to set the
high and low limits for RSET. RSET could be a simple pot, a
calibrated multiturn pot, or a switched resistive divider. Powering
the AD590 from the 10 V reference isolates the AD590 from
supply variations while maintaining a reasonable voltage (~7 V)
across it. Capacitor C1 is often needed to filter extraneous noise
from remote sensors. RB is determined by the β of the power
transistor and the current requirements of the load.
Figure 22. Simple Temperature Control Circuit
The voltage compliance and the reverse blocking characteristic
of the AD590 allow it to be powered directly from 5 V CMOS
logic. This permits easy multiplexing, switching, or pulsing for
minimum internal heat dissipation. In Figure 23, any AD590
connected to a logic high passes a signal current through the
current measuring circuitry, while those connected to a logic
zero pass insignificant current. The outputs used to drive the
AD590s can be employed for other purposes, but the additional
capacitance due to the AD590 should be taken into account.
Figure 23. AD590 Driven from CMOS Logic
00533-018
30pF
V+
4mA = 17°C
12mA = 25°C
20mA = 33°C
+
+
AD581
V
OUT
R
T
5k
10
10k
12.7k
35.7k
5k500
AD590
OP177
+
0.01µF
V–
00533-019
AD790
+
C1
2
34
1
7
10k
R
SET
R
L
R
B
R
H
V
V+
V+
AD590
+
AD581
OUT HEATING
ELEMENTS
GND
10V
00533-021
5V
CMOS
GATES
AD590
1k (0.1%)
+
+
+
+
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 12 of 16
Figure 24 demonstrates a method of multiplexing the AD590 in
the 2-trim mode (see Figure 13 and Figure 14). Additional
AD590s and their associated resistors can be added to multiplex
up to eight channels of ±0.5°C absolute accuracy over the
temperature range of −55°C to +125°C. The high temperature
restriction of 125°C is due to the output range of the op amps;
output to 150°C can be achieved by using a 20 V supply for the
op amp.
Figure 24. 8-Channel Multiplexer
00533-023
+
AD590L
+
AD590L
DECODER/
DRIVER
S1
S2
S8
AD7501
–15V
2k
35.7k5k97.6k
2k
35.7k5k97.6k
+15V TTL/DTL TO CMOS
INTERFACE
BINARY
CHANNEL
SELECT
EN
–15V
27k
10mV/°C
V+
OP177
+15V
AD581
V
OUT
+
–5V TO –15V
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G | Page 13 of 16
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Figure 25. 2-Lead Ceramic Flat Package [FLATPACK]
(F-2)
Dimensions shown in inches and (millimeters)
Figure 26. 3-Pin Metal Header Package [TO-52]
(H-03-1)
Dimensions shown in inches and (millimeters)
0.210 (5.34)
0.200 (5.08)
0.190 (4.83)
0.0065 (0.17)
0.0050 (0.13)
0.0045 (0.12)
0.050 (1.27)
0.041 (1.04)
0.240 (6.10)
0.230 (5.84)
0.220 (5.59)
POSITIVE LEAD
INDICATOR
0.500 (12.69)
MIN
0.093 (2.36)
0.081 (2.06)
0.055 (1.40)
0.050 (1.27)
0.045 (1.14)
0.019 (0.48)
0.017 (0.43)
0.015 (0.38)
0.015 (0.38)
TYP
0.030 (0.76)
TYP
CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETER DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.
0.250 (6.35) MIN
0.150 (3.81)
0.115 (2.92)
0.050 (1.27) MAX
0.019 (0.48)
0.016 (0.41)
0.021 (0.53) MAX
0.030 (0.76) MAX
0.195 (4.95)
0.178 (4.52)
0.230 (5.84)
0.209 (5.31)
0.500 (12.70)
MIN
0.046 (1.17)
0.036 (0.91)
0.048 (1.22)
0.028 (0.71)
0.050 (1.27) T.P.
3
1
0.100
(2.54)
T.P.
0.050
(1.27)
T.P.
45° T.P.
2
BASE & SEATING PLANE
022306-A
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 14 of 16
Figure 27. 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N]
Narrow Body
(R-8)
Dimensions shown in millimeters and (inches)
Figure 28. 4-Lead Lead Frame Chip Scale Package [LFCSP_WD]
2.00 mm × 3.00 mm Body, Very Very Thin, Dual Lead
(CP-4-1)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS; INCH DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF MILLIMETER EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-012-AA
012407-A
0.25 (0.0098)
0.17 (0.0067)
1.27 (0.0500)
0.40 (0.0157)
0.50 (0.0196)
0.25 (0.0099) 45°
1.75 (0.0688)
1.35 (0.0532)
SEATING
PLANE
0.25 (0.0098)
0.10 (0.0040)
4
1
85
5.00 (0.1968)
4.80 (0.1890)
4.00 (0.1574)
3.80 (0.1497)
1.27 (0.0500)
BSC
6.20 (0.2441)
5.80 (0.2284)
0.51 (0.0201)
0.31 (0.0122)
COPLANARITY
0.10
1.65
1.55
1.45
0.50
0.40
0.30
TOP VIEW
4
1
3
2
0.35
0.30
0.25
BOTTOM VIEW
PIN 1 INDEX
AREA
SEATING
PLANE
0.80
0.75
0.70
1.80
1.70
1.60
0.203 REF 0.05 MAX
0.00 MIN
0.80 REF
EXPOSED
PAD
PIN 1
INDICATOR
(R 0.15)
FOR PROPER CONNECTION OF
THE EXPOSED PAD, REFER TO
THE PIN CONFIGURATIONS
SECTION OF THIS DATA SHEET.
09-07-2010-B
2.10
2.00
1.90
3.10
3.00
2.90
COMPLIANT
TO
JEDEC STANDARDS MO-229
COPLANARITY
0.08
0.20 MIN
Data Sheet AD590
Rev. G | Page 15 of 16
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1, 2 Temperature Range Package Description Package Option Branding
AD590JF
55°C to +150°C
2-Lead FLATPACK
F-2
AD590JH
55°C to +150°C
3-Pin TO-52
H-03-1
AD590JR 55°C to +150°C 8-Lead SOIC_N R-8
AD590JRZ 55°C to +150°C 8-Lead SOIC_N R-8
AD590KF 55°C to +150°C 2-Lead FLATPACK F-2
AD590KH 55°C to +150°C 3-Pin TO-52 H-03-1
AD590KR
55°C to +150°C
8-Lead SOIC_N
R-8
AD590KR-REEL
55°C to +150°C
8-Lead SOIC_N
R-8
AD590KRZ
55°C to +150°C
8-Lead SOIC_N
R-8
AD590KRZ-RL
55°C to +150°C
8-Lead SOIC_N
R-8
AD590LF 55°C to +150°C 2-Lead FLATPACK F-2
AD590LH 55°C to +150°C 3-Pin TO-52 H-03-1
AD590MF 55°C to +150°C 2-Lead FLATPACK F-2
AD590MH
55°C to +150°C
3-Pin TO-52
H-03-1
AD590JCHIPS
55°C to +150°C
Bare Die
H-03-1
AD590JCPZ-R5
−40°C to +125°C
4-Lead LFCSP_WD
CP-4-1
7A
AD590JCPZ-RL7 −40°C to +125°C 4-Lead LFCSP_WD CP-4-1 7A
1 Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
2 The AD590xF models and the AD590xH models are available in 883B.
AD590 Data Sheet
Rev. G | Page 16 of 16
NOTES
©2013 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D00533-0-1/13(G)

Products

SENSOR ANALOG -40C-125C 4LFCSP
Cantidad disponible1342
Precio por unidad6.15
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible1631
Precio por unidad11.01
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C TO52-3
Cantidad disponible1346
Precio por unidad18.09
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C TO52-3
Cantidad disponible1765
Precio por unidad19.51
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 2FLATPK
Cantidad disponible550
Precio por unidad30.02
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 2FLATPK
Cantidad disponible1190
Precio por unidad32.81
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C TO52-3
Cantidad disponible730
Precio por unidad35.81
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 2FLATPK
Cantidad disponible2229
Precio por unidad60.11
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C TO52-3
Cantidad disponible315
Precio por unidad70.67
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 2FLATPK
Cantidad disponible999
Precio por unidad103.76
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C TO52-3
Cantidad disponible129
Precio por unidad121.74
IC TEMP TRANSDUCER 2-TERM 2FPACK
Cantidad disponible36
Precio por unidad187.58
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible490
Precio por unidad7.55
IC TEMP TRANSDUCER 2-TERM 2FPACK
Cantidad disponible16
Precio por unidad117.51
IC TEMP TRANSDUCER 2-TERM 2FPACK
Cantidad disponible36
Precio por unidad70.8
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 2FLATPAK
Cantidad disponible7
Precio por unidad135.07
IC TEMP TRANSDUCR 2-TERM TO52-3
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad48.72
SENSOR ANALOG -55C-150C 8SOIC
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad6.70963
IC TEMP TRANSDUCR 2-TERM TO52-3
Cantidad disponible3
Precio por unidad38.04
IC TEMP TRANSDUCER 2-TERM 2FPACK
Cantidad disponible0
Precio por unidad52.97