LTM4601AHV Datasheet by Analog Devices Inc.

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LTM4601AHV
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For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
LOAD CURRENT (A)
0
45
EFFICIENCY (%)
POWER LOSS (W)
50
60
65
70
95
12VIN
12VIN
24VIN
24VIN
80
4810
4601AHV TA01b
55
85
90
75
0
1
6
3
4
5
2
2612 14
POWER LOSS
EFFICIENCY
Typical applicaTion
applicaTions
FeaTures DescripTion
12A, 28VIN DC/DC µModule
Regulator with PLL, Output
Tracking and Margining
n Telecom, Industrial and Networking Equipment
n Military and Avionics Systems
n Complete Switch Mode Power Supply
n Wide Input Voltage Range: 4.5V to 28V
n 12A DC Typical, 14A Peak Output Current
n 0.6V to 5V Output Voltage
n Output Voltage Tracking and Margining
n Redundant Mounting Pads for Enhanced
Solder-Joint Strength
n Parallel Multiple µModule
®
Regulators for
Current Sharing
n Differential Remote Sensing for Precision Regulation
n PLL Frequency Synchronization
n ±1.5% Total DC Error
n Current Foldback Protection (Disabled at Start-Up)
n SnPb or RoHS Compliant Finish
n –55°C to 125°C Operating Temperature Range
(LTM4601AHVMPV)
n Ultrafast™ Transient Response
n Up to 95% Efficiency at 5VIN, 3.3VOUT
n Programmable Soft-Start
n Output Overvoltage Protection
n Enhanced (15mm × 15mm × 2.82mm) Surface Mount
LGA and (15mm × 15mm × 3.42mm) BGA Packages
2.5V/12A Power Supply with 4.5V to 28V Input
Efficiency and Power Loss
vs Load Current
The LT M
®
4601AHV is a complete 12A step-down switch
mode DC/DC power supply with onboard switching con-
troller, MOSFETs, inductor and all support components.
The µModule regulator is housed in a small surface mount
15mm × 15mm × 2.82mm LGA or 15mm × 15mm ×
3.42mm BGA package. The LTM4601AHV LGA and BGA
packages are designed with redundant mounting pads to
enhance solder-joint strength for extended temperature
cycling endurance. Operating over an input voltage range
of 4.5V to 28V, the LTM4601AHV supports an output volt-
age range of 0.6V to 5V as well as output voltage tracking
and margining. The high efficiency design delivers 12A
continuous current (14A peak). Only bulk input and output
capacitors are needed to complete the design.
The low profile and light weight package easily mounts
in unused space on the back side of PC boards for high
density point of load regulation. The µModule regulator
can be synchronized with an external clock for reducing
undesirable frequency harmonics and allows PolyPhase
®
operation for high load currents.
An onboard differential remote sense amplifier can be used
to accurately regulate an output voltage independent of
load current. The LTM4601AHV is available with SnPb or
RoHS compliant terminal finish.
L, LT, LTC and LTM, Linear Technology, the Linear logo, µModule and PolyPhase are
registered trademarks and Ultrafast and LTpowerCAD are trademarks of Linear Technology
Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Protected by U.S.
Patents including 5481178, 5847554, 6580258, 6304066, 6476589, 6774611, 6677210.
VOUT
VFB
MARG0
MARG1
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
PGOOD
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
MPGM
TRACK/SSPLLIN
LTM4601AHV
ON/OFF
R1
392k RSET
19.1k
MARGIN
CONTROL COUT
4601AHV TA01a
V
OUT
2.5V
12A
CLOCK SYNC
TRACK/SS CONTROL
100pF
CIN
VIN
fSETPGNDSGND
5% MARGIN
VIN
4.5V TO 28V
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LTM4601AHV
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For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
INTVCC, DRVCC, VOUT_LCL, VOUT (VOUT ≤ 3.3V with
Remote Sense Amp) .................................... 0.3V to 6V
PLLIN, TRACK/SS, MPGM, MARG0, MARG1,
PGOOD, fSET ..............................0.3V to INTVCC + 0.3V
RUN ............................................................. 0.3V to 5V
VFB, COMP ................................................ 0.3V to 2.7V
VIN ............................................................. 0.3V to 28V
(Note 1)
absoluTe MaxiMuM raTings
BGA PACKAGE
133-LEAD (15mm
×
15mm
×
3.42mm)
TOP VIEW
VIN
PGND
VOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
DIFFVOUT
VOUT_LCL
SGND
fSET
MARG0
MARG1
DRVCC
INTVCC
VFB
PGOOD
INTVCC
PLLIN
TRACK/SS
RUN
COMP
MPGM
MTP1
MTP2
MTP3
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 15.5°C/W, θJCbottom = 6.5°C/W
θJA DERIVED FROM 95mm × 76mm PCB WITH 4 LAYERS
WEIGHT = 1.9g
VIN
PGND
VOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
DIFFVOUT
VOUT_LCL
SGND
fSET
MARG0
MARG1
DRVCC
INTVCC
VFB
PGOOD
INTVCC
PLLIN
TRACK/SS
RUN
COMP
MPGM
LGA PACKAGE
133-LEAD (15mm × 15mm × 2.82mm)
TOP VIEW
MTP1
MTP2
MTP3
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 15°C/W, θJCbottom = 6°C/W
θJA DERIVED FROM 95mm × 76mm PCB WITH 4 LAYERS
WEIGHT = 1.7g
pin conFiguraTion
VOSNS+, VOSNS ..........................0.3V to INTVCC + 0.3V
Operating Temperature Range (Note 2)
E and I Grades .....................................40°C to 85°C
MP Grade ........................................... 55°C to 125°C
Junction Temperature ........................................... 125°C
Storage Temperature Range .................. 55°C to 125°C
orDer inForMaTion
PART NUMBER PAD OR BALL FINISH PART MARKING* PACKAGE
TYPE
MSL
RATING
TEMPERATURE RANGE
(Note 2)
DEVICE FINISH CODE
LTM4601AHVEV#PBF Au (RoHS) LTM4601AHVV e4 LGA 3 –40°C to 125°C
LTM4601AHVIV#PBF Au (RoHS) LTM4601AHVV e4 LGA 3 –40°C to 125°C
LTM4601AHVMPV#PBF Au (RoHS) LTM4601AHVMPV e4 LGA 3 –55°C to 125°C
LTM4601AHVEY#PBF SAC305 (RoHS) LTM4601AHVY e1 BGA 3 –40°C to 125°C
LTM4601AHVIY#PBF SAC305 (RoHS) LTM4601AHVY e1 BGA 3 –40°C to 125°C
LTM4601AHVIY SnPb (63/37) LTM4601AHVY e0 BGA 3 –40°C to 125°C
LTM4601AHVMPY#PBF SAC305 (RoHS) LTM4601AHVMPY e1 BGA 3 –55°C to 125°C
LTM4601AHVMPY SnPb (63/37) LTM4601AHVMPY e0 BGA 3 –55°C to 125°C
Consult Marketing for parts specified with wider operating temperature
ranges. *Device temperature grade is indicated by a label on the shipping
container. Pad or ball finish code is per IPC/JEDEC J-STD-609.
• Terminal Finish Part Marking:
www.linear.com/leadfree
• Recommended LGA and BGA PCB Assembly and Manufacturing
Procedures:
www.linear.com/umodule/pcbassembly
• LGA and BGA Package and Tray Drawings:
www.linear.com/packaging
LTM4601AHV
LTM4601AHV
3
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
The l denotes the specifications which apply over the specified operating
temperature range (Note 2). Otherwise specifications are at TA = 25°C, VIN = 12V, per typical application (front page) configuration,
RSET = 40.2k.
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
VIN(DC) Input DC Voltage l4.5 28 V
VOUT(DC) Output Voltage Total Variation with
Line and Load
CIN = 10µF ×3, COUT = 200µF, RSET = 40.2k
VIN = 5V to 28V, IOUT = 0A to 12A (Note 5)
l
1.478
1.5
1.522
V
Input Specifications
VIN(UVLO) Undervoltage Lockout Threshold IOUT = 0A 3.2 4 V
IINRUSH(VIN) Input Inrush Current at Startup IOUT = 0A. VOUT = 1.5V
VIN = 5V
VIN = 12V
0.6
0.7
A
A
IQ(VIN,NO LOAD) Input Supply Bias Current VIN = 12V, No Switching
VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.5V, Switching Continuous
VIN = 5V, No Switching
VIN = 5V, VOUT = 1.5V, Switching Continuous
Shutdown, RUN = 0, VIN = 12V
3.8
38
2.5
42
22
mA
mA
mA
mA
µA
IS(VIN) Input Supply Current VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.5V, IOUT = 12A
VIN = 12V, VOUT = 3.3V, IOUT = 12A
VIN = 5V, VOUT = 1.5V, IOUT = 12A
1.81
3.63
4.29
A
A
A
INTVCC VIN = 12V, RUN > 2V No Load 4.7 5 5.3 V
Output Specifications
IOUTDC Output Continuous Current Range VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.5V (Note 5) 0 12 A
ΔVOUT(LINE)
VOUT
Line Regulation Accuracy VOUT = 1.5V, IOUT = 0A, VIN from 4.5V to 28V l0.3 %
ΔVOUT(LOAD)
VOUT
Load Regulation Accuracy VOUT = 1.5V, IOUT = 0A to 12A, VIN = 12V, with
Remote Sense Amplifier (Note 5)
l0.25 %
VOUT(AC) Output Ripple Voltage IOUT = 0A, COUT = 2× 100µF X5R Ceramic
VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.5V
VIN = 5V, VOUT = 1.5V
20
18
mVP-P
mVP-P
fSOutput Ripple Voltage Frequency IOUT = 5A, VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.5V 850 kHz
ΔVOUT(START) Turn-On Overshoot COUT = 200µF, VOUT = 1.5V, IOUT = 0A,
TRACK/SS = 10nF
VIN = 12V
VIN = 5V
20
20
mV
mV
tSTART Turn-On Time COUT = 200µF, VOUT = 1.5V, TRACK/SS = Open,
IOUT = 1A Resistive Load
VIN = 12V
VIN = 5V
0.5
0.7
ms
ms
ΔVOUTLS Peak Deviation for Dynamic Load Load: 0% to 50% to 0% of Full Load,
COUT = 2 × 22µF Ceramic, 470µF 4V Sanyo
POSCAP
VIN = 12V
VIN = 5V
35
35
mV
mV
tSETTLE Settling Time for Dynamic Load Step Load: 0% to 50%, or 50% to 0% of Full Load
VIN = 12V
25
µs
IOUTPK Output Current Limit COUT = 200µF Ceramic
VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.5V
VIN = 5V, VOUT = 1.5V
17
17
A
A
elecTrical characTerisTics
LTM4601AHV
LTM4601AHV
4
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
The l denotes the specifications which apply over the specified operating
temperature range (Note 2). Otherwise specifications are at TA = 25°C, VIN = 12V, per typical application (front page) configuration,
RSET = 40.2k.
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Remote Sense Amp (Note 3)
VOSNS+, VOSNS
CM Range
Common Mode Input Voltage Range VIN = 12V, RUN > 2V 0 INTVCC – 1 V
DIFFVOUT Range Output Voltage Range VIN = 12V, DIFFVOUT Load = 100k 0 INTVCC – 1 V
VOS Input Offset Voltage Magnitude
l
1.25
2
mV
mV
AVDifferential Gain 1 V/V
GBP Gain Bandwidth Product 3 MHz
SR Slew Rate 2 V/µs
RIN Input Resistance VOSNS+ to GND 20 kW
CMRR Common Mode Rejection Mode 100 dB
Control Stage
VFB Error Amplifier Input Voltage
Accuracy
IOUT = 0A, VOUT = 1.5V l0.594 0.6 0.606 V
VRUN RUN Pin On/Off Threshold 1 1.5 1.9 V
ITRACK/SS Soft-Start Charging Current VTRACK/SS = 0V –1.0 –1.5 –2.0 µA
tON(MIN) Minimum On Time (Note 4) 50 100 ns
tOFF(MIN) Minimum Off Time (Note 4) 250 400 ns
RPLLIN PLLIN Input Resistance 50 kW
IDRVCC Current into DRVCC Pin VOUT = 1.5V, IOUT = 1A, DRVCC = 5V 18 25 mA
RFBHI Resistor Between VOUT_LCL and VFB 60.098 60.4 60.702 kW
VMPGM Margin Reference Voltage 1.18 V
VMARG0, VMARG1 MARG0, MARG1 Voltage Thresholds 1.4 V
PGOOD Output
ΔVFBH PGOOD Upper Threshold VFB Rising 7 10 13 %
ΔVFBL PGOOD Lower Threshold VFB Falling –7 –10 –13 %
ΔVFB(HYS) PGOOD Hysteresis VFB Returning 1.5 %
VPGL PGOOD Low Voltage IPGOOD = 5mA 0.15 0.4 V
Note 1: Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. Exposure to any Absolute
Maximum Rating condition for extended periods may affect device
reliability and lifetime.
Note 2: The LTM4601AHV is tested under pulsed load conditions such
that TJ ≈ TA. The LTM4601AHVE is guaranteed to meet performance
specifications from 0°C to 85°C. Specifications over the –40°C to 85°C
operating temperature range are assured by design, characterization
and correlation with statistical process controls. The LTM4601AHVI is
guaranteed over the –40°C to 85°C operating temperature range. The
LTM4601AHVMP is guaranteed and tested over the –55°C to 125°C
operating temperature range. For output current derating at high
temperature, please refer to Thermal Considerations and Output Current
Derating discussion.
Note 3: Remote sense amplifier recommended for ≤3.3V output.
Note 4: 100% tested at wafer level only.
Note 5: See output current derating curves for different VIN, VOUT and TA.
elecTrical characTerisTics
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LTM4601AHV
5
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For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
LOAD CURRENT (A)
0
EFFICIENCY (%)
75
80
85
15
4601AHV G01
70
65
60 5 10
90
95
100
0.6VOUT
1.2VOUT
1.5VOUT
2.5VOUT
3.3VOUT
Efficiency vs Load Current
with 5V
IN
Efficiency vs Load Current
with 24VIN
1.2V Transient Response
(See Figures 19 and 20 for all curves)
LOAD CURRENT (A)
0
50
EFFICIENCY (%)
55
65
70
75
100
85
510
4601AHV G02
60
90
95
80
15
0.6VOUT
1.2VOUT
1.5VOUT
2.5VOUT
3.3VOUT
5VOUT
LOAD CURRENT (A)
0
45
EFFICIENCY (%)
55
60
65
70
75
80
510
4601AHV G03
85
90
95
50
15
1.5VOUT
2.5VOUT
3.3VOUT
5.0VOUT
VOUT
50mV/DIV
20µs/DIV 4601AHV G04
IOUT
5A/DIV
1.2V AT 6A/µs LOAD STEP
COUT = 3× 22µF 6.3V CERAMICS,
470µF 4V SANYO POSCAP
C3 = 100pF
VOUT
50mV/DIV
20µs/DIV
4601AHV G05
IOUT
5A/DIV
1.5V AT 6A/µs LOAD STEP
COUT = 3× 22µF 6.3V CERAMICS,
470µF 4V SANYO POSCAP
C3 = 100pF
VOUT
50mV/DIV
20µs/DIV
4601AHV G06
IOUT
5A/DIV
1.8V AT 6A/µs LOAD STEP
COUT = 3× 22µF 6.3V CERAMICS,
470µF 4V SANYO POSCAP
C3 = 100pF
VOUT
50mV/DIV
20µs/DIV 4601AHV G07
IOUT
5A/DIV
2.5V AT 6A/µs LOAD STEP
COUT = 3× 22µF 6.3V CERAMICS,
470µF 4V SANYO POSCAP
C3 = 100pF
VOUT
50mV/DIV
20µs/DIV
4601AHV G08
IOUT
5A/DIV
3.3V AT 6A/µs LOAD STEP
COUT = 3× 22µF 6.3V CERAMICS,
470µF 4V SANYO POSCAP
C3 = 100pF
Typical perForMance characTerisTics
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–55
0.594
0.596
0.598
V
FB
(V)
5–25
4601AHV G15
0.606
0.604
0.602
0.600
125
956535
LTM4601AHV Start-Up, TA = -55°c SIarI-Up, l 1 = IJA v 42v v r=15v cum = 47qu 3x 22 son’smm = anF \LL 1 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) Shari-Circuit Proteclinn, I T = 0A Shun-circuit Prnleclinn, I 1 =1“ ‘\ , X v V cm = our, 3x 22 son’smm = mnr 6 L7Lglfl£flg
LTM4601AHV
6
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For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
(See Figures 19 and 20 for all curves)
Start-Up, IOUT = 12A
(Resistive Load)
OUT
VIN to VOUT Step-Down Ratio
OUT
Short-Circuit Protection, I
OUT
= 12A
Track, IOUT = 12A
A
VOUT
0.5V/DIV
5ms/DIV
4601AHV G09
IIN
0.5A/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.5V
COUT = 470µF, 3× 22µF
SOFT-START = 10nF
VOUT
0.5V/DIV
2ms/DIV
4601AHV G10
IIN
1A/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.5V
COUT = 470µF, 3× 22µF
SOFT-START = 10nF
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
0
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
3.0
4.0
5.5
5.0
16
4601AHV G11
2.0
1.0
2.5
3.5
4.5
1.5
0.5
042 86 12 14 18
10 20 22 282624
3.3V OUTPUT WITH
130k FROM VOUT
TO fSET
5V OUTPUT WITH
100k RESISTOR
ADDED FROM fSET
TO GND
5V OUTPUT WITH
NO RESISTOR ADDED
FROM fSET TO GND
2.5V OUTPUT
1.8V OUTPUT
1.5V OUTPUT
1.2V OUTPUT
VFB
0.5V/DIV
TRACK/SS
0.5V/DIV
2ms/DIV
4601AHV G12
VOUT
1V/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.5V
COUT = 470µF, 3× 22µF
SOFT-START = 10nF
VOUT
0.5V/DIV
50µs/DIV
4601AHV G13
IIN
1A/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.5V
COUT = 470µF, 3× 22µF
SOFT-START = 10nF
VOUT
0.5V/DIV
50µs/DIV
4601AHV G14
IIN
1A/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.5V
COUT = 470µF, 3× 22µF
SOFT-START = 10nF
Typical perForMance characTerisTics
NO LOAD
10A LOAD
10ms/DIV
4601AHV G16
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.5V
COUT = 470µF, 3× 22µF
SOFT-START = 10nF
LTM4601AHV L7 LJUW 7
LTM4601AHV
7
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
(See Package Description for Pin Assignment)
VIN (Bank 1): Power Input Pins. Apply input voltage be-
tween these pins and PGND pins. Recommend placing
input decoupling capacitance directly between VIN pins
and PGND pins.
VOUT (Bank 3): Power Output Pins. Apply output load
between these pins and PGND pins. Recommend placing
output decoupling capacitance directly between these pins
and PGND pins. See Figure 17.
PGND (Bank 2): Power ground pins for both input and
output returns.
VOSNS (Pin M12): (–) Input to the Remote Sense Ampli-
fier. This pin connects to the ground remote sense point.
The remote sense amplifier is used for VOUT ≤3.3V. Tie to
INTVCC if not used.
VOSNS+ (Pin J12): (+) Input to the Remote Sense Ampli-
fier. This pin connects to the output remote sense point.
The remote sense amplifier is used for VOUT ≤3.3V. Tie to
GND if not used.
DIFFVOUT (Pin K12): Output of the Remote Sense Ampli-
fier. This pin connects to the VOUT_LCL pin. Leave floating
if remote sense amplifier is not used.
DRVCC (Pin E12): This pin normally connects to INTVCC
for powering the internal MOSFET drivers. This pin can
be biased up to 6V from an external supply with about
50mA capability, or an external circuit shown in Figure 18.
This improves efficiency at the higher input voltages by
reducing power dissipation in the module.
INTVCC (Pin A7, D9): This pin is for additional decoupling
of the 5V internal regulator. These pins are internally con-
nected. Pin A7 is a test pin.
PLLIN (Pin A8): External Clock Synchronization Input to
the Phase Detector. This pin is internally terminated to
SGND with a 50k resistor. Apply a clock with high level
above 2V and below INTVCC. See Applications Information.
TRACK/SS (Pin A9): Output Voltage Tracking and Soft- Start
Pin. When the module is configured as a master output,
then a soft-start capacitor is placed on this pin to ground to
control the master ramp rate. A soft-start capacitor can be
used for soft-start turn on as a stand alone regulator. Slave
operation is performed by putting a resistor divider from
the master output to ground, and connecting the center
point of the divider to this pin. See Applications Information.
MPGM (Pins A12, B11): Programmable Margining Input.
A resistor from this pin to ground sets a current that is
equal to 1.18V/R. This current multiplied by 10kΩ will
equal a value in millivolts that is a percentage of the 0.6V
reference voltage. See Applications Information. To parallel
LTM4601AHVs, each requires an individual MPGM resistor.
Do not tie MPGM pins together. Both pins are internally
connected. Pin A12 is a test pin.
fSET (Pins B12, C11): Frequency Set Internally to 850kHz.
An external resistor can be placed from this pin to ground
to increase frequency. See Applications Information for
frequency adjustment. Both pins are internally connected.
Pin B12 is a test pin.
VFB (Pin F12): The Negative Input of the Error Amplifier.
Internally, this pin is connected to VOUT_LCL pin with a
60.4k precision resistor. Different output voltages can be
programmed with an additional resistor between VFB and
SGND pins. See Applications Information.
MARG0 (Pin C12): This pin is the LSB logic input for the
margining function. Together with the MARG1 pin it will
determine if margin high, margin low or no margin state
is applied. The pin has an internal pull-down resistor of
50k. See Applications Information.
MARG1 (Pin D12): This pin is the MSB logic input for the
margining function. Together with the MARG0 pin it will
determine if margin high, margin low or no margin state
is applied. The pin has an internal pull-down resistor of
50k. See Applications Information.
SGND (Pins H12, H11, G11): Signal Ground. These pins
connect to PGND at output capacitor point. See Figure 17.
pin FuncTions
LTM4601AHV
LTM4601AHV
8
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 1. Simplified LTM4601AHV Block Diagram
COMP (Pin A11): Current Control Threshold and Error
Amplifier Compensation Point. The current comparator
threshold increases with this control voltage. The voltage
ranges from 0V to 2.4V with 0.7V corresponding to zero
sense voltage (zero current).
PGOOD (Pins G12, F11): Output Voltage Power Good
Indicator. Open-drain logic output that is pulled to ground
when the output voltage is not within ±10% of the regula-
tion point, after a 25µs power bad mask timer expires.
RUN (Pin A10): Run Control Pin. A voltage above 1.9V
will turn on the module, and when below 1V, will turn
off the module. A programmable UVLO function can be
accomplished by connecting to a resistor divider from
VIN to ground. See Figure 1. This pin has a 5.1V Zener to
ground. Maximum pin voltage is 5V. Limit current into the
RUN pin to less than 1mA.
VOUT_LCL (Pin L12): VOUT connects directly to this pin to
bypass the remote sense amplifier, or DIFFVOUT connects
to this pin when the remote sense amplifier is used.
MTP1, MTP2, MPT3 (Pins C10, D10, D11 ): Extra Mount-
ing Pads. These pads must be left floating (electrical open
circuit) and are used for enhanced solder joint strength.
(See Package Description for Pin Assignment)
pin FuncTions
siMpliFieD block DiagraM
+
INTERNAL
COMP
UVLO
FUNCTION
VIN
SGND
COMP
PGOOD
RUN
VOUT_LCL
>1.9V = ON
<1V = OFF
MAX = 5V
MARG1
MARG0
MPGM
PLLIN
CSS
INTVCC
DRVCC
TRACK/SS
VFB
fSET
50k
39.2k
RSET
19.1k
50k
60.4k
VOUT
1M
5.1V
ZENER
POWER CONTROL Q1
VIN
4.5V TO 28V
VOUT
2.5V
12A
Q2
10k
0.47µH
10k
10k
50k
10k INTVCC
+
22µF
1.5µF CIN
+
COUT
PGND
VOSNS
VOSNS+
DIFFVOUT
4601AHV F01
4.7µF
SGND
R1
R2
LTM4601AHV
LTM4601AHV
9
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Decoupling requireMenTs
operaTion
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
CIN External Input Capacitor Requirement
(VIN = 4.5V to 28V, VOUT = 2.5V)
IOUT = 12A 20 30 µF
COUT External Output Capacitor Requirement
(VIN = 4.5V to 28V, VOUT = 2.5V)
IOUT = 12A 100 200 µF
TA = 25°C, VIN = 12V. Use Figure 1 configuration.
Power Module Description
The LTM4601AHV is a standalone nonisolated switching
mode DC/DC power supply. It can deliver up to 12A of
DC output current with some external input and output
capacitors. This module provides precisely regulated output
voltage programmable via one external resistor from 0.6VDC
to 5.0VDC over a 4.5V to 28V wide input voltage. Typical
application schematics are shown in Figures 19 and 20.
The LTM4601AHV has an integrated constant on-time
current mode regulator, ultralow RDS(ON) FETs with fast
switching speed and integrated Schottky diodes. The typical
switching frequency is 850kHz at full load. With current
mode control and internal feedback loop compensation,
the LTM4601AHV module has sufficient stability margins
and good transient performance under a wide range of
operating conditions and with a wide range of output
capacitors, even all ceramic output capacitors.
Current mode control provides cycle-by-cycle fast current
limit. Besides, foldback current limiting is provided in an
overcurrent condition while VFB drops. Internal overvolt-
age and undervoltage comparators pull the open-drain
PGOOD output low if the output feedback voltage exits a
±10% window around the regulation point. Furthermore,
in an overvoltage condition, internal top FET Q1 is turned
off and bottom FET Q2 is turned on and held on until the
overvoltage condition clears.
Pulling the RUN pin below 1V forces the controller into its
shutdown state, turning off both Q1 and Q2. At low load
current, the module works in continuous current mode by
default to achieve minimum output ripple voltage.
When DRVCC pin is connected to INTVCC an integrated
5V linear regulator powers the internal gate drivers. If a
5V external bias supply is applied on the DRVCC pin, then
an efficiency improvement will occur due to the reduced
power loss in the internal linear regulator. This is especially
true at the high end of the input voltage range.
The LTM4601AHV has a very accurate differential remote
sense amplifier with very low offset. This provides for
very accurate output voltage measurement at the load.
The MPGM pin, MARG0 pin and MARG1 pin are used to
support voltage margining, where the percentage of margin
is programmed by the MPGM pin, and the MARG0 and
MARG1 select margining.
The PLLIN pin provides frequency synchronization of the
device to an external clock. The TRACK/SS pin is used
for power supply tracking and soft-start programming.
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LTM4601AHV
10
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For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
The typical LTM4601AHV application circuits are shown in
Figures 19 and 20. External component selection is primar-
ily determined by the maximum load current and output
voltage. Refer to Table 2 for specific external capacitor
requirements for a particular application.
VIN to VOUT Step-Down Ratios
There are restrictions in the maximum VIN and VOUT step
down ratio that can be achieved for a given input voltage.
These constraints are shown in the Typical Performance
Characteristics curves labeled “VIN to VOUT Step-Down
Ratio”. Note that additional thermal derating may apply. See
the Thermal Considerations and Output Current Derating
section of this data sheet.
Output Voltage Programming and Margining
The PWM controller has an internal 0.6V reference voltage.
As shown in the Block Diagram, a 1M and a 60.4k 0.5%
internal feedback resistor connects VOUT and VFB pins
together. The VOUT_LCL pin is connected between the 1M
and the 60.4k resistor. The 1M resistor is used to protect
against an output overvoltage condition if the VOUT_LCL
pin is not connected to the output, or if the remote sense
amplifier output is not connected to VOUT_LCL. In these
cases, the output voltage will default to 0.6V. Adding a
resistor RSET from the VFB pin to SGND pin programs
the output voltage:
VOUT =0.6V
60.4k +R
SET
RSET
or equivalently:
RSET =
60.4k
VOUT
0.6V
1
Table 1. Standard 1% Resistor Values
RSET
(kΩ) Open 60.4 40.2 30.1 25.5 19.1 13.3 8.25
VOUT
(V) 0.6 1.2 1.5 1.8 2 2.5 3.3 5
The MPGM pin programs a current that when multiplied
by an internal 10k resistor sets up the 0.6V reference ±
offset for margining. A 1.18V reference divided by the
RPGM resistor on the MPGM pin programs the current.
Calculate VOUT(MARGIN):
VOUT(MARGIN) =
%V
OUT
100
VOUT
where %VOUT is the percentage of VOUT you want to
margin, and VOUT(MARGIN) is the margin quantity in volts:
RPGM =
V
OUT
0.6V
1.18V
VOUT(MARGIN)
10k
where RPGM is the resistor value to place on the MPGM
pin to ground.
The margining voltage, VOUT(MARGIN), will be added or
subtracted from the nominal output voltage as determined
by the state of the MARG0 and MARG1 pins. See the truth
table below:
MARG1 MARG0 MODE
LOW LOW NO MARGIN
LOW HIGH MARGIN UP
HIGH LOW MARGIN DOWN
HIGH HIGH NO MARGIN
Input Capacitors
LTM4601AHV module should be connected to a low AC
impedance DC source. Input capacitors are required to
be placed adjacent to the module. In Figure 20, the 10µF
ceramic input capacitors are selected for their ability to
handle the large RMS current into the converter. An input
bulk capacitor of 100µF is optional. This 100µF capacitor
is only needed if the input source impedance is compro-
mised by long inductive leads or traces.
applicaTions inForMaTion
LTM4601AHV VOUT 06 RN15 INPUT RIWLE CURRENT L7 LJUW 1 1
LTM4601AHV
11
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For a buck converter, the switching duty cycle can be
estimated as:
D=
V
OUT
V
IN
Without considering the inductor ripple current, the RMS
current of the input capacitor can be estimated as:
ICIN(RMS) =
I
OUT(MAX)
η%D1 D
( )
In the above equation, η% is the estimated efficiency of
the power module. CIN can be a switcher-rated electrolytic
aluminum capacitor, OS-CON capacitor or high value ce-
ramic capacitor. Note the capacitor ripple current ratings
are often based on temperature and hours of life. This
makes it advisable to properly derate the input capacitor
,
or choose a capacitor rated at a higher temperature than
required. Always contact the capacitor manufacturer for
derating requirements.
In Figures 19 and 20, the 10µF ceramic capacitors are to-
gether used as a high frequency input decoupling capacitor
.
In a typical 12A output application, three very low ESR,
X5R or X7R 10µF ceramic capacitors are recommended.
These decoupling capacitors should be placed directly
adjacent to the module input pins in the PCB layout to
minimize the trace inductance and high frequency AC
noise. Each 10µF ceramic is typically good for 2A to 3A
of RMS ripple current. Refer to your ceramics capacitor
catalog for the RMS current ratings.
Multiphase operation with multiple LTM4601AHV devices
in parallel will lower the effective input RMS ripple cur-
rent due to the interleaving operation of the regulators.
Application Note 77 provides a detailed explanation. Refer
to Figure 2 for the input capacitor ripple current reduction
as a function of the number of phases. The figure provides
a ratio of RMS ripple current to DC load current as func-
tion of duty cycle and the number of paralleled phases.
Pick the corresponding duty cycle and the number of phases
to arrive at the correct ripple current value. For example,
the 2-phase parallel LTM4601AHV design provides 24A
at 2.5V output from a 12V input. The duty cycle is DC =
2.5V/12V = 0.21. The 2-phase curve has a ratio of ~0.25
for a duty cycle of 0.21. This 0.25 ratio of RMS ripple cur-
rent to a DC load current of 24A equals ~6A of input RMS
ripple current for the external input capacitors.
Output Capacitors
The LTM4601AHV is designed for low output ripple voltage.
The bulk output capacitors defined as COUT are chosen
with low enough effective series resistance (ESR) to meet
the output ripple voltage and transient requirements. COUT
can be a low ESR tantalum capacitor, a low ESR polymer
capacitor or a ceramic capacitor. The typical capacitance is
200µF if all ceramic output capacitors are used. Additional
output filtering may be required by the system designer
if further reduction of output ripple or dynamic transient
spikes is required. Table 2 shows a matrix of different
output voltages and output capacitors to minimize the
voltage droop and overshoot during a 5A/µs transient.
The table optimizes total equivalent ESR and total bulk
capacitance to maximize transient performance.
Figure 2. Normalized Input RMS Ripple Current
vs Duty Cycle for One to Six Modules (Phases)
DUTY CYCLE (VOUT/VIN)
0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
0.9
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
4601AHV F02
RMS INPUT RIPPLE CURRENT
DC LOAD CURRENT
6-PHASE
4-PHASE
12-PHASE
3-PHASE
2-PHASE
1-PHASE
applicaTions inForMaTion
LTM4601AHV ‘2 I (A) mu PEAK‘TU‘PEAK OUTPUT RIWLE CURRENT 1 2 L7ELUEN2
LTM4601AHV
12
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Multiphase operation with multiple LTM4601AHV devices
in parallel will lower the effective output ripple current due
to the interleaving operation of the regulators. For example,
each LTM4601AHVs inductor current in a 12V to 2.5V
multiphase design can be read from the Inductor Ripple
Current versus Duty Cycle graph (Figure 3). The large
ripple current at low duty cycle and high output voltage
can be reduced by adding an external resistor from fSET to
ground which increases the frequency. If the duty cycle is
DC = 2.5V/12V = 0.21, the inductor ripple current for 2.5V
output at 21% duty cycle is ~6A in Figure 3.
Figure 4 provides a ratio of peak-to-peak output ripple cur-
rent to the inductor current as a function of duty cycle and
the number of paralleled phases. Pick the corresponding
duty cycle and the number of phases to arrive at the correct
output ripple current ratio value. If a 2-phase operation is
chosen at a duty cycle of 21%, then 0.6 is the ratio. This
0.6 ratio of output ripple current to inductor ripple of 6A
equals 3.6A of effective output ripple current. Refer to
Application Note 77 for a detailed explanation of output
ripple current reduction as a function of paralleled phases.
The output ripple voltage has two components that are
related to the amount of bulk capacitance and effective
series resistance (ESR) of the output bulk capacitance.
Figure 4. Normalized Output Ripple Current vs Duty Cycle, Dlr = VOT/LI, Dlr = Each Phase’s Inductor Current
DUTY CYCLE (VO/VIN)
0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.350.3 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85
0.9
1.00
0.95
0.90
0.85
0.80
0.75
0.70
0.65
0.60
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.40
0.35
0.30
0.25
0.20
0.15
0.10
0.05
0
4601AHV F04
6-PHASE
4-PHASE
3-PHASE
2-PHASE
1-PHASE
PEAK-TO-PEAK OUTPUT RIPPLE CURRENT
DIr
RATIO =
Figure 3. Inductor Ripple Current vs Duty Cycle
DUTY CYCLE (VOUT/VIN)
0
0
I
L
(A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8
4601AHV F03
2.5V OUTPUT
5V OUTPUT
1.8V OUTPUT
1.5V OUTPUT
1.2V OUTPUT
3.3V OUTPUT WITH
130k ADDED FROM
VOUT TO fSET
5V OUTPUT WITH
100k ADDED FROM
fSET TO GND
applicaTions inForMaTion
LTM4601AHV MASTER 055 13
LTM4601AHV
13
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Therefore, the output ripple voltage can be calculated with
the known effective output ripple current. The equation:
ΔVOUT(P-P) ≈ (ΔIL/(8 • f • m • COUT) + ESR • ΔIL), where f
is frequency and m is the number of parallel phases. This
calculation process can be easily accomplished by using
LTpowerCAD™.
Fault Conditions: Current Limit and Overcurrent
Foldback
LTM4601AHV has a current mode controller, which inher-
ently limits the cycle-by-cycle inductor current not only in
steady-state operation, but also in response to transients.
To further limit current in the event of an overload condi-
tion, the L
TM4601AHV provides foldback current limit-
ing. If the output voltage falls by more than 50%, then
the maximum output current is progressively lowered to
about one sixth of its full current limit value. The current
limit returns to its nominal value once VOUT and VFB have
returned to their nominal values.
Soft-Start and Tracking
The TRACK/SS pin provides a means to either soft-start
the regulator or track it to a different power supply. A
capacitor on this pin will program the ramp rate of the
output voltage. A 1.5µA current source will charge up the
external soft-start capacitor to 80% of the 0.6V internal
voltage reference plus or minus any margin delta. This will
control the ramp of the internal reference and the output
voltage. The total soft-start time can be calculated as:
tSOFTSTART =0.8 0.6V ±VOUT(MARGIN)
( )
C
SS
1.5µA
When the RUN pin falls below 1.5V, then the TRACK/SS
pin is reset to allow for proper soft-start control when the
regulator is enabled again. Current foldback and forced
continuous mode are disabled during the soft-start pro-
cess. The soft-start function can also be used to control
the output ramp up time, so that another regulator can
be easily tracked to it.
Output Voltage T
racking
Output voltage tracking can be programmed externally
using the TRACK/SS pin. The output can be tracked up and
down with another regulator. The master regulators output
is divided down with an external resistor divider that is the
same as the slave regulators feedback divider. Figure 5
shows an example of coincident tracking. Ratiometric
modes of tracking can be achieved by selecting different
resistor values to change the output tracking ratio. The
master output must be greater than the slave output for
the tracking to work. Figure 6 shows the coincident output
tracking characteristics.
Figure 5. Coincident Tracking Schematic
Figure 6. Coincident Output Tracking Characteristics
VOUT
VFB
MARG0
MARG1
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
PGOOD
MPGM
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
TRACK/SS
TRACK CONTROL
PLLIN
LTM4601AHV
RSET
40.2k
100k
RB
40.2k
MASTER
OUTPUT
RT
60.4k
COUT
SLAVE OUTPUT
4601AHV F05
CIN
VIN
fSETPGNDSGND
V
IN
OUTPUT
VOLTAGE
TIME 4601AHV F06
MASTER OUTPUT
SLAVE OUTPUT
applicaTions inForMaTion
LT|\/I4601AHV R1+ R2 R2
LTM4601AHV
14
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Run Enable
The RUN pin is used to enable the power module. The
pin has an internal 5.1V Zener to ground. The pin can be
driven with a logic input not to exceed 5V.
The RUN pin can also be used as an undervoltage lock out
(UVLO) function by connecting a resistor divider from the
input supply to the RUN pin:
VUVLO =
R1+R2
R2
1.5V
See Figure 1, Simplified Block Diagram.
Power Good
The PGOOD pin is an open-drain pin that can be used to
monitor valid output voltage regulation. This pin monitors
a ±10% window around the regulation point and tracks
with margining.
COMP Pin
This pin is the external compensation pin. The module
has already been internally compensated for most output
voltages. Table 2 is provided for most application require-
ments. LTpowerCAD is available for other control loop
optimization.
PLLIN
The power module has a phase-locked loop comprised
of an internal voltage controlled oscillator and a phase
detector
. This allows the internal top MOSFET turn-on
to be locked to the rising edge of an external clock. The
frequency range is ±30% around the operating frequency
of 850kHz. A pulse detection circuit is used to detect a
clock on the PLLIN pin to turn on the phase-locked loop.
The pulse width of the clock has to be at least 400ns and
the amplitude at least 2V. The PLLIN pin must be driven
from a low impedance source such as a logic gate located
close to the pin. During start-up of the regulator, the phase-
locked loop function is disabled.
INTVCC and DRVCC Connection
An internal low dropout regulator produces an internal
5V supply that powers the control circuitry and DRVCC
for driving the internal power MOSFETs. Therefore, if the
system does not have a 5V power rail, the LTM4601AHV
can be directly powered by VIN. The gate drive current
through the LDO is about 20mA. The internal LDO power
dissipation can be calculated as:
PLDO_LOSS = 20mA • (VIN – 5V)
The LTM4601AHV also provides the external gate drive
voltage pin DRVCC. If there is a 5V rail in the system, it is
recommended to connect the DRVCC pin to the external
5V rail. This is especially true for higher input voltages. Do
not apply more than 6V to the DRVCC pin. A 5V output can
be used to power the DRVCC pin with an external circuit
as shown in Figure 18.
Parallel Operation of the Module
The LTM4601AHV device is an inherently current mode
controlled device. Parallel modules will have very good
current sharing. This will balance the thermals on the de-
sign. Figure 21 shows the schematic of a parallel design.
The voltage feedback equation changes with the variable
n as modules are paralleled:
VOUT =0.6V
60.4k
N+RSET
RSET
or equivalently:
RSET =
60.4k
N
VOUT
0.6V 1
where N is the number of paralleled modules.
Figure 21 shows two LTM4601AHV modules used in a
parallel design. An LTM4601AHV device can be used
without the differential amplifier.
applicaTions inForMaTion
LTM4601AHV POWER LOSS (W) POWER LOSS (W) ‘2 ‘2 MAXIMUM LOAD cunnaw > .4’ MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A) r -— \v, -— \a L7HEJWEGR 1 5
LTM4601AHV
15
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 7. 1.5V Output Power Loss
Figure 9. No Heat Sink 5VIN Figure 10. BGA Heat Sink 5VIN
Figure 8. 3.3V Output Power Loss
applicaTions inForMaTion
LOAD CURRENT (A)
0
0
POWER LOSS (W)
1.0
2.0
3.0
246 8
4601AHV F07
10
4.0
5.0
0.5
1.5
2.5
3.5
4.5
12
24VIN
12VIN
5VIN
LOAD CURRENT (A)
0
0
POWER LOSS (W)
1
2
3
4
6
24 6 8
4601AHV F08
10
12
5
24VIN
12VIN
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
50
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 70 80 90
4601AHV F09
100
5VIN, 1.5VOUT 0LFM
5VIN, 1.5VOUT 200LFM
5VIN, 1.5VOUT 400LFM
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
50
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 70 80 90
4601AHV F10
100
5VIN, 1.5VOUT 0LFM
5VIN, 1.5VOUT 200LFM
5VIN, 1.5VOUT 400LFM
Thermal Considerations and Output Current Derating
The power loss curves in Figures 7 and 8 can be used
in coordination with the load current derating curves in
Figures 9 to 16 for calculating an approximate θJA for the
module with various heat sinking methods. Thermal models
are derived from several temperature measurements at the
bench and thermal modeling analysis. Thermal Application
Note 103 provides a detailed explanation of the analysis for
the thermal models and the derating curves. Tables 3 and 4
provide a summary of the equivalent θJA for the noted
conditions. These equivalent θJA parameters are correlated
to the measured values, and are improved with air flow.
The case temperature is maintained at 100°C or below
for the derating curves. The maximum case temperature
of 100°C is to allow for a rise of about 13°C to 25°C in-
side the µModule regulator with a thermal resistance θJC
from junction to case between 6°C/W to 9°C/W. This will
maintain the maximum junction temperature inside the
device below 125°C.
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LTM4601AHV
16
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 13. 12VIN, 3.3VOUT, No Heat Sink Figure 14. 12VIN, 3.3VOUT, BGA Heat Sink
Figure 15. 24VIN, 1.5VOUT, No Heat Sink Figure 16. 24VIN, 1.5VOUT, BGA Heat Sink
applicaTions inForMaTion
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
40
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 80
4601AHV F13
100
12VIN, 3.3VOUT 0LFM
12VIN, 3.3VOUT 200LFM
12VIN, 3.3VOUT 400LFM
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
40
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 80
4601AHV F14
100
12VIN, 3.3VOUT 0LFM
12VIN, 3.3VOUT 200LFM
12VIN, 3.3VOUT 400LFM
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
40
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 80
4601AHV F15
100
24VIN, 1.5VOUT 0LFM
24VIN, 1.5VOUT 200LFM
24VIN, 1.5VOUT 400LFM
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
40
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 80
4601AHV F16
100
24VIN, 1.5VOUT 0LFM
24VIN, 1.5VOUT 200LFM
24VIN, 1.5VOUT 400LFM
Figure 11. No Heat Sink 12VIN Figure 12. BGA Heat Sink 12VIN
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
50
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 70 80 90
4601AHV F11
100
12VIN, 1.5VOUT 0LFM
12VIN, 1.5VOUT 200LFM
12VIN, 1.5VOUT 400LFM
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
50
0
MAXIMUM LOAD CURRENT (A)
2
4
6
8
10
12
60 70 80 90
4601AHV F12
100
12VIN, 1.5VOUT 0LFM
12VIN, 1.5VOUT 200LFM
12VIN, 1.5VOUT 400LFM
LTM4601AHV L7Hߤ0g 1 7
LTM4601AHV
17
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Table 2. Output Voltage Response Versus Component Matrix* (Refer to Figures 19 and 20), 0A to 6A Load Step
TYPICAL MEASURED VALUES
COUT1 VENDORS PART NUMBER COUT2 VENDORS PART NUMBER
TDK C4532X5R0J107MZ (100µF, 6.3V) SANYO POSCAP 6TPE330MIL (330µF, 6.3V)
TAIYO YUDEN JMK432BJ107MU-T (100µF, 6.3V) SANYO POSCAP 2R5TPE470M9 (470µF, 2.5V)
TAIYO YUDEN JMK316BJ226ML-T501 (22µF, 6.3V) SANYO POSCAP 4TPE470MCL (470µF, 4V)
VOUT
(V)
CIN
(CERAMIC)
CIN
(BULK)
COUT1
(CERAMIC)
COUT2
(BULK)
CCOMP
C3
VIN
(V)
DROOP
(mV)
PEAK TO
PEAK (mV)
RECOVERY
TIME (µs)
LOAD STEP
(A/µs)
RSET
(kW)
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 47pF 5 70 140 30 6 60.4
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 2.5V NONE 100pF 5 35 70 20 6 60.4
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 22pF 5 70 140 20 6 60.4
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 5 40 93 30 6 60.4
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 12 70 140 30 6 60.4
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 2.5V NONE 100pF 12 35 70 20 6 60.4
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 22pF 12 70 140 20 6 60.4
1.2 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 12 49 98 20 6 60.4
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 5 48 100 35 6 40.2
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 2.5V NONE 33pF 5 54 109 30 6 40.2
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 100pF 5 44 84 30 6 40.2
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 5 61 118 30 6 40.2
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 12 48 100 35 6 40.2
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 2.5V NONE 33pF 12 54 109 30 6 40.2
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 100pF 12 44 89 25 6 40.2
1.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 12 54 108 25 6 40.2
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 47pF 5 48 100 30 6 30.1
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 2.5V NONE 100pF 5 44 90 20 6 30.1
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 100pF 5 68 140 30 6 30.1
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 5 65 130 30 6 30.1
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 12 60 120 30 6 30.1
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 2.5V NONE 100pF 12 60 120 30 6 30.1
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 100pF 12 68 140 30 6 30.1
1.8 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 12 65 130 20 6 30.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 5 48 103 30 6 19.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 220pF 5 56 113 30 6 19.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE NONE 5 57 116 30 6 19.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 5 60 115 25 6 19.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 12 48 103 30 6 19.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE NONE 12 51 102 30 6 19.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 220pF 12 56 113 30 6 19.1
2.5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 220pF 12 70 140 25 6 19.1
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 100pF 7 120 240 30 6 13.3
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 7 110 214 30 6 13.3
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 7 110 214 30 6 13.3
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 7 114 230 30 6 13.3
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 1 × 100µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 100pF 12 110 214 30 6 13.3
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 3 × 22µF 6.3V 470µF 4V NONE 150pF 12 110 214 35 6 13.3
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 2 × 100µF 6.3V 330µF 6.3V NONE 100pF 12 110 214 35 6 13.3
3.3 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 100pF 12 114 230 30 6 13.3
5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 22pF 15 188 375 25 6 8.25
5 2 × 10µF 35V 150µF 35V 4 × 100µF 6.3V NONE NONE 22pF 20 159 320 25 6 8.25
*X7R is recommended for extended temperature range
applicaTions inForMaTion
LTM4601AHV 18
LTM4601AHV
18
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Table 3. 1.5V Output at 12A
DERATING CURVE VIN (V) POWER LOSS CURVE AIR FLOW (LFM) HEAT SINK θJA (°C/W) LGA θJA (°C/W) BGA
Figures 9, 11, 15 5, 12, 24 Figure 7 0 None 15.2 15.7
Figures 9, 11, 15 5, 12, 24 Figure 7 200 None 14 14.5
Figures 9, 11, 15 5, 12, 24 Figure 7 400 None 12 12.5
Figures 10, 12, 16 5, 12, 24 Figure 7 0 BGA Heat Sink 13.9 14.4
Figures 10, 12, 16 5, 12, 24 Figure 7 200 BGA Heat Sink 11.3 11.8
Figures 10, 12, 16 5, 12, 24 Figure 7 400 BGA Heat Sink 10.25 10.75
Table 4. 3.3V Output at 12A
DERATING CURVE VIN (V) POWER LOSS CURVE AIR FLOW (LFM) HEAT SINK θJA (°C/W) LGA θJA (°C/W) BGA
Figure 13 12 Figure 8 0 None 15.2 15.7
Figure 13 12 Figure 8 200 None 14.6 15.0
Figure 13 12 Figure 8 400 None 13.4 13.9
Figure 14 12 Figure 8 0 BGA Heat Sink 13.9 14.4
Figure 14 12 Figure 8 200 BGA Heat Sink 11.1 11.6
Figure 14 12 Figure 8 400 BGA Heat Sink 10.5 11
Heat Sink Manufacturer
Aavid Thermalloy Part No: 375424B00034G Phone: 603-224-9988
applicaTions inForMaTion
LTM4601AHV TAHIlIullII. ... o... .... IIIIIIIIIIII ... .... .... . u u . . o . u u . o . n o o . . . o o . . 19 L7 LJUW
LTM4601AHV
19
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 17. Recommended Layout
(LGA and BGA PCB Layouts Are Identical with the Exception of Circle Pads for BGA. See Package Description.)
applicaTions inForMaTion
SIGNAL
GND
CONTROL
CONTROL
CONTROL
4601AHV F17
VOUT
VIN
PGND
COUT COUT
CIN CIN
Safety Considerations
The LTM4601AHV modules do not provide isolation
from VIN to VOUT. There is no internal fuse. If required,
a slow blow fuse with a rating twice the maximum input
current needs to be provided to protect each unit from
catastrophic failure.
Layout Checklist/Example
The high integration of LTM4601AHV makes the PCB
board layout very simple and easy. However, to optimize
its electrical and thermal performance, some layout con-
siderations are still necessary.
Use large PCB copper areas for high current path, in-
cluding VIN, PGND and VOUT. It helps to minimize the
PCB conduction loss and thermal stress.
Place high frequency ceramic input and output capaci-
tors next to the VIN, PGND and VOUT pins to minimize
high frequency noise.
Place a dedicated power ground layer underneath the
unit. Refer frequency synchronization source to power
ground.
To minimize the via conduction loss and reduce module
thermal stress, use multiple vias for interconnection
between top layer and other power layers.
Do not put vias directly on pads unless they are capped.
Use a separated SGND ground copper area for com-
ponents connected to signal pins. Connect the SGND
to PGND underneath the unit.
Figure 17 gives a good example of the recommended layout.
Frequency Adjustment
The L
TM4601AHV is designed to typically operate at 850kHz
across most input conditions. The fSET pin is normally
left open. The switching frequency has been optimized
for maintaining constant output ripple noise over most
operating ranges. The 850kHz switching frequency and
the 400ns minimum off time can limit operation at higher
duty cycles like 5V to 3.3V, and produce excessive induc-
tor ripple currents for lower duty cycle applications like
28V to 5V. The 5VOUT and 3.3VOUT drop out curves are
modified by adding an external resistor on the fSET pin to
allow for lower input voltage operation, or higher input
voltage operation.
LTM4601AHV 20 L7ELUEN2
LTM4601AHV
20
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Example for 5V Output
LTM4601AHV minimum on-time = 100ns
tON = [(VOUT • 10pF)/IfSET], for VOUT > 4.8V use 4.8V
LTM4601AHV minimum off-time = 400ns
tOFF = t – tON, where t = 1/Frequency
Duty Cycle = tON/t or VOUT/VIN
Equations for setting frequency:
IfSET = [VIN/(3 RfSET)], for 28V operation, IfSET = 238µA,
tON = [(4.8 10pF)/IfSET], tON = 202ns, where the internal
RfSET is 39.2k. Frequency = [VOUT/(VIN tON)] = [5V/(28
202ns)] ~ 884kHz. The inductor ripple current begins to
get high at the higher input voltages due to a larger voltage
across the inductor. This is noted in the Inductor Ripple
Current vs Duty Cycle graph (Figure 3) where IL ≈ 10A at
20% duty cycle. The inductor ripple current can be lowered
at the higher input voltages by adding an external resistor
from fSET to ground to increase the switching frequency.
A 7A ripple current is chosen, and the total peak current
is equal to 1/2 of the 7A ripple current plus the output
current. The 5V output current is limited to 8A, so the
total peak current is less than 11.5A. This is below the
14A peak specified value. A 100k resistor is placed from
fSET to ground, and the parallel combination of 100k and
39.2k equates to 28k. The IfSET calculation with 28k and
28V input voltage equals 333µA. This equates to a tON of
144ns. This will increase the switching frequency from
~884kHz to ~1.24MHz for the 28V to 5V conversion. The
minimum on time is above 100ns at 28V input. Since the
switching frequency is approximately constant over input
and output conditions, then the lower input voltage range
is limited to 10V for the 1.24MHz operation due to the
400ns minimum off time. Equation: tON = (VOUT/VIN) (1/
Frequency) equates to a 400ns on time, and a 400ns off
time. The VIN to VOUT Step-Down Ratio curves reflect an
operating range of 10V to 28V for 1.24MHz operation with
a 100k resistor to ground as shown in Figure 18, and an
8V to 16V operation for fSET floating. These modifications
are made to provide wider input voltage ranges for the 5V
output designs while limiting the inductor ripple current,
and maintaining the 400ns minimum off-time.
Example for 3.3V Output
LTM4601AHV minimum on-time = 100ns
tON = [(VOUT • 10pF)/IfSET]
LTM4601AHV minimum off-time = 400ns
tOFF = t – tON, where t = 1/Frequency
Duty Cycle (DC) = tON/t or VOUT/VIN
Equations for setting frequency:
IfSET = [VIN/(3 RfSET)], for 28V operation, IfSET = 238µA,
tON = [(3.3 10pF)/IfSET], tON = 138.7ns, where the internal
RfSET is 39.2k. Frequency = [VOUT/(VIN tON)] = [3.3V/(28
138.7ns)] ~ 850kHz. The minimum on-time and minimum
off-time are within specification at 139ns and 1037ns. The
4.5V minimum input for converting 3.3V output will not
meet the minimum off-time specification of 400ns. tON =
868ns, Frequency = 850kHz, tOFF = 315ns.
Solution
Lower the switching frequency at lower input voltages to
allow for higher duty cycles, and meet the 400ns minimum
off-time at 4.5V input voltage. The off-time should be about
500ns, which includes a 100ns guard band. The duty cycle
for (3.3V/4.5V) = ~73%. Frequency = (1 – DC)/tOFF or
(1 – 0.73)/500ns = 540kHz. The switching frequency
needs to be lowered to 540kHz at 4.5V input. tON = DC/
frequency, or 1.35µs. The fSET pin voltage is 1/3 of VIN, and
the IfSET current equates to 38µA with the internal 39.2k.
The IfSET current needs to be 24µA for 540kHz operation.
As shown in Figure 19, a resistor can be placed from VOUT
to fSET to lower the effective IfSET current out of the fSET
pin to 24µA. The fSET pin is 4.5V/3 =1.5V and VOUT = 3.3V,
therefore 130k will source 14µA into the fSET node and
lower the IfSET current to 24µA. This enables the 540kHz
operation and the 4.5V to 28V input operation for down
converting to 3.3V output. The frequency will scale from
540kHz to 1.1 MHz over this input range. This provides
for an effective output current of 8A over the input range.
applicaTions inForMaTion
LTM4601AHV L7 LJUW 2 1
LTM4601AHV
21
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 18. 5V at 8A Design Without Differential Amplifier
VOUT
VFB
MARG0
MARG1
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
PGOOD
MPGM
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
TRACK/SSPLLIN
LTM4601AHV
R1
392k
1%
RfSET
100k
RSET
8.25k
C3
100µF
6.3V
SANYO
POSCAP
4601AHV F18
VOUT
5V
8A
TRACK/SS CONTROL
REVIEW TEMPERATURE
DERATING CURVE
REFER TO
TABLE 2
C2
10µF
35V
IMPROVE
EFFICIENCY
FOR ≥12V INPUT
C1
10µF
35V
R4
100k
R2
100k VIN
V
OUT
fSETPGND
MARGIN CONTROL
SGND
5% MARGIN
VIN
10V TO 28V
CMSSH-3C3
SOT-323
+22µF
6.3V
applicaTions inForMaTion
Figure 19. 3.3V at 10A Design
VOUT
VFB
MARG0
MARG1
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
PGOOD
MPGM
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
TRACK/SSPLLIN
LTM4601AHV
R1
392k
R4
100k
R2
100k
RSET
13.3k
RfSET
130k
MARGIN CONTROL
C3
100µF
6.3V
SANYO
POSCAP
22µF
6.3V
4601AHV F19
VOUT
3.3V
10A
TRACK/SS CONTROL
C2
10µF
25V
3x
VIN
V
OUT
fSETPGNDSGND
5% MARGIN
VIN
4.5V TO 16V
REVIEW TEMPERATURE
DERATING CURVE
+
PGOOD
LTM4601AHV CLOCKSVNC T 2‘: __ I I A E II T ii T W? Figure 21. Z-Phase Parallel, 3.3V atZIJA Design
LTM4601AHV
22
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 21. 2-Phase Parallel, 3.3V at 20A Design
VOUT
VFB
MARG0
MARG1
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
PGOOD
MPGM
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
TRACK/SSPLLIN
LTM4601AHV
R1
392k
392k
R4
100k
R2
100k
VOUT
RSET
6.65k
C3
22µF
6.3V
C4
470µF
6.3V
VOUT
3.3V
20A
CLOCK SYNC
0° PHASE
CLOCK SYNC
180° PHASE
C6 220pF
MARGIN CONTROL
TRACK/SS CONTROL
TRACK/SS CONTROL
REFER TO
TABLE 2
REFER TO
TABLE 2
C5*
100µF
35V
C1
0.1µF
C2
10µF
35V
2x
VIN
fSETPGNDSGND
VOUT
VFB
MARG0
MARG1
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
PGOOD
MPGM
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
TRACK/SSPLLIN
LTM4601AHV
VIN
fSETPGNDSGND
5%
MARGIN
LTC6908-1
VIN
6V TO 28V
PGOOD
2-PHASE
OSCILLATOR
100pF
C3
22µF
6.3V
4601AHV F21
C7
0.033µF
C8
10µF
35V
2x
* C5 OPTIONAL TO REDUCE ANY LC RINGING.
NOT NEEDED FOR LOW INDUCTANCE
PLANE CONNECTION
+
C4
470µF
6.3V
+
+
V+
GND
SET
6
5
4
1
2
3
OUT1
OUT2
MOD
VOUT = 0.6V
RSET
60.4k
N+ R
SET
N = NUMBER OF PHASES
118k
1%
applicaTions inForMaTion
VOUT
VFB
MARG0
MARG1
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
PGOOD
MPGM
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
TRACK/SSPLLIN
LTM4601AHV
R1
392k
R4
100k
R2
100k
RSET
40.2k
RfSET
175k
COUT1
100µF
6.3V
C5
0.01µF
COUT2
470µF
6.3V
MARGIN
CONTROL
4601AHV F20
V
OUT
1.5V
10A
CLOCK SYNC
C3 100pF
REFER TO
TABLE 2 FOR
DIFFERENT
OUTPUT
VOLTAGE
CIN
BULK
OPT CIN
10µF
35V
3x CER
VIN
VOUT
fSET
VIN
PGNDSGND
5% MARGIN
VIN
22V TO 28V
REVIEW TEMPERATURE
DERATING CURVE
+
+
PGOOD
ON/OFF
Figure 20. Typical 22V to 28V, 1.5V at 10A Design, 500kHz
LTM4601AHV —u- L7LJE1§GB 23
LTM4601AHV
23
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 22. Dual Outputs (3.3V and 2.5V) with Coincident Tracking
Typical applicaTions
VOUT
FB
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
MARG0
MARG1
PGOOD
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
MPGM
fSET
TRACK/SS
PLLIN
LTM4601AHV
VIN
3.3V 3.3V
3.3V
TRACK
LTC6908-1
2-PHASE
OSCILLATOR
PGNDSGND
V+
GND
SET
OUT1
OUT2
MOD
R4
100k
180° PHASE
0° PHASE
MARGIN CONTROL MARGIN CONTROL
4601AHV F22
R2
392k
C3
0.15µF
C8
0.1µF
C2
100µF
6.3V
C1
10µF
35V
VIN
6V TO
28V
R1
13.3k
VOUT1
3.3V
10A
R3
100k
R1
118k
C4
150µF
6.3V
VOUT
FB
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
MARG0
MARG1
PGOOD
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
MPGM
fSET
TRACK/SS
PLLIN
LTM4601AHV
VIN
PGNDSGND
R8
100k
R6
392k
R15
19.1k
R16
60.4k
C6
100µF
6.3V
C5
10µF
35V
R5
19.1k
V
OUT2
2.5V
10A
R7
100k
C7
150µF
6.3V
LT|\/I4601AHV
LTM4601AHV
24
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Figure 23. Dual Outputs (1.8V and 1.5V) with Coincident Tracking
Typical applicaTions
VOUT
FB
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
MARG0
MARG1
PGOOD
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
MPGM
fSET
TRACK/SS
PLLIN
LTM4601AHV
VIN
1.8V 1.8V
1.8V
TRACK
LTC6908-1
2-PHASE
OSCILLATOR
PGNDSGND
V+
GND
SET
OUT1
OUT2
MOD
R4
100k
180° PHASE
0° PHASE
MARGIN CONTROL MARGIN CONTROL
4601AHV F23
R2
392k
C3
0.15µF
C8
0.1µF
C2
100µF
6.3V
C1
10µF
35V
VIN
6V TO
28V
R1
30.1k
C8
47pF
VOUT1
1.8V
10A
R3
100k
R1
182k
C4
220µF
6.3V
VOUT
FB
VOUT_LCL
DIFFVOUT
VOSNS+
VOSNS
MARG0
MARG1
PGOOD
RUN
COMP
INTVCC
DRVCC
MPGM
fSET
TRACK/SS
PLLIN
LTM4601AHV
VIN
PGNDSGND
R8
100k
R6
392k
R15
40.2k
R16
60.4k
C6
100µF
6.3V
C9
47pF
C5
10µF
35V
R5
40.2k
V
OUT2
1.5V
10A
R7
100k C7
220µF
6.3V
LTM4601AHV ......h....n .. . .w..... .... .p..... ,4 E , ¢ ,3 fig ‘ % . é I 7 ‘ ‘ F /......m....., * F ....h.....§ ‘ ‘_‘.‘.‘.“...1......4L 44* \ \ng JP Q 4<>< ah="" l7hejwegr="" 25="">
LTM4601AHV
25
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
package DescripTion
BGA Package
133-Lead (15mm × 15mm × 3.42mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1877 Rev B)
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/designtools/packaging/ for the most recent package drawings.
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ASME Y14.5M-1994
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
BALL DESIGNATION PER JESD MS-028 AND JEP95
5. PRIMARY DATUM -Z- IS SEATING PLANE
4
3
DETAILS OF PIN #1 IDENTIFIER ARE OPTIONAL,
BUT MUST BE LOCATED WITHIN THE ZONE INDICATED.
THE PIN #1 IDENTIFIER MAY BE EITHER A MOLD OR
MARKED FEATURE
PACKAGE TOP VIEW
4
PIN “A1”
CORNER
X
Y
aaa Z
aaa Z
PACKAGE BOTTOM VIEW
PIN 1
3
SEE NOTES
SUGGESTED PCB LAYOUT
TOP VIEW
BGA 133 0511 REV B
LTMXXXXXX
µModule
TRAY PIN 1
BEVEL
PACKAGE IN TRAY LOADING ORIENTATION
COMPONENT
PIN “A1
DETAIL A
0.0000
0.0000
DETAIL A
Øb (133 PLACES)
DETAIL B
SUBSTRATE
0.27 – 0.37
2.45 – 2.55
// bbb Z
D
A
A1
b1
ccc Z
DETAIL B
PACKAGE SIDE VIEW
MOLD
CAP
Z
MX YZddd
MZeee
0.630 ±0.025 Ø 133x
SYMBOL
A
A1
A2
b
b1
D
E
e
F
G
aaa
bbb
ccc
ddd
eee
MIN
3.22
0.50
2.72
0.60
0.60
NOM
3.42
0.60
2.82
0.75
0.63
15.0
15.0
1.27
13.97
13.97
MAX
3.62
0.70
2.92
0.90
0.66
0.15
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.15
NOTES
DIMENSIONS
TOTAL NUMBER OF BALLS: 133
Eb
e
e
b
A2
F
G
BGA Package
133-Lead (15mm × 15mm × 3.42mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1877 Rev B)
0.6350
0.6350
1.9050
1.9050
3.1750
3.1750
4.4450
4.4450
5.7150
5.7150
6.9850
6.9850
6.9850
5.7150
5.7150
4.4450
4.4450
3.1750
3.1750
1.9050
1.9050
0.6350
0.6350
6.9850
FGHM L JK E ABCD
2
1
4
3
5
6
7
12
8
9
10
11
LTM4601AHV 26 L7ELUEN2
LTM4601AHV
26
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
package DescripTion
LGA Package
133-Lead (15mm × 15mm × 2.82mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1755 Rev Ø)
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ASME Y14.5M-1994
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
LAND DESIGNATION PER JESD MO-222, SPP-010
5. PRIMARY DATUM -Z- IS SEATING PLANE
6. THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PADS: 133
4
3
DETAILS OF PAD #1 IDENTIFIER ARE OPTIONAL,
BUT MUST BE LOCATED WITHIN THE ZONE INDICATED.
THE PAD #1 IDENTIFIER MAY BE EITHER A MOLD OR
MARKED FEATURE
SYMBOL
aaa
bbb
eee
TOLERANCE
0.10
0.10
0.05
2.72 – 2.92
DETAIL B
DETAIL B
SUBSTRATE
MOLD
CAP
0.27 – 0.37
2.45 – 2.55
bbb Z
Z
15
BSC
PACKAGE TOP VIEW
15
BSC
4
PAD 1
CORNER
XY
aaa Z
aaa Z
DETAIL A
13.97
BSC
1.27
BSC
13.97
BSC
0.12 – 0.28
L K J H G F E D C B
PACKAGE BOTTOM VIEW
C(0.30)
PAD 1
3
PADS
SEE NOTES M A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
9
11
12
DETAIL A
0.630 0.025 SQ. 133x
SYXeee
SUGGESTED PCB LAYOUT
TOP VIEW
0.0000
0.6350
0.6350
1.9050
1.9050
3.1750
3.1750
4.4450
4.4450
5.7150
5.7150
6.9850
6.9850
6.9850
5.7150
5.7150
4.4450
4.4450
3.1750
3.1750
1.9050
1.9050
0.6350
0.6350
0.0000
6.9850
LGA 133 0807 REV Ø
LTMXXXXXX
µModule
TRAY PIN 1
BEVEL
PACKAGE IN TRAY LOADING ORIENTATION
COMPONENT
PIN “A1
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/designtools/packaging/ for the most recent package drawings.
LTM4601AHV L7Hߤ0g 27
LTM4601AHV
27
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Pin Assignment Table 5
(Arranged by Pin Number)
package DescripTion
PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME
A1 VIN B1 VIN C1 VIN D1 PGND E1 PGND F1 PGND
A2 VIN B2 VIN C2 VIN D2 PGND E2 PGND F2 PGND
A3 VIN B3 VIN C3 VIN D3 PGND E3 PGND F3 PGND
A4 VIN B4 VIN C4 VIN D4 PGND E4 PGND F4 PGND
A5 VIN B5 VIN C5 VIN D5 PGND E5 PGND F5 PGND
A6 VIN B6 VIN C6 VIN D6 PGND E6 PGND F6 PGND
A7 INTVCC B7 PGND C7 PGND D7 - E7 PGND F7 PGND
A8 PLLIN B8 - C8 - D8 PGND E8 - F8 PGND
A9 TRACK/SS B9 PGND C9 PGND D9 INTVCC E9 PGND F9 PGND
A10 RUN B10 - C10 MTP1 D10 MPT2 E10 - F10 -
A11 COMP B11 MPGM C11 fSET D11 MPT3 E11 - F11 PGOOD
A12 MPGM B12 fSET C12 MARG0 D12 MARG1 E12 DRVCC F12 VFB
PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME PIN NAME
G1 PGND H1 PGND J1 VOUT K1 VOUT L1 VOUT M1 VOUT
G2 PGND H2 PGND J2 VOUT K2 VOUT L2 VOUT M2 VOUT
G3 PGND H3 PGND J3 VOUT K3 VOUT L3 VOUT M3 VOUT
G4 PGND H4 PGND J4 VOUT K4 VOUT L4 VOUT M4 VOUT
G5 PGND H5 PGND J5 VOUT K5 VOUT L5 VOUT M5 VOUT
G6 PGND H6 PGND J6 VOUT K6 VOUT L6 VOUT M6 VOUT
G7 PGND H7 PGND J7 VOUT K7 VOUT L7 VOUT M7 VOUT
G8 PGND H8 PGND J8 VOUT K8 VOUT L8 VOUT M8 VOUT
G9 PGND H9 PGND J9 VOUT K9 VOUT L9 VOUT M9 VOUT
G10 - H10 - J10 VOUT K10 VOUT L10 VOUT M10 VOUT
G11 SGND H11 SGND J11 - K11 VOUT L11 VOUT M11 VOUT
G12 PGOOD H12 SGND J12 VOSNS+K12 DIFFVOUT L12 VOUT_LCL M12 VOSNS
LTM4601AHV
LTM4601AHV
28
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Pin Assignment Tables
(Arranged by Pin Function)
package DescripTion
PIN NAME
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
PIN NAME
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D8
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
E1
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
G1
G2
G3
G4
G5
G6
G7
G8
G9
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
H1
H2
H3
H4
H5
H6
H7
H8
H9
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PGND
PIN NAME
J1
J2
J3
J4
J5
J6
J7
J8
J9
J10
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
K1
K2
K3
K4
K5
K6
K7
K8
K9
K10
K11
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
L1
L2
L3
L4
L5
L6
L7
L8
L9
L10
L11
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
M1
M2
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8
M9
M10
M11
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
VOUT
PIN NAME
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
INTVCC
PLLIN
TRACK/SS
RUN
COMP
MPGM
B12 fSET
C12 MARG0
D12 MARG1
E12 DRVCC
F12 VFB
G12 PGOOD
H12 SGND
J12 VOSNS+
K12 DIFFVOUT
L12 VOUT_LCL
M12 VOSNS
PIN NAME
B7
B8
B9
B10
B11
PGND
-
PGND
-
MPGM
C7
C8
C9
C10
C11
PGND
-
PGND
MTP1
fSET
D7
D8
D9
D10
D11
-
PGND
INTVCC
MTP2
MTP3
E8
E9
E10
E11
-
PGND
-
-
F10
F11
-
PGOOD
G10
G11
-
SGND
H10
H11
-
SGND
J11 -
LTM4601AHV L7HEJWEGR 29
LTM4601AHV
29
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representa-
tion that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.
revision hisTory
REV DATE DESCRIPTION PAGE NUMBER
A 12/10 Updated DIFFVOUT Range specification in the Electrical Characteristics section.
Updated MTP1, MTP2, MTP3 pin description in the Pin Functions section.
Updated the Simplified Block Diagram.
Edited various text in the Applications Information section.
Updated Figures 7 and 8.
3
8
8
10 to 21
15
B 8/11 Added BGA package. Changes reflected throughout the data sheet. 1 to 30
C 2/14 Added SnPb BGA option 1, 2
LTM4601AHV 'Silk'un Sunknndudnr L7HCU§QB 30
LTM4601AHV
30
4601ahvfc
For more information www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2008
LT 0214 REV C • PRINTED IN USA
Linear Technology Corporation
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900 FAX: (408) 434-0507 www.linear.com/LTM4601AHV
package phoTos
PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION COMMENTS
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LTC2923 Power Supply Tracking Controller Tracks Both Up and Down, Power Supply Sequencing
LT3825/LT3837 Synchronous Isolated Flyback Controllers No Opto-coupler Required, 3.3V, 12A Output, Simple Design
LTM4600 10A DC/DC µModule Regulator Fast Transient Response, LTM4600HVMPV: –55°C to 125°C Tested
LTM4601 12A DC/DC µModule Regulator with PLL, Output
Tracking/ Margining and Remote Sensing
Synchronizable, PolyPhase Operation to 48A, LTM4601-1 Version Has No
Remote Sensing
LTM4602 6A DC/DC µModule Regulator Pin Compatible with the LTM4600
LTM4603 6A DC/DC µModule Regulator with PLL and Output
Tracking/Margining and Remote Sensing
Synchronizable, PolyPhase Operation, LTM4603-1 Version Has No
Remote Sensing, Pin Compatible with the LTM4601
LTM4604A 4A Low Voltage DC/DC µModule Regulator 2.375V ≤ VIN ≤ 5.5V, 0.8V ≤ VOUT ≤ 5V,
15mm × 9mm × 2.32mm (Ultrathin) LGA Package
LTM4608A 8A Low Voltage DC/DC µModule Regulator 2.375V ≤ VIN ≤ 5.5V, 0.6V ≤ VOUT ≤ 5V;
15mm × 9mm × 2.82mm LGA Package
LTM8020 200mA, 36VIN DC/DC µModule Regulator 4V ≤ VIN ≤ 36V, 1.25V ≤ VOUT ≤ 5V,
6.25mm × 6.25mm × 2.32mm LGA Package
LTM8021 500mA, 36VIN DC/DC µModule Regulator 3V ≤ VIN ≤ 36V, 0.8V ≤ VOUT ≤ 5V,
11.25mm × 6.25mm × 2.82mm LGA Package
LTM8022/L
TM8023 1A/2A, 36VIN DC/DC µModule Regulator Family 3.6V ≤ VIN ≤ 36V, 0.8V ≤ VOUT ≤ 10V, Pin Compatible,
11.25mm × 9mm × 2.82mm LGA Package
This product contains technology licensed from Silicon Semiconductor Corporation. ®
relaTeD parTs
15mm
15mm
2.82mm
15mm
15mm
3.42mm