GP2Y0E03 Datasheet by SHARP/Socle Technology

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1Sheet No. : OP13002EN
Notice The content of data sheet is subject to change without prior notice.
In the absence of confirmation by device specification sheets, SHARP takes no responsibility for any defects that may occur in equipment using any SHARP
devices shown in catalogs, data books, etc. Contact SHARP in order to obtain the latest device specification sheets before using any SHARP device.
GP2Y0E03
GP2Y0E03
Distance Measuring Sensor Unit
Measuring distance : 4 to 50 cm
Digital(I C) / Analog output type
Features
Description Agency approvals/Compliance
1. Infrared LED and CMOS image sensor with
built-in signal processing circuit
2. Distance measuring range : 4 to 50 cm
3. Low voltage operation : Min 2.7V
4. Compact size (16.7 × 11.0 × 5.2mm)
5. High-precision measurement
6. Digital(I C) / Analog output type
GP2Y0E03 is a distance measuring sensor unit,
composed of an integrated combination of CMOS
image sensor and IR-LED.
The variety of the reflectivity of the object, the
environmental temperature and the operating duration
are not influenced easily to the distance detection
because of adopting the triangulation method.
This device outputs the voltage corresponding to the
detection distance and digital(I C) data.
So this sensor can also be used as a proximity sensor.
1. Compliant with RoHS directive (2002/95/EC)
Applications
1. Cleaning Robot
2. Human type Robot
3. Touch-less switch
(Sanitary equipment, Control of illumination, etc)
4. Sensor for energy saving
(ATM, Copier, LCD monitor, etc)
5. Amusement equipment
(Robot, game machine, etc)
2
2
2
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2
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
Schematic
Please use an electric source with an output current of 150mA or more because LED pulse current is more than 100mA.
510Ω
1uF
1uF
1uF
1uF
1uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
VDD
Vout(A)
GND
VIN(IO)
GPIO1
SCL
SDA
Outline
Unit : mm(Drawing No.CY15117i02) Scale : 5/1
3
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
Absolute maximum ratings Ta=25°C (unless otherwise specified)
Recommended operating conditions
Parameter
Supply voltage
Storage temperature
Operating temperature
I C I/O terminal voltage
I C input terminal voltage
Input terminal voltage
I/O supply voltage
Output current
Output terminal voltage
2
2
Symbol
VDD
Tstg
Topr
SDA
SCL
GPIO1
VIN (IO)
Iout (A)
Vout (A)
Unit
-0.3 to + 5.5
-40 to +70
-10 to +60
-0.3 to VIN(IO)+0.3
-0.3 to VIN(IO)+0.3
-0.3 to VIN(IO)+0.3
-0.3 to VDD+0.3 (VDD 3.3V)
-0.3 to +3.6 (VDD > 3.3V)
-6.0 to +6.0
-0.3 to +2.8
>
=
Ratings
V
°C
°C
V
V
V
V
mA
V
Remark
-
-
-
Refer to 3-4
Refer to 3-4
Refer to 3-4
Refer to 3-4
-
-
Parameter
Supply voltage
GPIO1 Low level input
SCL, SDA Low level input
SCL, SDA High level input
I/O supply voltage
Symbol
VDD
VIL
VIL1
VIH1
VIN (IO)
Unit
2.7 to 5.5
Max. VIN(IO) x 0.3
Max. VIN(IO) x 0.3
Min. VIN(IO) x 0.7
1.8 to 3.3
Rating
V
V
V
V
V
Remark
-
Stand-by state
-
-
-
GPIO1 High level input VIH Min. VIN(IO) x 0.7 V Operating state
Dismncc Value [)3 L’4cm (Note 1, 2, 3) 3 5 Oumm mnninul volmgc Vom(A)l L’SOcm (Note 1, 2) 0.3 u x Oumm mnninul volmgc Vom(A)2 L’ll)cm (Note 1, 2) 1.9 2 1 Oumm mrminul vohagc Vom(A)3 L’4cm (Note 1,2 2.1 2 3 Average supply current Iccl 50cm, GPI()1*VIN( , 36 Stundrby mpply currcm 1cc2 (iPl()1*(iND , 60 Reaponsc 111m (Note 41 T.~ m a 1:4cm (N , 40 (Note 1) (Note 2) (Note 3) (Note 4) (Note 5)
4
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
GPIO1
Reflective
Object 10% @50cm 90% @4cm
Vout(A)
2.1[V] (spec min. @4cm)
2.3[V] (spec max. @4cm)
Ts (Max 40ms)
Distance
(I C)
2
50cm 4cm
Response time of I C output is faster than that of Vout(A) because it is stabilized soon after distance data output.
Distance data is updated every 2ms after response time.
Electro-optical Characteristics (Ta=25°C, VDD =3V)
Parameter
Measuring distance range
Response time (Note 4)
Stand-by supply current
Average supply current
Output terminal voltage
Output terminal voltage
Distance value
Distance value
Distance value
Symbol
Ts
Icc2
Icc1
Vout(A)3
Vout(A)2
D3
D2
D1
MIN.
(Note 1, 2)
L=50cm L=4cm (Note 5)
GPIO1=GND
L=50cm, GPIO1=VIN(IO)
L=4cm (Note 1,2)
L=10cm (Note 1, 2)
L=4cm (Note 1, 2, 3)
L=10cm (Note 1, 2, 3)
L=50cm (Note 1, 2, 3)
Conditions
4
-
-
-
2.1
1.9
3
9
45
MAX.
50
40
60
36
2.3
2.1
5
11
55
Output terminal voltage Vout(A)1 L=50cm (Note 1, 2) 0.3 0.8
L
TYP.
-
-
20
26
2.2
2.0
4
10
50
0.55
Unit
cm
ms
μA
mA
V
V
cm
cm
cm
V
L : Distance to reflective object
(Note 1) Under dark condition
(Note 2) Using reflective object :
(Note 2) White paper (Made by Japan Color Research Institute order made color chart : mat, reflective ratio : 90%)
(Note 3) Distance data through I C bus
(Note 4) Max. time means that it takes time to stabilize output due to the change of reflected signal light.
(Note 4) Definition : the case that object condition is changed suddenly from the least reflection(max. gain condition in
(Note 4) internal circuit) to the most reflection (min. gain condition in internal circuit).
(Note 5) Method of measuring (Ts)
(Note 4) Connect GPIO1 with GND during measuring L=50cm with reflective object:
(Note 4) Gray paper (mat, reflective ratio : 10%).
(Note 4) After changing the position (L=4cm with reflective object: White paper (mat, reflective ratio : 90%),
(Note 4) Measuring the time of the output terminal : Vout(A) until stabilizing after connecting GPIO1 with VIN(IO)
2
2
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5
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
Timing Chart
1. Power On/Off Timing Sequence
VDD
T1 T4
T1, T4 : Refer to 2
VIN(IO) should be turned off before VDD is turned off, or at the same time when VDD is turned off. I C communication
with other devices connected to the same bus is not allowed after VDD or VIN(IO) is turned off. In case that both of VDD
and VIN(IO) turn off, GPIO1, SCL and SDA should be pull low. In case that only VIN(IO) turn off, GPIO1, SCL and SDA
should be pull low. If this product is operated under the condition except the above, this product or other device around it
may give damage due to excessive current.
2. Active / Stand-by timing sequence
2
There are two ways (Hardware / Software) to control Active/stand-by state.
HW : GPIO1 is set High or Low
HW : GPIO1=high : Active state
HW : GPIO1=Low : Stand-by state
SW : I C register program
SW : SW control is effective when GPIO1 is high.
(1) Controlled by GPIO1
VDD
T1
T2
Access
Register
2
T3 T3
Active Stand-by Active
Access
Register
VIN(IO)
I C
State
GPIO1
VIN(IO)
(2) Controlled by I C
2
VDD
Stand-by
comman
Access
Register
T3
T3
Active
State Stand-by Active
Active
comman
T1
2
I C
VIN(IO)
GPIO1
2
6
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
T1
T3
T2
Description Max
0
500
0
Min
5
-
-
Unit
ms
us
ms
T4 0 - us
IO power delay after VDD power on
VIN(IO) leading to VDD power off
I C access delay after GPIO1 high or
active command completed
GPIO1 delay after VIN(IO) power on
Supplements
1. Example of output distance characteristics
Example of output distance characteristecs of GP2Y0E03
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Distance to reflective object*1 [cm]
Distence data through I C [cm]
Example of output distance characteristics of GP2Y0E03
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Distance to reflective object*1 [cm]
*1 : Using reflective object : White paper (reflective ratio : 90%)
2. Example of directional angle of emitting beam
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
-10 -5 0 5 10
Angle [°]
Relative value
2
2
Vout(A) [V]
7
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
Notes
[Advice for the optics]
Lens of this device shall be kept cleanly. There are cases that dust, water or oil and so on deteriorate the characteristics
 of this device. Please consider in actual application.
In case that protection cover is set in front of this sensor , the protection cover shall be recommended to use material
 which doesn’t scatter light and be matt finish. And the protection cover which has the most efficient transmittance
 at the emitting wavelength range of LED for this product (λ=850nm±70nm). And this protection cover is recommend to
 be flat. And this protection cover shall be recommended to be parallel to the emitter and detector portion. In case that
 protection cover is set in front of this sensor, It emits reflected light from this protection cover. If this reflect light reaches
 in detector portion, the output distance of this product may be changed. The output distance characteristics of this product
 may be changed with according to material () or transmittance () or the thickness () or the distance
 between the protection cover and this product () or the angle between surface and back () or the angle between this
 cover and this sensor(). In case that protection cover is set, please design to consider that this reflective light is
 minimized. And it shall be effective to put light shield wall between emitting lens and receiving lens as shown in below.
Sensor
Protection cover
thickness
Distance
Condition
No1
No4
No3
No2
thickness
1mm
2mm
2mm
1mm
distance
0mm
1mm
0mm
1mm
light shield wall
-
exisitence*
-
nonexistence
 Direct reflective light becomes large as Distance from sensor to protection cover and thickness of this cover become large.
 In case thickness is 2mm and distance is 1mm, measuring distance is changed shift larger from actual distance than other
 condition. It shifts can make small by using installation of light shield*and compensation function**.
*Noted for installation of light shield
 Inner distance between lens of detector and lens of emitter is around 0.6mm (reference). So the width of light shield is
 recommended to be less than 0.6mm. In case the width of light shield is longer than inner distance, measuring distance
 is changed by Shield a part of emitter lens or detector lens. Please confirm that there is no problem under the actual
 equipment. And In case between protection cover and light shield or between light shield and this sensor exists space,
 The effect of light shield is small because light from emitter leaks. The light shield wall is recommended to use the
 material that have the low transmittance at the emitting wavelength range of LED for this product (λ=850nm±70nm).
 When the material of light shield wall is hard, and the power stress in which it is added to this product is large, measuring
 distance may shift from actual distance.
Light shield wall Protection Light shield wall
The width of
light shield wall
cover
**Noted of compensation function
 This product has the function which rectifies error shift by the direct reflective light from protection cover. The accuracy
 after compensation is based on a protection cover or its installation condition. This function can be active when it set
 correction factor in this product by I C or E-fuse. Please refer to application manual about the detail of this function.
 Neither installation of a light shield wall nor use of a compensation function guarantees the distance characteristic.
 These improve error shift of the distance characteristic.
 Regardless of use of a light shield wall or a compensation function, please use it after confirming with customer’s product.
2
8
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
[Advice for the characteristics]
In case that there is an object near to light exits of the sensor between the sensor and the detected object, please use
this device after confirming sufficiently what the characteristics of this sensor do not change by the object.
This product has the function to remove disturbance light by the cancellation function of ambient light, a visible light cut
 lens, etc. But when the detector receive direct light from the sun, tungsten lamp and so on, there are cases that it can not
 measure the distance exactly. Please consider the design that the detector does not receive direct light from such light
 source. When you operate the customer’s set installing this product by the remote control, please consider soft that the
 output of this product being disregarded at the time of remote control operation by software.
Distance between sensor and mirror reflector cannot be measured exactly.
In case that reflective object has boundary line clearly, there is cases that distance can not measure exactly.
At that time, if direction of boundary line and the line between emitter center and detector center are parallels,
 it is possible to decrease deviation of measuring distance.
sensor
board (Incorrect) (Correct)
()
(×)
In order to decrease measuring error due to moving direction of object, we recommend to mount the sensor like
 below drawing.
(Incorrect)
(×)
(Correct)
()
(Moving direction) (Moving direction)
For satisfying the specification of the electro optical characteristic, it is necessary to install a flat surface of object in
 vertical of emitted light, and it is necessary to reflect the whole emitted light as shown in the following figure. As shown
 in the example of directional angle of emitting beam, The angle is around 6 ° (±3°) where emission becomes 10% of
 peaks. The object needs to exist in whole around 10 degrees (±5 degrees) area including the variation of peak position.
 For example, when the object is in 50 cm, it is necessary to install the object of at least 9cm diameter parallel to the
 surface of this sensor as follows. However above example doesn’t guarantee specification, please use it after confirming
 with customer’s product.
50cm
9cm sensor
object
(Example
:
R=90%, matt)
[Notes on handling]
Please don’t do washing. Washing may deteriorate the characteristics of optical system and so on.
 Please confirm resistance to chemicals under the actual usage since this product has not been designed against washing.
Please use this product under the condition that applied stress to the connector below 0.49N. And, harness is pulled
 in the state where it attached this sensor, or please be careful so that the stress more than the above may not be added to
 this sensor.
This product have the parts that mount to the substrate by soldering . Since there is a possibility that a solder mounting
 part may break when this product is used, the stress more than 4.9N should not be added to this product.
9
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
Compliance with each regulation
1. The RoHS directive(2002/95/EC)
This product complies with the RoHS directive(2002/95/EC) .
Object substances: mercury, lead (except for lead in high melting temperature type solders and glass of electronic
components), cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers
(PBDE)
2. Content of six substances specified in Management Methods for Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information
Products Regulation (Chinese : 子信息染控制管理).
Toxic and hazardous substances
Lead
(Pb)
Mercury
(Hg)
Cadmium
(Cd)
Hexavalent
chromium
(Cr6+ )
Polybrominated
biphenyls
(PBB)
Polybrominated
diphenyl ethers
(PBDE)
Distance measuring
sensor
: indicates that the content of the toxic and hazardous substance in all the homogeneous materials of the part is
below the concentration limit requirement as described in SJ/T 11363-2006 standard .
& ..m n .m m .w m
10
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
Packing specification
(Drawing No. CY15118i09)
Product
Tray
Pads (11 pieces)
10 sheets of tray
Packing case
Indication side.
(1) Packing number
Max 100 pieces per tray
Max 1000 pieces per case
(2) Close the lid of case and seals with craft tape, and fill in the blanks of Model No., quantity and date.
(3) Outside : 264 x 203 x 105 (mm)
(4) Indication
The content of the indication conforms to EIAJ C-3 and the following items are indicated.
Model No., Internal production control name, Quantity, Packing date, Corporate name, Country of origin
11
Sheet No. : OP13002EN
GP2Y0E03
Important Notices
· The circuit application examples in this publication are
provided to explain representative applications of
SHARP devices and are not intended to guarantee any circuit
design or license any intellectual property rights. SHARP
takes no responsibility for any problems related to any
intellectual property right of a third party resulting from the
use of SHARP's devices.
· Contact SHARP in order to obtain the latest device speci-
fication sheets before using any SHARP device. SHARP
reserves the right to make changes in the specifica-
tions, characteristics, data, materials, structure, and
other contents described herein at any time without
notice in order to improve design or reliability. Manu-
facturing locations are also subject to change without notice.
· Observe the following points when using any devices in
this publication. SHARP takes no responsibility for
damage caused by improper use of the devices which does
not meet the conditions and absolute maximum ratings to be
used specified in the relevant specification sheet nor meet the
following conditions:
(i) The devices in this publication are designed for use in
general electronic equipment designs such as:
--- Personal computers
--- Office automation equipment
--- Telecommunication equipment [terminal]
--- Test and measurement equipment
--- Industrial control
--- Audio visual equipment
--- Consumer electronics
(ii) Measures such as fail-safe function and redundant
design should be taken to ensure reliability and safety when
SHARP devices are used for or in connection
with equipment that requires higher reliability such as:
--- Transportation control and safety equipment (i.e.,
aircraft, trains, automobiles, etc.)
--- Traffic signals
--- Gas leakage sensor breakers
--- Alarm equipment
--- Various safety devices, etc.
(iii) SHARP devices shall not be used for or in
connection with equipment that requires an extremely
high level of reliability and safety such as:
--- Space applications
--- Telecommunication equipment [trunk lines]
--- Nuclear power control equipment
--- Medical and other life support equipment (e.g.,
scuba).
· If the SHARP devices listed in this publication fall
within the scope of strategic products described in the
Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law of Japan, it is
necessary to obtain approval to export such SHARP
devices.
· This publication is the proprietary product of SHARP
and is copyrighted, with all rights reserved. Under the
copyright laws, no part of this publication may be
reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, in
whole or in part, without the express written permission of
SHARP. Express written permission is also required
before any use of this publication may be made by a
third party.
· Contact and consult with a SHARP representative if
there are any questions about the contents of this
publication.

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