MAX8902A/02B Datasheet

Maxim Integrated

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Datasheet

MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
EVALUATION KIT AVAILABLE
19-0990; Rev 6; 1/15
General Description
The MAX8902A/MAX8902B low-noise linear regulators
deliver up to 500mA of output current with only
16µVRMS of output noise in a 100kHz bandwidth. These
regulators maintain their output voltage over a wide
input range, requiring only 100mV of input-to-output
headroom at full load.
These LDOs maintain a low 80µA typical supply cur-
rent, independent of the load current and dropout volt-
age. The regulator control circuitry includes a
programmable soft-start circuit and short circuit,
reverse current, and thermal-overload protection. Other
features include an enable input and a power-OK out-
put (MAX8902B only).
The MAX8902A output voltage can be set to 1.5V, 1.8V,
2.0V, 2.5V, 3.0V, 3.1V, 3.3V, 4.6V, or 4.7V using the
SELA and SELB inputs. The MAX8902B output voltage
can be set between 0.6V and 5.3V with an external
resistor voltage-divider.
Applications
Notebook Computers
MP3 and Portable Media Players
Wireless Headphones
GPS Portable Navigation Devices
Smartphones
Features
1.7V to 5.5V Input Voltage Range
0.6V to 5.3V Output Voltage Range
16µVRMS Output Noise, 10Hz to 100kHz
80µA Operating Supply Current
92dB PSRR at 5kHz
Guaranteed 500mA Output Current
±1.5% Output Accuracy Over Load, Line, and
Temperature
100mV (max) Dropout at 500mA Load
< 1µA Shutdown Supply Current
700mA Short-Circuit Protection
Thermal-Overload Protection
Output-to-Input Reverse Current Protection
2mm x 2mm x 0.8mm TDFN Package
Ordering Information
IN
EN
OUT
BYP
ON
OFF
OUTPUT
4.6V
SELB
SELA
OUTS
GND
EP
10μF
INPUT
4.7V TO 5.5V
0.01μF10μF
MAX8902A
Typical Operating Circuits
PART FEATURES TOP
MARK
MAX8902AATA+ Pin-selectable output
voltage ABG
MAX8902AATA/V+ Pin-selectable output
voltage BRP
MAX8902BATA+ Adjustable output voltage ABH
MAX8902BATA/V+ Adjustable output voltage ADL
+
Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package.
/V denotes an automotive qualified part.
Note: All devices are in an 8-pin, 2mm x 2mm TDFN package
with an exposed paddle and operate over the -40°C to +125°C
automotive temperature range.
IN
EN
OUT
BYP
ON
OFF
OUTPUT ADJUSTABLE
0.6V TO 5.3V
GS
POK
FB
GND
EP
10μF
INPUT
1.7V TO 5.5V
0.01μF10μF
MAX8902B
R1
R2
LOGIC
SUPPLY
R3
100kΩ
TO μC
Pin Configurations appear at end of data sheet.
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Maxim Integrated | 2www.maximintegrated.com
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
BYP, EN, IN, OUT, SELA, SELB, POK to GND, GS to GND, FB,
OUTS to GND .....................................................-0.3V to +6.0V
Output Short-Circuit Duration.....................................Continuous
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA= +70°C)
TDFN (derate 11.9mW/°C above +70°C)...................953.5mW
Operating Temperature Range .........................-40°C to +125°C
Junction Temperature Range ............................-40°C to +150°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
Soldering Temperature (reflow) .......................................+260°C
Electrical Characteristics
(VIN = VEN = 5V, OUTS = OUT, circuit of Figure 2 (MAX8902A) and Figure 3 (MAX8902B), TA= -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise
noted.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
IN
Input Voltage Range 1.7 5.5 V
Input Undervoltage Lockout VIN rising, 100mV typical hysteresis 1.5 1.6 1.7 V
OUT
Output Voltage Range VIN VOUT + 0.1V 0.6 5.3 V
Output Voltage Accuracy
VIN = 1.7V to 5.5V for VOUT 1.4V,
VIN = (VOUT + 0.3V) to 5.5V for VOUT > 1.4V,
IOUT = 0.1mA to 500mA
-1.5 +1.5 %
Load Regulation IOUT = 0.1mA to 500mA 0.02 %
Line Regulation
VIN = 1.7V to 5.5V for VOUT 1.4V,
VIN = (VOUT + 0.3V) to 5.5V for VOUT > 1.4V,
IOUT = 200mA
0.04 %
VIN 3.6V, TA +85°C 50 100
VIN 3.6V, TA +125°C 120
Dropout Voltage
(Note 2) IOUT = 500mA
VIN = 1.7V 150
mV
Current Limit VOUT = 95% of regulation, VIN = VOUT + 0.5V 600 700 800 mA
Output Noise IOUT = 100mA, f = 10Hz to 100kHz, CBYP = 0.01μF 16 μVRMS
f = 5kHz 92
f = 10kHz 85
Power-Supply Rejection Ratio IOUT = 10mA
f = 100kHz 62
dB
OUTS (MAX8902A only)
OUTS Input Bias Current In regulation 0.5 7.0 μA
FB (MAX8902B only)
FB Threshold Accuracy VIN = 1.7V to 5.5V, IOUT = 0.1mA to 500mA 0.591 0.600 0.609 V
TA = +2C -0.1 0.02 +0.1
FB Input Bias Current VFB = 0.6V TA = -40°C 0.03 μA
BYP
BYP Capacitor Range Regulator remains stable 1 100 nF
BYP Startup Current From BYP to GND during startup 50 μA
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Maxim Integrated | 3www.maximintegrated.com
Electrical Characteristics (continued)
(VIN = VEN = 5V, OUTS = OUT, circuit of Figure 2 (MAX8902A) and Figure 3 (MAX8902B), TA= -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise
noted.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
GND
TA < +8C 80 120
GND Supply Current IOUT = 0mA TA < +12C 160 μA
TA = +2C 0.001 +1
GND Shutdown Current VIN = 5.5V, EN = 0V TA = +85°C 0.01 μA
SELA/SELB (MAX8902A only)
When shorted to GND or VIN 500
Select Input Resistance When open 1 M
Select Input Capacitance When open 10 pF
EN
EN rising 0.8 1.2
EN falling, TA < +85°C 0.4 0.7 Enable Input Threshold VIN = 1.7V to 5.5V
EN falling, TA < +125°C 0.38 0.7
V
TA = +2C -1 0.001 +1
Enable Input Bias Current VEN = 0V to 5.5V TA = +8C 0.01 μA
POK (MAX8902B only)
OUT rising 88 91 94 %
POK Threshold OUT voltage when POK
switches OUT falling 88 %
POK Voltage, Low IPOK = 1mA 10 100 mV
TA = +2C -1 0.001 +1
POK Leakage Current POK = 5.5V, VEN = 0V TA = +8C 0.01 μA
THERMAL SHUTDOWN
TJ rising 165
Thermal Shutdown Threshold TJ falling 150 °C
OUTPUT TRANSIENT
Load Transient IOUT = 50mA to 500mA to 50mA, tRISE = tFALL= 1μs 25 mV/P-P
Line Transient VIN = 4V to 5V to 4V, tRISE = tFALL = 5μs, IOUT = 500mA 3 mV/P-P
IN-to-OUT Reverse Voltage
Turnoff Threshold IN falling below OUT 10 mV
Note 1: All devices are production tested at TA= +25°C. Specifications over the operating temperature range are guaranteed by
design and characterization.
Note 2: The dropout voltage is defined VIN - VOUT, when VOUT is 5% lower than the value of VOUT when VIN = VOUT + 0.5V.
Typical Operating Characteristics
(MAX8902A, VIN = 3.6V, VOUT = 2.5V, TA= +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
0
40
20
80
60
120
100
140
023145
QUIESCENT CURRENT
EN = HIGH, NO LOAD
MAX8902A/02B toc01
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
INPUT CURRENT (μA)
2.500
2.502
2.501
2.504
2.503
2.505
2.506
0 200100 300 400 500
LOAD REGULATION
MAX8902A/02B toc02
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
3.6V INPUT
2.490
2.496
2.494
2.492
2.498
2.500
2.502
2.504
2.506
2.508
2.510
1.5 2.5 3.5 4.5 5.5
LINE REGULATION
MAX8902A/02B toc03
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
200mA LOAD
40ms/div
LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE
50mA TO 500mA TO 50mA
VOUT 100mV/div
200mA/div
MAX8902A/02B toc04
IOUT
tRISE = tFALL = 1μs
10μs/div
LINE TRANSIENT RESPONSE
VIN 2V/div
2mV/div
MAX8902A/02B toc05
VOUT
2.5V OUTPUT
5Ω LOAD
5V
4V
5V
100μs/div
STARTUP WAVEFORM
VEN
500mV/div
2V/div
200mA/div
MAX8902A/02B toc06
IIN
VOUT
5Ω LOAD
CBYP = 0.01μF
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
0 100 200 300 400 500
DROPOUT VOLTAGE vs. LOAD CURRENT
MAX8902A/02B toc07
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
DROPOUT VOLTAGE (mV)
3.6V INPUT, 4.6V OUTPUT PRESET
THE SLOPE OF THE LINE INDICATES
A 129mΩ ON-RESISTANCE IN
DROPOUT
PSRR vs. FREQUENCY
MAX8902A/02B toc08
10k1k10010 100k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
PSRR (dB)
MAX8902A LDO OUTPUT-NOISE SPECTRAL
DENSITY vs. FREQUENCY
MAX8902A/02B toc09
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100k10k1k100
100E+0
1E+3
10E+3
10E+0
10 1M
NOISE DENSITY (nV Hz)
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Maxim Integrated | 4www.maximintegrated.com
Detailed Description
The MAX8902A/MAX8902B low-noise, low-dropout lin-
ear regulators deliver up to 500mA of output current
with only 16µVRMS of output noise in a 100kHz band-
width. These regulators maintain their output voltage
over a wide input range, requiring only 100mV of input-
to-output headroom at full load.
The MAX8902 maintains a low 80µA typical supply cur-
rent, independent of the load current and dropout volt-
age. The regulator control circuitry includes a
programmable soft-start circuit and short circuit,
reverse current, and thermal-overload protection. Other
features include an enable input and a power-OK
(POK) output (MAX8902B only). A simplified functional
diagram is shown in Figure 1.
The MAX8902A output voltage can be set to 1.5V, 1.8V,
2.0V, 2.5V, 3.0V, 3.1V, 3.3V, 4.6V, or 4.7V using the
SELA and SELB inputs. The MAX8902B output voltage
can be set between 0.6V and 5.3V with an external
resistor voltage-divider.
Enable (EN)
The MAX8902A/MAX8902B include an enable input,
EN. Pull EN low to shut down the output, or drive EN
high to enable the output. If shutdown is not needed,
connect EN to IN.
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Maxim Integrated | 5www.maximintegrated.com
Pin Description
NAME
PIN MAX8902A MAX8902B FUNCTION
1 IN IN
Regulator Power Input. Connect IN to a supply from 1.7V to 5.5V. Bypass IN with a 10μF
ceramic capacitor to GND.
2 GND GND Ground
3 EN EN
Enable Input. A logic-low drives the output low through a 3k resistor and reduces the supply
current to less than 1μA. Drive logic-high or connect to IN for normal operation.
SELA
Output Voltage Select Input. Connect SELA to GND, IN, or leave unconnected. The states of
SELA and SELB are sampled when the regulator turns on and the output voltage is set as
shown in Table 2.
4
GS Internally Used. Connect GS to GND.
SELB
Output Voltage Select Input. Connect SELB to GND, IN, or leave unconnected. The states of
SELA and SELB are sampled when the regulator turns on and the output voltage is set as
shown in Table 2.
5
POK
Power-OK Output. Open-drain output that goes low when the output is above 91% of the
nominal regulation voltage. POK is high impedance in shutdown or when the output is below
the regulation voltage.
OUTS —
Output Sense Input. Connect OUTS to the load at a point where accurate regulation is
required, or connect OUTS directly to OUT.
6
— FB
Feedback Input. Connect FB to the center of a resistor voltage-divider connected between
OUT and GND to set the output voltage. VFB regulates to 0.6V.
7 BYP BYP
Bypass Input. Connect a 0.01μF ceramic capacitor from BYP to OUT to achieve 16μVRMS
output noise. Adjust the value of this capacitor to control the output slew rate during startup.
Slew Rate = (5V / ms) x (0.01μF / CBYP)
8 OUT OUT
Regulator Output. Sources up to 500mA at the output regulation voltage. Bypass with a 10μF
(< 0.03 ESR) capacitor to GND.
EP EP Exposed Paddle. Connect the exposed paddle to a ground plane to provide heat sinking.
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Maxim Integrated | 6www.maximintegrated.com
Bypass (BYP)
The capacitor connected from BYP to OUT filters the
noise of the reference, feedback resistors, and regula-
tor input stage and provides a high-speed feedback
path for improved transient response. A 0.01µF capaci-
tor rolls off input noise at approximately 32Hz.
The slew rate of the output voltage during startup is
also determined by the BYP capacitor. A 0.01µF
capacitor sets the slew rate to 5V / ms. This startup rate
results in a 50mA slew current drawn from the input at
startup to charge the 10µF output capacitance.
VOLTAGE
SELECT
SELA
SELB
990kΩ
OUTS
EA
BYP
OUT
GND
REF
0.6V
BYP
MAX8902A ONLY
FB
CONTROL
EN
THERMAL
PROTECTION
POK
IN
CURRENT
LIMIT
REVERSE
CURRENT
PROTECTION
MAX8902B ONLY
0.54V
MAX8902A
MAX8902B
Figure 1. Simplified Functional Diagram
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Maxim Integrated | 7www.maximintegrated.com
The BYP capacitor value can be adjusted from 0.001µF
to 0.1µF to change the startup slew rate according to
the following formula:
Startup slew rate = (5V / ms) x (0.01µF / CBYP)
Note that this slew rate applies only at startup, and that
recovery from a short circuit occurs at a slew rate
approximately 500 times slower.
Also note that, being a low-frequency filter node, BYP is
sensitive to leakage. BYP leakage currents above 10nA
cause measurable inaccuracy at the output and should
be avoided.
Protection Features
The MAX8902A/MAX8902B are fully protected from an
output short circuit by a current-limiting and thermal-
overload circuit. If the output is shorted to GND, the
output current is limited to 700mA (typ). Under these
conditions, the part quickly heats up. When the junction
temperature reaches +165°C, a thermal-limit circuit
shuts off the output device. When the junction cools to
+150°C, the output turns back on in an attempt to
reestablish regulation. While the fault persists, the out-
put current cycles on and off, as the junction tempera-
ture slews between +150°C and +165°C.
The MAX8902A/MAX8902B are also protected against
reverse current when the output voltage is higher than
the input. In the event that extra output capacitance is
used at the output, a power-down transient at the input
would normally cause a large reverse current through a
conventional regulator. The MAX8902A/MAX8902B
include a reverse voltage detector that trips when IN
drops 10mV below OUT, shutting off the regulator and
opening the pMOS body diode connection, preventing
any reverse current.
Thermal Considerations
The MAX8902A/MAX8902B are packaged in an 8-pin,
2mm x 2mm TDFN package with an exposed paddle.
The exposed paddle is the main path for heat to leave
the IC, and therefore, must be connected to a ground
plane with thermal vias to allow heat to dissipate from
the device. Thermal properties of the IC package are
given in Table 1.
Selecting the Output Voltage (MAX8902A)
The MAX8902A output can be set to one of nine volt-
ages by shorting or opening the SELA and SELB
inputs, as shown in Table 2. SELA and SELB should be
connected to GND, IN, or left unconnected.
Alternatively, they may be driven high, low, or open with
external logic; however, the states of SELA and SELB
are sampled only at startup. The regulation voltage can
be set to a different level by cycling EN or IN momen-
tarily to GND.
Setting the Output Voltage (MAX8902B)
The MAX8902B uses external feedback resistors to set
the output regulation voltage as shown in Figure 3. The
output can be set from 0.6V to 5.3V. Set the lower feed-
back resistor (R2) to 120kΩor less to minimize FB input
bias current error. Then calculate the value of the upper
feedback resistor (R1) as follows:
where VFB is the feedback regulation voltage of 0.6V.
Power-OK (MAX8902B)
The MAX8902B includes an additional open-drain out-
put, POK, that pulls low to indicate the output voltage is
in regulation. During startup, POK is high impedance
until the output voltage rises to 91% of its regulation
level. If an overload occurs at the output, or the output
is shut down, POK is high impedance.
RR V
V
OUT
FB
12 1=× −
CONTINUOUS POWER
DISSIPATION
953.5mW DERATE 11.9mW/°C
ABOVE +70°C
JA* 83.9°C/W
JC 10.8°C/W
Table 1. 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Thermal Characteristics
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
(V) SELA STATE SELB STATE
1.5 IN Unconnected
1.8 Unconnected GND
2.0 Unconnected IN
2.5 Unconnected Unconnected
3.0 GND GND
3.1 GND IN
3.3 GND Unconnected
4.6 IN GND
4.7 IN IN
Table 2. MAX8902A Output Voltages
*
θ
JA
is specified according to the JESD51 standard with the
part mounted on a multilayer PCB.
Input Capacitor
A 10µF ceramic capacitor is recommended for the
input. Select a capacitor that maintains its capacitance
over temperature and DC bias. Capacitors with X5R or
X7R temperature characteristics generally perform well.
Output Capacitor
A minimum of 10µF of capacitance is required at OUT
to ensure stability. Select a ceramic capacitor that
maintains its capacitance over temperature and DC
bias. Capacitors with X5R or X7R temperature charac-
teristics generally perform well.
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
Maxim Integrated | 8www.maximintegrated.com
IN
EN
OUT
BYP
ON
OFF
OUTPUT
4.6V
SELB
SELA
OUTS
GND
EP
10μF
INPUT
4.7V TO 5.5V
0.01μF10μF
MAX8902A
Figure 2. MAX8902A Fixed-Output Application Circuit
IN
EN
OUT
BYP
ON
OFF
OUTPUT ADJUSTABLE
0.6V TO 5.3V
GS
POK
FB
GND
EP
10μF
INPUT
1.7V TO 5.5V
0.01μF10μF
MAX8902B
R1
R2
LOGIC
SUPPLY
R3
100kΩ
TO μC
Figure 3. MAX8902B Adjustable-Output Application Circuit
Chip Information
PROCESS: BiCMOS
TDFN
(2mm x 2mm)
TOP VIEW
1
2
8
7
3
4
6
5
OUTS
SELB
SELA
OUT
BYP
GND
EN
IN
MAX8902A
TDFN
(2mm x 2mm)
1
2
8
7
3
4
6
5
FB
POK
GS
OUT
BYP
GND
EN
IN
MAX8902B
EP
+
EP
+
EP = EXPOSED PADDLE.
Pin Configurations
PACKAGE
TYPE
PACKAGE
CODE
OUTLINE
NO.
LAND
PATTERN NO.
8 TDFN-EP T822+1 21-0168 90-0064
Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (foot-
prints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note that a
“+”, “#”, or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only.
Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the
drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.
Maxim Integrated cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim Integrated product. No circuit patent
licenses are implied. Maxim Integrated reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and
max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.
Maxim Integrated and the Maxim Integrated logo are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. © 2015 Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. | 9
MAX8902A/MAX8902B Low-Noise 500mA LDO Regulators
in a 2mm x 2mm TDFN Package
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim Integrated’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.
Revision History
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE DESCRIPTION PAGES
CHANGED
0 9/07 Initial release
1 1/08 Changed input capacitor value from 4.7µF to 10µF 1, 5, 8
2 2/08 Changed BP to BYP 2, 4–8
3 5/08 Updated TOC 5 title 4
4 4/11 Added the MAX8902BATA/V+ part to the Ordering Information table 1
5 10/12 Updated θJC specification in Table 1 7
6 1/15 Added MAX8902AATA/V+ to Ordering Information 1

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