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MAX3221,23,43 Datasheet

Maxim Integrated

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Datasheet

MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232
Transceivers with AutoShutdown
General Description
The MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 achieve 1µA supply
current with Maxim’s revolutionary AutoShutdown™
feature. When the MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 do not
sense a valid signal level on their receiver inputs, the
on-board power supply and drivers shut down. This
occurs if the RS-232 cable is disconnected or if the
transmitters of the connected peripheral are turned off.
The system turns on again when a valid level is applied
to any RS-232 receiver input.
The MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 require only 0.1µF
capacitors in 3.3V operation, and can operate from
input voltages ranging from +3.0V to +5.5V.
A proprietary, high-efficiency, dual charge-pump power
supply and a low-dropout transmitter combine to deliv-
er true RS-232 performance from a single +3.0V to
+5.5V supply.
The MAX3221 is a 1-driver/1-receiver 16-pin SSOP
version of the 20-pin 2-driver/2-receiver MAX3223.
The MAX3243 is a 3-driver/5-receiver with a comple-
mentary always-active receiver for external monitoring
in a variety of 28 pin packages. Please see order
information table for package offerings.
Applications
Battery-Powered Equipment
Hand-Held Equipment
Peripherals
Portable Diagnostics Equipment
Benefits and Features
Integrated Charge Pump Circuitry Simplifies Power
Requirements
Eliminates the Need for a ±12 Supply
Operation From a Single +3.3V or +5V Supply
1µA Supply Current in Shutdown Mode Saves Power
AutoShutdown Feature is Enabled After No Activity
on Receiver Inputs for 30µs
Software Control Option for Shutdown
19-0306; Rev 9; 1/15
PART
MAX3221CAE
MAX3221EUE-40°C to +85°C
0°C to +70°C
TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
16 SSOP
16 TSSOP
Future product—contact factory for availability.
AutoShutdown and UCSP are trademarks of Maxim Integrated
Products, Inc.
Pin Configurations appear at end of data sheet.
Typical Operating Circuits appear at end of data sheet.
MAX3223EPP -40°C to +85°C 20 Plastic DIP
MAX3223EAP -40°C to +85°C 20 SSOP
MAX3243CWI 0°C to +70°C 28 Wide SO
MAX3243CAI 0°C to +70°C 28 SSOP
MAX3243EWI -40°C to +85°C 28 Wide SO
MAX3243EAI -40°C to +85°C 28 SSOP
MAX3223CPP
MAX3223CAP 0°C to +70°C
0°C to +70°C 20 Plastic DIP
20 SSOP
Ordering Information
Selector Guide
MAX3221
MAX3223
MAX3243
1
2
3
1
2
3.0 to 5.5
3.0 to 5.5
3.0 to 5.55
Yes
Yes
Yes
PART Tx Rx VCC RANGE (V) AutoShutdown
MAX3221CUE0°C to +70°C 16 TSSOP
MAX3221EAE -40°C to +85°C 16 SSOP
MAX3223CUP 0°C to +70°C 20 TSSOP
MAX3223EUP -40°C to +85°C 20 TSSOP
MAX3243CUI 0°C to +70°C 28 TSSOP
MAX3243EUI -40°C to +85°C 28 TSSOP
Maxim Integrated | 2www.maximintegrated.com
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Electrical Characteristics
(VCC = +3.0V to +5.5V, C1–C4 = 0.1µF (Note 2), TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA= +25°C.)
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
VCC ...........................................................................-0.3V to +6V
V+ (Note 1) ...............................................................-0.3V to +7V
V- (Note 1) ...............................................................+0.3V to -7V
V+ + |V-|(Note 1).................................................................+13V
Input Voltages
T_IN, FORCEOFF, FORCEON, EN (MAX3223) ......-0.3V to +6V
R_IN ...................................................................................±25V
Output Voltages
T_OUT.............................................................................±13.2V
R_OUT, INVALID ......................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Short-Circuit Duration
T_OUT ......................................................................Continuous
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA= +70°C)
16-Pin SSOP (derate 7.14mW/°C above +70°C) ...........571mW
16-Pin TSSOP (derate 6.70mW/°C above +70°C) .........533mW
20-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C)....889mW
20-Pin SSOP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C) ...........640mW
20-Pin TSSOP DIP (derate 7.00mW/°C above +70°C).....559mW
28-Pin Wide SO (derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C) ............1W
28-Pin SSOP (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C) ...........762mW
28-Pin TSSOP (derate 8.70mW/°C above +70°C) .........696mW
Operating Temperature Ranges
MAX32_ _C_ _.......................................................0°C to +70°C
MAX32_ _E_ _....................................................-40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
Note 1: V+ and V- can have maximum magnitudes of 7V, but their absolute difference cannot exceed 13V.
IOUT = 1.6mA
Receivers disabled
T_IN, EN, FORCEON, FORCEOFF
T_IN, EN, FORCEON, FORCEOFF
T_IN, FORCEON, FORCEOFF, EN (MAX3223)
IOUT = -1.0mA
CONDITIONS
VVCC - 0.6 VCC - 0.1Output Voltage High
V0.4Output Voltage Low
µA±0.05 ±10Output Leakage Current
µA±0.01 ±1.0Input Leakage Current
V
2.4
Input Logic Threshold High
µA1.0 10
V0.8Input Logic Threshold Low
UNITSMIN TYP MAXPARAMETER
VCC = 3.3V
VCC = 5.0V
2.0
Supply Current, AutoShutdown
Supply Current, Shutdown µA1.0 10
Supply Current,
AutoShutdown Disabled
VCC = 3.3V
or 5.0V,
TA= +25°C
mA0.3 1.0
2.7
Receiver Positive or Negative
Threshold to INVALID High (tINVH)Figure 5 µs1
Receiver Threshold to
Transmitters Enabled (tWU)Figure 5 µs250
Receiver Positive or Negative
Threshold to INVALID Low (tINVL)Figure 5 µs30
Receiver Input Thresholds to
Transmitters Enabled Figure 5 V
-2.7
INVALID Output Voltage Low IOUT = 1.6mA V0.4
Receiver Input Thresholds to
Transmitters Disabled 1µA supply current, Figure 5 V-0.3 0.3
Positive threshold
Negative threshold
INVALID Output Voltage High IOUT = -1.0mA VVCC - 0.6
DC CHARACTERISTICS
LOGIC INPUTS AND RECEIVER OUTPUTS
AUTOSHUTDOWN (FORCEON = GND, FORCEOFF = VCC)
All R_IN open, FORCEON = GND,
FORCEOFF = VCC
FORCEOFF = GND
FORCEON = FORCEOFF = VCC,
no load
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
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Electrical Characteristics (continued)
(VCC = +3.0V to +5.5V, C1–C4 = 0.1µF (Note 2), TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA= +25°C.)
Note 2: C1–C4 = 0.1µF, tested at 3.3V ±10%. C1 = 0.047µF, C2–C4 = 0.33µF, tested at 5.0V ±10%.
200
Normal operation 200
Receiver Output Enable Time Normal operation ns
tPLH
Receiver input to receiver output,
CL= 150pF
4 8.0 30
Transition-Region Slew Rate V/µs
VCC = 3.3V,
RL= 3kΩto 7kΩ,
TA= +25°C,
measured from +3V to
-3V or -3V to +3V
Transmitter Skew 200 ns
tPHL - tPLH
PARAMETER MIN TYP MAX UNITS
±25
Output Short-Circuit Current ±35 ±60 mA
Output Resistance 300 10M Ω
Output Leakage Current µA
Input Threshold Low 0.6 1.2 V
±5.0 ±5.4Output Voltage Swing V
Maximum Data Rate 120 235 kbps
Receiver Propagation Delay 0.3 µs
CONDITIONS
VCC = V+ = V- = 0V, transmitter output = ±2V
VOUT = ±12V, VCC = 0V or 3.0V to 5.5V,
transmitters disabled
RL= 3kΩ, CL= 1000pF, one transmitter switching
All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩto ground
nsReceiver Output Disable Time
tPHL 0.3
Input Voltage Range -25 25 V
Input Hysteresis 0.3 V
Input Threshold High V
Input Resistance 35 7kΩTA= +25°C
0.8 1.5
1.8 2.4
1.5 2.4
TA= +25°C
TA= +25°C
VCC = 3.3V
VCC = 3.3V
VCC = 5.0V
VCC = 5.0V
CL= 200pF to 2500pF
CL= 200pF to 1000pF 630
±5Transmitter Output Voltage V
T1IN = T2IN = GND, T3IN = VCC,
T3OUT loaded with 3kΩto GND, T1OUT and
T2OUT loaded with 2.5mA each
MAX3221/MAX3223
MAX3243 200 1000
Receiver Skew 100 ns
tPHL - tPLH MAX3221/MAX3223
MAX3243 100 500
RECEIVER INPUTS
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS
TRANSMITTER OUTPUTS
MOUSE DRIVEABILITY (MAX3243)
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MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VCC = +3.3V, 235kbps data rate, 0.1µF capacitors, all transmitters loaded with 3kΩ, TA= +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
MAX3221/MAX3223
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE
MAX3221/3223-01
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
2000 30001000 4000 5000
VOUT+
VOUT-
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
150 500
MAX3221/MAX3223
SLEW RATE
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE
MAX3221/3223-02
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
SLEW RATE (V/μs)
2000 30001000 4000 5000
FOR DATA RATES UP TO 235kbps
+SLEW
-SLEW
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
0
MAX3221/MAX3223
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE
WHEN TRANSMITTING DATA
MAX3221/3223-03
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
3 3 SU CU ( )
MAX3221 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
2000 30001000 4000 5000
235kbps
120kbps
20kbps
-7.5
-5.0
-2.5
0
2.5
5.0
7.5
0
MAX3243
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE
MAX3221/3223-04
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
2000 30001000 4000 5000
VOUT+
1 TRANSMITTER AT 235kbps
2 TRANSMITTERS AT 30kbps
VOUT-
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
45
40
0
MAX3243
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. LOAD
CAPACITANCE WHEN TRANSMITTING DATA
MAX3221/3223-06
LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
2000 30001000 4000 5000
235kbps
120kbps
20kbps
Maxim Integrated | 5www.maximintegrated.com
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Pin Description
Noninverting Receiver Output—active in shutdownR2OUTB
Output of the valid signal detector. Indicates if a valid RS-232 level is pres-
ent on receiver inputs logic “1”.
INVALID
Drive low to shut down transmitters and on-board power supply. This over-
rides all automatic circuitry and FORCEON (Table 1).
FORCEOFF
Drive high to override automatic circuitry keeping transmitters on
(FORCEOFF must be high) (Table 1).
FORCEON
Negative terminal of the voltage doubler charge-pump capacitorC1-
RS-232 Receiver InputsR_IN
RS-232 Transmitter OutputsT_OUT
TTL/CMOS Transmitter InputsT_IN
TTL/CMOS Receiver OutputsR_OUT
-5.5V generated by the charge pumpV-
Negative terminal of inverting charge-pump capacitorC2-
Positive terminal of inverting charge-pump capacitorC2+
Receiver Enable Control. Drive low for normal operation. Drive high to force
the receiver outputs into a high-Z state.
EN
FUNCTION
GroundGND
+3.0V to +5.5V Supply VoltageVCC
LapLink is a trademark of Traveling Software.
Detailed Description
Dual Charge-Pump Voltage Converter
The MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243’s internal power
supply consists of a regulated dual charge pump that
provides output voltages of +5.5V (doubling charge
pump) and -5.5V (inverting charge pump), regardless
of the input voltage (VCC) over the +3.0V to +5.5V
range. The charge pumps operate in a discontinuous
mode: if the output voltages are less than 5.5V, the
charge pumps are enabled; if the output voltages
exceed 5.5V, the charge pumps are disabled. Each
charge pump requires a flying capacitor (C1, C2) and
a reservoir capacitor (C3, C4) to generate the V+ and
V- supplies.
RS-232 Transmitters
The transmitters are inverting level translators that con-
vert CMOS-logic levels to 5.0V EIA/TIA-232 levels. They
guarantee a 120kbps data rate with worst-case loads of
3kΩin parallel with 1000pF, providing compatibility with
PC-to-PC communication software (such as Laplink™).
Typically, the MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 can oper-
ate at data rates of 235kbps. Transmitters can be paral-
leled to drive multiple receivers or mice (MAX3243).
Figure 1 shows a complete system connection.
When FORCEOFF is driven to ground, or the Auto-
Shutdown circuitry senses invalid voltage levels at all
receiver inputs, the transmitters are disabled and the
outputs are forced into a high-impedance state.
10
16
12
4
8
13
11
9
7
6
5
1
14
15
NAME
MAX3221
+5.5V generated by the charge pumpV+3
Positive terminal of the voltage doubler charge-pump capacitorC1+2
11
20
14
4
9, 16
8, 17
12, 13
10, 15
7
6
5
1
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
4–8
9, 10, 11
12, 13, 14
15–19
3
2
1
25
26
MAX3223
3
MAX3243
27
228
PIN
Maxim Integrated | 6www.maximintegrated.com
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
RS-232 Receivers
The MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243’s receivers convert
RS-232 signals to CMOS-logic output levels. All
receivers have one inverting three-state output. In shut-
down (FORCEOFF = low) or in AutoShutdown, the
MAX3221/MAX3223’s receivers are active (Table 1).
Driving EN high places the receiver(s) in a high-imped-
ance state. The MAX3243’s receivers are high imped-
ance when the part is shut down.
The MAX3243 has an always-active complementary
output (R2OUTB). R2OUTB is an extra output that mon-
itors receiver activity while the other receivers are high
impedance. This allows Ring Indicator to be monitored
without forward biasing other devices connected to the
receiver outputs. This is ideal for systems where VCC is
set to 0V in shutdown to accommodate peripherals,
such as UARTs (Figure 2).
MAX3243
I/O
CHIP
WITH
UART
CPU
RS-232
POWER
MANAGEMENT
UNIT OR
KEYBOARD
CONTROLLER
FORCEOFF
FORCEON
INVALID
MAX3243
T1OUT
R2OUTB
Tx
5kΩ
UART
VCC
T1IN
THREE-STATED
LOGIC
TRANSITION
DETECTOR
R2IN
PROTECTION
DIODE
R2OUT
FORCEOFF = GND
VCC
TO
μP
Rx
PREVIOUS
RS-232
Tx
UART
SHDN = GND
VCC
VCC
GND
Rx
5kΩ
(a) OLDER RS-232: POWERED-DOWN UART DRAWS CURRENT FROM ACTIVE
RECEIVER OUTPUT IN SHUTDOWN.
(b) NEW MAX3243: IN SHUTDOWN, R2OUTB IS USED TO MONITOR EXTERNAL
DEVICES AND R2OUT IS THREE STATED, ELIMINATING A CURRENT PATH
THROUGH THE UART'S PROTECTION DIODE.
GND
PROTECTION
DIODE
I
I
Figure 1. Interface Under Control of PMU
Figure 2. The MAX3243 detects RS-232 activity when the
UART and interface are shut down.
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
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AutoShutdown
A 1µA supply current is achieved with Maxim’s new
AutoShutdown feature, which operates when
FORCEON is low and FORCEOFF is high. When the
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 sense no valid signal
levels on all receiver inputs for 30µs, the on-board
power supply and drivers are shut off, reducing supply
current to 1µA. This occurs if the RS-232 cable is dis-
connected or the connected peripheral transmitters are
turned off. The system turns on again when a valid level
is applied to any RS-232 receiver input. As a result, the
system saves power without changes to the existing
BIOS or operating system. When using AutoShutdown,
the INVALID output is high when the device is on and
low when the device is shut down. Because INVALID
indicates the receiver inputs’ condition, it can be used
in any mode (Figure 3).
Table 2 and Figure 3c summarize the MAX3221/
MAX3223/MAX3243 operating modes. FORCEON and
FORCEOFF override the automatic circuitry and force
the transceiver into its normal operating state or into its
low-power standby state. When neither control is assert-
ed, the IC selects between these states automatically
based on receiver input levels. Figures 3a, 3b, and 5a
depict valid and invalid RS-232 receiver levels.
A mouse or other system with AutoShutdown may need
time to wake up. Figure 4 shows a circuit that forces the
transmitters on for 100ms, allowing enough time for the
other system to realize that the MAX3221/MAX3223/
Table 1a. MAX3221/MAX3223 FFOORRCCEEOOFFFFand
Enable Control Truth Table
Table 1b. MAX3243 FFOORRCCEEOOFFFFControl
Truth Table
Active*11
Active*01
FFOORRCCEEOOFFFF
High-Z10
High-Z00
T_OUT
EENN
High-Z
Active
High-Z
Active
R_OUT
+0.3V
-0.3V
INVALID
TO MAX32_ _
POWER SUPPLY
AND TRANSMITTERS
R_IN
* TRANSMITTERS ARE DISABLED, REDUCING SUPPLY CURRENT TO 1μA IF
ALL RECEIVER INPUTS ARE BETWEEN +0.3V AND -0.3V FOR AT LEAST 30μs.
30µs
COUNTER
R
Active*1
High-Z0
T_OUT
FFOORRCCEEOOFFFF
Active*
High-Z
R_OUT
Active
Active
R2OUTB
Figure 3a. MAX32_ _ Entering 1µA Supply Mode via
AutoShutdown
*Note: If the part is in AutoShutdown mode (FORCEOFF = VCC,
FORCEON = GND), it is shut down if no valid RS-232
levels are present on all receiver inputs.
FORCEON
MASTER SHDN LINE
0.1μF1MΩ
FORCEOFF
MAX3221
MAX3223
MAX3243
POWER
MANAGEMENT
UNIT
Figure 4. AutoShutdown with Initial Turn-On to Wake Up a
Mouse or Another System
+2.7V
-2.7V
INVALID
TO MAX32_ _
POWER SUPPLY
R_IN
* TRANSMITTERS ARE ENABLED IF:
ANY RECEIVER INPUT IS GREATER THAN +2.7V OR LESS THAN -2.7V.
ANY RECEIVER INPUT HAS BEEN BETWEEN +0.3V AND -0.3V FOR LESS THAN 30μs.
30µs
COUNTER
R
Figure 3b. MAX32_ _ with Transmitters Enabled Using
AutoShutdown
FORCEOFF POWER DOWN
INVALID
FORCEON
INVALID IS AN INTERNALLY GENERATED SIGNAL
THAT IS USED BY THE AUTOSHUTDOWN LOGIC
AND APPEARS AS AN OUTPUT OF THE DEVICE.
POWER DOWN IS ONLY AN INTERNAL SIGNAL.
IT CONTROLS THE OPERATIONAL STATUS OF
THE TRANSMITTERS AND THE POWER SUPPLIES.
Figure 3c. AutoShutdown Logic
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MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
MAX3243 is awake. If the other system outputs valid
RS-232 signals within that time, the RS-232 ports on
both systems remain enabled.
When shut down, the device’s charge pumps are turned
off, V+ decays to VCC, V- decays to ground, and the
transmitter outputs are disabled (high impedance). The
time required to exit shutdown is typically 100µs (Figure
5b).
Software-Controlled Shutdown
If direct software control is desired, INVALID can be
used to indicate DTR or Ring Indicator signal. Tie
FORCEOFF and FORCEON together to bypass Auto-
Shutdown so the line acts like a SHDN input.
Applications Information
Capacitor Selection
The capacitor type used for C1–C4 is not critical for
proper operation; either polarized or nonpolarized
capacitors may be used. The charge pump requires
0.1µF capacitors for 3.3V operation. For other supply
voltages, refer to Table 3 for required capacitor values.
Do not use values smaller than those listed in Table 3.
Increasing the capacitor values (e.g., by a factor of 2)
reduces ripple on the transmitter outputs and slightly
reduces power consumption. C2, C3, and C4 can be
increased without changing C1’s value. However, do
not increase C1 without also increasing the values
of C2, C3, and C4 to maintain the proper ratios (C1
to the other capacitors).
When using the minimum required capacitor values,
make sure the capacitor value does not degrade
excessively with temperature. If in doubt, use capaci-
tors with a larger nominal value. The capacitor’s equiva-
lent series resistance (ESR) usually rises at
low temperatures and influences the amount of ripple
on V+ and V-.
Table 2. AutoShutdown Logic
RS-232 SIGNAL
PRESENT AT
RECEIVER INPUT
FFOORRCCEEOOFFFFINPUT FORCEON
INPUT IINNVVAALLIIDDOUTPUT TRANSCEIVER STATUS
Yes H X H Normal Operation
No H H L Normal Operation (Forced On)
No H L L Shutdown (AutoShutdown)
Yes L X H Shutdown (Forced Off)
No L X L Shutdown (Forced Off)
V-
VCC
0
V+
0
VCC
tINVL
tWU
INVALID
REGION
RECEIVER
INPUT
VOLTAGE
(V)
INVALID
OUTPUT
(V)
tINVH
TRANSMITTERS ENABLED, INVALID HIGH
RECEIVER INPUT LEVELS
AUTOSHUTDOWN, TRANSMITTERS DISABLED,
1μA SUPPLY CURRENT, INVALID LOW
TRANSMITTERS ENABLED, INVALID HIGH
-2.7V
-0.3V
+2.7V
+0.3V
0V
INDETERMINATE
INDETERMINATE
(b)
(a)
Figure 5. AutoShutdown Trip Levels
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
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Power-Supply Decoupling
In most circumstances a 0.1µF bypass capacitor is
adequate. In applications that are sensitive to power-
supply noise, decouple VCC to ground with a capacitor
of the same value as the charge-pump capacitor C1.
Connect bypass capacitors as close to the IC as possible.
Transmitter Outputs
when Exiting Shutdown
Figure 6 shows two transmitter outputs when exiting
shutdown mode. As they become active, the two trans-
mitter outputs are shown going to opposite RS-232
levels. Each transmitter is loaded with 3kΩin parallel
with 2500pF. The transmitter outputs display no ringing
or undesirable transients as they come out of shut-
down. Note that the transmitters are enabled only when
the magnitude of V- exceeds approximately 3V. Figure
7a shows the MAX3243’s transmitter output voltage
vs. current per transmitter. Figure 7b is a mouse driver
test circuit.
Mouse Driveability (MAX3243)
The MAX3243 has been specifically designed to power
serial mice while operating from low-voltage power sup-
plies. It has been tested with samples of ten major mouse
models from six manufacturers including the leading
three: Logitech (5 models), Mouse Systems, and
Microsoft. The MAX3243 successfully drove all serial
mice and met their respective current and voltage
requirements. Figure 7a shows the transmitter outputs
under increasing load current. The MAX3243’s switching
regulator ensures the transmitters will supply at least ±5V
during worst-case conditions. The AutoShutdown feature
does not work with a mouse, so FORCEOFF and
FORCEON should be connected to VCC.
High Data Rates
The MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 maintain the RS-232
±5.0V minimum transmitter output voltage even at high
data rates. Figure 8 shows a transmitter loopback test
circuit. Figure 9 shows a loopback test result at
120kbps, and Figure 10 shows the same test at
235kbps. For Figure 9, all three transmitters were driv-
en simultaneously at 120kbps into RS-232 loads in par-
allel with 1000pF. For Figure 10, a single transmitter
was driven at 235kbps, but all three transmitters were
loaded with an RS-232 receiver in parallel with 1000pF.
Interconnection with 3V and 5V Logic
The MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 can directly inter-
face with various 5V logic families, including ACT and
HCT CMOS. See Table 4 for more information on possi-
ble combinations of interconnections.
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
01234567
MAX32
2
LOAD CURRENT PER TRANSMITTER (mA)
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
VOUT+
VCC = 3.0V
VOUT-
VOUT+
VCC VOUT-
T1
T2
T3
Figure 7a. MAX3243 Transmitter Output Voltage vs. Load
Current per Transmitter
5V/div
VCC = +3.3V
C1–C4 = 0.1μF
2V/div
T2
50μs/div
T1
Figure 6. Transmitter Outputs when Exiting Shutdown or
Powering Up
Maxim Integrated | 10www.maximintegrated.com
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
+V
COMPUTER SERIAL PORT
+V
-V
GND
Tx
SERIAL
MOUSE
MAX3243
FORCEOFF
23
R5OUT
15
R4OUT
16
R3OUT
17
R2OUT
18
R1OUT
19
R2OUTB
20
LOGIC
OUTPUTS
5kΩ
5kΩ
5kΩ
5kΩ
5kΩ
R5IN 8
R4IN 7
R3IN 6
R2IN 5
R1IN 4
RS-232
INPUTS
GND
25
LOGIC
INPUTS
T3IN
12
T2IN
13
T1IN
14
C2-
2
C2+
1
C1-
24
C1+
28
T3OUT 11
T2OUT 10
T1OUT 9
V-
3
V+
27
VCC
VCC
C4
0.1μF
C3
0.1μF
0.1μF 26
C1
0.1μF
C2
0.1μF
FORCEON
INVALID
22
21
TO POWER
MANAGEMENT
UNIT
+3.3V
Figure 7b. Mouse Driver Test Circuit
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Maxim Integrated | 11www.maximintegrated.com
Figure 10. Loopback Test Result at 235kbps
T1IN
R1OUT
VCC = +3.3V, 235kbps
C1–C4 = 0.1μF
T1OUT
5V/div
5V/div
2μs/div
5V/div
MAX3221
MAX3223
MAX3243
5kΩ
R_ IN
R_ OUT
EN (MAX3221/3)
C2-
C2+
C1-
C1+
V-
V+
VCC
C4
C3
C1
C2
0.1μF
VCC
FORCEOFF
T_ OUT
T_ IN
GND
VCC
0V 1000pF
Figure 8. Loopback Test Circuit
Figure 9. Loopback Test Result at 120kbps
T1IN
R1OUT
VCC = +3.3V, 120kbps
C1–C4 = 0.1μF
T1OUT
5V/div
5V/div
5V/div
5μs/div
Table 4. Logic Family Compatibility with
Various Supply Voltages
Table 3. Required Capacitor Values
VCC SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
(V)
COMPATIBILITY
3.3 3.3 Compatible with all CMOS
families.
5 5 Compatible with all TTL and
CMOS-logic families.
SYSTEM
POWER-
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
(V)
53.3
Compatible with ACT and
HCT CMOS, and with TTL.
Incompatible with AC, HC,
or CD4000 CMOS.
VCC
(V)
C1
(µF)
C2, C3, C4
(µF)
3.0 to 3.6 0.1 0.1
4.5 to 5.5 0.047 0.33
3.0 to 5.5 0.1 0.47
Maxim Integrated | 12www.maximintegrated.com
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Typical Operating Circuits
MAX3221
FORCEON
EN
12
1
R1OUT9
FORCEOFF 16
INVALID 10
GND
14
T1IN
11
C2-
6
C2+
5
C1-
4
C1+
2
R1IN 8
T1OUT 13
V- 7
V+ 3
VCC
VCC
C4
0.1μF
C3
0.1μF
0.1μF 15
C1
0.1μF
C2
0.1μF
C5
+3.3V
TO POWER
MANAGEMENT
UNIT
5kΩ
MAX3223
FORCEON
EN
14
1
R2OUT10
R1OUT15
FORCEOFF 20
INVALID 11
R2IN 9
GND
18
RS-232
OUTPUTS
TTL/CMOS
INPUTS T2IN
12
T1IN
13
C2-
6
C2+
5
C1-
4
C1+
2
R1IN 16
T2OUT 8
T1OUT 17
V- 7
V+ 3
VCC
VCC
C4
0.1μF
C3
0.1μF
0.1μF 19
C1
0.1μF
C2
0.1μF
C5
+3.3V
RS-232
INPUTS
TO POWER
MANAGEMENT
UNIT
TTL/CMOS
OUTPUTS 5kΩ
5kΩ
MAX3243
FORCEOFF
23
R5OUT
15
R4OUT
16
R3OUT
17
R2OUT
18
R1OUT
19
R2OUTB
20
LOGIC
OUTPUTS
5kΩ
5kΩ
5kΩ
5kΩ
5kΩ
R5IN 8
R4IN 7
R3IN 6
R2IN 5
R1IN 4
RS-232
INPUTS
GND
25
RS-232
OUTPUTS
LOGIC
INPUTS
T3IN
12
T2IN
13
T1IN
14
C2-
2
C2+
1
C1-
24
C1+
28
T3OUT 11
T2OUT 10
T1OUT 9
V- 3
V+ 27
VCC
VCC
C4
0.1μF
C3
0.1μF
0.1μF 26
C1
0.1μF
C2
0.1μF
FORCEON
INVALID
22
21
TO POWER
MANAGEMENT UNIT
+3.3V
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Maxim Integrated | 13www.maximintegrated.com
3V-Powered EIA/TIA-232 and EIA/TIA-562 Transceivers from Maxim
0.1µF capacitors, MAX242 pinout23212022/23.0 to 5.5MAX3222
0.1µF capacitors, AutoShutdown23212022/23.0 to 5.5MAX3223
0.1µF capacitors, AutoShutdown
complementary receiver,
drives mice
23212013/53.0 to 5.5MAX3243
0.1µF capacitors, MAX232 pinout232120N/A2/23.0 to 5.5MAX3232
0.1µF capacitors, 16-pin SSOP23212011/13.0 to 5.5MAX3221
232
562
232
562
232
EIA/TIA-
232
OR 562
2.7 to 3.6
AutoShutdown, complementary
receiver, drives mice, transient
detection
23553/5MAX3212
0.1µF capacitors12022/23.0 to 3.6MAX563
Operates directly from batteries
without a voltage regulator
12022/21.8 to 4.25MAX218
No. OF
RECEIVERS
ACTIVE IN
SHUTDOWN
POWER-
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
(V)
230kbps guaranteed data rate23053/52.7 to 5.25MAX562
Drives mice12053/53.0 to 3.6MAX212
FEATURES
GUAR-
ANTEED
DATA
RATE
(kbps)
No. OF
TRANSMITTERS/
RECEIVERS
PART
0.1µF capacitors, 2 complemen-
tary receivers, drives mice
23212053/53.0 to 5.5MAX3241
Maxim Integrated | 14www.maximintegrated.com
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Pin Configurations
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
FORCEOFF
VCC
GND
T1OUT
C1-
V+
C1+
EN
R1IN
R1OUT
FORCEON
T1IN
T2OUT
V-
C2-
C2+
12
11
9
10
T2IN
INVALID
R2OUT
R2IN
DIP/SSOP/TSSOP
MAX3223
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
C1+
V+
VCC
GND
C1-
FORCEON
FORCEOFF
INVALID
R2OUTB
R1OUT
R2OUT
R3OUT
R4OUT
R5OUT
C2+
C2-
V-
R1IN
R2IN
R3IN
R4IN
R5IN
T1OUT
T2OUT
T3OUT
T3IN
T2IN
T1IN
SO/SSOP/TSSOP
MAX3243
TOP VIEW
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
EN
C1+
V+
C1-
C2+
C2-
V-
R1IN
FORCEOFF
VCC
GND
T1OUT
FORCEON
T1IN
INVALID
R1OUT
MAX3221
SSOP/TSSOP
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Maxim Integrated | 15www.maximintegrated.com
SSOP.EPS
PACKAGE OUTLINE, SSOP, 5.3 MM
1
1
21-0056 C
REV.DOCUMENT CONTROL NO.APPROVAL
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
TITLE:
NOTES:
1. D&E DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH.
2. MOLD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS NOT TO EXCEED .15 MM (.006").
3. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETERS.
4. MEETS JEDEC MO150.
5. LEADS TO BE COPLANAR WITHIN 0.10 MM.
7.90
H
L
0∞
0.301
0.025
8∞
0.311
0.037
0∞
7.65
0.63
8∞
0.95
MAX
5.38
MILLIMETERS
B
C
D
E
e
A1
DIM
A
SEE VARIATIONS
0.0256 BSC
0.010
0.004
0.205
0.002
0.015
0.008
0.212
0.008
INCHES
MIN MAX
0.078
0.65 BSC
0.25
0.09
5.20
0.05
0.38
0.20
0.21
MIN
1.73 1.99
MILLIMETERS
6.07
6.07
10.07
8.07
7.07
INCHES
D
D
D
D
D
0.239
0.239
0.397
0.317
0.278
MIN
0.249
0.249
0.407
0.328
0.289
MAX MIN
6.33
6.33
10.33
8.33
7.33
14L
16L
28L
24L
20L
MAX N
A
D
eA1 L
C
HE
N
12
B
0.068
TSSOP4.40mm.EPS
Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note that a “+”, “#”, or
“-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the
package regardless of RoHS status.
Maxim Integrated | 16www.maximintegrated.com
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
SOICW.EPS
PACKAGE OUTLINE, .300" SOIC
1
1
21-0042 B
REV.DOCUMENT CONTROL NO.APPROVAL
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
TITLE:
TOP VIEW
FRONT VIEW
MAX
0.012
0.104
0.019
0.299
0.013
INCHES
0.291
0.009
E
C
DIM
0.014
0.004
B
A1
MIN
0.093A
0.23
7.40 7.60
0.32
MILLIMETERS
0.10
0.35
2.35
MIN
0.49
0.30
MAX
2.65
0.050
0.016L0.40 1.27
0.5120.496D
D
MINDIM
D
INCHES
MAX
12.60 13.00
MILLIMETERS
MIN MAX
20 AC
0.447 0.463 AB11.7511.35 18
0.398 0.413 AA10.5010.10 16
N MS013
SIDE VIEW
H 0.4190.394 10.00 10.65
e 0.050 1.27
D 0.6140.598 15.20 2415.60 AD
D 0.7130.697 17.70 2818.10 AE
H
E
N
D
A1
B
e
A
0∞-8
C
L
1
VARIATIONS:
PDIPN.EPS
Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note that a “+”, “#”, or
“-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the
package regardless of RoHS status.
Maxim Integrated cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim Integrated product. No circuit patent
licenses are implied. Maxim Integrated reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and
max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.
Maxim Integrated and the Maxim Integrated logo are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. © 2015 Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. | 17
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim Integrated’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.
MAX3221/MAX3223/MAX3243 +3V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers
with AutoShutdown
Revision History
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE DESCRIPTION PAGES
CHANGED
9 1/15 Updated General Description and Benefits and Features sections 1

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