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LTC3621(-2) Datasheet

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Datasheet

LTC3621/LTC3621-2
1
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
Typical applicaTion
FeaTures DescripTion
17V, 1A Synchronous
Step-Down Regulator with
3.5µA Quiescent Current
The LT C
®
3621/LTC3621-2 is a high efficiency 17V, 1A
synchronous monolithic step-down regulator. The switch-
ing frequency is fixed to 1MHz or 2.25MHz with a ±40%
synchronizing range. The regulator features ultralow quies-
cent current and high efficiencies over a wide VOUT range.
The step-down regulator operates from an input voltage
range of 2.7V to 17V and provides an adjustable output
range from 0.6V to VIN while delivering up to 1A of output
current. A user-selectable mode input is provided to allow
the user to trade off ripple noise for light load efficiency;
Burst Mode operation provides the highest efficiency at
light loads, while pulse-skipping mode provides the lowest
voltage ripple. The MODE pin can also be used to allow the
user to sync the switching frequency to an external clock.
LTC3621 Options
PART NAME FREQUENCY VOUT
LTC3621 1.00MHz Adjustable
LTC3621-3.3 1.00MHz 3.3V
LTC3621-5 1.00MHz 5V
LTC3621-2 2.25MHz Adjustable
LTC3621-23.3 2.25MHz 3.3V
LTC3621-25 2.25MHz 5V
Efficiency and Power Loss vs Load at 1MHz
2.5V VOUT with 400mA Burst Clamp, fSW = 1MHz
applicaTions
n Wide VIN Range: 2.7V to 17V
n Wide VOUT Range: 0.6V to VIN
n 95% Max Efficiency
n Low IQ < 3.5µA, Zero-Current Shutdown
n Constant Frequency (1MHz/2.25MHz)
n Full Dropout Operation with Low IQ
n 1A Rated Output Current
n ±1% Output Voltage Accuracy
n Current Mode Operation for Excellent Line and Load
Transient Response
n Synchronizable to External Clock
n Pulse-Skipping, Forced Continuous, Burst Mode
®
Operation
n Internal Compensation and Soft-Start
n Overtemperature Protection
n Compact 6-Lead DFN (2mm × 3mm) Package or
Thermally-Enhanced MS8E Package with Power
Good Output and Independent SGND Pin
n Portable-Handheld Scanners
n Industrial and Embedded Computing
n Automotive Applications
n Emergency Radio L, LT, LTC, LTM, Burst Mode, Linear Technology, the Linear logo and LTSpice are registered
trademarks and Hot Swap and LTpowerCAD are trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Protected by U.S. Patents,
including 5481178, 6580258, 6498466, 6611131, 6177787, 5705919, 5847554.
604k 22pF
F
22µF
3621 TA01a
4.7µH
V
OUT
2.5V
1A
191k
VIN
RUN
SW
VIN
2.7V TO 17V
LTC3621
GND
FB
MODE/SYNC
INTVCC
10µF
LOAD CURRENT (A)
0
0
EFFICIENCY (%)
POWER LOSS (W)
10
30
40
50
100
70
0.2 0.4 0.6
3621 TA01b
20
80
90
60
0
0.1
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.8 1
EFFICIENCY
POWER LOSS
VOUT = 5V
VOUT = 3.3V
VOUT = 2.5V
VIN = 12V
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
2
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
absoluTe MaxiMuM raTings
VIN Voltage ................................................. 17V to –0.3V
RUN Voltage................................................ VIN to –0.3V
MODE/SYNC, FB Voltages ............................ 6V to –0.3V
PGOOD Voltages .......................................... 6V to –0.3V
(Note 1)
TOP VIEW
MODE/SYNC
INTVCC
FB
SW
VIN
RUN
DCB PACKAGE
6-LEAD (2mm
×
3mm) PLASTIC DFN
4
5
7
GND
6
3
2
1
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 64°C/W, θJC = 9.6°C/W
EXPOSED PAD (PIN 7) IS GND, MUST BE SOLDERED TO PCB
1
2
3
4
SW
VIN
RUN
PGOOD
8
7
6
5
SGND
MODE/SYNC
INTVCC
FB
TOP VIEW
9
GND
MS8E PACKAGE
8-LEAD PLASTIC MSOP
TJMAX = 150°C, θJA = 40°C/W, θJC = 10°C/W
EXPOSED PAD (PIN 9) IS GND, MUST BE SOLDERED TO PCB
pin conFiguraTion
orDer inForMaTion
LEAD FREE FINISH TAPE AND REEL PART MARKING* PACKAGE DESCRIPTION TEMPERATURE RANGE
LTC3621EDCB#PBF LTC3621EDCB#TRPBF LGDG 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IDCB#PBF LTC3621IDCB#TRPBF LGDG 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621EDCB-3.3#PBF LTC3621EDCB-3.3#TRPBF LGQF 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IDCB-3.3#PBF LTC3621IDCB-3.3#TRPBF LGQF 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621EDCB-5#PBF LTC3621EDCB-5#TRPBF LGQC 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IDCB-5#PBF LTC3621IDCB-5#TRPBF LGQC 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621EMS8E#PBF LTC3621EMS8E#TRPBF LTGDH 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IMS8E#PBF LTC3621IMS8E#TRPBF LTGDH 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621HMS8E#PBF LTC3621HMS8E#TRPBF LTGDH 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 150°C
LTC3621EMS8E-3.3#PBF LTC3621EMS8E-3.3#TRPBF LTGNY 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IMS8E-3.3#PBF LTC3621IMS8E-3.3#TRPBF LTGNY 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621HMS8E-3.3#PBF LTC3621HMS8E-3.3#TRPBF LTGNY 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 150°C
LTC3621EMS8E-5#PBF LTC3621EMS8E-5#TRPBF LTGNX 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IMS8E-5#PBF LTC3621IMS8E-5#TRPBF LTGNX 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621HMS8E-5#PBF LTC3621HMS8E-5#TRPBF LTGNX 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 150°C
LTC3621EDCB-2#PBF LTC3621EDCB-2#TRPBF LGHY 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IDCB-2#PBF LTC3621IDCB-2#TRPBF LGHY 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621EDCB-23.3#PBF LTC3621EDCB-23.3#TRPBF LGQG 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IDCB-23.3#PBF LTC3621IDCB-23.3#TRPBF LGQG 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621EDCB-25#PBF LTC3621EDCB-25#TRPBF LGQD 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IDCB-25#PBF LTC3621IDCB-25#TRPBF LGQD 6-Lead (2mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
Operating Junction Temperature Range (Notes 3, 6, 7)
LTC3621E, LTC3621I .......................... 40°C to 125°C
LTC3621H .......................................... 40°C to 150°C
Storage Temperature Range .................. 65°C to 150°C
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
3
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
elecTrical characTerisTics
The l denotes the specifications which apply over the specified operating
junction temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TJ = 25°C. (Note 3) VIN = 12V, unless otherwise noted.
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
VIN Operating Voltage 2.7 17 V
VOUT Operating Voltage 0.6 VIN V
IVIN Input Quiescent Current Shutdown Mode, VRUN = 0V
Burst Mode Operation
Forced Continuous Mode (Note4), VFB
< 0.6V
0.1
3.5
1.5
1.0
7
µA
µA
mA
VFB Regulated Feedback Voltage LTC3621/LTC3621-2
l
0.594
0.591
0.6
0.6
0.606
0.609
V
V
IFB FB Input Current LTC3621/LTC3621-2 10 nA
VOUT Regulated Fixed Output Voltage LTC3621-3.3/LTC3621-23.3
l
3.267
3.250
3.3
3.3
3.333
3.350
V
V
LTC3621-5/L
TC3621-25
l
4.950
4.925
5.0
5.0
5.050
5.075
V
V
IFB(VOUT) Feedback Input Leakage Current Fixed Output Versions 2 10 µA
ΔVLINE(REG) Reference Voltage Line Regulation VIN = 2.7V to 17V (Note 5) 0.01 0.015 %/V
ΔVLOAD(REG) Output Voltage Load Regulation (Note 5) 0.1 %
ILSW NMOS Switch Leakage
PMOS Switch Leakage
0.1
0.1
1
1
µA
µA
RDS(ON) NMOS On-Resistance (Bottom FET) VIN = 5V 0.15 Ω
PMOS On-Resistance (Top FET) 0.37 Ω
DMAX Maximum Duty Cycle VFB = 0.5V, VMODE/SYNC = 1.5V l100 %
tON(MIN) Minimum On-Time 60 ns
VRUN RUN Input High Threshold
RUN Input Low Threshold
0.3
1.0 V
V
IRUN RUN Input Current VRUN = 12V 0 20 nA
orDer inForMaTion
LEAD FREE FINISH TAPE AND REEL PART MARKING* PACKAGE DESCRIPTION TEMPERATURE RANGE
LTC3621EMS8E-2#PBF LTC3621EMS8E-2#TRPBF LTGHZ 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IMS8E-2#PBF LTC3621IMS8E-2#TRPBF LTGHZ 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621HMS8E-2#PBF LTC3621HMS8E-2#TRPBF LTGHZ 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 150°C
LTC3621EMS8E-23.3#PBF LTC3621EMS8E-23.3#TRPBF LTGNZ 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IMS8E-23.3#PBF LTC3621IMS8E-23.3#TRPBF LTGNZ 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621HMS8E-23.3#PBF LTC3621HMS8E-23.3#TRPBF LTGNZ 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 150°C
LTC3621EMS8E-25#PBF LTC3621EMS8E-25#TRPBF LTGQB 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621IMS8E-25#PBF LTC3621IMS8E-25#TRPBF LTGQB 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LTC3621HMS8E-25#PBF LTC3621HMS8E-25#TRPBF LTGQB 8-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 150°C
Consult LTC Marketing for parts specified with wider operating temperature ranges. *The temperature grade is identified by a label on the shipping container.
Consult LTC Marketing for information on non-standard lead based finish parts.
For more information on lead free part marking, go to: http://www.linear.com/leadfree/
For more information on tape and reel specifications, go to: http://www.linear.com/tapeandreel/
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
4
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
elecTrical characTerisTics
The l denotes the specifications which apply over the specified operating
junction temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TJ = 25°C. (Note 3) VIN = 12V, unless otherwise noted.
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
VMODE/SYNC Pulse-Skipping Mode
Burst Mode Operation
Forced Continuous Mode
VINTVCC – 0.4
1.0
0.3
VINTVCC – 1.2
V
V
V
IMODE/SYNC MODE/SYNC Input Current 0 20 nA
tSS Internal Soft-Start Time 0.8 ms
ILIM Peak Current Limit
(E/I-Grade)
(H-Grade)
l
l
1.44
1.30
1.2
1.60 1.76
1.80
1.80
A
A
A
VUVLO VINTVCC Undervoltage Lockout VIN Ramping Up 2.4 2.6 2.7 V
VUVLO(HYS) VINTVCC Undervoltage Lockout Hysteresis 250 mV
VOVLO VIN Overvoltage Lockout Rising l18 19 20 V
VOVLO(HYS) VIN Overvoltage Lockout Hysteresis 300 mV
fOSC Oscillator Frequency LTC3621/LTC3621-3.3/LTC3621-5
(E/I-Grade)
(H-Grade)
l
l
0.92
0.82
0.78
1.00 1.08
1.16
1.16
MHz
MHz
MHz
LTC3621-2/L
TC3621-23.3/LTC3621-25
(E/I-Grade)
(H-Grade)
l
l
2.05
1.8
1.7
2.25 2.45
2.6
2.6
MHz
MHz
MHz
fSYNC SYNC Capture Range 60 140 %
VINTVCC VINTVCC LDO Output Voltage VIN > 4V 3.6 V
ΔVPGOOD Power Good Range ±7.5 ±12.5 %
RPGOOD Power Good Resistance PGOOD RDS(ON) at 500µA 275 350 Ω
tPGOOD PGOOD Delay PGOOD Low to High
PGOOD High to Low
0
32
Cycles
Cycles
IPGOOD PGOOD Leakage Current 100 nA
Note 1: Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. Exposure to any Absolute
Maximum Rating condition for extended periods may affect device
reliability and lifetime.
Note 2: Transient absolute maximum voltages should not be applied for
more than 4% of the switching duty cycle.
Note 3: The LTC3621 is tested under pulsed load conditions such that
TJ ≈ TA. The LTC3621E is guaranteed to meet specifications from
0°C to 85°C junction temperature. Specifications over the –40°C to
125°C operating junction temperature range are assured by design,
characterization and correlation with statistical process controls. The
LTC3621I is guaranteed over the –40°C to 125°C operating junction
temperature range, and the LTC3621H is guaranteed over the –40°C to
150°C operating junction temperature range. High junction temperatures
degrade operating lifetimes; operating lifetime is derated for junction
temperatures greater than 125°C. Note that the maximum ambient
temperature consistent with these specifications is determined by specific
operating conditions in conjunction with board layout, the rated package
thermal impedance and other environmental factors.
Note 4: The quiescent current in forced continuous mode does not include
switching loss of the power FETs.
Note 5: The LTC3621 is tested in a proprietary test mode that connects VFB
to the output of error amplifier.
Note 6: TJ is calculated from the ambient, TA, and power dissipation, PD,
according to the following formula:
TJ = TA + (PDθJA)
Note 7: This IC includes overtemperature protection that is intended
to protect the device during momentary overload conditions. Junction
temperature will exceed 150°C when overtemperature protection is active.
Continuous operation above the specified maximum operating junction
temperature may impair device reliability.
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
5
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
Typical perForMance characTerisTics
Burst Mode Operation Pulse-Skipping Mode Operation Load Step
Soft-Start Operation Efficiency vs Input Voltage
Oscillator Frequency
vs Temperature
Efficiency vs Load Current
(Burst Mode Operation)
VIN Supply Current
vs Input Voltage
Efficiency vs Load at Dropout
Operation
TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
0
VIN SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
3
4
5
16
3621 G02
2
1
02468 10 12 14 18 20
SLEEP
SD
SW
5V/DIV
4µs/DIV
VOUT
50mV/DIV
IL
500mA/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 3.3V
Burst Mode OPERATION
IOUT = 50mA
3621 G07
RUN
5V/DIV
PGOOD
2V/DIV
VOUT
1V/DIV
IL
0.5A/DIV
400µs/DIV
3621 G05
SW
5V/DIV
VOUT
AC-COUPLED
50mV/DIV
IL
500mA/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 3.3V
PULSE SKIP MODE
IOUT = 10mA
L = 2.2µH
4µs/DIV 3621 G06
ILOAD
500mA/DIV
VOUT
100mV/DIV
IL
500mA/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 3.3V
ILOAD = 0.05A
40µs/DIV
LOAD CURRENT (A)
EFFICIENCY (%)
3621 G01
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.001 0.1
1
0.01
VIN = 12V
FREQUENCY = 2.25MHz
VOUT = 2.5V
VOUT = 3.3V
VOUT = 5V
LOAD CURRENT (A)
EFFICIENCY (%)
3621 G03
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.0001 0.001 0.1
1
0.01
VIN = 5V
FREQUENCY = 2.25MHz
FORCED
CONTINUOUS
MODE
Burst Mode
OPERATION
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY (MHz)
2.30
2.35
2.45
2.50
2.40
25 75 100
3621 G09
2.25
2.20
–25 0 50 125 150
2.15
2.05
2.00
2.10
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
0
70
EFFICIENCY (%)
5
96
3621 G08
10 15
20
94
92
90
88
86
84
82
80
78
76
74
72
VOUT = 2.5V
ILOAD = 10mA
ILOAD = 1A
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
6
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
Typical perForMance characTerisTics
RDS(ON) vs Temperature Load Regulation
Line Regulation
Efficiency vs Load at 1MHz
VIN Supply Current
vs Temperature
Switch Leakage
vs Temperature
Oscillator Frequency
vs Supply Voltage
Reference Voltage
vs Temperature
RDS(ON) vs Input Voltage
TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
2
OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY (MHz)
3621 G10
712 17
2.30
2.35
2.45
2.50
2.40
2.25
2.20
2.15
2.05
2.00
2.10
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
100
RDS(ON) (mΩ)
300
500
700
200
400
600
4 8 12 16
3621 G12
2020 6 10 14 18
TOP FET
BOTTOM FET
TEMPERATURE (°C)
50
100
RDS(ON) (mΩ)
150
250
300
350
600
450
050 75 100 125
3621 G13
200
500
550
400
25 25 150
TOP FET
BOTTOM FET
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
0
–5
∆V
OUT
(%)
500
5
3621 G14
1000
1500
4
3
2
1
0
–1
–2
–3
–4
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 3.3V
FORCED CONTINUOUS MODE
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
0
–0.5
∆V
OUT
ERROR (%)
4321
0.5
3621 G15
8765 11109 12
17
16151413
0.3
0.1
–0.1
–0.3
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
VIN SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
4
5
6
25 75
3521 G17
3
2
–25 0 50 100 125 150
1
0
SLEEP
SHUTDOWN
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–100 –50
REFERENCE VOLTAGE
599.5
600.0
600.5
3521 G11
599.0
598.5
050 100
150
598.0
597.5
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
–3
SW LEAKAGE (µA)
3
0
12
15
18
50
30
3621 G18
9
6
0
–25 75 100
25 150125
21
24
27
BOTTOM FET
TOP FET
LOAD CURRENT (A)
EFFICIENCY (%)
3621 G16
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.0001 0.001 0.1
1
0.01
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 2.5V
VOUT = 3.3V
VOUT = 5V
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
7
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
pin FuncTions
(DFN/MSOP)
block DiagraM
SW (Pin 1/Pin 1): Switch Node Connection to the Inductor
of the Step-Down Regulator.
VIN (Pin 2/Pin 2): Input Voltage of the Step-Down Regulator.
RUN (Pin 3/Pin 3): Logic Controlled RUN Input. Do not
leave this pin floating. Logic high activates the step-down
regulator.
FB (Pin 4/Pin 5): Feedback Input to the Error Amplifier
of the Step-Down Regulator. Connect a resistor divider
tap to this pin. The output voltage can be adjusted from
0.6V to VIN by:
VOUT = 0.6V • [1 + (R2/R1)]
For Fixed VOUT options, connect the FB pin directly to VOUT.
PGOOD (Pin 4, MSOP Package Only): VOUT within Regu-
lation Indicator.
INTVCC (Pin 5/Pin 6): Low Dropout Regulator. Bypass with
at least 1µF to Ground.
MODE/SYNC (Pin 6/Pin 7): Burst Mode Select and External
Clock Synchronization of the Step-Down Regulator. Tie
MODE/SYNC to INTVCC for Burst Mode operation with a
400mA peak current clamp, tie MODE/SYNC to GND for
pulse skipping operation, and tie MODE/SYNC to a volt-
age between 1V and VINTVCC – 1.2V for forced continuous
mode. Furthermore, connecting MODE/SYNC to an external
clock will sync the system clock to the external clock and
put the part in forced continuous mode.
GND (Exposed Pad Pin 7/Pin 9): Ground Backplane for
Power and Signal Ground. Must be soldered to PCB ground.
SGND (Pin 8, MSOP Package Only): Signal Ground.
+
+
+
+
V
ERROR
AMPLIFIER BURST
AMPLIFIER
MAIN
I-COMPARATOR
+
+
OVERCURRENT
COMPARATOR
REVERSE
COMPARATOR
0.6V
FB
ITH
MODE/SYNC
RUN
PGOOD
INTVCC
CLK
VIN – 5V SW
GND
3621 BD
VIN
FIXED VOUT
INTVCC
OSCILLATOR
LDO
MS8E PACKAGE ONLY
BUCK
LOGIC
AND
GATE DRIVE
SLOPE
COMPENSATION
0.8ms
SOFT-START
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
8
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
operaTion
The LTC3621 uses a constant-frequency, peak current
mode architecture. It operates through a wide VIN range
and regulates with ultralow quiescent current. The opera-
tion frequency is set at either 2.25MHz or 1MHz and can
be synchronized to an external oscillator ±40% of the
inherent frequency. To suit a variety of applications, the
selectable MODE/SYNC pin allows the user to trade off
output ripple for efficiency.
The output voltage is set by an external divider returned to
the FB pin. An error amplifier compares the divided output
voltage with a reference voltage of 0.6V and adjusts the
peak inductor current accordingly. In the MS8E package,
overvoltage and undervoltage comparators will pull the
PGOOD output low if the output voltage is not within 7.5%
of the programmed value. The PGOOD output will go high
immediately after achieving regulation and will go low 32
clock cycles after falling out of regulation.
Main Control Loop
During normal operation, the top power switch (P-channel
MOSFET) is turned on at the beginning of a clock cycle.
The inductor current is allowed to ramp up to a peak level.
Once that level is reached, the top power switch is turned
off and the bottom switch (N-channel MOSFET) is turned
on until the next clock cycle. The peak current level is con-
trolled by the internally compensated ITH voltage, which is
the output of the error amplifier. This amplifier compares
the FB voltage to the 0.6V internal reference. When the
load current increases, the FB voltage decreases slightly
below the reference, which causes the error amplifier to
increase the ITH voltage until the average inductor current
matches the new load current.
The main control loop is shut down by pulling the RUN
pin to ground.
Low Current Operation
Two discontinuous-conduction modes (DCMs) are available
to control the operation of the LTC3621 at low currents.
Both modes, Burst Mode operation and pulse-skipping,
automatically switch from continuous operation to the
selected mode when the load current is low.
To optimize efficiency, Burst Mode operation can be selected
by tying the MODE/SYNC pin to INTVCC. In Burst Mode
operation, the peak inductor current is set to be at least
400mA, even if the output of the error amplifier demands
less. Thus, when the switcher is on at relatively light output
loads, FB voltage will rise and cause the ITH voltage to
drop. Once the ITH voltage goes below 0.2V, the switcher
goes into its sleep mode with both power switches off.
The switcher remains in this sleep state until the external
load pulls the output voltage below its regulation point.
During sleep mode, the part draws an ultralow 3.5µA of
quiescent current from VIN.
To minimize VOUT ripple, pulse-skipping mode can be se-
lected by grounding the MODE/SYNC pin. In the LTC3621,
pulse-skipping mode is implemented similarly to Burst
Mode operation with the peak inductor current set to be
at about 66mA. This results in lower output voltage ripple
than in Burst Mode operation with the trade-off being
slightly lower efficiency.
Forced Continuous Mode Operation
Aside from the two discontinuous-conduction modes,
the LTC3621 also has the ability to operate in the forced
continuous mode by setting the MODE/SYNC voltage
between 1V and VINTVCC – 1V. In forced continuous mode,
the switcher will switch cycle by cycle regardless of what
the output load current is. If forced continuous mode is
selected, the minimum peak current is set to be –133mA
in order to ensure that the part can operate continuously
at zero output load.
High Duty Cycle/Dropout Operation
When the input supply voltage decreases towards the output
voltage, the duty cycle increases and slope compensation
is required to maintain the fixed switching frequency. The
LTC3621 has internal circuitry to accurately maintain the
peak current limit (ILIM) of 1.6A even at high duty cycles.
As the duty cycle approaches 100%, the LTC3621 enters
dropout operation. During dropout, if force continuous
mode is selected, the top PMOS switch is turned on
continuously, and all active circuitry is kept alive. How-
ever, if Burst Mode operation or pulse-skipping mode is
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
9
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
operaTion
selected, the part will transition in and out of sleep mode
depending on the output load current. This significantly
reduces the quiescent current, thus prolonging the use
of the input supply.
VIN Overvoltage Protection
In order to protect the internal power MOSFET devices
against transient voltage spikes, the LTC3621 constantly
monitors the VIN pin for an overvoltage condition. When
VIN rises above 19V, the regulator suspends operation by
shutting off both power MOSFETs. Once VIN drops below
18.7V, the regulator immediately resumes normal opera-
tion. The regulator executes its soft-start function when
exiting an overvoltage condition.
Output Voltage Programming
For non-fixed output voltage parts, the output voltage is
set by external resistive divider according to the following
equation:
VOUT = 0.6V 1+ R2
R1
The resistive divider allows the FB pin to sense a fraction
of the output voltage as shown in Figure 1.
IRMS IOUT(MAX)
VOUT
VIN
VIN
VOUT
1
This formula has a maximum at VIN = 2VOUT, where:
IRMS
I
OUT
2
This simple worst-case condition is commonly used for
design because even significant deviations do not offer
much relief. Note that ripple current ratings from capacitor
manufacturers are often based on only 2000 hours of life
which makes it advisable to further derate the capacitor,
or choose a capacitor rated at a higher temperature than
required. Several capacitors may also be paralleled to meet
size or height requirements in the design. For low input
voltage applications, sufficient bulk input capacitance is
needed to minimize transient effects during output load
changes.
Output Capacitor (COUT) Selection
The selection of COUT is determined by the effective series
resistance (ESR) that is required to minimize voltage ripple
and load step transients as well as the amount of bulk
capacitance that is necessary to ensure that the control
loop is stable. Loop stability can be checked by viewing
Low Supply Operation
The LTC3621 incorporates an undervoltage lockout circuit
which shuts down the part when the input voltage drops
below 2.7V. As the input voltage rises slightly above the
undervoltage threshold, the switcher will begin its basic
operation. However, the RDS(ON) of the top and bottom
switch will be slightly higher than that specified in the
electrical characteristics due to lack of gate drive. Refer
to graph of RDS(ON) versus VIN for more details.
Soft-Start
The LTC3621 has an internal 800µs soft-start ramp. During
start-up soft-start operation, the switcher will operate in
pulse-skipping mode.
applicaTions inForMaTion
V
OUT
R2
R1
3621 F01
C
FF
LTC3621
SGND
FB
Figure 1. Setting the Output Voltage
Input Capacitor (CIN) Selection
The input capacitance, CIN, is needed to filter the square
wave current at the drain of the top power MOSFET. To
prevent large voltage transients from occurring, a low
ESR input capacitor sized for the maximum RMS current
should be used. The maximum RMS current is given by:
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
10
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
applicaTions inForMaTion
the load transient response. The output ripple, VOUT, is
determined by:
VOUT < IL
1
8fCOUT
+ESR
∆ ∆
The output ripple is highest at maximum input voltage
since IL increases with input voltage. Multiple capaci-
tors placed in parallel may be needed to meet the ESR
and RMS current handling requirements. Dry tantalum,
special polymer
, aluminum electrolytic, and ceramic
capacitors are all available in surface mount packages.
Special polymer capacitors are very low ESR but have
lower capacitance density than other types. Tantalum
capacitors have the highest capacitance density but it is
important to only use types that have been surge tested
for use in switching power supplies. Aluminum electrolytic
capacitors have significantly higher ESR, but can be used
in cost-sensitive applications provided that consideration
is given to ripple current ratings and long-term reliability.
Ceramic capacitors have excellent low ESR characteristics
and small footprints.
Using Ceramic Input and Output Capacitors
Higher values, lower cost ceramic capacitors are now
becoming available in smaller case sizes. Their high ripple
current, high voltage rating and low ESR make them ideal
for switching regulator applications. However, care must
be taken when these capacitors are used at the input and
output. When a ceramic capacitor is used at the input
and the power is supplied by a wall adapter through long
wires, a load step at the output can induce ringing at the
VIN input. At best, this ringing can couple to the output and
be mistaken as loop instability. At worst, a sudden inrush
of current through the long wires can potentially cause
a voltage spike at VIN large enough to damage the part.
When choosing the input and output ceramic capacitors,
choose the X5R and X7R dielectric formulations. These
dielectrics have the best temperature and voltage char-
acteristics of all the ceramics for a given value and size.
Since the ESR of a ceramic capacitor is so low, the input
and output capacitor must instead fulfill a charge storage
requirement. During a load step, the output capacitor must
instantaneously supply the current to support the load
until the feedback loop raises the switch current enough
to support the load. Typically, five cycles are required to
respond to a load step, but only in the first cycle does the
output voltage drop linearly. The output droop, VDROOP, is
usually about three times the linear drop of the first cycle.
Thus, a good place to start with the output capacitor value
is approximately:
COUT = 3 IOUT
fVDROOP
More capacitance may be required depending on the duty
cycle and load-step requirements. In most applications,
the input capacitor is merely required to supply high
frequency bypassing, since the impedance to the supply
is very low. A 10μF ceramic capacitor is usually enough
for these conditions. Place this input capacitor as close
to the VIN pin as possible.
Output Power Good
In the MS8E package, when the LTC3621’s output voltage
is within the ±7.5% window of the regulation point, the
output voltage is good and the PGOOD pin is pulled high
with an external resistor. Otherwise, an internal open-drain
pull-down device (275Ω) will pull the PGOOD pin low.
To prevent unwanted PGOOD glitches during transients
or dynamic VOUT changes, the LTC3621’s PGOOD fall-
ing edge includes a blanking delay of approximately 32
switching cycles.
Frequency Sync Capability
The LTC3621 has the capability to sync to a frequency within
a ±40% range of the internal programmed frequency. It
takes 2 to 3 cycles of external clock pulses to engage the
sync mode. If the external clock signal were to stop switch-
ing during operation, it will take roughly 7μs for the part’s
internal sync signal to go low and respond accordingly.
Once engaged in sync, the LTC3621 immediately runs at
the external clock frequency in forced continuous mode.
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
11
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
applicaTions inForMaTion
Inductor Selection
Given the desired input and output voltages, the inductor
value and operating frequency determine the ripple current:
IL=VOUT
fL1– VOUT
VIN(MAX)
Lower ripple current reduces power losses in the inductor,
ESR losses in the output capacitors and output voltage
ripple. Highest efficiency operation is obtained at low
frequency with small ripple current. However, achieving
this requires a large inductor. There is a trade-off between
component size, efficiency and operating frequency.
A reasonable starting point is to choose a ripple current
that is about 40% of IOUT(MAX). To guarantee that ripple
current does not exceed a specified maximum, the induc-
tance should be chosen according to:
L = VOUT
f∆IL(MAX)
1– VOUT
VIN(MAX)
Once the value for L is known, the type of inductor must
be selected. Actual core loss is independent of core size
for a fixed inductor value, but is very dependent on the
inductance selected. As the inductance or frequency in-
creases, core losses decrease. Unfortunately, increased
inductance requires more turns of wire and therefore
copper losses will increase. Copper losses also increase
as frequency increases.
Ferrite designs have very low core losses and are pre-
ferred at high switching frequencies, so design goals can
concentrate on copper loss and preventing saturation.
Ferrite core material saturates “hard”, which means that
inductance collapses abruptly when the peak design current
is exceeded. This results in an abrupt increase in inductor
ripple current and consequent output voltage ripple. Do
not allow the core to saturate!
Different core materials and shapes will change the size/
current and price/current relationship of an inductor. Toroid
or shielded pot cores in ferrite or permalloy materials are
small and don’t radiate much energy, but generally cost
more than powdered iron core inductors with similar
characteristics. The choice of which style inductor to use
mainly depends on the price versus size requirements
and any radiated field/EMI requirements. New designs
for surface mount inductors are available from Coilcraft,
Toko, Vishay, NEC/Tokin, TDK and Würth Electronik. Refer
to Table 1 for more details.
Checking Transient Response
The regular loop response can be checked by looking at the
load transient response. Switching regulators take several
cycles to respond to a step in load current. When a load step
occurs, VOUT immediately shifts by an amount equal to the
ILOAD ESR, where ESR is the effective series resistance
of COUT. ILOAD also begins to charge or discharge COUT
generating a feedback error signal used by the regulator to
return VOUT to its steady-state value. During this recovery
time, VOUT can be monitored for overshoot or ringing that
would indicate a stability problem.
The initial output voltage step may not be within the
bandwidth of the feedback loop, so the standard second
order overshoot/DC ratio cannot be used to determine
phase margin. In addition, a feedforward capacitor can
be added to improve the high frequency response, as
shown in Figure 1. Capacitor CFF provides phase lead by
creating a high frequency zero with R2, which improves
the phase margin.
The output voltage settling behavior is related to the sta-
bility of the closed-loop system and will demonstrate the
actual overall supply performance. L
TpowerCAD™ and
LTSpice
®
can be used to check control loop and transient
performance.
In some applications, a more severe transient can be caused
by switching in loads with large (>1µF) load capacitors.
The discharged load capacitors are effectively put in paral-
lel with COUT, causing a rapid drop in VOUT. No regulator
can deliver enough current to prevent this problem if the
switch connecting the load has low resistance and is driven
quickly. The solution is to limit the turn-on speed of the
load switch driver. A Hot Swap™ controller is designed
specifically for this purpose and usually incorporates
current limiting, short-circuit protection and soft-starting.
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
12
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
applicaTions inForMaTion
Efficiency Considerations
The percent efficiency of a switching regulator is equal to
the output power divided by the input power times 100%.
It is often useful to analyze individual losses to determine
what is limiting the efficiency and which change would
produce the most improvement. Percent efficiency can
be expressed as:
% Efficiency = 100% – (Loss1 + Loss2 + …)
where Loss1, Loss2, etc. are the individual losses as a
percentage of input power. Although all dissipative elements
in the circuit produce losses, three main sources usually
account for most of the losses in LTC3621 circuits: 1) I2R
losses, 2) switching and biasing losses, 3) other losses.
1. I2R losses are calculated from the DC resistances of
the internal switches, RSW, and external inductor, RL.
In continuous mode, the average output current flows
through inductor L but is “chopped” between the
internal top and bottom power MOSFETs. Thus, the
series resistance looking into the SW pin is a function
of both top and bottom MOSFET RDS(ON) and the duty
cycle (DC) as follows:
RSW = (RDS(ON)TOP)(DC) + (RDS(ON)BOT)(1 – DC)
The RDS(ON) for both the top and bottom MOSFETs can be
obtained from the Typical Performance Characteristics
curves. Thus to obtain I2R losses:
I2R losses = IOUT2(RSW + RL)
Table 1. Inductor Selection Table
INDUCTOR
INDUCTANCE
(µH)
DCR
(mΩ)
MAX CURRENT
(A)
DIMENSIONS
(mm)
HEIGHT
(mm) MANUFACTURER
IHLP-1616BZ-11 Series 1.0
2.2
4.7
24
61
95
4.5
3.25
1.7
4.3 × 4.7
4.3 × 4.7
4.3 × 4.7
2
2
2
Vishay
www.vishay.com
IHLP-2020BZ-01 Series 1
2.2
3.3
4.7
5.6
6.8
18.9
45.6
79.2
108
113
139
7
4.2
3.3
2.8
2.5
2.4
5.4 × 5.7
5.4 × 5.7
5.4 × 5.7
5.4 × 5.7
5.4 × 5.7
5.4 × 5.7
2
2
2
2
2
2
FDV0620 Series 1
2.2
3.3
4.7
18
37
51
68
5.7
4
3.2
2.8
6.7 × 7.4
6.7 × 7.4
6.7 × 7.4
6.7 × 7.4
2
2
2
2
Toko
www.toko.com
MPLC0525L Series 1
1.5
2.2
16
24
40
6.4
5.2
4.1
6.2 × 5.4
6.2 × 5.4
6.2 × 5.4
2.5
2.5
2.5
NEC/Tokin
www.nec-tokin.com
XFL4020 Series 1.0
1.5
2.2
3.3
4.7
10.8
14.4
21.3
34.8
52.2
5.1
4.4
3.5
2.5
2.5
4 × 4
4 × 4
4 × 4
4 × 4
4 × 4
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
Coilcraft
www.coilcraft.com
RLF7030 Series 1
1.5
2.2
3.3
4.7
6.8
8.8
9.6
12
20
31
45
6.4
6.1
5.4
4.1
3.4
2.8
6.9 × 7.3
6.9 × 7.3
6.9 × 7.3
6.9 × 7.3
6.9 × 7.3
6.9 × 7.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
TDK
www.tdk.com
WE-TPC 4828 Series 1.2
1.8
2.2
2.7
3.3
3.9
4.7
17
20
23
27
30
47
52
3.1
2.7
2.5
2.35
2.15
1.72
1.55
4.8 × 4.8
4.8 × 4.8
4.8 × 4.8
4.8 × 4.8
4.8 × 4.8
4.8 × 4.8
4.8 × 4.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
Würth Elektronik
www.we-online.com
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
13
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
applicaTions inForMaTion
2. The switching current is the sum of the MOSFET driver
and control currents. The power MOSFET driver current
results from switching the gate capacitance of the power
MOSFETs. Each time a power MOSFET gate is switched
from low to high to low again, a packet of charge dQ
moves from VIN to ground. The resulting dQ/dt is a
current out of VIN that is typically much larger than the
DC control bias current. In continuous mode, IGATECHG
= f(QT + QB), where QT and QB are the gate charges of
the internal top and bottom power MOSFETs and f is
the switching frequency. The power loss is thus:
Switching Loss = IGATECHG • VIN
The gate charge loss is proportional to VIN and f and
thus their effects will be more pronounced at higher
supply voltages and higher frequencies.
3. Other “hidden” losses such as transition loss and cop-
per trace and internal load resistances can account for
additional efficiency degradations in the overall power
system. It is very important to include these “system”
level losses in the design of a system. Transition loss
arises from the brief amount of time the top power
MOSFET spends in the saturated region during switch
node transitions. The LTC3621 internal power devices
switch quickly enough that these losses are not sig-
nificant compared to other sources. These losses plus
other losses, including diode conduction losses during
dead-time and inductor core losses, generally account
for less than 2% total additional loss.
Thermal Conditions
In a majority of applications, the LTC3621 does not dis-
sipate much heat due to its high efficiency and low thermal
resistance of its exposed pad package. However, in ap-
plications where the LTC3621 is running at high ambient
temperature, high VIN, high switching frequency, and
maximum output current load, the heat dissipated may
exceed the maximum junction temperature of the part. If
the junction temperature reaches approximately 160°C,
both power switches will be turned off until the temperature
drops about 15°C cooler.
To avoid the LTC3621 from exceeding the maximum junc-
tion temperature, the user will need to do some thermal
analysis. The goal of the thermal analysis is to determine
whether the power dissipated exceeds the maximum
junction temperature of the part. The temperature rise is
given by:
TRISE = PDθJA
As an example, consider the case when the LTC3621
is used in applications where VIN = 12V, IOUT = 1A,
f = 2.25MHz, VOUT = 1.8V. The equivalent power MOSFET
resistance RSW is:
RSW =RDS(ON)TOP VOUT
VIN
+RDS(ON)BOT 1– VOUT
VIN
= 370mΩ 1.8V
12V +150mΩ 11.8V
12V
=183m
The VIN current during 2.25MHz force continuous opera-
tion with no load is about 5mA, which includes switching
and internal biasing current loss, transition loss, inductor
core loss and other losses in the application. Therefore,
the total power dissipated by the part is:
PD = IOUT2 • RSW + VIN • IIN(Q)
= 1A2 • 183mΩ + 12V • 5mA
= 243mW
The DFN 2mm × 3mm package junction-to-ambient thermal
resistance, θJA, is around 64°C/W. Therefore, the junction
temperature of the regulator operating in a 25°C ambient
temperature is approximately:
TJ = 0.243W • 64°C/W + 25°C = 40.6°C
Remembering that the above junction temperature is
obtained from an RDS(ON) at 25°C, we might recalculate
the junction temperature based on a higher RDS(ON) since
it increases with temperature. Redoing the calculation
assuming that RSW increased 5% at 40.6°C yields a new
junction temperature of 41.1°C. If the application calls
for a higher ambient temperature and/or higher switching
frequency, care should be taken to reduce the temperature
rise of the part by using a heat sink or forced air flow.
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
14
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
VOUT
COUT
L1
3621 F03
VIN
CIN
GND
Board Layout Considerations
When laying out the printed circuit board, the following
checklist should be used to ensure proper operation of
the LTC3621 (refer to Figure 3). Check the following in
your layout:
5. Keep sensitive components away from the SW pin. The
feedback resistors and INTVCC bypass capacitors should
be routed away from the SW trace and the inductor.
6. A ground plane is preferred.
7. Flood all unused areas on all layers with copper, which
reduces the temperature rise of power components.
These copper areas should be connected to GND.
Design Example
As a design example, consider using the LTC3621 in an
application with the following specifications:
VIN = 10.8V to 13.2V
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT(MAX) = 1A
IOUT(MIN) = 0A
fSW = 2.25MHz
Because efficiency and quiescent current is important at
both 500mA and 0A current states, Burst Mode operation
will be utilized.
Given the internal oscillator of 2.25MHz, we can calcu-
late the inductor value for about 40% ripple current at
maximum VIN:
L = 3.3V
2.25MHz 0.4A
1– 3.3V
13.2V
= 2.75µH
Given this, a 2.7µH or 3.3µH, >1.2A inductor would suffice.
COUT will be selected based on the ESR that is required to
satisfy the output voltage ripple requirement and the bulk
capacitance needed for loop stability. For this design, a
22µF ceramic capacitor will be used.
CIN should be sized for a maximum current rating of:
IRMS =1A 3.3V
13.2V
13.2V
3.3V 1
1/2
= 0.43A
Decoupling the VIN pin with 10µF ceramic capacitors is
adequate for most applications.
applicaTions inForMaTion
1. Do the capacitors CIN connect to the VIN pin and GND
pin as close as possible? These capacitors provide the
AC current to the internal power MOSFETs and their
drivers.
2. Are COUT and L closely connected? The (–) plate of
COUT returns current to GND.
3. The resistive divider, R1 and R2, must be connected
between the (+) plate of COUT and a ground line ter-
minated near GND. The feedback signal VFB should be
routed away from noisy components and traces, such
as the SW line, and its trace should be minimized. Keep
R1 and R2 close to the IC.
4. Solder the exposed pad (Pin 7 for DFN, Pin 9 for MSOP)
on the bottom of the package to the GND plane. Connect
this GND plane to other layers with thermal vias to help
dissipate heat from the LTC3621.
Figure 3. Sample PCB Layout
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
15
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
3.00 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
2.00 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
NOTE:
1. DRAWING TO BE MADE A JEDEC PACKAGE OUTLINE M0-229 VARIATION OF (TBD)
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
4. DIMENSIONS OF EXPOSED PAD ON BOTTOM OF PACKAGE DO NOT INCLUDE
MOLD FLASH. MOLD FLASH, IF PRESENT, SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.15mm ON ANY SIDE
5. EXPOSED PAD SHALL BE SOLDER PLATED
6. SHADED AREA IS ONLY A REFERENCE FOR PIN 1 LOCATION ON THE
TOP AND BOTTOM OF PACKAGE
0.40 ±0.10
BOTTOM VIEW—EXPOSED PAD
1.65 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
0.75 ±0.05
R = 0.115
TYP
R = 0.05
TYP
1.35 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
1
3
64
PIN 1 BAR
TOP MARK
(SEE NOTE 6)
0.200 REF
0.00 – 0.05
(DCB6) DFN 0405
0.25 ±0.05
0.50 BSC
PIN 1 NOTCH
R0.20 OR 0.25
×
45° CHAMFER
0.25 ±0.05
1.35 ±0.05
(2 SIDES)
RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD PITCH AND DIMENSIONS
1.65 ±0.05
(2 SIDES)
2.15 ±0.05
0.70 ±0.05
3.55 ±0.05
PACKAGE
OUTLINE
0.50 BSC
DCB Package
6-Lead Plastic DFN (2mm × 3mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1715 Rev A)
package DescripTion
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/designtools/packaging/ for the most recent package drawings.
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
16
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
package DescripTion
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/designtools/packaging/ for the most recent package drawings.
MSOP (MS8E) 0213 REV K
0.53 ±0.152
(.021 ±.006)
SEATING
PLANE
NOTE:
1. DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETER/(INCH)
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS.
MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
4. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS.
INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
5. LEAD COPLANARITY (BOTTOM OF LEADS AFTER FORMING) SHALL BE 0.102mm (.004") MAX
6. EXPOSED PAD DIMENSION DOES INCLUDE MOLD FLASH. MOLD FLASH ON E-PAD
SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.254mm (.010") PER SIDE.
0.18
(.007)
0.254
(.010)
1.10
(.043)
MAX
0.22 – 0.38
(.009 – .015)
TYP
0.86
(.034)
REF
0.65
(.0256)
BSC
0° – 6° TYP
DETAIL “A”
DETAIL “A”
GAUGE PLANE
1 2 34
4.90 ±0.152
(.193 ±.006)
8
8
1
BOTTOM VIEW OF
EXPOSED PAD OPTION
765
3.00 ±0.102
(.118 ±.004)
(NOTE 3)
3.00 ±0.102
(.118 ±.004)
(NOTE 4)
0.52
(.0205)
REF
1.68
(.066)
1.88
(.074)
5.10
(.201)
MIN
3.20 – 3.45
(.126 – .136)
1.68 ±0.102
(.066 ±.004)
1.88 ±0.102
(.074 ±.004) 0.889 ±0.127
(.035 ±.005)
RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD LAYOUT
0.65
(.0256)
BSC
0.42 ±0.038
(.0165
±.0015)
TYP
0.1016 ±0.0508
(.004 ±.002)
DETAIL “B”
DETAIL “B”
CORNER TAIL IS PART OF
THE LEADFRAME FEATURE.
FOR REFERENCE ONLY
NO MEASUREMENT PURPOSE
0.05 REF
0.29
REF
MS8E Package
8-Lead Plastic MSOP, Exposed Die Pad
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1662 Rev K)
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
17
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representa-
tion that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.
revision hisTory
REV DATE DESCRIPTION PAGE NUMBER
A 08/13 Updated Efficiency curve
Input quiescent current limits changed
Oscillator frequency (fOSC) conditions changed
1
2
2
B 03/14 Clarified Features and Description
Clarified options
Clarified ordering info and Absolute Maximum Ratings
Added Note 7
Clarified electrical specifications
Clarified pin descriptions, Block Diagram
Clarified Operation description
Added box to figure
Clarified Applications Information
Clarified Typical Application
Swapped locations of CFB and R1
1
1
2
2 - 3
3
6
7
7
9 - 13
16
18
C 04/15 Added H-Grade Options and Specifications
Added H-Grade Options and Specifications
Clarified Graphs to Accommodate 150°C Performance
2, 3
4
5, 6
LTC3621/LTC3621-2
18
3621fc
For more information www.linear.com/LTC3621
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2013
LT 0415 REV C • PRINTED IN USA
Linear Technology Corporation
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900 FAX: (408) 434-0507 www.linear.com/LTC3621
relaTeD parTs
Typical applicaTion
PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION COMMENTS
LTC3646/
LTC3646-1
40V, 1A (IOUT), 3MHz Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 4V to 40V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.6V, IQ = 140µA, ISD < 8µA,
3mm × 4mm DFN-14, MSOP-16E Packages
LTC3600 1.5A, 15V
, 4MHz Synchronous Rail-to-Rail Single
Resistor Step-Down Regulator
95% Efficiency, VIN: 4V to 15V, VOUT(MIN) = 0V, IQ = 700µA, ISD < 1µA,
3mm × 3mm DFN-12, MSOP-12E Packages
LTC3601 15V
, 1.5A (IOUT) 4MHz Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 4.5V to 15V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.6V, IQ = 300µA, ISD < 1µA,
4mm × 4mm QFN-20, MSOP-16E Packages
LTC3603 15V
, 2.5A (IOUT) 3MHz Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 4.5V to 15V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.6V, IQ = 75µA, ISD < 1µA,
4mm × 4mm QFN-20, MSOP-16E Packages
LTC3633/
L
TC3633A
15V/20V, Dual 3A (IOUT) 4MHz Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 3.6V to 15V/20V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.6V, IQ = 500µA, ISD < 15µA,
4mm × 5mm QFN-28, TSSOP-28E Packages. A Version Up to 20VIN
LTC3605/
LTC3605A
15V/20V, 5A (IOUT) 4MHz Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 4V to 15V/20V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.6V, IQ = 2mA, ISD < 15µA,
4mm × 4mm QFN-24 Package. A Version Up to 20VIN
LTC3604 15V, 2.5A (IOUT) 4MHz Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
95% Efficiency, VIN: 3.6V to 15V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.6V, IQ = 300µA, ISD < 14µA,
3mm × 3mm QFN-16, MSOP-16E Packages
LTC1877 600mA (IOUT) 550kHz Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
VIN: 2.7V to 10V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.8V, IO = 10µA, ISD < 1µA, MSOP-8 Package
LT8610/LT8611 42V, 2.5A (IOUT) Synchronous Step-Down
DC/DC Converter
96% Efficiency, VIN: 3.4V to 42V, VOUT(MIN) = 0.97V, IQ = 2.5µA, ISD < 1µA,
MSOP-16E Package
R3
187k
CFB
22pF
C1
F
COUT
22µF
3621 TA02
L1
3.3µH VOUT
5V
R4
25.5k
VIN
RUN
SW
VIN
12V
LTC3621-2
GND
FB
MODE/SYNC
INTVCC
CIN
10µF
3621 TA02
5VOUT with 400mA Burst Mode Operation, 2.25MHz
1.2VOUT, Forced Continuous Mode, 1MHz
1.2VOUT, Synchronized to 600kHz, Forced Continuous Mode
CFB
22pF
C1
F
COUT
22µF
1.2V2.7V TO 17V
3621 TA03
L1
3.3µH
R5
604k
1V
VIN
RUN
SW
LTC3621
GND
FB
MODE/SYNC
INTVCC
CIN
10µF
R1
604k
V
VOUT
VIN
CFB
22pF
C1
F
COUT
22µF
1.2V2.7V TO 17V
3621 TA04
L1
4.7µH
R5
604k
600kHz CLK
VIN
RUN
SW
LTC3621
GND
FB
MODE/SYNC
INTVCC
CIN
10µF
R1
604k
V
V
OUT
V
IN

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