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ADP151 Series

Analog Devices Inc.

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Datasheet

Ultralow Noise, 200 mA,
CMOS Linear Regulator
Data Sheet
ADP151
Rev. E
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other
rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700 www.analog.com
Fax: 781.461.3113 ©20102012 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
FEATURES
Ultralow noise: 9 µV rms
No noise bypass capacitor required
Stable with 1 µF ceramic input and output capacitors
Maximum output current: 200 mA
Input voltage range: 2.2 V to 5.5 V
Low quiescent current
IGND = 10 µA with 0 load
IGND = 265 μA with 200 mA load
Low shutdown current: <1 µA
Low dropout voltage: 140 mV at 200 mA load
Initial accuracy: ±1%
Accuracy over line, load, and temperature: ±2.5%
16 fixed output voltage options: 1.1 V to 3.3 V
PSRR performance of 70 dB at 10 kHz
Current-limit and thermal overload protection
Logic controlled enable
Internal pull-down resistor on EN input
5-lead TSOT package
6-lead LFCSP package
4-ball, 0.4 mm pitch WLCSP
APPLICATIONS
RF, VCO, and PLL power supplies
Mobile phones
Digital camera and audio devices
Portable and battery-powered equipment
Post dc-to-dc regulation
Portable medical devices
TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUIT
NC = NO CONNECT
1
2
3
5
4
1µF
1µF
V
OUT
= 1.8VV
IN
= 2.3V VOUT
NC
VIN
GND
EN
OFF
ON
08627-001
Figure 1. TSOT ADP151 with Fixed Output Voltage, 1.8 V
VIN VOUT
1 2
EN GND
C
OUT
1µF
C
IN
V
OUT
= 1.8V
V
IN
= 2.3V
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
A
B
OFF
ON
08627-002
Figure 2. WLCSP ADP151 with Fixed Output Voltage, 1.8 V
ADP151
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
4
6
5
GND
VOUT
NC
3
1
2
EN
VIN
NC
08627-047
NC = NO CONNECT. DO NOT
CONNECT TO THIS PIN.
ON
OFF
1µF 1µF
V
IN
= 2.3V V
OUT
= 1.8V
Figure 3. LFCSP ADP151 with Fixed Output Voltage, 1.8 V
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The ADP151 is an ultralow noise, low dropout linear regulator
that operates from 2.2 V to 5.5 V and provides up to 200 mA
of output current. The low 140 mV dropout voltage at 200 mA
load improves efficiency and allows operation over a wide input
voltage range.
Using an innovative circuit topology, the ADP151 achieves
ultralow noise performance without the necessity of a bypass
capacitor, making it ideal for noise-sensitive analog and RF
applications. The ADP151 also achieves ultralow noise per-
formance without compromising PSRR or transient line and
load performance. The low 265 μA of quiescent current at
200 mA load makes the ADP151 suitable for battery-operated
portable equipment.
The ADP151 also includes an internal pull-down resistor on the
EN input.
The ADP151 is specifically designed for stable operation with
tiny 1 µF, ±30% ceramic input and output capacitors to meet
the requirements of high performance, space constrained
applications.
The ADP151 is capable of 16 fixed output voltage options,
ranging from 1.1 V to 3.3 V.
Short-circuit and thermal overload protection circuits prevent
damage in adverse conditions. The ADP151 is available in tiny
5-lead TSOT, 6-lead LFCSP, and 4-ball, 0.4 mm pitch, halide-free
WLCSP packages for the smallest footprint solution to meet a
variety of portable power application requirements.
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 2 of 24
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
Applications ....................................................................................... 1
Typical Application Circuit ............................................................. 1
General Description ......................................................................... 1
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Specifications ..................................................................................... 3
Input and Output Capacitor, Recommended Specifications .. 4
Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................ 5
Thermal Data ................................................................................ 5
Thermal Resistance ...................................................................... 5
ESD Caution .................................................................................. 5
Pin Configurations and Function Descriptions ........................... 6
Typical Performance Characteristics ..............................................7
Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 11
Applications Information .............................................................. 12
Capacitor Selection .................................................................... 12
Enable Feature ............................................................................ 13
Adjustable Output Voltage Operation ..................................... 13
Current-Limit and Thermal Overload Protection ................. 15
Thermal Considerations ............................................................ 15
Printed Circuit Board Layout Considerations ............................ 20
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 21
Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 22
REVISION HISTORY
4/12—Rev. D to Rev. E
Changes to Figure 33 ...................................................................... 13
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 21
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 22
3/11—Rev. C to Rev. D
Changes to Current-Limit Threshold Temperature Range ......... 4
Added EPAD Notation .................................................................... 6
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 22
1/11—Rev. B to Rev. C
Changes to Figure 23 ........................................................................ 9
12/10—Rev. A to Rev. B
Added LFCSP Package ....................................................... Universal
Added Figure 3; Renumbered Sequentially .................................. 1
Added Table 2 Caption; Renumbered Sequentially ..................... 4
Changes to Table 4 ............................................................................ 5
Added Figure 6, Changes to Table 5 ............................................... 6
Changes to Figure 23 ........................................................................ 9
Changes to Figure 37 and Figure 38 ............................................. 14
Added Figure 51 to Figure 56 ....................................................... 18
Added Figure 59 ............................................................................. 19
Added Figure 62 ............................................................................. 20
Added Figure 65 ............................................................................. 21
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 21
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 23
8/10—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Changes to Figure 8 ........................................................................... 7
Changes to Figure 15 Caption and Figure 16 Caption ................. 8
Changes to Figure 17 Caption and Figure 18 Caption ................. 9
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 21
3/10—Revision 0: Initial Version
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 3 of 24
SPECIFICATIONS
VIN = (VOUT + 0.4 V) or 2.2 V, whichever is greater; EN = VIN, IOUT = 10 mA, CIN = COUT = 1 µF, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter Symbol Conditions Min Typ Max Unit
INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE VIN TJ = −40°C to +125°C 2.2 5.5 V
OPERATING SUPPLY CURRENT IGND IOUT = 0 µA 10 µA
IOUT = 0 µA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 20 µA
IOUT = 100 µA 20 µA
IOUT = 100 µA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 40 µA
IOUT = 10 mA 60 µA
IOUT = 10 mA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 90 µA
IOUT = 200 mA 265 μA
I
OUT
= 200 mA, T
J
= −40°C to +125°C
350
μA
SHUTDOWN CURRENT IGND-SD EN = GND 0.2 µA
EN = GND, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 1.0 µA
OUTPUT VOLTAGE ACCURACY
VOUT IOUT = 10 mA −1 +1 %
TSOT/LFCSP VOUT TJ = −40°C to +125°C
VOUT < 1.8 V
100 µA < IOUT < 200 mA, VIN = (VOUT + 0.4 V) to 5.5 V −3 +2 %
VOUT1.8 V
100 µA < IOUT < 200 mA, VIN = (VOUT + 0.4 V) to 5.5 V 2.5 +1.5 %
WLCSP VOUT TJ = −40°C to +125°C
V
OUT
< 1.8 V
100 µA < IOUT < 200 mA, VIN = (VOUT + 0.4 V) to 5.5 V 2.5 +2 %
VOUT1.8 V
100 µA < IOUT < 200 mA, VIN = (VOUT + 0.4 V) to 5.5 V −2 +1.5 %
REGULATION
Line Regulation ∆VOUT/∆VIN VIN = (VOUT + 0.4 V) to 5.5 V, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 0.05 +0.05 %/V
Load Regulation (TSOT/LFCSP)1 ∆VOUT/∆IOUT VOUT < 1.8 V %/mA
IOUT = 100 µA to 200 mA 0.006 %/mA
IOUT = 100 µA to 200 mA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 0.012 %/mA
VOUT1.8 V
IOUT = 100 µA to 200 mA 0.003 %/mA
IOUT = 100 µA to 200 mA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 0.008 %/mA
Load Regulation (WLCSP)1 ∆VOUT/∆IOUT VOUT < 1.8 V %/mA
IOUT = 100 µA to 200 mA 0.004 %/mA
I
OUT
= 100 µA to 200 mA, T
J
= −40°C to +125°C
0.009
%/mA
VOUT1.8 V
IOUT = 100 µA to 200 mA 0.002 %/mA
IOUT = 100 µA to 200 mA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 0.006 %/mA
DROPOUT VOLTAGE2 VDROPOUT IOUT = 10 mA 10 mV
IOUT = 10 mA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 30 mV
TSOT/LFCSP IOUT = 200 mA 150 mV
IOUT = 200 mA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 230 mV
WLCSP IOUT = 200 mA 135 mV
IOUT = 200 mA, TJ = −40°C to +125°C 200 mV
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 4 of 24
Parameter Symbol Conditions Min Typ Max Unit
START-UP TIME3 tSTART-UP VOUT = 3.3 V 180 µs
CURRENT-LIMIT THRESHOLD
4
LIMIT
T
J
= 0°C to +125°C
220
300
400
mA
UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT TJ = −40°C to +125°C
Input Voltage Rising UVLORISE 1.96 V
Input Voltage Falling UVLOFAL L 1.28 V
Hysteresis UVLOHYS 120 mV
THERMAL SHUTDOWN
Thermal Shutdown Threshold
SD
T
J
rising
150
°
C
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis TSSD-HYS 15 °C
EN INPUT
EN Input Logic High VIH 2.2 V ≤ VIN 5.5 V 1.2 V
EN Input Logic Low VIL 2.2 V VIN 5.5 V 0.4 V
EN Input Pull-Down Resistance REN VIN = VEN = 5.5 V 2.6
OUTPUT NOISE OUTNOISE 10 Hz to 100 kHz, VIN = 5 V, VOUT = 3.3 V 9 µV rms
10 Hz to 100 kHz, VIN = 5 V, VOUT = 2.5 V 9 µV rms
10 Hz to 100 kHz, VIN = 5 V, VOUT = 1.1 V 9 µV rms
POWER SUPPLY REJECTION RATIO PSRR
VIN = VOUT + 0.5 V 10 kHz, VIN = 3.8 V, VOUT = 3.3 V, IOUT = 10 mA 70 dB
100 kHz, VIN = 3.8 V, VOUT = 3.3 V, IOUT = 10 mA 55 dB
VIN = VOUT + 1 V 10 kHz, VIN = 4.3 V, VOUT = 3.3 V, IOUT = 10 mA 70 dB
100 kHz, V
IN
= 4.3 V, V
OUT
= 3.3 V, I
OUT
= 10 mA
55
dB
10 kHz, VIN = 2.2 V, VOUT = 1.1 V, IOUT = 10 mA 70 dB
100 kHz, VIN = 2.2 V, VOUT = 1.1 V, IOUT = 10 mA 55 dB
1 Based on an end-point calculation using 0.1 mA and 200 mA loads. See Figure 8 for typical load regulation performance for loads less than 1 mA.
2 Dropout voltage is defined as the input-to-output voltage differential when the input voltage is set to the nominal output voltage. This applies only for output
voltages above 2.2 V.
3 Start-up time is defined as the time between the rising edge of EN and VOUT being at 90% of its nominal value.
4 Current-limit threshold is defined as the current at which the output voltage drops to 90% of the specified typical value. For example, the current limit for a 3.0 V
output voltage is defined as the current that causes the output voltage to drop to 90% of 3.0 V (that is, 2.7 V).
INPUT AND OUTPUT CAPACITOR, RECOMMENDED SPECIFICATIONS
Table 2.
Parameter Symbol Conditions Min Typ Max Unit
Minimum Input and Output
Capacitance1
CMIN TA = −40°C to +125°C 0.7 µF
Capacitor ESR RESR TA = −40°C to +125°C 0.001 0.2 Ω
1 The minimum input and output capacitance should be greater than 0.7 μF over the full range of operating conditions. The full range of operating conditions in the
application must be considered during device selection to ensure that the minimum capacitance specification is met. X7R and X5R type capacitors are recommended;
Y5V and Z5U capacitors are not recommended for use with any LDO.
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 5 of 24
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 3.
Parameter Rating
VIN to GND 0.3 V to +6.5 V
VOUT to GND 0.3 V to VIN
EN to GND 0.3 V to +6.5V
Storage Temperature Range 65°C to +150°C
Operating Junction Temperature Range 40°C to +125°C
Operating Ambient Temperature Range −40°C to +125°C
Soldering Conditions JEDEC J-STD-020
Stresses above those listed under absolute maximum ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress
rating only and functional operation of the device at these or
any other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
THERMAL DATA
Absolute maximum ratings apply individually only, not in
combination. The ADP151 can be damaged when the junction
temperature limits are exceeded. Monitoring ambient temperature
does not guarantee that TJ is within the specified temperature
limits. In applications with high power dissipation and poor
thermal resistance, the maximum ambient temperature may
have to be derated.
In applications with moderate power dissipation and low PCB
thermal resistance, the maximum ambient temperature can
exceed the maximum limit as long as the junction temperature
is within specification limits. The junction temperature (TJ) of
the device is dependent on the ambient temperature (TA), the
power dissipation of the device (PD), and the junction-to-ambient
thermal resistance of the package JA).
The maximum junction temperature (TJ) is calculated from the
ambient temperature (TA) and power dissipation (PD) using the
formula
TJ = TA + (PD × θJA)
The junction-to-ambient thermal resistanceJA) of the package
is based on modeling and calculation using a 4-layer board. The
junction-to-ambient thermal resistance is highly dependent
on the application and board layout. In applications where high
maximum power dissipation exists, close attention to thermal
board design is required. The value of θJA may vary, depending
on PCB material, layout, and environmental conditions. The
specified values of θJA are based on a 4-layer, 4 in. × 3 in. circuit
board. See JESD51-7 and JESD51-9 for detailed information
on the board construction. For additional information, see the
AN-617 Application Note, MicroCSP Wafer Level Chip Scale
Package, available at www.analog.com.
ΨJB is the junction-to-board thermal characterization parameter
with units of °C/W. ΨJB of the package is based on modeling and
calculation using a 4-layer board. The JESD51-12, Guidelines for
Reporting and Using Electronic Package Thermal Information, states
that thermal characterization parameters are not the same as
thermal resistances. ΨJB measures the component power flowing
through multiple thermal paths rather than a single path as in
thermal resistance, θJB. Therefore, ΨJB thermal paths include
convection from the top of the package as well as radiation from
the package, factors that make ΨJB more useful in real-world
applications. Maximum junction temperature (TJ) is calculated
from the board temperature (TB) and power dissipation (PD)
using the formula
TJ = TB + (PD × ΨJB)
See JESD51-8 and JESD51-12 for more detailed information
about ΨJB.
THERMAL RESISTANCE
θJA and ΨJB are specified for the worst-case conditions, that is, a
device soldered in a circuit board for surface-mount packages.
Table 4. Thermal Resistance
Package Type θJA ΨJB Unit
5-Lead TSOT 170 43 °C/W
4-Ball, 0.4 mm Pitch WLCSP
260
58
°C/W
6-Lead 2 mm × 2 mm LFCSP 63.6 28.3 °C/W
ESD CAUTION
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 6 of 24
PIN CONFIGURATIONS AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
NC = NO CONNECT
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
ADP151
1
2
3
5
4
VIN
GND
EN
VOUT
NC
08627-003
1 2
A
B
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
VIN VOUT
EN GND
08627-004
ADP151
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
3
1
2
GND
VOUT
NC
4
6
5
EN
VIN
NC
08627-048
NOTES
1. NC = NO CONNECT. DO NOT CONNECT TO THIS PIN.
2. THE EXPOSED PAD MUST BE CONNECTED TO GROUND.
Figure 4. 5-Lead TSOT Pin Configuration Figure 5. 4-Ball WLCSP Pin Configuration Figure 6. 6-Lead LFCSP Pin Configuration
Table 5. Pin Function Descriptions
Pin No.
Mnemonic Description
TSOT WLCSP LFCSP
1 A1 6 VIN Regulator Input Supply. Bypass VIN to GND with a 1 µF or greater capacitor.
2 B2 3 GND Ground.
3
B1
4
EN
Enable Input. Drive EN high to turn on the regulator; drive EN low to turn off the regulator.
For automatic startup, connect EN to VIN.
4 N/A 2 NC No Connect. Not connected internally.
5 A2 1 VOUT Regulated Output Voltage. Bypass VOUT to GND with a 1 µF or greater capacitor.
N/A N/A 5 NC No Connect. Not connected internally.
N/A N/A EPAD Exposed Pad. The exposed pad must be connected to ground. The exposed pad enhances
the thermal performance of the package.
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 7 of 24
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
VIN = 5 V, VOUT = 3.3 V, IOUT = 1 mA, CIN = COUT = 1 µF, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
3.35
3.25
3.27
3.29
3.31
3.33
–40 –5 25 85 125
V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
LOAD = 10µA
LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
08627-005
Figure 7. Output Voltage vs. Junction Temperature
3.35
3.25
3.27
3.29
3.31
3.33
0.01 10001001010.1
V
OUT
(V)
I
LOAD
(mA)
08627-006
Figure 8. Output Voltage vs. Load Current
3.35
3.25
3.27
3.29
3.31
3.33
3.6 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.4
V
OUT
(V)
V
IN
(V)
LOAD = 10µA
LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
08627-007
Figure 9. Output Voltage vs. Input Voltage
1k
100
10
1–40 –5 25 85 125
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
LOAD = 10µA
LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
08627-008
Figure 10. Ground Current vs. Junction Temperature
1k
10
100
0.01 10001001010.1
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
I
LOAD
(mA)
08627-009
Figure 11. Ground Current vs. Load Current
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
V
IN
(V)
1k
10
100
3.6 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.4
LOAD = 10µA
LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
08627-010
Figure 12. Ground Current vs. Input Voltage
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 8 of 24
0.45
0.40
0.35
0.30
0.25
0.20
0.15
0.10
0.05
0
–50 –25 1251007550250
SHUTDOWN CURRENT (µA)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
V
IN
= 3.6V
V
IN
= 3.8V
V
IN
= 4.2V
V
IN
= 4.4V
V
IN
= 4.8V
V
IN
= 5.5V
08627-011
Figure 13. Shutdown Current vs. Temperature at Various Input Voltages
120
100
80
60
40
20
0110 100 1000
DROPOUT VOLTAGE (mA)
ILOAD (mA)
08627-012
Figure 14. Dropout Voltage vs. Load Current
3.40
3.00
3.05
3.10
3.15
3.20
3.25
3.30
3.35
3.10 3.15 3.20 3.25 3.30 3.35 3.40 3.45 3.50 3.55
V
OUT
(V)
V
IN
(V)
I
OUT
= 1mA
I
OUT
= 5mA
I
OUT
= 10mA
I
OUT
= 50mA
I
OUT
= 100mA
I
OUT
= 200mA
08627-013
Figure 15. Output Voltage vs. Input Voltage (in Dropout)
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
3.10 3.553.503.453.403.353.303.253.203.15
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
V
IN
(V)
I
OUT
= 1mA
I
OUT
= 5mA
I
OUT
= 10mA
I
OUT
= 50mA
I
OUT
= 100mA
I
OUT
= 200mA
08627-014
Figure 16. Ground Current vs. Input Voltage (in Dropout)
0
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–10010 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
200mA
100mA
10mA
1mA
100µA
08627-015
Figure 17. Power Supply Rejection Ratio vs. Frequency, VOUT = 1.2 V, VIN = 2.2 V
0
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–10010 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
200mA
100mA
10mA
1mA
100µA
08627-016
Figure 18. Power Supply Rejection Ratio vs. Frequency, VOUT = 2.8 V, VIN = 3.3 V
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 9 of 24
0
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–10010 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
200mA
100mA
10mA
1mA
100µA
08627-017
Figure 19. Power Supply Rejection Ratio vs. Frequency, VOUT = 3.3 V, VIN = 3.8 V
0
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–10010 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
V
OUT
= 3.3V, I
OUT
= 200mA
V
OUT
= 3.3V, I
OUT
= 10mA
V
OUT
= 2.8V, I
OUT
= 200mA
V
OUT
= 2.8V, I
OUT
= 10mA
V
OUT
= 1.1V, I
OUT
= 200mA
V
OUT
= 1.1V, I
OUT
= 10mA
08627-018
Figure 20. Power Supply Rejection Ratio vs. Frequency at Various Output Voltages
and Load Currents, VOUT − VIN = 0.5 V, except for VOUT = 1.1 V, VIN = 2.2 V
0
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–10010 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
I
OUT
= 200mA, V
IN
= 3.3V
I
OUT
= 10mA, V
IN
=3.3V
I
OUT
= 200mA, V
IN
= 3.8V
I
OUT
= 10mA, V
IN
= 3.8V
08627-019
Figure 21. Power Supply Rejection Ratio vs. Frequency at Various Voltages
and Load Currents, V
OUT
= 2.8 V
14
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
0.001 0.01 0.1 110 100 1k
NOISE (µV rms)
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
3.3V
2.8V
1.2V
1.1V
08627-020
Figure 22. Output Noise vs. Load Current and Output Voltage,
VIN = 5 V, COUT = 1 μF
1000
10
100
10 100k10k1k100
NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (nV/ Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
3.3V
2.8V
1.2V
1.1V
08627-021
Figure 23. Output Noise Spectral Density vs. Frequency,
VIN = 5 V, ILOAD = 10 mA, COUT = 1 μF
CH1 200mA CH2 50mV M20µs A CH1 64.0mA
T 10.00%
1
2
T
LOAD CURRENT
V
OUT
08627-022
Figure 24. Load Transient Response, CIN, COUT = 1 μF, ILOAD = 1 mA to 200 mA
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 10 of 24
CH1 1V CH2 2mV M10µs A CH1 4.56V
T 10.80%
1
2
T
INPUT VOLTAGE
V
OUT
08627-023
Figure 25. Line Transient Response, CIN, COUT = 1 μF, ILOAD = 200 mA
CH1 1V CH2 2mV M10µs A CH1 4.56V
T 10.80%
1
2
T
INPUT VOLTAGE
V
OUT
08627-024
Figure 26. Line Transient Response, CIN, COUT = 1 μF, ILOAD = 1 mA
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 11 of 24
THEORY OF OPERATION
The ADP151 is an ultralow noise, low quiescent current, low
dropout linear regulator that operates from 2.2 V to 5.5 V and
can provide up to 200 mA of output current. Drawing a low
265 μA of quiescent current (typical) at full load makes the
ADP151 ideal for battery-operated portable equipment.
Shutdown current consumption is typically 200 nA.
Using new innovative design techniques, the ADP151 provides
superior noise performance for noise-sensitive analog and RF
applications without the need for a noise bypass capacitor. The
ADP151 is also optimized for use with small 1 µF ceramic
capacitors.
08627-025
REFERENCE
SHORT-CIRCUIT,
UVLO, AND
THERMAL
PROTECT
SHUTDOWN
R1
R2
R
EN
VOUTVIN
GND
EN
Figure 27. Internal Block Diagram
Internally, the ADP151 consists of a reference, an error amplifier, a
feedback voltage divider, and a PMOS pass transistor. Output
current is delivered via the PMOS pass device, which is controlled
by the error amplifier. The error amplifier compares the reference
voltage with the feedback voltage from the output and amplifies
the difference. If the feedback voltage is lower than the reference
voltage, the gate of the PMOS device is pulled lower, allowing
more current to pass and increasing the output voltage. If the
feedback voltage is higher than the reference voltage, the gate of
the PMOS device is pulled higher, allowing less current to pass
and decreasing the output voltage.
An internal pull-down resistor on the EN input holds the input
low when the pin is left open.
The ADP151 is available in 16 output voltage options, ranging
from 1.1 V to 3.3 V. The ADP151 uses the EN pin to enable and
disable the VOUT pin under normal operating conditions. When
EN is high, VOUT turns on; when EN is low, VOUT turns off.
For automatic startup, EN can be tied to VIN.
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 12 of 24
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
CAPACITOR SELECTION
Output Capacitor
The ADP151 is designed for operation with small, space-saving
ceramic capacitors but can function with most commonly used
capacitors as long as care is taken with regard to the effective
series resistance (ESR) value. The ESR of the output capacitor
affects the stability of the LDO control loop. A minimum of 1 µF
capacitance with an ESR of 1or less is recommended to ensure
the stability of the ADP151. Transient response to changes in load
current is also affected by output capacitance. Using a larger value
of output capacitance improves the transient response of the
ADP151 to large changes in load current. Figure 28 shows the
transient responses for an output capacitance value of 1 µF.
CH1 200mA CH2 50mV M20µs A CH1 64mA
T 10.00%
1
2
T
LOAD CURRENT
V
OUT
08627-026
Figure 28. Output Transient Response, COUT = 1 µF
Input Bypass Capacitor
Connecting a 1 µF capacitor from VIN to GND reduces
the circuit sensitivity to the printed circuit board (PCB) layout,
especially when long input traces or high source impedance
are encountered. If greater than 1 µF of output capacitance is
required, the input capacitor should be increased to match it.
Input and Output Capacitor Properties
Any good quality ceramic capacitor can be used with the
ADP151, as long as it meets the minimum capacitance and
maximum ESR requirements. Ceramic capacitors are manufac-
tured with a variety of dielectrics, each with different behavior
over temperature and applied voltage. Capacitors must have an
adequate dielectric to ensure the minimum capacitance over the
necessary temperature range and dc bias conditions. X5R or X7R
dielectrics with a voltage rating of 6.3 V or 10 V are recommended.
Y5V and Z5U dielectrics are not recommended, due to their
poor temperature and dc bias characteristics.
Figure 29 depicts the capacitance vs. voltage bias characteristic
of an 0402, 1 µF, 10 V X5R capacitor. The voltage stability of a
capacitor is strongly influenced by the capacitor size and voltage
rating. In general, a capacitor in a larger package or higher voltage
rating exhibits better stability. The temperature variation of the
X5R dielectric is 15% over the 40°C to +85°C temperature
range and is not a function of package or voltage rating.
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
00246810
CAPACITANCE (µF)
VOLTAGE BIAS
08627-027
Figure 29. Capacitance vs. Voltage Bias Characteristic
Use Equation 1 to determine the worst-case capacitance, accounting
for capacitor variation over temperature, component tolerance,
and voltage.
CEFF = CBIAS × (1 − TEMPCO) × (1 − TOL) (1)
where:
CBIAS is the effective capacitance at the operating voltage.
TEMPCO is the worst-case capacitor temperature coefficient.
TOL is the worst-case component tolerance.
In this example, the worst-case temperature coefficient (TEMPCO)
over −40°C to +85°C is assumed to be 15% for an X5R dielectric.
The tolerance of the capacitor (TOL) is assumed to be 10%, and
CBIAS is 0.94 μF at 1.8 V, as shown in Figure 29.
Substituting these values in Equation 1 yields
CEFF = 0.94 μF × (1 − 0.15) × (1 − 0.1) = 0.719 μF
Therefore, the capacitor chosen in this example meets the
minimum capacitance requirement of the LDO over tempera-
ture and tolerance at the chosen output voltage.
To guarantee the performance of the ADP151, it is imperative
that the effects of dc bias, temperature, and tolerances on the
behavior of the capacitors be evaluated for each application.
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 13 of 24
ENABLE FEATURE
The ADP151 uses the EN pin to enable and disable the VOUT
pin under normal operating conditions. As shown in Figure 30,
when a rising voltage on EN crosses the active threshold, VOUT
turns on. When a falling voltage on EN crosses the inactive
threshold, VOUT turns off.
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
0.5
1.0
000.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5
V
OUT
ENABLE VOLTAGE
08627-028
Figure 30. ADP151 Typical EN Pin Operation
As shown in Figure 30, the EN pin has hysteresis built in. This
prevents on/off oscillations that can occur due to noise on the
EN pin as it passes through the threshold points.
The EN pin active/inactive thresholds are derived from the VIN
voltage. Therefore, these thresholds vary with changing input
voltage. Figure 31 shows typical EN active/inactive thresholds
when the input voltage varies from 2.2 V to 5.5 V.
1200
1000
800
600
200
400
0
2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.5 5.04.0 5.5
ENABLE VOLTAGE
INPUT VOLTAGE
V
EN
RISE
V
EN
FALL
08627-029
Figure 31. Typical EN Pin Thresholds vs. Input Voltage
The ADP151 uses an internal soft start to limit the inrush current
when the output is enabled. The start-up time for the 3.3 V
option is approximately 160 μs from the time the EN active
threshold is crossed to when the output reaches 90% of its final
value. As shown in Figure 32, the start-up time is dependent on
the output voltage setting.
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0045040035030025020015010050
ENABLE VOLTAGE
TIME (µs)
ENABLE
3.3V
2.8V
1.1V
08627-030
Figure 32. Typical Start-Up Behavior
ADJUSTABLE OUTPUT VOLTAGE OPERATION
The unique architecture of the ADP151 makes an adjustable
version difficult to implement in silicon. However, it is possible
to create an adjustable regulator at the expense of increasing the
quiescent current of the regulator circuit.
The ADP151, and similar LDOs, are designed to regulate the
output voltage, VOUT, appearing at the VOUT pin with respect
to the GND pin. If the GND pin is at a potential other than 0 V
(for example, at VOFFSET), the ADP151 output voltage is VOUT +
VOFFSET. By taking advantage of this behavior, it is possible to
create an adjustable ADP151 circuit that retains most of the
desirable characteristics of the ADP151.
08627-131
U1
1
2
3
5
4
C2
C1
V
OUT
V
IN
VOUT
NC
VIN
GND
EN
C3
R2
V
OFFSET
R1
V
OUT
= V
LDO
× (1 + R2/R1)
Figure 33. Adjustable LDO Using the ADP151
The circuit shown in Figure 33 is an example of an adjustable
LDO using the ADP151. A stable VOFFSET voltage is created by
passing a known current through R2. The current through R2 is
determined by the voltage across R1. Because the voltage across
R1 is set by the voltage between VOUT and GND, the current
passing through R2 is fixed, and VOFFSET is stable.
To minimize the effect variation of the ADP151 ground current
(IGND) with load, it is best to keep R1 as small as possible. It is
also best to size the current passing through R2 to at least 20×
greater than the maximum expected ground current.
To create a 4 V LDO circuit, start with the 3.3 V version of the
ADP151 to minimize the value of R2. Because VOUT is 4 V,
VOFFSET must be 0.7 V, and the current through R2 must be 7 mA.
R1 is, therefore, 3.3 V/7 mA or 471 Ω. A 470 Ω standard value
introduces less than 1% error. Capacitor C3 is necessary to stabilize
the LDO; a value of 1 μF is adequate.
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 14 of 24
Figure 34 through Figure 38 show the typical performance of the
4 V LDO circuit.
The noise performance of the 4 V LDO circuit is only about 1 μV
worse than the same LDO used at 3.3 V because the output noise of
the circuit is almost solely determined by the LDO and not the
external components. The small difference may be attributed to the
internally generated noise in the LDO ground current working with
R2. By keeping R2 small, this noise contribution can be minimized.
The PSRR of the 4 V circuit is as much as 10 dB poorer than the
3.3 V LDO with 500 mV of headroom because the ground current
of the LDO varies slightly with input voltage. This, in turn,
modulates VOFFSET and reduces the PSRR of the regulator. By
increasing the headroom to 1 V, the PSRR performance is
nearly restored to the performance of the fixed output LDO.
4.04
4.03
4.02
4.01
4.00
3.99
3.98
3.97
3.96 –40 –5 25 85 125
V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
08627-132
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 20mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 150mA
LOAD = 200mA
Figure 34. 4 V LDO Circuit, Typical Load Regulation over Temperature
V
OUT
(V)
V
IN
(V)
08627-133
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 20mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 150mA
LOAD = 200mA
4.040
4.035
4.030
4.025
4.020
4.015
4.010
4.005
4.000
4.4 5.2 5.44.84.6 5.0
Figure 35. 4 V LDO Circuit, Typical Line Regulation over Load Current
11
10
9
81100 1k10
NOISE (µV rms)
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
08627-134
Figure 36. 4 V LDO Circuit, Typical RMS Output Noise, 10 Hz to 100 kHz
0
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–10010 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
PSRR (dB)
08627-049
200mA
100mA
50mA
10mA
Figure 37. 4 V LDO Circuit, Typical PSRR vs. Load Current, 1 V Headroom
0
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–10010 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
PSRR (dB)
08627-050
200mA
100mA
50mA
10mA
Figure 38. 4 V LDO Circuit, Typical PSRR vs. Load Current, 500 mV Headroom
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 15 of 24
CURRENT-LIMIT AND THERMAL OVERLOAD
PROTECTION
The ADP151 is protected against damage due to excessive
power dissipation by current and thermal overload protection
circuits. The ADP151 is designed to current limit when the
output load reaches 300 mA (typical). When the output load
exceeds 300 mA, the output voltage is reduced to maintain a
constant current limit.
Thermal overload protection is included, which limits the
junction temperature to a maximum of 150°C (typical). Under
extreme conditions (that is, high ambient temperature and
power dissipation) when the junction temperature starts to
rise above 150°C, the output is turned off, reducing the output
current to 0. When the junction temperature drops below
135°C, the output is turned on again, and output current is
restored to its nominal value.
Consider the case where a hard short from VOUT to ground
occurs. At first, the ADP151 current limits, so that only 300 mA
is conducted into the short. If self-heating of the junction
causes its temperature to rise above 150°C, thermal shutdown
activates, turning off the output and reducing the output current
to 0. As the junction temperature cools and drops below
135°C, the output turns on and conducts 300 mA into the
short, again causing the junction temperature to rise above
150°C. This thermal oscillation between 135°C and 150°C causes a
current oscillation between 300 mA and 0 mA that continues
as long as the short remains at the output.
Current- and thermal-limit protections are intended to protect
the device against accidental overload conditions. For reliable
operation, device power dissipation must be externally limited
so that junction temperatures do not exceed 125°C.
THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS
In most applications, the ADP151 does not dissipate much heat
due to its high efficiency. However, in applications with a high
ambient temperature and a high supply voltage to output voltage
differential, the heat dissipated in the package can cause the
junction temperature of the die to exceed the maximum junction
temperature of 125°C.
When the junction temperature exceeds 150°C, the converter
enters thermal shutdown. It recovers only after the junction
temperature has decreased below 135°C to prevent any permanent
damage. Therefore, thermal analysis for the chosen application
is very important to guarantee reliable performance over all
conditions. The junction temperature of the die is the sum of
the ambient temperature of the environment and the tempera-
ture rise of the package due to the power dissipation, as shown
in Equation 2.
To guarantee reliable operation, the junction temperature of
the ADP151 must not exceed 125°C. To ensure that the junction
temperature stays below this maximum value, the user must be
aware of the parameters that contribute to junction temperature
changes. These parameters include ambient temperature, power
dissipation in the power device, and thermal resistances between
the junction and ambient air (θJA). The θJA number is dependent
on the package assembly compounds that are used and the amount
of copper used to solder the package GND pins to the PCB.
Table 6 shows typical θJA values of the 5-lead TSOT, 6-lead
L F C S P, a n d 4 -ball WLCSP packages for various PCB copper sizes.
Table 7 shows the typical ΨJB values of the 5-lead TSOT, 6-lead
LFCSP, and 4-ball WLCSP.
Table 6. Typical θJA Values
Copper Size (mm2)
θJA (°C/W)
TSOT WLCSP LFCSP
01 170 260 231.2
50 152 159 161.8
100 146 157 150.1
300 134 153 111.5
500 131 151 91.8
1 Device soldered to minimum size pin traces.
Table 7. Typical ΨJB Values
Model ΨJB (°C/W)
TSOT 43
WLCSP 58
LFCSP 28.3
The junction temperature of the ADP151 can be calculated
from the following equation:
TJ = TA + (PD × θJA) (2)
where:
TA is the ambient temperature.
PD is the power dissipation in the die, given by
PD = [(VIN VOUT) × ILOAD] + (VIN × IGND) (3)
where:
ILOAD is the load current.
IGND is the ground current.
VIN and VOUT are input and output voltages, respectively.
Power dissipation due to ground current is quite small and can
be ignored. Therefore, the junction temperature equation
simplifies to the following:
TJ = TA + {[(VIN VOUT) × ILOAD] × θJA} (4)
As shown in Equation 4, for a given ambient temperature, input-to-
output voltage differential, and continuous load current, there
exists a minimum copper size requirement for the PCB to ensure
that the junction temperature does not rise above 125°C. Figure 39
through Figure 59 show junction temperature calculations for
various ambient temperatures, load currents, VIN-to-VOUT
differentials, and areas of PCB copper.
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 16 of 24
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
08627-031
Figure 39. WLCSP 500 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
08627-032
Figure 40. WLCSP 100 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
08627-033
Figure 41. WLCSP 50 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-034
Figure 42. WLCSP 500 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-035
Figure 43. WLCSP 100 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-036
Figure 44. WLCSP 50 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 17 of 24
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-037
Figure 45. TSOT 500 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-038
Figure 46. TSOT 100 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-039
Figure 47. TSOT 50 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-040
Figure 48. TSOT 500 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-041
Figure 49. TSOT 100 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-042
Figure 50. TSOT 50 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 18 of 24
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
VIN – VOUT (V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, TJC)
ILOAD = 1mA
ILOAD = 10mA
ILOAD = 50mA
ILOAD = 100mA
ILOAD = 150mA
ILOAD = 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-051
Figure 51. LFCSP 500 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-052
Figure 52. LFCSP 100 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-053
Figure 53. LFCSP 50 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 25°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-055
Figure 54. LFCSP 500 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-056
Figure 55. LFCSP 100 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM
JUNCTION
TEMPERATURE
08627-057
Figure 56. LFCSP 50 mm2 of PCB Copper, TA = 50°C
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 19 of 24
In the case where the board temperature is known, use the
thermal characterization parameter, ΨJB, to estimate the
junction temperature rise (see Figure 57 and Figure 58).
Maximum junction temperature (TJ) is calculated from the
board temperature (TB) and power dissipation (PD) using the
following formula:
TJ = TB + (PD × ΨJB) (5)
The typical value of ΨJB is 58°C/W for the 4-ball WLCSP package,
43°C/W for the 5-lead TSOT package, and 28.3°C/W for the 6-lead
LFCSP package.
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-043
Figure 57. WLCSP, TA = 85°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 4.84.33.83.32.82.31.81.30.8
V
IN
– V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, T
J
C)
I
LOAD
= 1mA
I
LOAD
= 10mA
I
LOAD
= 50mA
I
LOAD
= 100mA
I
LOAD
= 150mA
I
LOAD
= 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-044
Figure 58. TSOT, TA = 85°C
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0.3 5.34.33.32.3
1.3
VIN – VOUT (V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE, TJC)
ILOAD = 1mA
ILOAD = 10mA
ILOAD = 50mA
ILOAD = 100mA
ILOAD = 150mA
ILOAD = 200mA
MAXIMUM JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
08627-059
Figure 59. LFCSP, TA = 85°C
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 20 of 24
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD LAYOUT CONSIDERATIONS
Heat dissipation from the package can be improved by increasing
the amount of copper attached to the pins of the ADP151.
However, as listed in Table 6, a point of diminishing returns
is eventually reached, beyond which an increase in the copper
size does not yield significant heat dissipation benefits.
Place the input capacitor as close as possible to the VIN and
GND pins. Place the output capacitor as close as possible to the
VOUT and GND pins. Use of 0402 or 0603 size capacitors and
resistors achieves the smallest possible footprint solution on
boards where area is limited.
08627-045
Figure 60. Example TSOT PCB Layout
08627-046
Figure 61. Example WLCSP PCB Layout
08627-054
Figure 62. Example LFCSP PCB Layout
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 21 of 24
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
100708-A
*COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-193-AB WITH
THE EXCEPTION OF PACKAGE HEIGHT AND THICKNESS.
1.60 BSC 2.80 BSC
1.90
BSC
0.95 BSC
0.20
0.08
0.60
0.45
0.30
0.50
0.30
0.10 MAX
*1.00 MAX
*0.90 MAX
0.70 MIN
2.90 BSC
5 4
1 2 3
SEATING
PLANE
Figure 63. 5-Lead Thin Small Outline Transistor Package [TSOT]
(UJ-5)
Dimensions show in millimeters
011509-A
0.050 NOM
COPLANARITY
0.800
0.760 SQ
0.720
0.230
0.200
0.170
0.280
0.260
0.240
0.660
0.600
0.540
0.430
0.400
0.370
BOTTOM VIEW
(BALL SIDE UP)
TOP VIEW
(BALL SIDE DOWN)
A
12
B
SEATING
PLANE
0.40
BALL PITCH
BALLA1
IDENTIFIER
Figure 64. 4-Ball Wafer Level Chip Scale Package [WLCSP]
(CB-4-3)
Dimensions show in millimeters
1.70
1.60
1.50
0.425
0.350
0
.275
TOP VIEW
6
1
4
3
0.35
0.30
0.25
BOTTOM VIEW
PIN 1 INDEX
AREA
SEATING
PLANE
0.60
0.55
0.50
1.10
1.00
0.90
0.20 REF
0.05 MAX
0.02 NOM
2.00
BSC SQ 0.65 BSC
EXPOSED
PAD
PIN 1
INDICATOR
(R 0.15)
FOR PROPER CONNECTION OF
THE EXPOSED PAD, REFER TO
THE PIN CONFIGURATION AND
FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
SECTION OF THIS DATA SHEET.
05-04-2010-A
Figure 65. 6-Lead Lead Frame Chip Scale Package [LFCSP_UD]
2.00 mm × 2.00 mm Body, Ultra Thin, Dual Lead
(CP-6-3)
Dimensions show in millimeters
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 22 of 24
ORDERING GUIDE
Model
1
Temperature Range
Output Voltage (V)
2
Package Description
Package Option
3
Branding
ADP151ACBZ-1.1-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.1 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-1 8R
ADP151ACBZ-1.2-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.2 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4R
ADP151ACBZ-1.5-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.5 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4S
ADP151ACBZ-1.8-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.8 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4T
ADP151ACBZ-2.5-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.5 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4U
ADP151ACBZ-2.6-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.6 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 8Q
ADP151ACBZ-2.75-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.75 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4V
ADP151ACBZ-2.8-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.8 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4X
ADP151ACBZ-2.85-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.85 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4Y
ADP151ACBZ-3.0-R7 40°C to +125°C 3.0 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 4Z
ADP151ACBZ-3.3-R7 40°C to +125°C 3.3 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 50
ADP151ACBZ-2.1-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.1 4-Ball WLCSP CB-4-3 5E
ADP151AUJZ-1.2-R7
40°C to +125°C
1.2
5-Lead TSOT
UJ-5
LF6
ADP151AUJZ-1.5-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.5 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LF7
ADP151AUJZ-1.8-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.8 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LF8
ADP151AUJZ-2.5-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.5 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LF9
ADP151AUJZ-2.8-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.8 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LFG
ADP151AUJZ-3.0-R7 40°C to +125°C 3.0 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LFH
ADP151AUJZ-3.3-R7 40°C to +125°C 3.3 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LFJ
ADP151ACPZ-1.2-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.2 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LF6
ADP151ACPZ-1.5-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.5 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LF7
ADP151ACPZ-1.8-R7 40°C to +125°C 1.8 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LF8
ADP151ACPZ-2.5-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.5 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LF9
ADP151ACPZ-2.7-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.7 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LKZ
ADP151ACPZ-2.8-R7 40°C to +125°C 2.8 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LFG
ADP151ACPZ-3.0-R7 40°C to +125°C 3.0 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LFH
ADP151ACPZ-3.3-R7 40°C to +125°C 3.3 6-Lead LFCSP_UD CP-6-3 LFJ
ADP151UJZ-REDYKIT Evaluation Board Kit
ADP151CPZ-REDYKIT Evaluation Board Kit
ADP151CB-3.3-EVALZ
Evaluation Board
1 Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
2 For additional voltage options for the ADP151ACBZ package option, contact a local Analog Devices, Inc., sales or distribution representative.
3 The ADP151ACBZ package option is halide free.
Data Sheet ADP151
Rev. E | Page 23 of 24
NOTES
ADP151 Data Sheet
Rev. E | Page 24 of 24
NOTES
©2010–2012 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D08627-0-4/12(E)

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