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Specification and Use of Muting Functions on Light Curtains Publish Date: 2021-05-13

Light curtains are a convenient and unobtrusive automation-safety component to guard machines and reduce accidents.

The Role of PLCs in Industrial Control and Test and Measurement Publish Date: 2021-05-12

PLCs receive data from sensors and input devices, process the data to make logic-based decisions, and output control instructions.

Cost Effectively Meeting International Standards with Board Mounted AC/DC Power Supplies Publish Date: 2021-05-11

Use board mounted AC/DC power supplies to develop cost-effective, high performance power systems that meet international standards and speed time to market.

Comparing Wireless Protocols for Industrial Automation Publish Date: 2021-05-06

Wireless technologies that support Industry 4.0 are based on cellular, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and IEEE 802.15.4 standards and protocols.

How to Design Protection Circuits Compliant for the New AV/ICT Standard IEC 62368-1 Publish Date: 2021-05-05

How to use off-the-shelf components to comply with the 2020 IEEE 62368-1 standard for AV/ICT for circuit protection and safety.

What Are Proprietary Ring Topologies in Automation Networks? Publish Date: 2021-05-04

Network topology in the context of industrial automation and IoT primarily refers to the arrangement of hardwired communication connections.

Cabling Sensors to Address Induction, Electrostatic Coupling, and Conduction Publish Date: 2021-04-30

Today’s automation components are routinely designed to avoid noise by protecting signals from the electromagnetic environment.

Use Modules with Integrated Amplifiers to Remove the “Black Magic” from High-Speed ADC Design Publish Date: 2021-04-29

Overcome high-speed analog data acquisition design headaches with a fully differential amplifier and ADC module.

Addressing VFD and Motor Noise with Specialty Cable Publish Date: 2021-04-28

Variable frequency drives (VFDs) precisely power various electric-motor types in automated machinery. Also discussed are cables designed for VFDs.

Application Layer Protocol Options for M2M and IoT Functionality Publish Date: 2021-04-27

Modeling communication structures and identifying the right protocol for a particular application can be daunting.

High-Power Demands—Meeting Them One Connector at a Time Publish Date: 2021-04-22

Design engineers are tasked with meeting the need for higher-current capabilities in compact packaging without sacrificing the space their connectors occupy.

The Fundamentals of Proximity Sensors: Their Selection and Use in Industrial Automation Publish Date: 2021-04-21

By learning the fundamentals of proximity sensors, industrial automation engineers can use them to sense the presence and location of objects or people.

Power over Ethernet (PoE) in Industrial Automation Publish Date: 2021-04-20

Power over Ethernet connectivity systems are defined by the IEEE 802.3 standard and provide a convenient way to provide both data and electrical power.

Design Considerations when Selecting a Proximity Sensor Technology Publish Date: 2021-04-14

There are a number of leading proximity sensor technologies; each with very different operating standards and different strengths.

Understanding and Choosing GHz-Range Coaxial Connectors and Cable Assemblies Publish Date: 2021-04-14

Designers have a wide choice in GHz-range connector families, each offered with multiple configurations to fit diverse circuit board and cable assembly needs.

Use Modular Multi-Output AC/DC Supplies for Flexibility and Configurability Publish Date: 2021-04-14

A standard multi-output AC/DC supply has preset output voltages, but a modular approach supports as-needed selection of the outputs.

How to Use UV-C LEDs For Safe, Effective, and Efficient Pathogen Control Publish Date: 2021-04-13

UV-C LEDs bring the advantages of solid-state lighting to pathogen control while eliminating potentially hazardous low pressure mercury-vapor lamps.

Use SiGe Rectifiers for High-Efficiency, AC/DC Operation in Elevated Temperature Applications Publish Date: 2021-04-08

For AC/DC converters in high temperature environments, SiGe diodes have the required efficiency, fast switching characteristics, and thermal stability.

Use a Tiny Humidity and Temperature Sensor to Effectively Collect Critical Environmental Data Publish Date: 2021-04-07

A miniature digital sensor helps developers more easily meet emerging application requirements for accurate humidity and temperature measurement.

Use a USB-C Charging Controller to Rapidly Implement Fast Charging Without Firmware Publish Date: 2021-04-06

Use an integrated controller as a drop-in solution for adaptors that can fast-charge 5G phone without the need to develop associated firmware.

A Guide to Communication Protocols for Absolute Encoders Publish Date: 2021-03-31

A guide to encoder choice for an application and for the most popular protocols used: SPI, RS-485, and SSI.

Digi-Key Marketplace and Fulfillment Service Publish Date: 2021-03-30

Digi-Key has recently created a couple of programs to help expand aggressively into new markets, offering new opportunities for suppliers or distributors.

Use Hybrids To Bring the Benefits of Both Batteries and Supercapacitors to Power IoT Designs Publish Date: 2021-03-24

Hybrid supercapacitors combine the functionality of batteries and supercapacitors in a single package to bring the benefits of both to power IoT devices.

The Professional’s Guide to Debugging Tools and Techniques for IoT Devices Publish Date: 2021-03-23

Using professional debugging tools and techniques for IoT devices, designers and hobbyists alike can greatly reduce development time.

Why and How to Use Digital Filters for High-Resolution, High-Speed, Analog-to-Digital Conversions Publish Date: 2021-03-17

Designers can implement a high-resolution, high-speed SAR ADC with low-pass analog and averaging digital filters.

Measure Factory Conditions with Turnkey Environmental Wireless Sensors Publish Date: 2021-03-16

Turnkey sensor monitoring systems require minimal configuration and can easily transmit sensor data wirelessly to increase safety and efficiency.

Wireless Technology Overview for IoT Publish Date: 2021-03-10

IoT connects physical devices, allowing them to interact, collect and exchange data. There are many ways these devices can communicate wirelessly.

Use Sensorless Vector Control with BLDC and PMS Motors to Deliver Precise Motion Control Publish Date: 2021-03-09

Use sensorless vector control with BLDC and permanent magnet synchronous motors to design high-performance, precise and efficient motion control systems.

Speed Configuration of Industrial Automation Facilities Using Remote Microcontroller Debuggers Publish Date: 2021-03-03

Remote microcontroller debuggers connected over Wi-Fi can greatly simplify programming and firmware debugging for multiple industrial SBCs.

Understand Crystal Oscillator Parameters to Optimize Component Selection Publish Date: 2021-03-02

The crystal oscillator is the timing pulse of most circuits; its performance is characterized by parameters and perspectives matched to the application.

Real-Time Operating Systems (RTOS) and Their Applications Publish Date: 2021-02-25

The term “real-time” in Real-Time Operating System (RTOS) indicates predictability/determinism in execution time rather than raw speed.

Quickly Implement Spoofing-Resistant Face Recognition Without a Cloud Connection Publish Date: 2021-02-24

A specialized processor and software library offer a simpler, safer alternative for face-based authentication.

Techniques and Solutions for USB Power and Data Isolation Publish Date: 2021-02-23

USB has evolved to deliver high power levels, but by galvanically isolating USB ports, designers can ensure the safety of end users, and themselves.

How to Use Digi-Key’s Part Search More Efficiently Publish Date: 2021-02-19

Digi-Key Electronics takes great pride in having one of the industry’s largest varieties of parts in-stock and ready for shipment on the day an order is placed.

How to Use an Audio Codec to More Easily Optimize Audio Performance in Embedded Systems Publish Date: 2021-02-17

A codec’s built-in digital filters efficiently create the clean-sounding audio for microcontroller-based applications that end users have come to expect.

Use an Energy Harvesting Microcontroller to Eliminate IoT Battery Replacement Publish Date: 2021-02-16

A microcontroller with an integrated energy harvesting controller offers a simple way to extend battery life and eliminate battery replacement in IoT devices.

Understanding and Applying the New Standard Connectors for Indoor & Outdoor LED-Based Lighting Publish Date: 2021-02-10

The design of smart, interoperable LED lighting systems and luminaires can be greatly simplified by using the latest standards-based connectors.

How to Implement Hardware Debounce for Switches and Relays When Software Debounce Isn’t Appropriate Publish Date: 2021-02-09

Learn three ways to execute hardware debounce for designs where software debounce isn’t appropriate.

The Fundamentals of Phase Locked Loop Frequency Synthesizers Publish Date: 2021-02-03

With phase locked loop analog frequency synthesizers using integer N and fractional N topologies designers can generate stable clock frequencies up to 30 GHz.

Why and How to Use Synchronous Buck DC/DC Converters to Maximize Down-Conversion Efficiency Publish Date: 2021-02-02

Use synchronous buck DC-DC converters to design efficient down-conversion solutions with minimal thermal loading at low cost and in a small size.

Update on EtherCAT for 2021 Publish Date: 2021-01-28

EtherCAT uses the telegram structure of Ethernet data to establish a primary and its relationship with secondary sensors and actuators on the factory floor.

Ensure LiDAR Automotive Distance Sensor Precision With the Right TIA Publish Date: 2021-01-27

Automotive engineers can get a precise and reliable LiDAR system up and running with the right transimpedance amplifier.

The Basics of Voltage Controlled Oscillators (VCOs) and How to Select and Use Them Publish Date: 2021-01-26

Voltage controlled oscillators vary their output frequency proportional to an input voltage and find use in PLLs, radar, communications, and electronic music.

Using High-Speed, Ruggedized Ethernet Connectors for Industrial Communications Networks Publish Date: 2021-01-19

The right choice and implementation of Industrial Ethernet connectors can ensure maximum IIoT or Industry 4.0 factory network performance and reliability.

Why and How to Effectively Use Electronic Fuses to Protect Sensitive Circuits Publish Date: 2021-01-19

Designers can use an electronic fuse (eFuse) instead of a thermal fuse where fast cutoff, low-current operation, as well as self-reset features are needed.

M12 Connectors Versus the Alternatives in Industrial Applications Publish Date: 2021-01-14

M12 connectors are a round cable-termination option used to connect components to systems in automated machinery.

How High-Current Terminals Can Safely Supply Power While Reducing Assembly Time and Power Loss Publish Date: 2021-01-13

Ensure the reliability and safety of high-power PCBs by using robust, high-current terminals with minimal intrinsic resistance & flexible assembly options.

Use the FPGA Fast Path to Building High-Performance Power-Efficient Edge AI Applications Publish Date: 2021-01-12

Specialized IP and software lets developers without FPGA experience rapidly deploy FPGA-based edge AI.

Use Reliable Isolation ADCs to Effectively Control Three-Phase Induction Motors Publish Date: 2021-01-06

Capture a three-phase induction AC motor’s torque accurately and reliably with an isolation modulator and a mixed-signal control processor.

How to Design for Rugged Environments Using Sealed Connectors Publish Date: 2021-01-05

Designers of electronics systems can ensure reliable connectivity by using the appropriate sealed cable connector for a given interconnect situation.

Use SMD Fuses to Ease Layout, Reduce Product Size, and Enhance Ruggedness and User Safety Publish Date: 2020-12-30

The Bourns SinglFuse family of surface mount fuses meets the requirements of today’s products which do not need or must discourage replacement by end users.

Understand the Fundamentals of Coaxial Adapters to Make Better Use of These Very Useful Components Publish Date: 2020-12-29

With an understanding of their purpose, designers can make good use of coaxial adapters, a very useful component with broad applicability.

Get Accurate, Low-Power Indoor Real-Time Asset Tracking Using Bluetooth Direction Finding Publish Date: 2020-12-16

Bluetooth direction finding is a very low power and cost-effective way to easily tracking indoor assets with a high degree of accuracy and a long battery life.

Simplify Industrial Equipment Deployment Using Configurable Modular Connectors Publish Date: 2020-12-15

Use configurable modular connectors with an online configuration tool to lower costs, reduce errors, and save space when hardwiring industrial equipment.

How to Simplify Motor Drive and Inverter Designs Using IGBT Modules Publish Date: 2020-12-10

Use IGBT modules and gate drivers to develop motor drives and inverters that meet efficiency and performance standards.

Use Integrated Digital Isolators to Protect Industrial Communications Networks Publish Date: 2020-12-09

Use digital isolation integrated within RS-422/RS-485 transceivers to provide compact, reliable protection for industrial communication networks.

Comparing Laser Scanner Applications Publish Date: 2020-12-08

There’s a good chance that some variation on a laser-scanning approach has value for most industrial manufacturing or tracking applications.

How to Use AC Isolation Transformers in Medical Equipment to Prevent Shock Publish Date: 2020-12-03

Isolation transformers for AC-powered medical systems eliminate the potential for user shock even if there is an internal wiring fault.

How to Select and Use an Audio Codec and Microcontroller for Embedded Audio Feedback Files Publish Date: 2020-12-02

Designers can use an audio codec alongside a microcontroller to add audio files and provide more nuanced user audio feedback for embedded systems.

Terminal Blocks – What You Need to Know Publish Date: 2020-12-01

When an application produces excess heat, dc fans are a common choice to keep components within their operating limits and to improve heat dissipation.

Get Started with MEMS-Based Motion and Orientation Sensor Design Using Arduino Breakout Boards Publish Date: 2020-11-25

Using Arduino BOBs, designers can quickly evaluate various combinations of MEMS accelerometers, gyroscopes, and magnetometers for motion and orientation.

Use Integrated Step-Down DC/DC Modules for High Density, Efficient Power Conversion with Low EMI Publish Date: 2020-11-24

Use integrated step-down DC/DC modules to develop high density and efficient low EMI multi-rail power solutions.

Why and How to Use a Component-Based Distributed Power Architecture for Robotics Publish Date: 2020-11-19

Use component-based power distribution to improve efficiency while reducing size and weight in industrial automation and robotic applications.

How to Stay Cool: The Basics of Heat Sink Selection and Application Publish Date: 2020-11-18

Carefully select heat sinks to lower component temperature and improve reliability.

Thermal: What Purchasers Need to Know Publish Date: 2020-11-17

Thermal management is the unsung hero of electronics, keeping devices cool and working properly. What are the potential solutions and when do they apply?

How to Select and Apply the Right Components to Protect Medical Devices, Users, and Patients Publish Date: 2020-11-12

Many products, especially medical ones, require an array of protection devices to safeguard components and users; solutions come with many functions and forms.

Use a Cellular and GPS SiP to Rapidly Implement Asset Tracking for Agriculture and Smart Cities Publish Date: 2020-11-11

Using a single SiP with both GPS and cellular connectivity designers can implement global asset tracking across agricultural and smart city environments.

How to Apply Specialized Low-Noise Solid State Relays to Limit EMI and Meet Critical Standards Publish Date: 2020-11-10

Low-noise SSRs ensure compliance with EMC regulations in home, commercial and medical applications.

Use Reliable Industrial Systems and Keep Operators Safe Using the Right Connections and Sensors Publish Date: 2020-11-06

Designers of IIoT systems can ensure reliable connections and operator safety by carefully choosing and applying IP67 and IP68 industrial cables.

How to Use MRAM to Improve Reliability, Lower Latencies, and Reduce Power for Edge Computing Publish Date: 2020-11-05

Use MRAM to develop edge computing solutions with lower latencies, long data retention and low power requirements.

Use the Right Off-the-Shelf Metal Cans and Clips to Shield Against EMI/RFI Publish Date: 2020-11-04

Use prefabricated metal cans with complementary production-compatible pc board mounting clips for convenient, effective, and removable RF shielding.

IO-Link 1.0 to IO-Link 1.1 Publish Date: 2020-11-03

IO Link is a single-drop digital communication interface (SDCI) to network small sensors and actuators to IO-Link controller hubs or primaries.

How to Quickly Improve Drone Performance and Extend Flight Time Using a SiP Drone Controller Publish Date: 2020-10-29

Use a self-contained, system-in-package (SiP) drone controller to improve performance while reducing weight and complexity and extending flight time.

Analog Basics—Part 5: Tackling Difficult Input Driving Issues for the SAR ADC Publish Date: 2020-10-28

Execute precision SAR ADC circuits with the proper input amplifier and low-pass filter.

Combating Environmental Impact in the Electronics Components Industry Publish Date: 2020-10-27

What can be done to combat the release of hazardous materials into our environment and allow continued progress along this electronics evolution path?

How to Use Zero-Drift Op-amps to Achieve Precise, Accurate, Low-Power Industrial System Control Publish Date: 2020-10-22

Zero-drift op-amps offer designers a compact, stable, low-power path to precise and accurate industrial system control.

2G, 3G, 4G LTE Network Shutdown Updates Publish Date: 2020-10-21

With some cellular networks sunsetting and 5G networks growing, the entire landscape of cellular connectivity is changing. What should be done to prepare?

Use a Biosensing Module to Develop Health and Fitness Wearables Publish Date: 2020-10-21

Use a biosensing module with an optical front-end and a special microcontroller to quickly get accurate heart rate and SpO2 measurements for wearables.

Maintaining Electrical Power Quality Within Automated Systems Publish Date: 2020-10-20

How to resolve the two main types of power-quality problems arising from within equipment, noise and harmonic disturbances.

Use Isolated DC/DC Converters with Embedded Transformers to Ease Assembly and Improve Performance Publish Date: 2020-10-20

Leverage improvements in board mounted, isolated DC-DC converters to overcome size, performance, and assembly challenges.

The Essentials of Analog Voltage Comparators and How to Use Them: Level Detection to Oscillators Publish Date: 2020-10-15

In the right hands, comparators are useful bridges between the analog and digital worlds at the edge, sensing signal levels for IIoT, AI, or ML applications.

Design More Effective Power Factor Correction Using Wide Bandgap Semiconductors and Digital Control Publish Date: 2020-10-14

Use digital control and wide bandgap power semiconductors to design power factor correction circuits that efficiently meet current regulations.

Breaking Down Control and Protection Options for DC Fans Publish Date: 2020-10-13

When an application produces excess heat, dc fans are a common choice to keep components within their operating limits and to improve heat dissipation.

Run Machine Learning Code in an Embedded IoT Node to Easily Identify Objects Publish Date: 2020-10-08

Easily add machine vision with object depth sensing to industrial systems to improve safety, productivity, and efficiency.

IoT is Available to Everyone Publish Date: 2020-10-07

Everyone has access to the IoT and the development kits discussed in this article are just a sample of the tools available to IoT designers.

Improve Factory Safety and Productivity by Quickly Adding Machine Vision to Industrial Systems Publish Date: 2020-10-06

Machine vision with object depth sensing can be easily added to industrial systems, improving safety, productivity, and efficiency.

Meet Diverse Functional and Safety Requirements with a Single Family of Multicore Processors Publish Date: 2020-10-01

A multicore processor family offers a scalable path to implementation of safety certifiable designs able to support complex processing workloads.

Use Media-Isolated Pressure Sensors to Increase Reliability and Precision of Industrial Processes Publish Date: 2020-10-01

Use heavy-duty pressure sensors to eliminate potential O-ring weaknesses for long life and high precision in industrial HVAC systems.

Use A Current Sensor to Efficiently Acquire Data for Predictive Maintenance with AI Publish Date: 2020-09-30

Designers can simplify data gathering for artificial intelligence by opting for simple sensors instead of complex multi-axis accelerometers.

Use Bidirectional Power Converters and PFC to Improve HEV, BEV, and Electric Grid Efficiency Publish Date: 2020-09-29

Improve efficiency and power flow in HEVs and BEVs using bidirectional multiphase DC-DC converters and bidirectional totem pole power factor correction.

Add Continuous Wi-Fi Connectivity Without Compromising Battery Life Publish Date: 2020-09-24

Designers can use a wireless SoC’s specialized power management technology to support continuous Wi-Fi connectivity at minimal current levels.

How to Maximize Battery Life in Dual-Mode Wi-Fi Bluetooth IoT Designs Publish Date: 2020-09-24

A development kit and software simplify implementation of power saving features needed for extended battery life in continuously connected IoT devices.

How to Implement Power and Signal Isolation for Reliable Operation of CAN Buses Publish Date: 2020-09-23

Use isolation to protect CAN buses in challenging automotive and industrial environments, including evaluation boards that can speed the design process.

Fundamentals: Understand the Characteristics of Capacitor Types to Use Them Appropriately and Safely Publish Date: 2020-09-17

Capacitors are a basic component of electronics and are available in many forms. Knowing their characteristics enables a designer to choose the best type to use for a given design.

Why and How to Use HeNe Lasers for Industrial and Scientific Applications Publish Date: 2020-09-16

Helium-neon (HeNe) lasers feature wavelength stability and high performance for industrial and scientific applications, but they must be powered correctly.

Secure-by-Design Medical IoT and Wearable Devices Publish Date: 2020-09-15

To fool-proof the security of medical devices, the requirements of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and other security standards need to be met.

Getting Started with Open Source Software Using the Renesas RA Product Series Publish Date: 2020-09-10

Start developing with open source software using well-supported platforms that de-risk open source while accelerating the development process.

Light Curtain Specification and Purchasing Publish Date: 2020-09-09

An overview of the considerations when specifying and installing light curtains. This is an introduction and guide to some of the relevant safety standards.

How to Enable Power Saving Modes of NB-IoT and Cat-M and the Energy Consumption Expected Publish Date: 2020-09-08

Learn how to evaluate and use the power saving modes associated with NB-IoT and Cat-M cellular low power wide area network (LPWAN) technologies.

Speed Embedded Wireless IoT Development with an Off-the-Shelf Embedded Linux Multicore Platform Publish Date: 2020-09-03

Use optimized turnkey hardware with pre-certified wireless modules and extensive software support to quickly develop complex embedded boards for advanced IoT.

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