DLP® Technology It's amazing what millions
of tiny mirrors can do!

TI DLP Technology Overview

While known worldwide for high-quality projection applications, Texas Instrument's DLP technology enables a diverse range of display and advanced light control applications spanning industrial, enterprise, automotive and consumer market segments.

DLP technology benefits:

  • Long-lasting precise color
  • Unparalleled switching speed allows built-in intelligence
  • Low power consumption
  • Award Winning Technology

How DLP Technology Works

Texas Instruments' DLP technology enables innovative optical solutions that disrupt existing end equipment and create new markets. The DLP chip, or Digital Micromirror Device (DMD), is an array of micromirrors that can be used for high speed, efficient, and reliable spatial light modulation. Not only a leader in consumer projection, DLP technology is redefining industrial, medical, telecom, security, and many other applications. With TI's powerful yet easy-to-use development tools, customers are able to reduce design cycles and deliver disruptive products.

At the heart of every DLP chipset is an array of highly reflective aluminum micromirrors known as the digital micromirror device (DMD). The DMD is an electrical input, optical output micro-electrical-mechanical system (MEMS) that allows developers to perform high speed, efficient, and reliable spatial light modulation. Using TI's proven semiconductor manufacturing capabilities, each DMD contains up to 2 million individually controlled micromirrors built on top of an associated CMOS memory cell. Since the first DLP chipset was sold in 1996, TI has produced more than 35 million DMDs for customers around the world.

During operation, the DMD controller loads each underlying memory cell with a '1' or a '0'. Next, a mirror reset pulse is applied, which causes each micromirror to be electrostatically deflected about a hinge to the associated +/-12° state. The deflection angle of these two valid states is very repeatable due to a physical stop against two spring tips. In a projection system, the +12° state corresponds to an 'on' pixel, and the -12° state corresponds to an 'off' pixel. Grayscale patterns are created by programming the on/off duty cycle of each mirror, and multiple light sources can be multiplexed to create full RGB color images. In other applications, the +/-12° states offer two general purpose output ports with a pattern and its inverse.

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Why Choose DLP?

For every application, there are often multiple techniques or technologies that can be used to solve the engineering challenge at hand. In some applications, using light intelligently with DLP technology can enable completely new, disruptive solutions that displace traditional physical, chemical, or other "high touch" techniques with non-contact optical approaches. For other customers that are using optical techniques, DLP technology often allows those customers to deliver improved performance with unique technical capabilities, a reliable supply chain, extensive support infrastructure, and a lower total cost of ownership. These are just a few of the many reasons that customers using other spatial light modulators, such as liquid-crystal-on-silicon (LCoS), liquid-crystal displays (LCD), scanned lasers, and other MEMS devices, are switching to DLP technology from Texas Instruments.

Features and Benefits

  • High speed spatial light modulator with pattern rates up to 32 kHz
    • Design products that are faster than competing technologies for real-time, high speed performance
  • Optically efficient aluminum micromirrors are polarization independent
    • Achieve maximum light throughput with simplified optics designs (no polarization losses)
  • Supports UV, Visible, and NIR wavelengths from 365 to 2500nm
    • Develop systems that are compatible with a wide range of light sources (LED / laser / lamp), materials, and sensors
  • Digital micromirrors’ switching performance is temperature independent
    • Create high contrast, linear grayscale patterns across a wide range of operating conditions
  • Extensive range of powerful development tools including EVMs, reference designs, software, and support resources
    • Develop new products faster while reducing associated costs
  • Proven MEMS device built using TI’s silicon manufacturing expertise and sold through a network of world-wide distributors
    • Grow business with reliable access to technology and a stable supply chain

Video

How DLP Technology Works

Getting Started

Texas Instruments DLP technology enables compact, efficient displays for a variety of applications, such as pico projectors, near eye displays, digital signage, and many more. A broad network of optical module suppliers  and design houses can help developers accelerate development time and speed time to market.

Example Applications:

  • Pico Projectors
  • Embedded Mobile Projection
  • Near-Eye Display

Typical DLP Pico Display System

DLP Pico Display

DLP Pico chipsets consist of two primary components: the Digital Micromirror Device (DMD) and the display controller chip. Certain chipsets also include a power management chip.

The DMD is installed in an optical module with optics and illumination to create the heart of the projection display. The display controller is installed in the electronics board near the optical module to control the DMD and perform necessary data formatting and image processing.

 

DLPC2607 - Low-power DLP Display Controller

The DLPC2607 is a low-power DLP digital controller for battery-powered display applications. The controller performs the image processing and display control necessary to support the .3 WVGA, .24 VGA, and .2 nHD DMDs. The DLPC2607 device can be used in systems where the projection display is embedded in a mobile device, as well as in accessory systems.

Features:

  • Supports Reliable Operation of the .2 nHD
  • .24 VGA, and .3 WVGA DMDs
  • Multi-Mode, 24-Bit Input Pixel Interfaces
  • Pixel Data Processing
  • Packaged in a 176-Pin, 0.4-mm Pitch, VFBGA
  • WVGA, VGA, and nHD DMD Display Support
Datasheet: DLP Display Controller, DLPC2607 (Rev. B) 
User Guide: DLPC2607 GUI User's Guide
DLPC2607 Software Programmer's Guide
EVM DLPC2607 Display EVM
Software DLPCSW
 

DLPC3435 - DLP Display Controller for DLP2010 (0.2 WVGA) DMD

The DLPC3430 and DLPC3435 digital controller, part of the DLP2010 (.2 WVGA) chipset, support reliable operation of the DLP2010 digital micromirror device (DMD). The DLPC343x controller provides a convenient, multi-functional interface between user electronics and the DMD, enabling small form factor and low power display applications.

Features:

  • Display Controller for DLP2010 (.2 WVGA) TRP DMD
    • Supports Input Image Sizes up to 720p
    • Low-Power DMD Interface with Interface Training
  • 24-Bit, Input Pixel Interface Support
  • Pixel Data Processing
  • Two Package Options:
    • 176-Pin, 7- × 7-mm, 0.8-mm Pitch, VFBGA
    • 201-Pin, 13- × 13-mm, 0.8-mm Pitch, VFBGA
  • External Flash Support
  • 201-Pin, 13- × 13-mm, 0.8-mm Pitch, VFBGA
Datasheet: DLPC343x Display Controller  
User Guide: DLP LightCrafter™ Display 2010 EVM User’s Guide (Rev. A)
DLPC3430, DLPC3435, DLPC3433, DLPC3438 Software Programmer’s Guide (Rev. A)
EVM DLPDLCR2010EVM
White Paper DLP Technology for Near Eye Display (NED)
TI Designs Ultra Mobile, Ultra Low Power Display Reference Design Using DLP Technology
 

DLPC3438 - DLP Display Controller for DLP3010 (0.3 720p) DMD

Features:

  • Display Controller for DLP3010 (.3 720p) TRP DMD
    • Supports Input Image Sizes up to 720p
    • Low-Power DMD Interface with Interface Training
  • 24-Bit, Input Pixel Interface Support:
    • Parallel or BT656, Interface Protocols
    • Pixel Clock up to 150 MHz
    • Multiple Input Pixel Data Format Options
  • Pixel Data Processing:
    • IntelliBright uite of Image Processing Algorithms
    • Content Adaptive Illumination Control
    • Local Area Brightness Boost
  • Two Package Options:
    • 176-Pin, 7- × 7-mm, 0.4-mm Pitch, VFBGA
    • 201-Pin, 13- × 13-mm, 0.8-mm Pitch, VFBGA
  • External Flash Support
  • Auto DMD Parking at Power Down
Datasheet: DLPC343x Display Controller
User Guide: DLPDLCR3010EVM Users Guide (Rev. A)
DLPC3430, DLPC3435, DLPC3433, and DLPC3438 Software
EVM DLPDLCR3010EVM
White Paper DLP Technology for Near Eye Display (NED)
TI Designs Portable, Low Power HD Projection Display using DLP Technology
 

DLPC6401 - DLP Display Controller for High-brightness Portable Displays

Features:

  • Provides a 30-bit Input Pixel Interface:
    • YUV, YCrCb, or RGB Data Format
    • 8, 9, or 10 Bits per Color
    • Pixel Clock Support up to 150 MHz
  • Provides a Single Channel, LVDS Based, Flat-Panel Display (FPD-Link) Compatible
  • Input Interface:
    • Supports Sources up to a 90-Mhz
    • Effective Pixel Clock Rate.
    • Four Demodulated Pixel-Mapped Modes
    • Supported for 8, 9, 10 YUV, YCrCb, or
    • RGB Formatted Inputs.
  • Supports 45 to 120-Hz Frame Rates
  • Full Support for Diamond 0.45 WXGA
  • High-Speed, Double Data Rate Digital
  • Micromirror Device (DMD) Interface
  • 149.33-MHz ARM926 Microprocessor
Datasheet: DLP Display Controller, DLPC6401 (Rev. A) 
EVM DLPC6401DISPLAYEVM
Software DLP® Display Controllers Software
User Guide DLPC6401 GUI User’s Guide
DLPC6401 Formatter-Only Software Programmer’s User's Guide
 

DLP2010 - DLP 0.2 WVGA DMD

The DLP2010 digital micromirror device (DMD) is a digitally controlled micro-opto-electromechanical system (MOEMS) spatial light modulator (SLM). When coupled to an appropriate optical system, the DLP2010 DMD displays a very crisp and high quality image or video. DLP2010 is part of the chipset comprising of the DLP2010 DMD, DLPC3430 or DLPC3435 display controller and DLPA2000 PMIC/LED driver. The compact physical size of the DLP2010 is well-suited for portable equipment where small form factor and low power is important. The compact package compliments the small size of LEDs to enable highly efficient, robust light engines.

Features:

  • 0.2-Inch (5.29-mm) Diagonal Micromirror Array
    • 854 × 480 Array of Aluminum Micrometer-
      Sized Mirrors, in an Orthogonal Layout
    • 5.4 – Micron Micromirror Pitch
    • ±17° Micromirror Tilt (Relative to Flat Surface)
    • Side Illumination for Optimal Efficiency and Optical Engine Size
    • Polarization Independent Aluminum Micromirror Surface
  • 4-Bit SubLVDS Input Data Bus
  • 15.9-mm × 5.3-mm × 4-mm Package Size
  • Dedicated DLPC3430 or DLPC3435 Display Controller and
    DLPA2000 PMIC/LED Driver for Reliable Operation
  • Local Area Brightness Boost
Datasheet: DLP2010FQJ / DLP2010EVM
User Guide: DLP LightCrafter Display 2010 EVM User's Guide
EVM DLP2010EVM
Software DLPCSW
White paper Getting Started with TI DLP Pico Technology
 

DLP3010 - DLP 0.3 720p DMD

The DLP3010 digital micromirror device (DMD) is a digitally controlled micro-opto-electromechanical system (MOEMS) spatial light modulator (SLM). When coupled to an appropriate optical system, the DLP3010 DMD displays a very crisp and high quality image or video. DLP3010 is part of the chipset comprising of the DLP3010 DMD, DLPC3433 or DLPC3438 display controller and DLPA200x/ DLPA3000 PMIC/LED driver. The compact physical size of the DLP3010 coupled with the controller and the PMIC/LED driver provides a complete system solution that enables small form factor, low power, and high resolution HD displays.

Features:

  • 0.3-Inch (7.93-mm) Diagonal Micromirror Array
    • 1280 × 720 Array of Aluminum Micrometer-
      Sized Mirrors, in an Orthogonal Layout
    • 5.4 – Micron Micromirror Pitch
    • ±17° Micromirror Tilt (Relative to Flat Surface)
  • 8-Bit SubLVDS Input Data Bus
  • Dedicated DLPC3433 or DLPC3438 Display Controller and
    DLPA200x/DLPA3000 PMIC/LED Driver for Reliable Operation
Datasheet: DLP3010FQK / DLP3010EVM
User Guide: DLP LightCrafter Display 2010 EVM User's Guide
EVM DLP3010EVM
Software DLPCSW
White paper Getting Started with TI DLP Pico Technology
 

DLP Advanced Light Control

TI's award-winning DLP® technology is leading the market with innovative advanced light control applications across many industrial markets. The DLP Digital Micromirror Device (DMD), an array of micromirrors, is used for real-time, efficient, and highly reliable spatial light modulation. Built upon an industry-leading position in digital cinema and consumer projection, the DLP advanced light control product portfolio is highly differentiated for digital lithography, machine vision, 3D printing, spectroscopy and several other industrial applications. With TI's powerful yet easy-to-use development tools, customers are now able to introduce highly innovative products to market faster and easier.

Example Applications:

  • Spectroscopy
  • 3D Printing
  • 3D Machine Vision
 

DLP6500FLQ / DLP6500FYE - DLP 0.65 1080p Type A DMD (digital micromirrow device)/DLP® 0.65 1080p s600 DMD

TI DLP6500FLQ

Featuring over 2 million micromirrors in a hermetic package, the high resolution 0.65 1080p digital micromirror device (DMD) is a spatial light modulator (SLM) that modulates the amplitude, direction, and/or phase of incoming light. The unique capability and value offered by the DLP6500FLQ, including operation at 405nm, makes it well suited to support a wide variety of industrial, medical, and advanced imaging applications. Reliable function and operation of the DLP6500FLQ requires that it be used in conjunction with the DLPC900 digital controller. This dedicated chipset provides full HD resolution at high speeds and can be easily integrated into a variety of end equipment solutions.

Features:

  • DLP6500 offers 1080p (1920 x 1080) resolution at 2 million pixels
  • 7.6-um Micromirror Pitch
  •  0.65 Inch Micromirror Array Diagonal
  • Designed for use with broad wavelength range
    • 400 nm-700 nm (FLQ)
    • 420 nm-700 nm (FYE)
Datasheet: DLP6500FLQ
DLP6500FYE DMD
User Guide: DLP LightCrafter™ 6500 and 9000 EVM User's Guide (Rev. B)
EVM DLPLCR6500EVM
Software DLPC900 Configuration and Support Firmware
DLP LightCrafter™ 6500 and 9000 Firmware and Software Bundle
Model DLP6500FLQ IBIS Model
DLP6500FYE IBIS Model
App Notes DLPDLP Series-600 DMD Mechanical, Thermal, and System Mounting Concepts Application
Other Tech Documents TI DLP Technology for Lithography
TI DLP Technology for 3-D Machine Vision
 

DLP9000DMD - DLP 0.90 WQXGA Type A DMD

TI DLP9000DMD

Featuring over 4 million micromirrors, the high resolution 0.9 WQXGA digital micromirror device (DMD) is a spatial light modulator (SLM) that modulates the amplitude, direction, and/or phase of incoming light. This advanced light control technology has numerous applications in the industrial, medical, and consumer markets. The DLP9000 enables bigger build sizes and fine resolution for 3D printing applications. The high resolution has the direct benefit of scanning larger objects for 3D machine vision applications. Reliable function and operation of the DLP9000 requires that it be used in conjunction with two DLPC900 digital controllers. This dedicated chipset provides a robust, high resolution WQXGA, and high speed system solution.

Features:

  • DLP9000 offers WQXGA (2560 x 1600) resolution at greater than 4 million pixels
  • 6-um Micromirror Pitch
  • 0.9 Inch Micromirror Array Diagonal
  • Designed for use with broad wavelength range 400 nm-700 nm (FLS)
Datasheet: DLP9000FLS 0.9 WQXGA MVSP Type A DMD
User Guide: DLP LightCrafter™ 6500 and 9000 EVM User's Guide (Rev. A)
EVM DLP LightCrafter™ 6500 Evaluation Module
DLP LightCrafter™ 9000 Evaluation Module
Software DLPC900 Configuration and Support Firmware
DLP LightCrafter™ 6500 and 9000 Firmware and Software Bundle
Modal DLP9000FLS IBIS Model
Other Tech Documents TI DLP Technology for Lithography
TI DLP Technology for 3-D Machine Vision
TI DLP Technology for 3-D Printing
 

DLP3000 - DLP 0.3 WVGA DMD

The DLP3000 digital micromirror device (DMD) is a digitally-controlled micro-opto-electromechanical system (MOEMS) spatial light modulator (SLM) optimized for small form-factor applications. When coupled to an appropriate optical system, the DLP3000 can be used to modulate the amplitude and direction of incoming light. The DLP3000 creates highly flexible light patterns with speed, precision, and efficiency.

Architecturally, the DLP3000 is a latchable, electrical-in/optical-out semiconductor device. This architecture makes the DLP3000 well-suited for use in applications such as 3D scanning or metrology with structured light, augmented reality, microscopy, medical instruments, and spectroscopy. The compact physical size of the DLP3000 is well-suited for portable equipment where small form factor and lower cost are important. The compact package complements the small size of LEDs to enable highly-efficient, robust light engines.

The DLP3000 is one of two devices in the DLP® 0.3 WVGA chipset. Proper function and reliable operation of the DLP3000 requires that it be used in conjunction with the DLPC300 controller. See the DLP 0.3 WVGA chipset data sheet (DLPZ005) for further details.

Features:

  • 0.3-Inch (7.62 mm) Diagonal Micromirror Array
    • 608 × 684 Array of Aluminum, Micrometer-
      Sized Mirrors Offering up to WVGA Resolution
      (854 × 480) Wide Aspect Ratio Display
    • 7.6-µm Micromirror Pitch
    • ±12° Micromirror Tilt Angle (Relative to Flat State)
    • Side Illumination for Optimized Efficiency
    • 5-µs Micromirror Crossover Time
  • Highly Efficient in Visible Light (420 to 700 nm):
    • Window Transmission 97%
    • Micromirror Reflectivity 88%
    • Array Diffraction Efficiency 86%
    • Array Fill Factor 92%
    • Polarization Independent
  • Package Footprint of 16.6-mm × 7-mm × 4.6-mm
  • Low Power Consumption at 200 mW (Typical)
  • Dedicated DLPC300 Controller for Reliable Operation
  • Supports High-Speed Pattern Rates of 4000 Hz
    (Binary) and 120 Hz (8-Bit)
  • 15-Bit, Double Data Rate (DDR) Input Data Bus
  • 60- to 80-MHz Input Data Clock Rate
  • Integrated Micromirror Driver Circuitry
  • Supports 0°C to 70°C
  • Package Mates to PANASONIC AXT550224 Socket
Datasheet: DLP3000
Software DLPC300 Configuration and Support Firmware
Model DLP LightCrafter™ Evaluation Module
App Notes Wavelength Transmittance Considerations for DLP DMD Window
White Papers Using the DLP LightCrafter™ to Trigger CCD Cameras
 

DLP4500NIR -DLP 0.45 WXGA NIR DMD

The DLP4500NIR digital micromirror device (DMD) acts as a spatial light modulator (SLM) to steer near-infrared (NIR) light and create patterns with speed, precision, and efficiency. Featuring high resolution in a compact form factor, the DLP4500NIR DMD is often combined with a single element detector to replace expensive InGaAs array-based detector designs, leading to high performance, cost-effective portable solutions.

Features:

  • 0.45-Inch Diagonal Micromirror Array
    • 912 x 1140 Resolution Array (> 1 Million Micromirrors)
    • Diamond Array Orientation Supports Side Illumination
      for Simplified, Efficient Optics Designs
    • Capable of WXGA Resolution Display
    • ±12° Tilt Angle
    • 5-µs Micromirror Crossover Time
    • 5-µs Micromirror Cross Over Time (Nominal)
  • Highly Efficient Steering of NIR Light
    • Window Transmission Efficiency 96% Nominal
      (700 to 2000 nm, Single Pass Through Two Window
      Surfaces)
    • Window Transmission Efficiency 90% Nominal
      (2000 to 2500 nm, Single Pass Through Two
      Window Surfaces)
    • Polarization Independent Aluminum Micromirrors
    • Array Fill Factor 92% (Nominal)
  • Dedicated DLPC350 Controller for Reliable Operation
    • Binary Pattern Rates up to 4 kHz
    • Pattern Sequence Mode for Control over Each Micromirror in Array
  • Integrated Micromirror Driver Circuitry
  • 9.1-mm × 20.7-mm Body Size for Portable Instruments
    • Package FQE With Simple Connector Interface
    • Package FQD With Enhanced Thermal Interface
Datasheet: DLP4500NIR
App Notes Texas Instruments DLP® Spectrometer Design Considerations
White Papers Texas Instruments DLP Technology for Spectroscopy
 

DLP4500 - DLP 0.45 WXGA DMD

The DLP4500 digital micromirror device (DMD) is a digitally controlled MOEMS (micro-opto-electromechanical system) spatial light modulator (SLM). When coupled to an appropriate optical system, the DLP4500 can be used to modulate the amplitude and/or direction of incoming light. The DLP4500 creates light patterns with speed, precision, and efficiency.

Architecturally, the DLP4500 is a latchable, electrical-in/optical-out semiconductor device. This architecture makes the DLP4500 well suited for use in applications such as 3D scanning or metrology with structured light, augmented reality, microscopy, medical instruments, and spectroscopy. The compact physical size of the DLP4500 is well-suited for portable equipment where small form factor and lower cost are important. The compact package compliments the small size of LEDs to enable highly efficient, robust light engines.

The DLP4500 is one of two devices in the DLP 0.45 WXGA chip set (see ). Proper function and reliable operation of the DLP4500 requires that it be used in conjunction with the DLPC350 controller. See the DLP 0.45 WXGA Chip-set data sheet (TI literature number DLPU009) for further details. shows a typical system application using the DLP 0.45-inch WXGA chip set.

Features:

  • 0.45-Inch (11.43 mm) Diagonal Micromirror Array
    • 912 × 1140 Array of Aluminum, Micrometer-Sized Mirrors
    • 7.6-µm Micromirror Pitch
    • ±12° Micromirror Tilt Angle (Relative to Flat State)
    • Side Illumination for Optimized Efficiency
    • 3-µs Micromirror Cross Over Time
  • Highly Efficient in Visible Light (420 to 700 nm):
    • Window Transmission 97% (Single Pass,
      Through Two Window Surfaces)
    • Micromirror Reflectivity 89.4%
    • Array Diffraction Efficiency 86%
    • Array Fill Factor 92%
    • Polarization Independent
  • Up to WXGA Resolution (1280 x 800) Wide Aspect Ratio Display
  • 24-Bit, Double Data Rate (DDR) Input Data Bus
  • 80-MHz to 120-MHz Input Data Clock Rate
  • Integrated Micromirror Driver Circuitry
  • Supports –10°C to 70°C
  • 9.1mm-x 20.7-mm Package Footprint
    • Available in package FQE (up to 200 Lumens)
    • Available in package FQD (up to 500 Lumens)C
  • Dedicated DLPC350 Controller for Reliable Operation
Datasheet: DLP4500
Software DLPC350 Configuration and Support Firmware
User Guide DLP LightCrafter 4500™ Evaluation Module
App Notes Using DLP LightCrafter™ 4500 Triggers to SynchronizeCameras to Patterns

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